Beware of These Beauty Ingredients

If you’re reading this, your bathroom is probably already stocked with products labeled natural and organic. But don’t assume that tells you the whole story. Unlike food, beauty products don’t need to meet government standards to include the word “organic” on the label. “There’s no one regulating the labeling of these types of products,” says Celeste Lutrario, director of research and development for Burt’s Bees in Durham, North Carolina. Some companies call their goods natural or organic though they contain only some ingredients that are.

The good news is that the Natural Products Association is working with several beauty companies and within a year hopes to define a standard for natural personal care products. (Companies can go through a rigorous process to receive USDA organic certification, but few do.) Because beauty labels don’t always mean what they say, we asked experts which common ingredients we should try to avoid. If you spot any of these, consider leaving the product–and its potential health and environmental hazards–on the shelf.

Sodium Lauryl (or Laureth) Sulfate
What it is: The detergent in cleansers that creates a bubbly lather.
Found in: Shampoo, body wash, facial cleanser, moisturizer, hair color, acne treatments, and exfoliating scrubs.
Why you should avoid it: This harsh ingredient can strip your skin of its natural protective barrier, causing irritation. Plus, if it gets into the water system, it can harm plants, birds, and fish.

(Methyl, Propyl, Butyl, Ethyl)
What they are: A preservative that inhibits microbial growth in products, giving them a longer shelf life.
Found in: Shampoo, conditioner, styling gel, hair lotion, body lotion, sunscreen, and many types of makeup.
Why you should avoid them: Parabens have a greater-than-normal potential for causing allergic reactions, and studies suggest they might interfere with your hormones, explains Lutrario. Preliminary research has also linked them to an increased cancer risk.

What it is: A mineral oil derivative used to soothe and soften the skin.
Found in: Lip balm, moisturizer, facial moisturizer, products with SPF, styling gel, and anti-itch cream.
Why you should avoid it: It’s a by-product of petroleum, so it’s not biodegradable and comes from a non-renewable energy source, says Daniel Fabricant, PhD, vice president of scientific and regulatory affairs at the Natural Products Association. It also may contain low levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are suspected carcinogens.

Propylene Glycol
What it is: A synthetic used to retain moisture in the skin.
Found in: Facial moisturizer, moisturizer, anti-aging products, facial cleanser, shampoo, conditioner, styling gel, hair color, body wash, and deodorant.
Why you should avoid it: Like petrolatum, it’s made from nonrenewable fossil fuels and brings to the table all the same environmentally damaging baggage. Plus, propylene glycol is known to be a skin and eye irritant.

(DEA)/Triethanolamine (TEA)
What they are: Ammonia compounds used to keep ingredients from clumping together and also to create foam.
Found in: Cleanser, foundation, sunscreen (SPF 15 or higher), hair color, moisturizer, anti-aging products, mascara, styling gel, and eye cream.
Why you should avoid them: Residues from these two ingredients may react with other ingredients in products to form nitrosamines, which are potential carcinogens, says Lutrario. And DEA may also be toxic to aquatic organisms.

What it is: A chemical that blocks the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
Found in: Sunscreen, facial moisturizer, anti-aging products, shampoo, aftershave, and acne treatments.
Why you should avoid it: Research suggests benzophenone may have endocrine disruptive properties that can interfere with hormone regulation in the body. And like DEA, benzophenone may be harmful to aquatic life.

Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP)
What it is: The ingredient in plastics that makes them soft and flexible.
Found in: Nail polish.
Why you should avoid it: It can be toxic to both the respiratory and immune systems, and it’s already been banned by the European Union. Some studies also suggest phthalates may cause birth defects, says Shel Pink, founder of SpaRitual, who created the first DBP-free nail-care line when she became pregnant.

Plenty is an environmental media company dedicated to exploring and giving voice to the green revolution that will define the 21st Century. Click here to subscribe to Plenty.

By Mia Owen, Plenty magazine


.3 years ago

Hmm that’s so pleasing; carry on the excellent work I’ll again visit your blogs to learn more. Beauty Expert

Lydia Price

It's getting to the point where we're afraid to use anything.

Laura M.
Past Member 7 years ago

bookmarked for future reference!

Kirsten G.
Kirsten G8 years ago

My soap (which claims to be 98% natural) lists sodium laureth sulfate (derived from coconut) or something on it. Is that still bad?

Pam Rhia S.
.9 years ago

An Added pitch for Avon. Their products are never tried out on animals. They also support 2 extremely important issues, the fight against Domestic Violence and Breast Cancer. Their products are phenomenal, the costs are far, far less than department store prices, and they work incredibly. My face and skin are living proof. You can also order online, and either they offer free shipping or at most for now $3.00 flat shipping on a package. For a year now it has been free. I truly believe in their products. And I love the fact they do not abuse animals, and they support two very important issues.

Julie E.
Julie E9 years ago

Ive found a couple great companys, they devulge there ingredients on there website. the first is ( they have nailpolish and remover,makeup,and a few other things) The second is (they have deodorant, lotion,shampoo,facecare and a couple cleaning products) Use ID #10140 for 10%off online orders.

Pamela Murray
Pamela M9 years ago


I just want to let people know that there is another company that has safe and effective make up and personal care products. It is called Neways. You can look into the great products at


I encourage you to go to

Cancer Prevention Coalition

and type Neways in the search box located in the orange sidebar on the right.

I hope this helps someone to find toxin-free and cancer-free beauty products.

The previous post by me on Dec 29, 2008 7:31 PM
had the wrong code for my Neways site.

Brigid Holmes
Brigid Holmes9 years ago

I found these beauty products for all ages and men and women they are great! 100% natural and not as expenisve as some other natural beauty treatments. The web site is for USA and you can buy them in other countries, I am from U.K and buy these on ebay.

Sage O.
Past Member 9 years ago

I though Bert's Bees was safe. I see in the drug store all the time.

Dee Villardo
ma barker9 years ago

I'm concerned about the chemicals,
However, I'm more concerned about these products
being tested on animals. That's what I'm concerned about and other's should be too.