Tricks to Get Kids to Eat Healthier at Home

If you offer kids broccoli or a chocolate bar, which do you think they’d pick? 4 out of 5 pick the chocolate (though how proud are the parents of the 1 in 5 kids that chose the broccoli?!)

But what if you put an Elmo sticker on the broccoli? When an Elmo sticker was placed on the broccoli, it was half and half. Fifty percent chose the broccoli.

It works in schools, too. A picture of SpongeBob saying, “Got beans?” and 37 percent more boys and 17 percent more girls chose green beans. One little sign and kids were eating significantly more vegetables.

We saw how we should cut up (or cut out) cookies to minimize consumption in my video Tricks to Get Kids to Eat Healthier at School. How should we cut up vegetables to maximize consumption? Which do you think 9 to 12 year olds ate more of, whole slices, sticks or stars? And do they like them bigger, or smaller? The results were strikingly clear. Turns out “Shape was very influential; children clearly preferred having their vegetables cut.” Stars were liked the most. What about whole slices versus sticks? No difference. It turns out that size only mattered for the whole chunk: the ordinary size was preferred to the miniature versions.

If they’re still not biting, we can apply the same trick I use to get our dog to eat stuff she doesn’t like: dip it in peanut butter. “Pairing vegetables with peanut butter may successfully increase intake, even in vegetable-resistant children.” Offering a salad dressing dip may help, too.

Then there’s always the hidden vegetables strategy.  In another study, broccoli, cauliflower, tomatoes, squash, and zucchini were covertly added to familiar entrees so that the appearance, flavor, and texture of the original recipes were maintained, like pureeing vegetables into a pasta sauce, and families weren’t any wiser. Covertly incorporating vegetables into foods can have a beneficial effect on children’s vegetable intake, but it should not be the only way that vegetables are served to children.  Since the appetite for an initially unappetizing vegetable can be increased through repeated exposure, it is important to use several strategies to ensure that children experience different forms of vegetables, especially whole vegetables, because they’re not always going to be at home.

Worse comes to worst public health advocates can make a video game. There’s a public/private partnership, “The Quest to Lava Mountain,” where you can apparently harvest kale and gain “knowledge about the health benefits of eating healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain foods” as well as the detrimental effects of eating junk. Where were the kale video games when I was growing up!?

What may be the best way, though, to get kids to eat more fruits and vegetables? One study I feature in the above video looked at all sorts of parenting styles—should you pressure them or should you lay off? What was the most important factor? The most important predictor of children’s fruit consumption was… wait for it… the parents consumption. That was pretty much the case with vegetables, too. If we want our kids to eat healthy, we have to model healthy behavior. The researchers concluded that in order to try to increase children’s fruit and vegetable consumption, parents should be guided to improve their own  diets first.

For a smattering of other videos on children’s health, check out:

This is the second of a 3-part video series on practical tips for dietary improvement.  I cover grown-ups in the next segment, Tricks to Get Adults to Eat Healthier.

In health,
Michael Greger, M.D.

PS: If you haven’t yet, you can subscribe to my free videos here and watch my live year-in-review presentations Uprooting the Leading Causes of Death and More Than an Apple a Day.

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Magdalena J.
Magdalena C.about a year ago

Thank you!

Jessica Grieshaber

Good suggestions. Thanks for posting.

Aleisha D.
Aleisha D.1 years ago

gives you something to think about

Sandra A.
Sandra A.1 years ago

The best way to get children to eat healthy is to teach them to cook healthy.
That is one on one hands on education that will last a lifetime.

Charlene Rush
Charlene Rush1 years ago

I've always believed in giving kids choices, perhaps, 2 choices, but YOUR choices, when it comes to food.
Actually, it works in many others ways, also.

Jess No Fwd Plz K.
Jessica K.1 years ago

If you think it helps others eat well, so be it, though I believe adults really will eat what they want to eat. Thanks.

Fi T.
Fi T.1 years ago

Being thoughtful is always the best to help

John B.
John B.1 years ago

Thanks Dr. Greger for sharing the video and article.
Spam flagged.

Roxana Saez
Roxana Saez1 years ago

Perhaps we should eat from communal plates and cover things in yogurt :O) Remembered when I was babysitting my friend's child and expressed concern about her not eating lunch and was informed she likes to eat from her mother's plate and in their culture they tend to put yogurt on most dishes. However we do it, it's important to be good role models and keep our caretakers well informed ;O)

Rachael Clark
Rachael Clark1 years ago

Who doesn't like their food cut into fun shapes? I wish my mom would still do that for me.