Finally, itís not only a matter of where people are moving, but who is moving; the two largest groups in the U.S. right now are Baby Boomers, born between 1946 and 1964, and the Millennial generation, born between 1979 and 1996. They combine to represent more than 160 million peopleóa full 50 percent of the population. That has stunning implications for the future of our cities; as Boomers live longer (and look to downsize) and Millennials reach maturity and strike out on their own, research shows both sets are eschewing the suburbs for city centers.
So now that we know the score, what do we do? With our cities becoming more diverse and less dispersed, the challenge is to ensure a balance between our food, water and energy needs while making sure we maintain the simple majesty of our coastlines, rivers and prairies, for ourselves and our children. The Nature Conservancy is meeting that challenge using three proven strategies:
- Water funds are voter-approved investments in the protection of local water resources; with four distinct models, the Conservancy has used them in cities across the U.S. and Latin America. New York City famously invested in the Catskill Mountains to protect a secure source of safe, clean drinking water that now serves more than eight million people, while San Antonio and Austin, Texas; Santa Fe, New Mexico; and other cities have also made investments to protect the sources of their water.
- Hurricane Sandy has brought the idea of coastal resiliency into sharp focusówe know that itís critical to protecting the low-lying areas along our nationís coastline and the millions of people who reside in and around those areas. I wrote extensively about coastal resiliency in my previous blog; projects such as oyster reef and marshland restoration can help restore coastlines and mitigate the effects of erosion.
- We are also focused on developing and expanding urban forests in cities across the country. Whether itís a city park, a converted lot or a neighborhood with extensive tree cover, an abundance of native growth can contribute to a healthier cityóresidents have access to green space, trees help reduce air pollution and smog, and children can experience the simple joys of nature that abound outside their doors.
These strategies address real, tangible issues our cities are facing, while allowing us to honor the obligation we have to future generations and respect the innate connection we all have to nature. They also lend support to a simple truth that is often overlooked: conservation and a healthy economy go hand in hand. Without clean air and reliable water resources, businesses cannot prosper and plan for the future. Healthy families canít thrive. And our country ultimately cannot flourish. Though most people plot conservation on one end of the spectrum and a healthy economy on the other end, I maintain that we can not only have both, we need both. Within 50 years, the demands on our water, our land and our energy will be untenable unless we invest today in smart development and even smarter conservation efforts.
Laura Huffman is the director of The Nature Conservancy of Texas. A native of Austin, Huffman has a long and distinguished record of public service. She earned a masterís of public affairs from the University of Texas at Austin and a bachelorís in political science with a minor in history from Texas A&M University. She makes her home in Austin, with husband Kent and their four children.
[Photo by Flickr user EnvironmentBlog via Creative Commons.]