Foods Proven to Lower Cholesterol

While there are a lot of self-proclaimed health experts on the internet telling people not to concern themselves with high cholesterol levels, the reality is that excessive levels of cholesterol are a factor in many health conditions, including: Alzheimer’s, cancer, dementia and heart disease. On the flip side, there’s no reason for panic because there is so much you can do to lower cholesterol levels.

A plant-based diet has long been held as the gold standard to lower cholesterol levels, and for good reason: it works. New research published in the medical journal Progress in Cardiovascular Disease, shows that a plant-based “Portfolio Diet” is even better. The diet, given its name for the inclusion of a portfolio of research-proven foods that reduce cholesterol levels in the body.

Of course, there are some excellent foods that are research-proven to lower cholesterol levels, namely: plant-based proteins like beans and lentils, fruits like apples, oranges and berries, oats, barley, plants that contain sterols such as nuts, some grains, etc. The ones you’ll find in the Portfolio Diet includes four main categories of foods: nuts, plant-based protein, fiber and plant-based foods that contain sterols.

The Portfolio Diet, which has been found to lower cholesterol by 17 percent, as well as improve other markers like C-reactive protein, triglycerides, reduced blood pressure, all of which are factors for heart disease and other chronic health conditions. The diet includes a portfolio of daily foods, including 42 grams of nuts (about 1.5 ounces), 20 grams of soluble fiber, 2 grams of plant sterols and 50 grams of plant-based protein.

Nuts about Heart Health

Ideally, choose raw, unsalted nuts, including any of the following: almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, pine nuts, walnuts or other types.

Understanding Fiber

There are two types of fiber: soluble and insoluble. Insoluble fiber is the type that people once referred to as “roughage.” It’s the kind that passes through your digestive tract undigested but helps to keep things moving. Soluble fiber forms a gel when it mixes with liquids in your gut. Getting sufficient soluble fiber helps to reduce high cholesterol and improve heart health. Whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds, and vegetables and fruit tend to contain soluble fiber. Here are some of the top sources of soluble fiber, along with he soluble fiber content of each:

Black Beans: 3/4 cup contains 5.4 grams soluble fiber

Lima Beans (also known as butter beans): 3/4 cup contains 5.3 grams soluble fiber

Kidney Beans: 3/4 cup contains 3 grams soluble fiber

Avocado: One-half an avocado contains 2.1 grams soluble fiber

Brussels Sprouts: 1/2 cup contains 2 grams soluble fiber

Figs: 1/4 cup dried figs contains 1.9 grams soluble fiber

Oats: 1 cup cooked oats contains 1.9 grams soluble fiber

Sweet Potatoes: 1/2 cup contains 1.8 grams soluble fiber

Turnips: 1/2 cup contains 1.7 grams soluble fiber

Broccoli: 1/2 cup contains 1.5 grams soluble fiber

Pears: 1 medium-sized pear contains 1.5 grams soluble fiber

Carrots: 1 cup chopped carrots contains 2.4 grams soluble fiber

Plant Sterols

Plant sterols are cholesterol-type substances found in fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans and grains. Ironically, eating more plant sterols can help reduce your cholesterol in your body. There are many foods high in plant sterols but some of the best ones include:

Pistachio Nuts: 1/2 cup of shelled, unsalted pistachio nuts contains 135 milligrams of plant sterols

Sesame Oil: 1 tablespoon contains 118 milligrams of plant sterols

Wheat Germ Oil: 1 tablespoon contains 75 milligrams of plant sterols

Sesame Seeds: 1 tablespoon contains 64 milligrams of plant sterols

Macadamia Nuts: 1 ounce (about 10 to 12 nuts) contains 33 milligrams of plant sterols

Olive Oil: 1 tablespoon contains 30 milligrams of plant sterols

Almond Butter: 1 tablespoon contains 22 milligrams of plant sterols

Sage, Oregano, Thyme, or Paprika: 1 tablespoon contains 12.5 milligrams of plant sterols

Plant-Based Protein

While most people tend to think of meat as the only source of protein, the reality is that all fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes and seeds contain protein. Some of the best sources of plant-based protein include: avocados, coconut, legumes, nuts, quinoa, seeds, tofu, miso, tempe and dairy alternatives such as almond milk, coconut milk and hemp seed milk.

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Dr. Michelle Schoffro Cook, PhD, DNM is the publisher of the free e-newsletter World’s Healthiest News, the Cultured Cook, co-founder of BestPlaceinCanada, and an international best-selling and 20-time published book author whose works include the vegan cookbook: The Cultured Cook: Delicious Fermented Foods with Probiotics to Knock Out Inflammation, Boost Gut Health, Lose Weight & Extend Your Life.

183 comments

hELEN h
hELEN h4 months ago

tyfs

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Anne H
Anne H4 months ago

Some very tasty ingrediens mentioned here..

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Pietro Maiorana
Pietro Maiorana4 months ago

Abbasso il colesterolo cattivo!!

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michela c
michela c4 months ago

Almost always in my diet, thanks

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Renata B
Renata B4 months ago

I wonder if the scientists who did these measurements used cups and their fractions in their laboratory!

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Renata B
Renata B4 months ago

I think that the first rule is not to mix different types of measurements. But it means something that after cups, spoons and ounces you end up with mgr because your mad system doesn't allow to quantify precisely.

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Fran F
Fran F4 months ago

Bookmarked. Thanks for posting.

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Marion Morin
Marion Morin5 months ago

merci!

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Sheila Miller
Sheila Miller5 months ago

This information is wonderful! I do love nuts and beans. It is good to know the most beneficial foods to eat. Thanks for sharing.

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Richard A
Richard A5 months ago

Thank you for this helpful article.

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