Scott Walker Has a Terrible Plan to Drug Test Welfare Recipients

Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker is, in many ways, a formidable candidate to be the GOP presidential nominee. Which is why, at the announcement of his candidacy, it was disheartening to hear him boast about his terrible plan to drug test welfare recipients.

Unfortunately, this idea has gained popularity in recent years, with as many as 16 states having proposed drug testing for those receiving some form of public assistance. These laws vary in many important ways, but they all reveal a deep contempt for the poor.

Many advocates of such laws claim otherwise, saying that in fact, the laws are simply meant to keep the taxpayer from subsidizing drug use. However, if this really were a concern, then why aren’t CEOs of corporations with cushy tax breaks drug tested? Or how about farmers receiving direct subsidies from the government?

No one would ever propose such a plan, because it’s obviously ludicrous. We all receive a myriad of benefits from the government, and it’s not reasonable to have them dependent on the result of a drug test. The only reason this isn’t obvious in the case of welfare recipients is because of deeply ingrained racial and class-based prejudices.

In fact, in a study by the state of Florida, intended to justify its own version of the drug test requirement, those who received TANF benefits were actually less likely than the general population to use illicit drugs. Florida’s law was eventually struck down as unconstitutional by a federal court, which ruled that it constituted unreasonable search and seizure. Since there was no evidence that drug use amongst the target population was a particular problem, the judges found no justification for the law.

Other states have found very similar results when they have implemented their own versions of these laws, some finding that fewer than 1 percent of those tested failed. You might think that this means that the drug users just stayed away, which some would consider a success. This seems unlikely, but even if it’s the case, it’s hard for me to consider it an upside that financially insecure drug users are too fearful to get some help.

One other possibility is that fewer people used drugs because of these laws. Though this is a goal of the laws, I have not even seen defenders of the laws make such a claim, because it is so implausible.

It might be that a very casual drug user decides to refrain from drug use to receive public assistance–but those who are addicted to drugs are unlikely to incorporate such cost-benefit analysis into their reasoning. This is exactly the problem with addiction: it drives such irrational behavior. But if this is right, surely the laws aren’t doing much good, if they reduce aid to drug addicts, and only mildly discourage casual drug users.

One of the drivers of drug addiction and substance abuse is insecurity and stress. Adding barriers to receiving government assistance can make those worse, not better.

For Walker’s part, his claim to care about those on drugs can hardly be taken very seriously. If he cared about the health of the more disadvantaged of his citizens, he could expand Medicaid as financed and encouraged under Obamacare, which he has refused to do for years. Covering medical and mental health services for the underprivileged would actually be a decent approach to addressing problematic drug use in society, rather than advocating for haphazard and demeaning barriers to benefits.

Some opponents of these laws point out that such drug-testing is a waste of public money. Undoubtedly this is correct, and I can see how this line of argument is meant to appeal to conservative sensibilities. But the amount of money wasted is rather small, and regardless, making the case this way misses the invidious nature of this way of treating socio-economically disadvantaged individuals.

There’s a reason that conservatives like these types of programs, after all, and it’s not going to go away by nickel-and-diming them. The idea that welfare needs to be whittled away at, and that undeserving “takers” have to be kicked of the dole, is deeply embroiled the the modern conservative ethos.

Photo Credit: Gage Skidmore


Jim Ven
Jim V3 years ago

thanks for the article.

Siyus Copetallus
Siyus Copetallus3 years ago

Thank you for sharing.

Robert Hamm
Robert Hamm3 years ago

LOLOLOL Karen....exactly and in order to DO that they spent Hundreds of thousands of dollars.....or likely even millions. And guess who paid for it? The very people who said THEIR money shouldn't pay for welfare queens on drugs. So instead of pay 3500 dollars to people in trouble they spent Millions. BRILLIANT move morons.

Karen H.
Karen H3 years ago

Walker needs to take a lesson from Arizona. Over a three year period, more than 87,000 welfare recipients were tested for drugs. State officials figured they’d save taxpayers $1.7 million when they found a lot of druggies and denied their welfare benefits. Turns out they had exactly ONE positive result, resulting in a saving of $560.
This past March, the Arizona Sonora News Service reported that over more than five years, “42 people have been asked to take a follow-up drug test and 19 actually took the test, 16 of whom passed. The other 23 were stripped of their benefits for failing to take the drug test."
Woo hoo. There were three failed drug tests between 2009 and 2014.
How much did Arizona save? Around $3,500. Wow. Looks like state officials overestimated just a tad.

Cathleen K.
Cathleen K3 years ago

There's an even simpler, and more intuitively resonant, explanation for why drug use in those receiving assistance is lower than it is for the general population: poor people who need help putting food on the table have less money to fritter away on frivolities like drugs!

What's most interesting about this particular fad among Republican governors and state legislatures is what it says about their opinion of their own voters: they assume that the base will not know that this experiment has been tried and failed, and that it amounts to a give-away of tax dollars to private industry - in this case, the people who do the testing. Sadly, they are right - Fox News, talk radio, right wing internet sites - none of the sources of "information" utilized by Republican voters is interested in presenting the facts about an issue like this, because it's just so useful to wind up low information idiots with by demonizing the poor (remember Ronald Reagan's fictitious Cadillac driving Welfare Queen?) while transferring money that could be used to fill potholes into the pockets of campaign contributors. It's a win/win!

Nimue P.

"Most jobs require drug testing"????? Who said that? Are you serious? Have I said recently that the US has gone mad? No need to say it again, it's out there. The mind boggles...

Nimue P.

"Most jobs require drug testing"????? Who said that? Are you serious? Have I said recently that the US has gone mad? No need to say it again, it's out there. The mind boggles...

Ron B.
Ron B3 years ago

How ironic. This "Koch-head, drunk on power, wants to test other people for drugs.

Brian F.
Brian F3 years ago

The only person who should be drug tested is this crook and liar Scott Walker who is bought and paid for by the billionaire Koch brothers, his corporate masters. This charlatan should be arrested, tried and sent to prison, for dismantling unions, denying workers rights to organize, refusing to raise the minimum wage, lying about Global Warming, and taking orders from his corporate master the Koch brothers. Wasn't the phone call enough to prove what a con man, and fraud this criminal liar Walker is? Send him to prison, where scumbags like him belong.

Margaret Szelmeczka

Don test for drugs, but alcohol abuse.