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Science Says: Climate Change Stress Is Crippling Our Forests


Environment  (tags: animals, climate-change, CO2emissions, conservation, destruction, ecosystems, endangered, energy, environment, forests, globalwarming, greenhousegases, habitatdestruction, healthconditions, oceans, politics, pollution, Sustainabililty, trees, water, weath )

Kit
- 548 days ago - takepart.com
In our ever-warming world, otherwise healthy trees will increasingly perish, further exacerbating climate change.



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Kit B. (276)
Thursday March 21, 2013, 1:26 pm
The future is not looking up for the world's trees. (Photo: Ella's Dad/Flickr)


Half of the planet’s animals, birds, and insects make their homes in forests, which cover 30 percent of our blue-green planet. Forests provide jobs and livelihoods for 400 million of the world’s people. Across the globe, forests and their soils absorb a quarter of all manmade carbon emissions.

But climate change is altering all of that. Forests are increasingly susceptible to drought and heat-stress, and scientists have been recording massive tree die-offs due to the warming of the planet—a phenomenon that will only become more frequent.

A paper published this week in Nature Climate Change provides an overview of the kinds of disturbances that climate change inflicts on forests, from radical shifts in ecosystems dynamics, to changes in the density and composition of trees, to a reduction in forest biodiversity.

That might sound remote and specialized, but these impacts have serious consequences for public health, environmental safety, and the economy.

For example, the paper’s authors, Carnegie Institution for Science’s William Anderegg and Leander Anderegg, along with Jeffrey Kane, wrote that the drought-induced death of huge numbers of trembling aspen had increased the prevalence of the Sin Nombre virus in Western deer mice in the United States. Sin Nombre is a deadly virus from the same family as the hantavirus that has resurged in Yosemite, killing three visitors to the park, and infecting five more.

The widespread die-off of lodge-pole pine in the Rocky Mountains is expected to wreak havoc on public health: dying pines will increase the likelihood of forest fires that challenge respiratory health and safety.

And a study in Western Colorado, the epicenter of tree death due to ravenous pine beetles, found that for every tree killed within a hundred meters, adjacent properties declined by $648 dollars per tree. For verdant Colorado, this amounts to a real estate death sentence.

Even worse, dying trees actually contribute to climate change, lead author William Anderegg says.

Healthy trees soak up an incredible amount of carbon dioxide from their air. “They take it up and essentially turn it into sugars in their tissues, and that’s how they grow through photosynthesis,” he said, in an interview with TakePart. “Trees can lock away carbon for long amounts of time, which not only slows climate change, but creates rich soils and rich ecosystems.”

But when trees die due to thirst or heat, not only do they stop soaking up carbon, they emit it back into the atmosphere, which in turn, accelerates climate change. “It’s a double whammy,” Anderegg says.

Tree die-offs due to high temperatures and frequent droughts have occurred on every continent except Antarctica.

The prevalence of thirsty, stressed trees is an emerging global trend, but the researchers make the point that the field of scientific literature on the subject is still in its infancy.

There is little analysis of the grave consequences that massive, climate-induced tree death will wreak on society, the economy, and on the Earth’s natural systems. The science will have to catch up, and quick, according to the study’s authors.

But the average woods-enthusiast can help by documenting and bearing witness to the affects of drought and climate change on their local wilderness.

“One of the amazing and powerful messages of forest mortality is that it’s a piece of climate change that’s probably happening already in our own backyards and in our own mountains and forests,” Anderegg says. “It’s a tangible and visible early warning sign of climate change.”

Have you ever planted a tree? If not, why not?

***There is a TAKE ACTION to dedicate a tree to someone you love within the body of the article:* VISIT SITE*

By Alison Fairbrother | Take Part |
 

Dave C. (214)
Thursday March 21, 2013, 1:29 pm
how sad....the future is not looking friendly to life as we know it.
 

Edvanir L. (77)
Thursday March 21, 2013, 1:56 pm
If people don't get education about it, they'll keep voting for politicians who say global warming is a hoax - and all of us will the price for that.
 

Rose NoFWDSPLZ (273)
Thursday March 21, 2013, 6:08 pm
So SAD
 

JL A. (275)
Thursday March 21, 2013, 7:31 pm
Ouch! Ouch! and Ouch again!
 

pam w. (191)
Thursday March 21, 2013, 7:32 pm
Sorry....no surprise here....just confirmation of what we already know.

This is a terrible time to be a young person! I see them at the zoo and fear for what their world will be.....
 

Joseph Miller (23)
Friday March 22, 2013, 4:21 am
It is a critical issue we have to do something.
 

Danuta Watola (1199)
Friday March 22, 2013, 4:28 am
noted
 

Craig Pittman (45)
Friday March 22, 2013, 5:14 am
As the tress go so do we. Trees are absolutely vital for our ecosystem - that supports human life on earth. Thanks for the story Kit.
 

Frans Badenhorst (552)
Friday March 22, 2013, 5:20 am
true...thanks for posting Kit
 

John Gregoire (255)
Friday March 22, 2013, 6:06 am
Unlike others, trees can't relocate. e.g.,The creep of warmth to the north will decimate the sugar maple population of the Northeast. Add to that the devastation of the Emerald Ash Borer (no more ash trees), the hemlock Wooly Adelgid (ditto for Hemlocks) the Beech infestations and the forest will become one of scrubby invasives like Buckthorn that survives and proliferates. At least multiflora rose is now suffering from a die back disease.
 

Past Member (0)
Friday March 22, 2013, 6:38 am
the canary in the coal mine for humanity
 

Ro H. (0)
Friday March 22, 2013, 6:48 am
ty
 

Maria Barbosa (14)
Friday March 22, 2013, 10:00 am
noted
 

Bryna Pizzo (139)
Friday March 22, 2013, 10:28 am
Bravo Kit!!!!:) Thank you, thank you, thank you! I was the first one to have recycling on my street more than twenty years ago. It was a relief to stop hauling all the recycling to the center! Before long, everyone on the street followed suit. Also in the past two years, I reduced our energy usage by 23%, and I saved the papers from the electric company because I'm so proud. I did it by switching to CFL bulbs and becoming the power usage police woman of the house. They all thought I was nuts, but now they understand. Sorry all for blowing my horn, but small changes really make a difference, and if everyone would make these changes, we would see the difference.
 

Bryna Pizzo (139)
Friday March 22, 2013, 10:30 am
Oops! I forgot to add this: (S, N, P, T) Also please excuse the editing errors.
 

Natasha Salgado (520)
Friday March 22, 2013, 10:40 am
You think??? Thanks Kit.
 

Arielle S. (317)
Friday March 22, 2013, 11:02 am
I am reminded of a t-shirt I once had: "if we could hear the trees scream, we'd never sleep again."
 

Nils Anders Lunde (550)
Friday March 22, 2013, 1:23 pm
Noted
 

TERRY R. (295)
Friday March 22, 2013, 5:28 pm
AWFUL.
 

Robert B. (57)
Saturday March 23, 2013, 7:29 am
The only way to solve this problem it to put pressure on big business and the puppets in congress to finally step up to reality and FACE the problem of Global Warming. Because it IS going to affect EVERY SINGLE LIVING THING on this planet.
 
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