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Which caravan-city at the crossroads of ancient cultures was partially carved from stone cliffs? It also appeared in the closing scenes of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.
ANSWER: Petra (Jordan) - World Heritage Site inscribed 1985. Inhabited since prehistoric times, this caravan-city, situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, was an important crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. Petra is half-built, half-carved into the rock, and is surrounded by mountains riddled with passages and gorges.
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (India)
Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (Afghanistan)
Which cultural site was under threat of being lost forever and spurred the UN to adopt the World Heritage Convention in 1972?
Venice and its Lagoon (Italy)
ANSWER: Abu Simbel temples (Egypt) - World Heritage inscribed 1972. In 1959, after appeals from the governments of Egypt and the Sudan, UNESCO launched a campaign to save the Abu Simbel temples which were to be flooded due to the construction of the Aswan high Dam in Egypt. The financial contributions from some 50 countries, a strong show of support for conservation, led to the drafting and ratification of the World Heritage Convention in 1972.
Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen Itza (Mexico)
How many world Heritage sites are located in the United States?
ANSWER: 20 - The United States proposed the World Heritage Convention in 1972 and was the first country to ratify it. The Convention was modeled after the U.S. National Parks system, and early in 2008, the U.S. will release a new list of tentative U.S. World Heritage sites to inscribe on the list.
Which World Heritage site is the world's largest sand island? The island itself contains more sand than the Sahara Desert.
ANSWER: Fraser Island, Australia - World Heritage Site inscribed 1992. Fraser Island is the largest sand island in the world at just over 76 miles (123 km) long. The island also contains over 100 freshwater lakes and the only place where tall rainforests grow out of the sand dunes.
Cocos Island National Park, Costa Rica
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, USA
While orbiting the Earth on Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong stated, "I do not believe, at least with my eyes, there would be any man-made object that I could see." Which World Heritage Site did Neil Armstrong see?
Pyramid Fields from Giza, Egypt
Taj Mahal, India
ANSWER: Great Wall of China, China - World Heritage Site inscribed 1987. In c. 220 B.C., under Qin Shi Huang, sections of earlier fortifications were joined together to form a united defense system against invasions from the north. Construction continued up to the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), when the Great Wall became the world's largest military structure.
Which World Heritage site was revered by the ancient Greeks as the location where the oracle of the god Apollo spoke?
Villa d'Este, Tivoli
ANSWER: Archaeological Site of Delphi, Greece - World Heritage inscribed 1987. The pan-Hellenic sanctuary of Delphi, where the oracle of Apollo spoke, was the site of the omphalos, the 'navel of the world'. Delphi in the 6th century B.C. was indeed the religious centre and symbol of unity of the ancient Greek world.
This World Heritage site was a country retreat town for Inca nobility
and is called the "Lost City of the Incas."
ANSWER: Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Peru) - World Heritage Site inscribed 1983. Machu Picchu stands 2,430 m above sea-level, in the middle of a tropical
mountain forest, in an extraordinarily beautiful setting. It was
probably the most amazing urban creation of the Inca Empire at its
height; its giant walls, terraces and ramps seem as if they have been
cut naturally in the continuous rock escarpments. The natural setting,
on the eastern slopes of the Andes, encompasses the upper Amazon basin
with its rich diversity of flora and fauna.