How Indigenous Communities Are Conserving the Earth’s Last Wild Places

This guest post was written by Jeff Wells

At this year’s World Wilderness Conference in Salamanca, Spain, an impressive gathering of conservationists—including scientists, policy experts, government officials, artists, musicians and young people—came together to discuss international wilderness conservation. Activists with a European movement called Rewilding Europe, for example, are working to protect and restore Europe’s largest areas of intact forest by trying to bring back populations of gray wolves, European bison, Eurasian lynx and many other species.

But perhaps the most refreshing stories at the conference were those about the empowerment of indigenous communities in the decision-making on the future of their lands. Millions of hectares in a number of African countries are now in what are called community conservancies, which are helping protect some wildlife populations. In Australia, where The Pew Charitable Trusts is working to preserve parts of Australia’s Outback, there are now more than 48 million hectares (more than 118 million acres) in indigenous protected areas, and a force of nearly 700 indigenous rangers is working to restore the land.

In Brazil, the Kayapó peoples of the Amazon are protecting an area of 11 million hectares (about 27 million acres) against an onslaught of development. And in northern Scandinavia, the indigenous Saami are exploring the establishment of the Greater Lapponica initiative to gain greater authority over future use of their ancestral lands. Such authority would give them more opportunities to maintain and restore the ecological values of that European boreal region.

Indigenous communities of Canada’s boreal forest region are also among the world leaders in developing and implementing what speakers at this year’s World Wilderness Congress termed indigenous and community conserved areas, among them:

All of these indigenous governments are leading the way in developing comprehensive land-use plans for their traditional territories that balance conservation and development.

It was also gratifying to see a major emphasis on the need to keep large ecological systems free of alteration by industrial land use in order to maintain their inherent conservation values. The International Boreal Conservation Campaign has been advocating for exactly this in Canada and Alaska. Likewise, speakers reported that 50 percent of the nation of Bhutan is under formal conservation protection and that Namibia has at least 34 percent of its land in some form of protection and is moving toward 50 percent.

There were also presentations at the conference on the much-needed global ocean conservation movement that has been a major part of Pew’s Global Ocean Legacy program, and the continuing successes around the world in establishing marine protected areas. These include a conservation framework for marine reserves in California that integrated the rights for the more than 100 recognized Native American tribes in that state.

The knowledge, ideas and inspiration of people working toward conservation of the Earth’s last wild places that were evident in Salamanca are a sign of hope for our world and its people.

Jeff Wells is a science adviser for The Pew Charitable Trusts international boreal forest protection work. He received a doctorate in ecology and evolutionary biology from Cornell University, where he is a visiting fellow.


Carrie-Anne Brown

thanks for sharing :)

Jonathan Harper
Jonathan Harper4 years ago


Lone Wolf
Lone W4 years ago

Comprehensive land-use plans, that is one of the main keys for all of us to have not just conservation but progress and more food grown.

Sue H.
Sue H4 years ago

Standing in solidarity with all indigenous peoples who continue to try to protect our planet.

Michael H.
Mike H4 years ago

Thank you

Wisteria K.
Past Member 4 years ago

""""It was also gratifying to see a major emphasis on the need to keep large ecological systems free of alteration by industrial land use in order to maintain their inherent conservation value""""

Let's hope this will happen.

Chaz Berlusconi
Gail Ring4 years ago

thank you for sharing.. awesome...

Dave C.
David C4 years ago

thank you and more power to the indigenous people!

Mark Donner
Mark Donner4 years ago

If I had a time machine I wouldn't hesitate to go back in time and donate modern weaponry, for instance guided missiles, flamethrowers, grenades, 50 caliber machine guns, to every indigenous tribe on every continent that was fated to be invaded by diseased Europeans (including North America, South America, Australia, Africa, etc) and teach the indigenous tribes to defend their lands and nature against Europeans using those weapons. All the monstrous greedy European colonizers and their diseased wooden boats would be at the bottom of the ocean and this would be a much different and better world.

Connie O.
Connie O4 years ago

good for them...hope they succeed.