Paris to Go Dark At Night to Save Energy

In a bid to make France more energy efficient, lights outside public buildings, shops and offices in Paris are to be turned off between 1 a.m. and 7 a.m. starting next July. But merchants are aghast at the new regulation to turn off the lights on Paris’ famed Champs des Élysées and are claiming that the French government is being “insensitive” to the city’s reputation as the no. 1 tourist destination in the world.

81.4 million people visited France last year, with thousands visiting Paris for the moon- and electricity-lit promenades in its famous streets and over the Pont des Arts. Claude Boulle, head of Paris’ City Centre Merchants Association, goes so far as to say that turning off the lights at night will reduce the city’s allure as a shopping destination, saying that “We’re becoming a museum, falling asleep after sunset.”

Merchants have already been not too happy about existing regulations that prohibit Sunday opening and night shopping. The new measure is, they say, the last thing the struggling French economy needs. Unemployment is at a 14-year high in France and youth unemployment at 22 percent; the economy has barely grown in the past year.

Other opponents of the measure, including France’s Lighting Union, point to the “social role” of lighting and the security it provides. Says Sofy Mulle, vice- president of France’s Commerce Council, an organization representing some 650,000 merchants, in Bloomberg, “Great! Another positive message sent to citizens and to tourists: the city will go dark!… Surely, we can work out environmentally friendly solutions that have less impact on our society and our economy.”

Mulle’s words overlook the fact that keeping up Paris’ image as the “City of Lights” — derived from its being the center of the 18th-century philosophical movement of “Les Lumières,” the Enlightenment, and its early use of street lighting — is coming at a heavy cost to society. In just one night, keeping the lights on consumes the energy of one nuclear plant of 1,300 megawatts, says France’s Association to Protect the Sky and Night Environment.

Paris’s 304 monuments, churches, statues, fountains and bridges already go dark at night. The lights are turned off at the Eiffel Tower at 1 a.m. and lighting at the Notre Dame cathedral has been reduced from 54,000 to 9,000 watts over the past decade. The Clan de Néon is seeking to have neon signs turned off at night.

France’s Energy Ministry insists it will not budge from the new initiative, which is part of a European Union-wide effort to reduce energy consumption 20 percent by 2020.  Delphine Batho, minister for energy and the environment, says:

“One of our main objectives is to change the culture. We need to end the cycle of producing more because we are consuming more. There should be sobriety in energy use.”

Certainly the response to the new measures in Paris shows how entrenched the practice of keeping the light on 24/7 has become. One cannot argue about safety concerns, but a solution starts with working to develop sustainable alternatives (such as solar lighting and full cut-off fixtures that direct light downward) and all the more in the city that early on made its streets bright with gas lights.


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Photo from Thinkstock


Nimue Pendragon

The crime rate will go up. Need to find better and renewable energy sources.

Nicola Thomasson
Nicola Thomasson5 years ago

Hm, all I can think about is the streets getting darker, which means higher crime possibilities. One the one hand a lot of people are arguing for better lit streets to hinder rapists, and that's much more important than saving energy, don't you think?

Pamela H.
Pamela H5 years ago

That's it. I'm moving to Paris :)

Klaus Peters
Klaus Peters5 years ago

Now this is strange, with all the nuclear power plants France has, is this a sign that some of the oldest have serious problems?? Normally the Frogs want to show off the little they have got.


This is an example of what the WHOLE WORLD should do to save energy, it is very clever, all countries should do the same!!!!!!!!!!!!

Magdika Cecilia Perez


simon s.
Simon Short5 years ago

Wow! Paris has just become a genuinely romantic city!
Now I want to go there for the chance to be in a lovely city where I can actually see the stars and walk hand-in-hand with my wife under a beautiful moon.

Jeannette Gravett

Good for Gay Paree - the City of Light - won't stop me from visiting - it's a WONDERFUL city!

Roger Bachelet
Roger Bachelet5 years ago

Good for the birds too!

William E.
William Eaves5 years ago

A pity more cities are not doing this. The waste light from cities is a disgrace that affects rural areas for miles around. Do offices need to keep their lights on all night. If they are occupied they should curtain the windows to prevent the light pollution. It is totally unnecessary for shops that are CLOSED to keep lighting on all through the night. What is the point other than to add more waste light to our already over polluted skies.

As for the so called security argument, it is baloney. Criminals are not put off by lighting but are aided by it. Most rowdy trouble, vandalism and opportunist thefts take place in lit areas, thruning off lighting has often led to a REDUCTION in crime and not an increase as the usual mythology inisists.

A pity the UK government do not have the same idea and turn off their excessive floodlighting on the Houses of Parliament !

Also there is nothing 'romantic' about modern over bright glare, the view of the stars in the night sky is far more romantic and wonderful than man's gawdy artificial lights.