4 Years Since Ledbetter: Here’s What We Still Need On Equal Pay

It has been four years since President Obama made history and signed into law the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. The law, the first signed by Obama as President, reasserted employees’ rights to challenge discriminatory pay practices after a Supreme Court decision severely curtailed those rights. And while the law marks a significant moment in the Obama administration, and a moment when the law stopped sliding backwards for women on pay discrimination when it comes to pay equity, we’ve got a long ways left to go.

Thankfully, we also have a pretty good idea of how to get there. To begin with, the essential follow-up measure to the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act would be the Paycheck Fairness Act, a piece of legislation with a host of support among almost everyone but the most conservative Republicans. This measure would provide a much-needed update to the Equal Pay Act of 1963, closing loopholes and barring retaliation against workers who discuss wages with co-workers. The Paycheck Fairness Act has already been reintroduced in both the Senate and the House in this Congress. This same bill passed the House twice in prior years and came within two votes of overcoming a Senate filibuster in 2010.

Four years after Ledbetter on average, women still make only 77 cents for every dollar men are paid. The AAUW report Graduating to a Pay Gap found that women one year out of college make 7 percent less than men despite graduating with the same major and working full time in the same occupation. The Paycheck Fairness Act could fix this.

“The Paycheck Fairness Act would help erase this harmful wage gap by ensuring that employers provide equal pay for those doing the same work,” said AAUW Executive Director Linda D. Hallman, CAE. “Once young women throw their graduation caps in the air, they face increasingly large student loans and gender pay disparities that can make repayment a hardship. Instead they should enter the working world with the knowledge that pay discrimination will no longer be tolerated and that they will have a fair chance to provide for themselves and their families.”

Another step we could take today to help crack the institutional forces that keep the gender wage gap persistent is for President Obama to issue an executive order forbidding federal contractors from retaliating against employees who ask questions about compensation or share the amount of their own salaries. This executive order would address, in part, one section of the Paycheck Fairness Act, protecting nearly a quarter of the federal civilian workforce currently exposed should they try and share wage information. It took Lilly Ledbetter decades before she knew she was being discriminated against in her pay because employees face termination for sharing that information. By effectively keeping the gag on employees with regards to pay, employers are able to hide damaging information and potentially quell legitimate discrimination claims.

It seems absurd that in 2012 we are still fighting about the idea of equal pay for equal work, but we are. But I suppose if Lilly Ledbetter could fight for decades, so can we.


Related Stories:

Anniversary of Wal-Mart v. Dukes Marked By Push For Anti-Pay Discrimination Law

Republicans Block Paycheck Fairness Act

Women’s Wages Flatten At 39: Another Reason We Need Pay Equity


Photo from Tax Credits via flickr.


Robby R.
Robby R5 years ago


Mary L.
Mary L5 years ago

Talk is cheap. We had to fight for the vote, we had to fight for everything. The law needs teeth and fighting.

Don't expect much. Remember the court twisted and turned and tortured it's way to the obscenity that denied Lilly Ledbetter her justice.

Marianne Good
Past Member 5 years ago

Thanks for sharing.

Yulan Lawson
Yulan Lawson5 years ago

Just make it happen, it's discrimination.

rene davis
irene davis5 years ago


Natasha Salgado
Past Member 5 years ago

Interesting thanks.

clara hirlehey
Clara HIRLEHEY5 years ago


Beverly T.
Beverly T5 years ago

The best way to improve our economy for EVERYONE (even the rich btw) is to give a LIVABLE wage to EVERONE EQUALLY.
Just like the circle of life, there is a circle to the economy.
I simply do NOT SEE how the Republicans CAN NOT see this.
When no one can no longer buy ANYTHING they LOSE !!!!
DUH !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Supressing women in this day and age is COUNTER PRODUCTIVE to THEIR goals (to become richer, right ?????).
What can they possibly TRULY want ?????
I AM SOOOOOO CONFUSED !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Ernest Roth
Ernest R5 years ago

@ Adam G. “government interference in the market, it's done a great job so far”. I guess you mean the government interference that caused the mortgage crisis and the world financial melt down ? How did that work exactly? Too much regulation, I bet. The poor corporate CEOs didn’t have enough leeway to help everybody prosper forever because of government red tape? Tell us about it.

pam w.
pam w5 years ago