Thanks for taking this quiz. We hope you found it informative. Please do what you can to support efforts to fight malaria!
True or false? Malaria has been noted in human history for more than 4,000 years.
True. CORRECT: From the Italian for "bad air," malaria has probably influenced human populations and human history for thousands of years.
What causes malaria?
Drinking or cooking with dirty water.
A parasite that infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on people. CORRECT: Usually, people get malaria by being bitten by an infected female mosquito. The mosquito is infected when it feeds on blood from on another infected person.
When people eat animals infected by a certain virus.
Sleeping out in the open.
How much of the world's population lives in malaria-affected areas?
41%. CORRECT: This includes parts of Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Central and South America, Hispaniola, and Oceania.
True or false? Once you have malaria, it is contagious and can spread easily from person to person, like a cold.
False. CORRECT: Malaria is not contagious like a cold or the flu. However, because the malaria parasite is found in red blood cells, malaria can be transmitted through blood transfusion or from a mother to her unborn infant before or during delivery.
True or false? Malaria is an incurable disease.
False. CORRECT: Malaria can be prevented and cured. Bednets, insecticides, and antimalarial drugs are effective tools to fight malaria in areas where it is transmitted.
Special trivia question: The two most important antimalarial drugs, artemisinin and quinine, were:
Derived from plants whose medicinal values have been noted for centuries. CORRECT: Artemisinin is derived from the Qinghao plant, known in Chinese medicine for its anti-fever properties as early as the second century BCE. Quinine comes from the bark of the cinchona tree, native to Peru. The Spanish learned of its medicinal properties from indigenous Indian tribes in the early 17th century.
Developed by the pharmaceutical industry after public outcry over malarial deaths at the Panama Canal.
Discovered accidently by renowned chemist and microbiologist, Louis Pasteur.
Were found in trace amounts in leafy green vegetables.