Scientists Turn Packing Peanuts into Power

Batteries powered by the pesky polystyrene packing material? Researchers say their new process creates better batteries with less environmental impact.

Woe was the day in 1965 when Dow Chemical unleashed packing peanuts onto the world. For while the polystyrene foam packing material ensures the safe delivery of countless fragile items, peanuts have become an utter bane. Each year billions of them are dumped in landfills, with a paltry recycling rate of only 10 percent. And not only do they take generations to decompose, but polystyrene-based peanuts contain chemicals that are believed to be carcinogenic.

But now chemical engineers at Purdue University have found a novel way to recycle the pesky peanuts, reports; and they predict that in a mere five years we could be able to reuse some 50 percent of the peanuts that would otherwise be sent to the dump. They are using them to manufacture carbon anodes, a component of rechargeable batteries.

Vilas Pol, an associate professor at Purdue’s School of Chemical Engineering and lead author of the study, says his inspiration came from the peanuts themselves – of which the lab was getting plenty of along with shipments of supplies.

“We were getting a lot of equipment and chemicals contained in many boxes all full of packing peanuts, and at some point I realized that all these peanuts were going to waste,” says Pol. “We wanted to do something that was good for society and the environment.”

Diving into the composition of the material, they found that the primary components of packing peanuts are carbon, hydrogen and oxygen – at which point the team came upon the idea of trying to find a way to use the carbon to create an anode for a lithium ion battery. They discovered that by heating the peanuts under specific conditions, they were able to isolate the carbon, and were able to do so in a way as to dispose of the oxygen and hydrogen through water vapor and thus avoiding a hazardous environmental by-product. With additional heat, they were able to mold the carbon into thin sheets that were usable as a battery anode.

The new battery surprised the researchers by significantly exceeding their expectations. It stored more overall charge by 15 percent and charged more quickly than comparable lithium-ion batteries. The reasons for these advances? The process they came up with inadvertently altered the structure of the carbon to great advantage – an increased overall surface area capable of holding the lithium charge and increased spacing between the carbon atoms, which allows for a faster charge by giving the lithium ions better access to each carbon atom.

While not having a plethora of packing peanuts to contend with in the first place would be ideal, the researchers are excited about what they see as a positive environmental impact of reusing the peanuts. But they also note that the isolation of pure carbon from the peanuts requires dramatically less energy in comparison to the temperature required to produce conventional carbon used for battery anodes: 1,100 F compared to 3,600 to 4,500 F.

The team has applied for a patent and hopes to bring their technology to market in the next few years; in the meantime, they intend to look into other uses for the carbon, as well. “This is a very scalable process,” says Pol.

by Melissa Breyer, from Treehugger



Crystal G.
Crystal G3 years ago

I'll be happy with this new trick if the homeless can make money off of it, in EVERY state.

Corn-Based Stryofoam Peanuts are being used by some companies. That's not bad idea and they can break down to nothing in a snap.

Siyus Copetallus
Siyus C3 years ago

Thank you for sharing.

Magdalena J.
Past Member 3 years ago

Thank you!

Sarah Hill
Sarah Hill3 years ago

good news

Elizabeth Brawn
Elizabeth Brawn3 years ago

very good

Warren Webber
Warren Webber4 years ago

Live long and prosper!

Paulinha Russell
Paulinha Russell4 years ago


Elena Poensgen
Elena Poensgen4 years ago

Thank you

Angela K.
Angela K4 years ago

Thanks for sharing

Christie C.
Christie C4 years ago

I just complained last week to a vendor of mine about getting a box full of styrofoam peanuts from them. There are so many packing material options that it's a shame anyone uses them anymore. Plus when styrofoam gets a static charge, it sticks to everything- so inconvenient!

To reuse the styrofoam peanuts that I am cursed with, I fill up used baggies with the peanuts and seal them. Then I use these styrofoam pillows to cushion the sides of boxes when I ship fragile orders. That way the peanuts don't get everywhere and they can be reused over and over. I do the same thing with the big pieces of molded sytrofoam, breaking it off into smaller pieces and bagging them.