The US Fish and Wildlife Service recently released two videos about the Marbled Murrelet, a species of northern Pacific seabird listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. The species has experienced a decline since being listed under the ESA in 1992. Logging and road construction in their forest habitats, oil spills, marine pollution, and gill netting are just some of the threats facing them. Gill netting may not seem like an obvious problem, but they are seabirds who hunt for food underwater, and sometimes they are caught in fishing nets. Six hundred to eight hundred might be killed each year by gill nets in just one Alaska location.
They spend most of their day in the ocean, and return to forest nests to sleep, and for mating. So they are at risk due to human activities in the forests, and the ocean. For example, the Valdez oil disaster in 1989 killed thousands of murrelets. Their range is California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska and British Columbia. Each video provides details about the birds, such as their range, threats to them, and their behavior.
Mysterious Marbled Murrelet
Marbled Murrelet: Status and Threats
Image Credit: Public Domain