Can E-readers Help the Environment?

While books, magazines and newspapers may still attract people who want a physical object to read, many are turning to digital means of reading: e-readers. While the technology has been around since the ’70s, the technology didn’t take off until 2007 with the introduction of Amazon’s Kindle. This technology allows people to have hundreds of books on hand without cutting down any trees or adding to any landfills.

Although E-readers are still a niche technology, selling around a total of 3 million units in 2009, the incorporation of this technology worldwide could make a significant impact on the environment. According to a report done by Cleantech, any carbon emitted by the Kindle in its lifetime is offset its first year of use. In fact Emma Ritch, the author of said report, states: “Any additional years of use result in net carbon savings, equivalent to an average of 168 kg of CO2 per year (the emissions produced in the manufacture and distribution of 22.5 books)” and that betwen 2009-2012, e-reader purchases and usage could prevent 5.3 billion kg of CO2[Source: Cleantech]. Printed media harvests around 125 million trees per year, and printed books have the highest per-unit carbon footprint (which includes raw materials, paper production, transportation, etc). 25-30% of the books sent out are returned to publishers where they are then either recycled, thrown out or incinerated [Source: New York Times].

Even though E-readers may save trees, the amount of carbon emission during its production is much higher than standard books, about 168 kilograms of carbon dioxide compared to 7.46 kilograms for a book [Source: CNET]. And of course there’s always the problem of electronic waste. Many electronic devices use the highly toxic plastic polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which can leach out of these plastic products into our groundwater and soil. While Apple has stated that their iPad does not contain any PVC, the Kindle and many other e-readers have not been able to provide evidence of the same [Source: New York Times]. Despite problems with waste, one of the major drawbacks of the E-readers is the fact that they still require electricity from a fossil-fueled power source. To combat this problem, the Korean company, LG, created a solar-powered e-reader that uses thin solar cell technology in order to provide electricity to the device [Source: Tech News World]. Unfortunately, LG is currrently the only corporation that has released a solar e-reader.

While there are positives and negatives to the e-reader, in the end if the publishers do not decrease the amount of new books created every year, then the problem will not be solved. Still, the benefits of printed media still outweigh e-readers for various reasons:
1. you can easily lend a book/newspaper/magazine to a friend
2. easier to keep your place and just the tactile sensation of turning the page
3. there is a very large market for used books. Buying used means that you do not kill any trees and leads to smaller carbon emissions…or go to a local library.
All in all, e-readers may become the wave of the future, but there is still a ways to go for them to be truly environmentally friendly.
Jasmine Greene


Loesje vB
Loesje Najoan4 years ago

E-readers are good but books and libraries are beter.

Patricia Marino
Patricia Marino6 years ago

I'm severly disabled so the Kindle has given me back the joy of reading without assistance. I'm so very thankful that I can read every day. Thanks Amazon - been using Kindle for years - and reading real books for 65 years before, thanks to libraries where I've lived.

Lily Diana
Lily Diana7 years ago


Nuraini A.
Nuraini A7 years ago

the need for an electrical power source is what dooms it for me, even if it can overcome the issues of the tactile experience of reading a book.

dve d.
aa b7 years ago


Jon Chung
Jon C7 years ago

I remember an article that said next younger generation (born 1990 and after) totally depend on technology but lack some traditional skills such as turning a page in yellow page or book, lack of exercise due to all eyes on internet, Using old dictionary to look up words, using a old calculator (TI 85 or Casio), etc. What happen when things went broke cause by natural disaster, etc? Technology is good such as e read but still need basic skill.

Sexy T.
Sexy Teoh7 years ago

Paper less.

Dessie Almlov
Dessie Almlov7 years ago

Good article, thanks

Star S.7 years ago

We need both- books and e readers. A lot still needs to be done with ensuring the maximum of recycling of books and minimising the carbon emission of the readers. So we have a lot of work to do. Personally, i love books and especially the old ones. The energy and the feel of old books is simply wonderful.

Susan S.
Susan S7 years ago

I agree with the comments about books being irreplacable. There is no comparison to the relaxation of turning the pages of a good book.