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Tunisia Is Becoming the Lone Arab Spring Success Story


World  (tags: world, politics, middle-east, interesting, government, society, news )

Cal
- 184 days ago - www2.macleans.ca
The place where the Middle East uprising began adopts a liberal constitution



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Comments

John S. (300)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 4:13 am
Noted.
 

Past Member (0)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 4:15 am
Noted.
 

Aletta Kraan (146)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 5:47 am
Noted, thanks !
 

gabriele jefferson (147)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 7:05 am
noted,
 

Theodore Shayne (56)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 9:43 am
Noted
 

Stephen Brian (23)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 10:23 am
There is a very good reason for this:

I have posted on Care2 before about my theory regarding the two models of conquest and their impact on later societies. Here's a quick review for anybody who hasn't seen my theory.

Around 5,900 years ago, there was a major global climate change which destroyed economies. At that point, tribes lacked enough to eat so wars were fought over food-supplies. It made no sense to leave a defeated competing tribe alive as the point was to reduce the number of mouths to feed. Also, that tribe's existence depended on that food so it would fight to the death whether you wanted to keep fighting or not. This created a tradition where defeated sides would expect annihilation and so fight to the death and victorious ones expected this, so they would annihilate their enemies. Eventually the economy improved and people had enough to eat, so conquest made sense and that tradition could be broken. Two models of conquest arose.

Classical empires defeated armies and then made peace with the defeated nations. Their terms of peace were "You will raise no army against us. You will pay us taxes and follow our laws. We will not annihilate you. We will protect you as our own under our laws and from outside threats. If you break your end of the agreement" This led to multiculturalism, diversity at the "marketplace of ideas", and social progress. Also, it led to societies where defeated factions accept defeat, as is necessary for modern democracy to function, and victorious ones integrate them as appropriate for modern republics. Those classical empires never went to the Arabian Peninsula.

In the Arabian Peninsula, another model arose. In this one, the tribe was redefined by religion rather than family. That way, defeated people could convert, allowing the defeated nation to be completely destroyed without killing everybody in it. The Caliphate which grew from there had only Islamic subjects, with other people living within its borders as clients, paying taxes and extra (Jizya) because they were not really considered subjects of the Caliphate to which it owed its protection. This created a society where minorities were shut out of civic discourse, slowing social progress, and those roots of democracy mentioned above were absent.

However, pre-Islamic cultures did not to completely collapse even after conversion to Islam. For practical reasons, the Caliphate was governed regionally and each region could differ from others, though they were homogenized so progress still mostly stalled as civic discourse was, for practical reasons, very local. A few of these regions were home-territory to classical empires which had the more liberal and beneficial traditions ingrained and are still, today, capable of producing democracy even if they have not done so historically. Persia, now known as Iran, may be the best-known case of this, far more modern in many ways than the Arab world, though that one is known to be non-Arabic. Tunisia is another. That was the home of the Carthaginian Empire, once a rival to Rome.
 

Michael A. (28)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 11:26 am
noted
 

Michael A. (28)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 11:26 am
ty
 

Roger Garin-michaud (61)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 11:55 am
noted, thanks
 

Yvonne White (231)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 12:54 pm
I'm happy to hear some good news about the region!
 

Birgit W. (144)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 12:55 pm
Thanks for sharing.
 

Hartson Doak (33)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 1:34 pm
The way to self governance is not an easy one. There are compromises that have to be made. Not everyone is that flexible. Hard issues, like women's rights, are particularly difficult. Men have had control for millennial and they have an over inflated opinion of their abilities. Woman must lead in the changes to government or the changes will leave them out. The improved system will fail because of it.

Gender Equality is Essential to Progress

Peace is only possible, according to Baha'i teachings, once women have been accorded full participation across all fields of human endeavor. Until such gender equality becomes reality, Baha'is believe a climate in which international peace will emerge cannot be fully realized.

Inequality between the sexes not only limits women’s opportunities, but also men’s advancement. According to Baha'i texts, as long as women are prevented from reaching their highest potential, “so long will men be unable to achieve the greatness which might be theirs."
 

marie Taylor clarke (166)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 2:58 pm
Noted
 

Colleen L. (2)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 3:34 pm
Sounds positive to me. Thanks Cal
 

Walter Firrth (64)
Wednesday February 26, 2014, 4:45 pm
We may be exulding too soon .Wait and see.
 

Geoff K. (42)
Thursday February 27, 2014, 2:36 am
Very pleased for Tunisia. I've only been there a few times and I've found the people to be very friendly to us foreigners.
 

Panchali Yapa (12)
Thursday February 27, 2014, 5:56 am
Thank you
 

Jamie Clemons (280)
Thursday February 27, 2014, 10:15 am
And how many failures.
 
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