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Hungary: The Huns of Europe

World  (tags: Hungary, people, places, travel )

- 1570 days ago -
How much do you know about Hungary' Hungary is a very popular tourist destination among Americans, Canadians and even other Europeans but there is still a lot that people don't know.

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Kit B (276)
Wednesday March 5, 2014, 12:47 pm
Map Credit: winswallpaper

How much do you know about Hungary' Hungary is a very popular tourist destination among Americans, Canadians and even other Europeans but there is still a lot that people don't know. Being that Hungary is so popular you would think that people would know more about it when in reality, they really don't. Below are 5 things you may or may not know about Hungary.

--5 Facts You Might Not Know

1) Hungary is one of Europe's oldest countries which was established in year 896. Being that the country was established thousands of years ago you would think that a lot has change but even things like government is similar to what it was like back in the day.

2) Magyar is the country's official language and was passed down from the Huns. The Huns were also the people who gave the country its name. Many people think the official language is Hungarian, it is but that is not the correct name of the language.

3) Currently Hungary has around 10 million people but due to lack of resources and livelihood people are leaving. Some people will move away and others will pass away due to the poor living conditions in some of the cities. Budapest, which is Hungary's biggest city has above standard living conditions and therefore makes up roughly 2 million of the people.

4) The main cuisine in Hungary is meat, especially beef and pork. With most meals you will eat meat, plenty of fruit and vegetables and cheese. Hungarians take their ethnic cuisine very seriously and that is why every meal is properly prepared.

5) The summertime is the most popular time of the year because of its weather. During the summer the days are relatively hot and the nights are slightly cold. It is this exact weather that has many tourists flocking to Hungary every year.

Hungarian derives from Onogur, a Bulgarian-Turkish tribe's self-name. Between the sixth and eight centuries C.E. , both the Hungarian tribes and the Onogurs lived just northeast of the Black Sea.

Location and Geography.
Hungary is a landlocked country in central Europe. Covering an area of 35,934 square miles (93,030 square kilometers), the country is in the Carpathian Basin, surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains, the Alps, and the Dinaric Alps. The Danube River divides Hungary and bisects the capital, Budapest. Hungary lies within the temperate zone and has four distinct seasons.

History and Ethnic Relations

Emergence of the Nation.
There is evidence that the Hungarian nation was a unit in the Middle Ages. In Latin chronicles dating back to the tenth century, there are colorful origin myths of the Hungarians "conquering" and occupying the Carpathian Basin and their conversion to Christianity under King Stephen. Many Hungarians consider their nation "the final fortress of Western Christianity and civilized Europe."

National Identity.
In the Middle Ages, groups and nationalities that were not ethnically Hungarian lived in the nation. After the late Middle Ages, a dual national consciousness is demonstrable. On the one hand, there was a nation–state that ethnic Hungarians and non-Hungarians could share. On the other hand, there was a narrower sense of belonging to the Hungarian linguistic, cultural, and ethnic community.

In 1526, a young Hungarian king fell in a battle with the Ottoman Turks. On the basis of a marriage contract, the Habsburgs claimed the Hungarian throne. After conquering the Ottomans in 1686 and 1712, the Habsburgs ruled all of Hungary. The population accepted their right to rule but kept and observed their own laws, legislative powers, parliament, and administrative division. From time to time there were anti-Habsburg revolts, conspiracies, and political unrest.

In 1848, a revolution led by Lajos Kossuth demanded democratic reforms and more independence from Austria. However, Austria defeated the revolution. This was the first time that the general population, including the peasantry, experienced a sense of national unity. While some of the nationalities shared that experience, most turned against the Hungarians.

The Austrian tyranny that followed the revolution of 1848 ended with the 1867 Austrian-Hungarian Compromise. With this accord, the Austro-Hungarian monarchy was established. The Austro-Hungarian monarchy ended after World War I. The Trianon Treaty of 1920 ended the territorial integrity of Hungary. Nearly 70 percent of its historical territory and 58 percent of its former population were ceded to neighboring countries. One-third of ethnic Hungarians came under foreign rule. With the assent of the Western powers, Hungary came under Soviet occupation after World War II. Under the leadership of Moscow and the Moscow-led Hungarian Communist Party, the "building of socialism" began. In 1956, the nation rose up against the Communist rule and occupation by the Soviet Union. The revolt was defeated and approximately two hundred thousand Hungarians, mostly young people, skilled workers, white-collar workers, professionals, and intellectuals, escaped to the West.

All levels of government were under the control of the Communist Party between 1948 and 1989. The change of regime in 1989 brought in a multiparty government and a parliamentary democracy with elected representatives. At the end of the twentieth century, there were 182 officially registered political parties.

Leadership and Political Officials.
There is a president, who is the head of the state and may be elected for two five-year terms. The prime minister is the leader of the party with the most seats. The parliament is called the National Assembly, with 386 deputies who are elected for four-year terms. The Constitutional Court was established in 1990. There is a Judicial Supreme Court that is essentially a final court of appeal.

Food in Daily Life.
Magyar kenyér (Hungarian bread) remains very important in the rural and urban cuisine. For the last one hundred fifty years, wheat has been one of the most important crops both for domestic use and exportation. Pig breeding became the most important type of animal breeding in the 1870s, and since then the meat and byproducts of pigs have predominated in the national diet.

Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions.
The cuisine at most village weddings includes chicken soup with special csiga noodles that were traditionally believed to have fertility-inducing properties, gulyás , stuffed cabbage, sweetened millet, sweetened rice and other rice dishes, and butter-cream tortes and other baked goods.

According to the national self-image, Hungarians are wine drinkers, but beer drinking is more common. Since the early 1990s there has been an attempt to familiarize the population with regional wines.

Read more:

Kit B (276)
Wednesday March 5, 2014, 12:50 pm

There was a suggestion that I should take this opportunity to spotlight the Ukraine. These travel trips have not been used for political purposes, even when a country is one with controversy. I think it should remain that way.

Arielle S (313)
Wednesday March 5, 2014, 12:54 pm
Other than eating a few times in Hungarian restaurants, I realize that I know (knew) nothing about Hungary. These travel trips are very informative and interesting, Kit - thank you for teaching us a little bit about the world.
Hope you are feeling better!

JL A (281)
Wednesday March 5, 2014, 1:36 pm
Thanks Kit. I knew something of the history, but didn't remember all that you included.

Past Member (0)
Wednesday March 5, 2014, 3:32 pm
I knew a lil of Hungary only. And it is a beautiful country! Thanks Kit

Cher C (1426)
Wednesday March 5, 2014, 4:01 pm

Thnx hun!


. (0)
Wednesday March 5, 2014, 5:01 pm
Noted with thanks.

Pat B (356)
Wednesday March 5, 2014, 5:42 pm
What beautiful architecture in the churches, castles, and bridges.!! I liked the pictures of the flowers too, the sunflower being my favorite. And...I enjoyed the lively music, the "Hungarian Dance, No.5". Thank you, Kit for our great trip.

Vallee R (280)
Wednesday March 5, 2014, 7:12 pm
Once again - love the travels - vicariously - but travel!

Jonathan Harper (0)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 4:32 am

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 6:11 am
Thanks Kit for this information. You know that in October/November 1956 while France,Britain and Israel launched their aggression against Egypt after President Nasser nationalized Sues Canal, Hungarians revolted against the communist authority but the Russians interfered and crushed that revolution.
I remember my my fantastic trip by car from Vienna to Budapest 1n 1994.I enjoyed it a lot.

Past Member (0)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 6:37 am
Thank you Kit, my Atila got his name from that part of a history- Attila the Hun,called the Scourge of God.

Past Member (0)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 10:38 am
Thanks for that I did not know a lot about Hungary I can remember the Hungarian revolution and thousands fleeing over here Dont seem to meet many Hungarians nowadays though Maybe they all went back but seems to be a beautiful country and gorgeous architecture so who would blame them


Angelika R (143)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 11:25 am
I can't contribute much to this and have admittedly never been there nor ever eaten anything typical Hungarian.
What I can say, would be political nature, so I won't but I will mention it should not be forgotten that it was Hungary who first opened their borders to let former East Germans escape from locked behind their iron curtain.
As a German, I hope you'll forgive me Kit, for this input.
Also my decade long dentist is Hungarian and i can assure you of his EXCELLENT work ,and the accent, typical for all Hungarians speaking in any foreign language is just adorable!

Elena M (142)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 1:31 pm
I've been in Hungary in 2003, love it very much! Budapest is fantastic, especially The Fishermen Bastion, countryside with their vineries, guliash- incredible. For just 13 Euros we had an incredible wine testing and all-you-can-eat guliash. I'd like to go there again one day. Hungary joined EU, that's why it's difficult for some Ukrainians to get visa there.

Melania Padilla (122)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 2:18 pm
Thanks :)

Mary Donnelly (47)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 2:46 pm
Another beaut post--thanks Kit.

Sofie Lin (0)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 2:46 pm
Thanks for spreading this.

Kamia T (89)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 3:15 pm
The more we learn the details about other parts of the world, the more compassionate and understanding of differences we can become. Thanks for this, which was really informative!

Bryna Pizzo (139)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 9:07 pm
Thank you for the escape to Hungary. The architecture is magnificent and the country is beautiful.

Colleen L (3)
Thursday March 6, 2014, 11:23 pm
Love the photos, Especially all of the ones showing the various castles. Great tour. Thanks Kit

Arlene C (40)
Friday March 7, 2014, 12:46 am
très beau vidéo, merci

Klaus Peters (14)
Friday March 7, 2014, 6:44 am
The Magyars are great people, they have a great culture, wish I could visit that beautiful country. Sure it was part of the Austrian Habsburg empire, and it shows, but Hungary benefitted immensely from that period. Now, as one of the first stand alone countries after communism, yes, they are doing very well and ended up in the EU, and never became a burden like Greece, Spain, Ireland etc.

Past Member (0)
Friday March 7, 2014, 7:12 pm
Holy Holopchi Bat man..never eaten hungarian..whoa..go :)

Danuta W (1250)
Sunday March 30, 2014, 1:49 am
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