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A Testimony on Female Genital Mutilation in India


World  (tags: FGM, FGC, India, girls, women, human rights, mutilation, abuse )

Lauren
- 3707 days ago - stopfgmc.org
"I hope you will publish this letter to let others know that women suffer greatly from this practice,not only in Africa,but in other countries.Women need to break the silence,support one another in this effort so our daughters will have brighter futures"



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Comments

Past Member (0)
Friday May 4, 2007, 12:03 pm
More info on FMG. This is comparable to stoning as far as I'm concerned. The larger question why does a society of men do this to women? WHY????????????????

Plant seeds
Grow trees
Make a forest
For the animals.............................

Female genital mutilation

What is female genital mutilation?

Female genital mutilation (FGM), often referred to as 'female circumcision', comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural, religious or other non-therapeutic reasons. There are different types of female genital mutilation known to be practised today. They include:

Type I - excision of the prepuce, with or without excision of part or all of the clitoris;
Type II - excision of the clitoris with partial or total excision of the labia minora;
Type III - excision of part or all of the external genitalia and stitching/narrowing of the vaginal opening (infibulation);
Type IV - pricking, piercing or incising of the clitoris and/or labia; stretching of the clitoris and/or labia; cauterization by burning of the clitoris and surrounding tissue;
scraping of tissue surrounding the vaginal orifice (angurya cuts) or cutting of the vagina (gishiri cuts);
introduction of corrosive substances or herbs into the vagina to cause bleeding or for the purpose of tightening or narrowing it; and any other procedure that falls under the definition given above.
The most common type of female genital mutilation is excision of the clitoris and the labia minora, accounting for up to 80% of all cases; the most extreme form is infibulation, which constitutes about 15% of all procedures.

Health consequences of FGM

The immediate and long-term health consequences of female genital mutilation vary according to the type and severity of the procedure performed.

Immediate complications include severe pain, shock, haemorrhage, urine retention, ulceration of the genital region and injury to adjacent tissue. Haemorrhage and infection can cause death.

More recently, concern has arisen about possible transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) due to the use of one instrument in multiple operations, but this has not been the subject of detailed research.

Long-term consequences include cysts and abscesses, keloid scar formation, damage to the urethra resulting in urinary incontinence, dyspareunia (painful sexual intercourse) and sexual dysfunction and difficulties with childbirth.

Psychosexual and psychological health: Genital mutilation may leave a lasting mark on the life and mind of the woman who has undergone it. In the longer term, women may suffer feelings of incompleteness, anxiety and depression.

Who performs FGM, at what age and for what reasons?

In cultures where it is an accepted norm, female genital mutilation is practiced by followers of all religious beliefs as well as animists and non believers. FGM is usually performed by a traditional practitioner with crude instruments and without anaesthetic. Among the more affluent in society it may be performed in a health care facility by qualified health personnel. WHO is opposed to medicalization of all the types of female genital mutilation.

The age at which female genital mutilation is performed varies from area to area. It is performed on infants a few days old, female children and adolescents and, occasionally, on mature women.

The reasons given by families for having FGM performed include:

psychosexual reasons: reduction or elimination of the sensitive tissue of the outer genitalia, particularly the clitoris, in order to attenuate sexual desire in the female, maintain chastity and virginity before marriage and fidelity during marriage, and increase male sexual pleasure;
sociological reasons: identification with the cultural heritage, initiation of girls into womanhood, social integration and the maintenance of social cohesion;
hygiene and aesthetic reasons: the external female genitalia are considered dirty and unsightly and are to be removed to promote hygiene and provide aesthetic appeal;
myths: enhancement of fertility and promotion of child survival;
religious reasons: Some Muslim communities, however, practise FGM in the belief that it is demanded by the Islamic faith. The practice, however, predates Islam.
Prevalence and distribution of FGM

Most of the girls and women who have undergone genital mutilation live in 28 African countries, although some live in Asia and the Middle East. They are also increasingly found in Europe, Australia, Canada and the USA, primarily among immigrants from these countries.

Today, the number of girls and women who have been undergone female genital mutilation is estimated at between 100 and 140 million. It is estimated that each year, a further 2 million girls are at risk of undergoing FGM.

Current WHO activities related to FGM

Advocacy and policy development
A joint WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA policy statement on FGM and a Regional Plan to Accelerate the Elimination of FGM were published to promote policy development and action at the global, regional, and national level. Several countries where FGM is a traditional practice are now developing national plans of action based on the FGM prevention strategy proposed by WHO.

Research and development
A major objective of WHO's work on FGM is to generate knowledge, test interventions to promote the elimination of FGM. Research protocols on FGM have been developed with a network of collaborating research institutions as well as biomedical and social science researchers with linkages to appropriate communities. WHO has reviewed programming approaches for the prevention of FGM in countries and has organized training for community workers to strengthen their effectiveness in promoting prevention of FGM at the grassroots level.

Development of training materials and training for health care providers
WHO has developed training materials for integrating the prevention of FGM into nursing, midwifery and medical curricula as well as for in-service training of health workers. Evidence based training workshops, to raise the awareness of health workers and to solicit their active involvement as advocates against FGM, have also been developed for nurses and midwives in the African and Eastern Mediterranean region.


For more information contact:


WHO Media centre
Telephone: +41 22 791 2222
E-mail: mediainquiries@who.int





 

Marci Marcel S (326)
Friday May 4, 2007, 1:08 pm
This is patriarchy going tooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo far!
 

Jaclin S (230)
Friday May 4, 2007, 1:19 pm
Noted.
Love & Light
 

Past Member (0)
Friday May 4, 2007, 1:21 pm
As I see this, it is the very rape of a childs and womans soul!!!!!!!!

Plant seeds
Grow Trees
Make a forest
For the animals.....................................
 

Blacktiger P (247)
Friday May 4, 2007, 1:30 pm
The Patriarchal society, In every country and culture needs an education.We have the length of two generations to change the course of this attitude. Just 2 generations[too few years] , but it must be more than just talk. As long as religion is involved in genital elimination surgery,the row to hoe is like trying to cultivate cement or granite.The senior generation is responsible for the teaching of the following generations,therefore find the "teachers" and retrain them.
 

J S (0)
Friday May 4, 2007, 1:33 pm
What a brave lady. My heart and prayers go to her and her sisters in spirit.
 

Sammantha L (126)
Friday May 4, 2007, 4:06 pm
noted...Blessed Be
 

Lauren Stone (586)
Friday May 4, 2007, 4:06 pm
ALL genital/sexual mutilation must be ended. Both female AND male. Every human being has the RIGHT to be intact and as nature made them.
 

Past Member (0)
Friday May 4, 2007, 4:19 pm
I agree with Lauren "Genital mutilationmust be ended"
Thanks for sharing.
My love to all of you.
 

Rachel k (92)
Friday May 4, 2007, 4:58 pm
News noted.. Thank you Lauren for the alert & thanks Bette for a more thorough info.. This inhumane act should not have started in the first place..
 

Maureen S (122)
Friday May 4, 2007, 7:22 pm
I have GOT to do some research on this!!! Such a horrid practice and I know there have to be some papers from earlier on in Anthropology that help to explain this!!! I sometimes think that there are underlying issues of "fear" amongst the partriarchy . . . as women hold the greatest magick in that they produce life. At any rate, I've noted Lauren (duh!!! lol) . . . and maybe I can find a paper in this, meaning one to write and publish on given that I have some Profs who are very familiar with this area! It's a shame, and it's a shameful act that makes absolutely no sense to me!!! It's good to see that WHO and the other organisations are working to eliminate this practice; no doubt there are those within these cultures who will strenuously fight against this given that it's part of religious and cultural practices.
 

Brenda R (6)
Saturday May 5, 2007, 1:45 am
I know personally someone who went thru this, and she will never do it to her girls. Its horrible.
 

Past Member (0)
Saturday May 5, 2007, 4:23 am
I AM A MAN AND TOTALLY AGAINST TAKING A SMALL MALE BABY AT BIRTH AND CUTTING OFF HIS FORESKIN THAT GOD PUT THERE,THE HUMAN BODY ID PERFECT WHAT IDIOT BELIEVES IT KEEPS A MAN CLEANER.THAT IS THE SAME FOR THE BARBARIC PRATICE OF OF FEMALE CIRCUMCISION. WHY DO PEOPLE LET THIS GO ON .WE WORRY MORE ABOUT ANIMALS HEALTH THAN OUR WORLDS WOMEN AND MALE BABIES AND IT MAKES ME SICK. I SAY BAN ALL ALTERRATION OF THE BODY GOD GAVE US .C RYAN
 

Past Member (0)
Saturday May 5, 2007, 4:27 am
I FORGOT TO ADDRESS THE LADY WHO ABOVE (BETTE) SAYS WHY DO MEN DO THIS TO WOMEN ??? WELL BETTE WHY DO THEY DO IT TO MALE BABIES BY CIRCUMCISING THEM???? ARE YOU IN FAVOR OF THAT ITS ALSO BARBARIC I AM A MAN AND I TELL YOU MY WHOLE FAMILY (PARENTS AND G PARENTS ECT WERE TOTALLY AGAINST CIRCUMCISING ITA OLD JEWISH CUSTOM AND WE HAVE MANAGED TO ALMAOST DO IT MANDATORY IN THE US AND A BABY CANT SAY NO THAN GOD MY PARENTS DIDNT MUTILATE ME!!
 

nurith k (93)
Saturday May 5, 2007, 4:52 am
lauren, i agree!!
 

Past Member (0)
Saturday May 5, 2007, 6:54 am
Christian......No I'm not in favor of circumcision either! The very idea of all these bizaare customs are based on religious, cultural and sexual myths. Also, there is a sense of power thrown in for good measure.

I'm not aware of such goings on in the animal kingdom. Perhaps it is because their capacity to think of such idiotic doings is hampered by a smaller brain but surely animals have far more decency and common sense!!!!!

Think of tomorrow-
Plant seeds
Grow trees
Make a forest
For Mother Nature
and her animals........................
 

Richard T (33)
Saturday May 5, 2007, 9:14 am
The reasons for female genital mutilations are obvious:
To ensure female fidelity.
To surpress sexuality.
To increase male dominance, and control and perpetuate male aggression.
 

Lauren Stone (586)
Saturday May 5, 2007, 1:39 pm
No child, male or female should ever have to suffer the trauma and degradation of genital/sexual mutilation.
The biggest hurdle in the fight against FGM and MGM, is perception and cultural acceptance.
We all seem horrified by the practices of stoning, FGM/FGC, child marriage, etc....WHY???
Because HERE it is not culturally accepted.
In countries where such practices ARE culturally accepted, it is not seen as an affront or violation of human rights.
As Americans and Canadians, we need to change our perceptions of this horrible practice and realize that the child's body belongs to the child and NOT the parents. I'm quite sure that if we were asked if we wanted our daughter's genitals altered, we would say "HELL NO!"
But we often don't even stop to think or research doing the same thing to our sons. We, as parents have a responsibility to care for our children and keep them from harm.
In most other countries were male circumcision is NOT practiced, WE are looked at as barbaric and horrible.
Circumcision = genital/sexual mutilation of FEMALES or MALES is harmful, on many levels. But so long as it is culturally accepted, it will continue.
Bette, good point perhaps our larger human brains give us more room for absurdity.
 

Past Member (0)
Saturday May 5, 2007, 3:04 pm
Thanks for the article/noted
 

Muriel Koyce (11)
Monday May 7, 2007, 8:18 am
have noted it
 

Marci Marcel S (326)
Monday May 7, 2007, 11:23 am
A WOMAN OWNS HER BODY AND HER WOMB AND HER LIFE
 

Robert Wagner (1)
Monday March 8, 2010, 9:23 am
My name is Rob, I am 27

My mother and father mutilated my body by circumcising me. I don't know what they were thinking but I think that didn't think much. I must Indore the pane, lose and betrayal of what they did to me. If they believed they helping me by removing a body part that they believed to be dirty, I only perceive that to be irresponsible. Washing with soap and water works good.

My mother's answer to my asking her why I was circumcised was, with sarcasm "What was I supposed to do, ask you". So my answer to her was "yes!, you do ask me. When I'm old enough to answer. My father's answer was that he wanted to which.

I am left with too large scars on my penis and a mutilated urethra. Because the skin of my urethra has bin cut I don't have the ability to urinate in a strait line.

Make this mutilation stop! http://www.intactamerica.org/
 
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