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Brains of Neanderthals and Modern Humans Developed Differently


Science & Tech  (tags: brain, human, Neanderthal, birth, species )

Sophie
- 3138 days ago - sciencedaily.com
Germany have documented species differences in the pattern of brain development after birth that are likely to contribute to cognitive differences between modern humans and Neanderthals.



   

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Comments

Mike Feenaughty (267)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 2:31 am
Noted....interesting
 

Brittany D (28)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 5:09 am
Interesting, thank you.
 

Rajee Seetharam (138)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 5:19 am
Wow, how interesting!! Noted with thanks.
 

Michela M (3964)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 6:31 am
"Modern humans and Neanderthals reach large adult brain sizes via different developmental pathways.
The same team of MPI researchers had previously shown that the developmental patterns of the brain were remarkably SIMILAR between CHIMPANZEES and HUMANS after the first year of life, but differed markedly directly after birth. This developmental pattern has probably not changed since the last COMMON ANCESTOR of CHIMPANZEES and HUMANS several million years ago. In the first year of life, modern humans, but not Neanderthals, depart from this ancestral pattern of brain development." The Neanderthal men were STRONGER but less "intelligent" than Homo Sapiens. They do not derive from Homo Sapiens, therefore WE Homo Sapiens Sapiens are different. Usually it was believed that the TWO were not contemporary, but someone believes that the two of them MET in some areas of the world... Noted!! Thanks, Ciao!!
Noted!! Thanks, Ciao!!
 

Paula P (4)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 6:53 am
Thanks for this!
 

Kit B (276)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 7:52 am
This article calls the Neanderthals a different species, I have read that before if it were true then homo-sapien (or any other homo-species) and neanderthals certainly would not have been cross breading. Interesting study.
 

(0)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 2:02 pm
Interesting!
 

Sandy G (35)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 2:02 pm
Interesting, thanks.
 

(0)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 2:02 pm
Interesting!!
 

. (0)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 4:11 pm
Thank you Sophie.
 

Philip Heinlein (474)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 4:58 pm
Definitely an interesting subject, and much debate will follow. Neandertals were around until around 10000 years ago, and possibly even later than that. During the last ice age, Neandertals and Homo Sapiens had to have coexisted, although they probably avoided each other.

It would certainly be interesing to meet our "cousins" and learn what those differences in brain development led to. Unfortunately, we're about 10000 yrs too late for that. Up until the point where Homo Sapiens developed language, we may not have been that different from each other.
 

Sylvie M (46)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 6:03 pm
Very thought-provoking article, I guess such researches will keep scientists busy for many decades! I've always loved Jean Auel's purely fictional theory about the Neanderthal brain containing a "ancestors souvenirs memory" (in "Earth's Children" saga) maybe someday we'll discover there's some truth behind that?
 

Matloob ul Hasan (81)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 7:06 pm
Noted, thanks.
 

L X (529)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 7:28 pm
One theory going around is that there were a number of different Homo species with different advantages, crossing paths as they migrated to regions they preferred for hunting or gathering, or for safety. The Homo with the biggest brain case wasn't necessarily the one and only top-of-the-line model--we may just have been the most aggressive, and killed everybody else off. Apparently, we weren't the greatest neighbors.
 

John Williams (36)
Thursday November 11, 2010, 7:39 pm
I find this highly interesting.
 

Naoko i (257)
Friday November 12, 2010, 1:54 am
Thanks for the interesting post, Sophie. I've always loved anthropology, and thanks Sylvie, for mentioning "Earth's Children." That's my favourite, too!!
 

Past Member (0)
Friday November 12, 2010, 4:57 am
noted and interesting. thanks.
 

KS Goh (0)
Friday November 12, 2010, 5:20 am
Thanks for the article.
 

Trequl M (170)
Friday November 12, 2010, 6:36 am
Noted and Thanks.
 

Justin R (0)
Friday November 12, 2010, 11:27 am
..... have not noticed....
 

Shari G (27)
Friday November 12, 2010, 5:02 pm
I'm not convinced Neanderthals are extinct. I'm sure I know a couple of them. :)
 

Lika P (130)
Monday November 15, 2010, 11:25 pm
In the couple anthropology courses I took in college, the primary difference is that us modern humans (Homo Sapien-Sapien) have a larger frontal portion (cerebrum) to our brains. This is what is thought to be the part where we can logically think forward, be innovative, verbal language, etc...

The "cavemen", or Homo Sapien-Neanderthal, is theorized to have a larger cerebellum, which "remembers" the ancient tradition, thus almost thinking in past tense to move forth.

This would explain why the differences are so obvious. Thanks for the interesting article!
 
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