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El Salvador -- The New Modern Country

World  (tags: El Salvador, people, places, travel )

- 1555 days ago -
Like all former Spanish colonies in the new world, Spanish is the official language of El Salvador. This nation has gone through a lot of political turmoil over the centuries, but a new civilian government elected in 2009 is improving living standards

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Kit B (276)
Friday November 15, 2013, 9:17 am
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Like all former Spanish colonies in the new world, Spanish is the official language of El Salvador. This nation has gone through a lot of political turmoil over the centuries, but a new civilian government elected in 2009 is improving living standards. The original native people now represent only one percent of the population, as most people are now of mixed ancestry. The cosmopolitan capital city of San Salvador has over two million inhabitants, many of them immigrants from many countries. The adoption of the dollar as legal tender alongside the local currency a few years ago has resulted in El Salvador becoming more Americanized than neighboring countries.

5 Facts You Might Not Know:

1) Unlike other Central American nations, El Salvador does not have a Caribbean coastline. Although not directly affected by the frequent Caribbean hurricanes, the country does get hurricanes along the Pacific coast. With growing tourism, the beaches along the La Libertad area on the east side of the country have become a popular surfing spot.

2) El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America. The country is divided into 14 departments, the same as states or provinces in other countries.

3) Cerro El Pital is the highest peak in El Salvador, reaching almost 9,000 feet and has received snow at least once. The country has a long history of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, with some dormant volcanoes having large lakes on their crater.

4) Of the eight species of sea turtles in the entire world, four of them lay their eggs in Salvadorean beaches. El Salvador has one of the most diverse ecosystems in the world, with over one thousand species of butterflies living there.

5) The original native Maya name of El Salvador is Cuscatlan. The Spanish conquerors decided to name the country El Salvador. El Salvador means The Savior in Spanish.

The capital of El Salvador is San Salvador. The currency of El Salvador is the El Salvador Colon(SVC) and the US Dollar(USD). Flag of El Salvador


Situated on the Pacific coast of Central America, El Salvador has Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east. It is the smallest of the Central American countries, with an area equal to that of Massachusetts, and it is the only one without an Atlantic coastline. Most of the country is on a fertile volcanic plateau about 2,000 ft (607 m) high.




The Pipil Indians, descendants of the Aztecs, likely migrated to the region in the 11th century. In 1525, Pedro de Alvarado, a lieutenant of Cortés's, conquered El Salvador.

El Salvador, with the other countries of Central America, declared its independence from Spain on Sept. 15, 1821, and was part of a federation of Central American states until that union dissolved in 1838. For decades after its independence, El Salvador experienced numerous revolutions and wars against other Central American republics. From 1931 to 1979 El Salvador was ruled by a series of military dictatorships.

In 1969, El Salvador invaded Honduras after Honduran landowners deported several thousand Salvadorans. The four-day war became known as the “football war” because it broke out during a soccer game between the two countries.
Read more: El Salvador: History, Geography, Government, & Culture |

Foods in El Salavador:

Atol de Elote -- (Salvadoran corn beverage)

Atoles are very popular beverages in El Salvador with roots in Mayan cuisine. They are a sort of thick drink often eaten with a spoon. Atol de elote is based on fresh corn (elote) and has a wonderfully fresh flavor. For ultimate effect, serve it in a bowl made out of a dried calabash gourd.

Carne Asada --- (Mexican grilled steak)

Carne asada, or grilled meat, is great backyard grill food. It is enjoyed throughout Central America, but is particularly popular in Mexico. Many recipes get very elaborate with the marinade ingredients, but the original recipe relies on a simple combination of onions and citrus juice to highlight the flavor of the beef.

Curtido -- (Salvadoran cabbage salad)

Curtido is a simple cabbage salad traditionally served with pupusas. Large jars of curtido are kept at restaurants and sides of the slaw are served with most meals. Curtido is usually allowed to ferment slightly at room temperature before serving, becoming a kind of Salvadoran sauerkraut.

Flan de Leche -- (Latin caramel custard)

Flan, or crème caramel, is one of the most common dessert dishes in the Latin world. Coming originally from the border area of France and Spain, this simple yet elegant dessert has spread in popularity as far as the Philippines and Japan.

Horchata de Arroz -- (Mexican sweet rice beverage)

Horchata (or-CHA-tah) is a milky white, sweet beverage that was introduced to Spain by the Moors. The original Spanish version is made with ground tiger nuts and is especially popular in Valencia. In Latin America, where the tiger nut is not commonly available, pulverized rice is used. In Mexico, horchata is one of the most common aguas frescas and is ladled from large glass jars set in ice

Maria Luisa -- (Salvadoran jam-filled layer cake)

Maria Luisa is an elegant cake popular in El Salvador and Colombia. A variation is the English tea cake called a Victoria sandwich.

Pastel de Tres Leches -- (Central American cake of three milks)

The famous cake of three milks, pastel de tres leches is believed to have originated in Nicaragua. It has become very popular throughout Central America and is becoming more and more common in the United States. Soaking the cake in three kinds of milk gives it a rich, dense quality, almost like a cheesecake.

Pavo Salvadoreño -- (Salvadoran roast turkey with sauce)

Pavo, or turkey, is a popular Christmas meal in El Salvador. Salvadoran immigrants to the U.S. often serve it for Thanksgiving as well. The Salvadoran version of roast turkey has a variety of vegetables and spices that are roasted along with the turkey in the roasting pan. This tasty mixture is then pureed and served as a rich sauce to accompany the turkey.

Plátanos Fritos -- (Latin fried ripe plantains)

Plátanos fritos are popular in many countries around the world where the plantain is sometimes a major source of starchy calories. It is important to use ripe plantains for this dish (they have black skins). Green plantains will be much too dry. The Caribbean cook will often use fried plantains as an accompaniment to beef or goat dishes.

Salpicón de Res -- (Central American shredded beef salad)

Popular throughout Central America, salpicón is a refreshing salad that is great as a topping for tostadas or wrapped in fresh corn tortillas. It is especially easy to make in large quantities for parties and family gatherings

Tamales de Elote -- (Central American fresh corncakes)

Tamales de elote are a favorite breakfast food in Mexico and throughout Central America. In El Salvador and Guatemala they are often served as the starchy portion of a meal. The fresh elote, or corn, used in Central America has a higher starch content than that in the United States, but the addition of masa harina in this recipe produces a very good approximation of the original.

Pack up and take your sunscreen, we will spend some time on the beach.

Ben O (172)
Friday November 15, 2013, 10:07 am
El Salvador, spanish for "The Saviour". Wonderful name!
Here we go; -So far I've been once to La Libertad and La Union. And twice to Acajutla.
Useless info, but I've been there and that is a fact...

Pat B (355)
Friday November 15, 2013, 10:44 am
What a grand tour.! I would definitely sign up for the 'Cultural Tour', and visit the museums, churches, and walk the trails. Certainly enjoyed our visit, Thanks, Kit for being our tour guide.

Barbara K (60)
Friday November 15, 2013, 11:35 am
Thank you, my friend, for this great vacation via computer. It is really beautiful there and is just stunning. Would like to visit there some day soon.

Nicole W (646)
Friday November 15, 2013, 12:40 pm
always a pleasure to tour with you dear Kit

JL A (282)
Friday November 15, 2013, 2:37 pm
Nice the way all parts of the country get included with economic tourist benefits--and wonderful to see how much life is back to normal after the lengthy violence. Thanks Kit.

Vallee R (280)
Friday November 15, 2013, 3:23 pm
Miss some of the food - lots in Los Angeles by natives - but knew some people around my age now - that grew up there and they told me that life was always "WAR" for those who lived there - and they still would steal no matter what - then there are others I have met who are great - is actually a place I would go live these days - just not back in the 80's

mar l ene dinkins (264)
Friday November 15, 2013, 3:30 pm
noted Kit great news!!!!!!! very interesting article!!!!!!!!!grazie!!!

MmAway M (500)
Friday November 15, 2013, 5:20 pm
Yippee a trip with dinner! TU Kit! xx Love these and need to catch up on my traveling via Miss Kitty!

Ben O (172)
Saturday November 16, 2013, 1:26 am
Here's a Country Profile from BBC:

marie C (163)
Saturday November 16, 2013, 4:11 am
What an incredible location
Thank you yet again Kit

. (0)
Saturday November 16, 2013, 6:36 am
Great video, Kit. Thanks for sharing.

Marija M (31)
Saturday November 16, 2013, 12:49 pm
wonderful, tks Kit

Birgit W (160)
Saturday November 16, 2013, 12:53 pm
Wonderful, thanks for sharing.

Bryna P (139)
Saturday November 16, 2013, 3:47 pm
Thank you for the breathtaking virtual adventure! I would love to go there.

Mary Donnelly (47)
Saturday November 16, 2013, 5:43 pm
Thaanks for another informative post.

Valerie H (133)
Saturday November 16, 2013, 5:54 pm
Very interesting - thank you for sharing!

Robert O (12)
Saturday November 16, 2013, 11:37 pm
Wonderful place to learn about. Thanks Kit.

Colleen L (3)
Saturday November 16, 2013, 11:56 pm
Wonderful place. Great tour. Thanks Kit

Past Member (0)
Tuesday November 19, 2013, 1:18 am
Noted, I haven't traveled to South America much, maybe I should.
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