JONAH AND NINEVEH(CAPITAL CITY OF ASSYRIA}! May 24, 2008 10:22 AM
JONAH:CHAPTERS 1-4 1:1 One day the Lord told Jonah, the son of Amittai, 2.) to go to the great City of Ninevah, and say to the people, "The Lord has seen your terrible sins. You are doomed!" 3.) Instead, Jonah ran from the Lord. He went to the seaport of Joppa, and bought a ticket on a ship that was going to Spain. Then he got on the ship and sailed away to escape. 4.) But the Lord made a strong wind blow, and such a bad storm came up that the ship was about to broken to pieces. 5.) The sailors were frightened and they all started praying to their gods. They even threw the ship's cargo overboard to make the ship lighter. All this time Jonah was down below deck fast asleep.6.) The ship's Captain went to him, and said, "How can you sleep at a time like this? Get up and pray to your God! Maybe he will have mercy on us and keep us from drowning." 7.) Finally, the sailors got together and said, "Let's get together ask our gods to show us who caused all this trouble." It turned out to be Jonah. 8.They started asking him, "Are you the one who brought all this trouble on us? What business are you in? Where do you come from? What is your country? Who are your people? " 9.) Jonah answered, "I'm a Hebrew and I worship the Lord God of Heaven, who made the sea and the dry land." 10.) When the sailors heard this they were frightened, because Jonah had already told them he was running from Lord. Then they said, "Do you know what you have done?" 11.) The storm kept getting worse until the sailors finally asked him, "What should we do with you to make the sea calm down?" 12.) Jonah told them, "Throw me into the sea and it will calm down. I'm the cause of this terrible storm." 13.) The sailors tried their best to row to the shore, but they couldn't do it, and the storm kept getting worse every minute. 14.) So they prayed to the Lord, "Please don't let us drown for taking this mans life. Don't hold us guilty for killing an innocent man. All this happened because you wanted it to." 15.) Then they threw Jonah overboard, and the sea calmed down. 16.) The sailor's were so terrified that they offered a sacrifice to the Lord, and made all kinds of promises. 17.) The Lord sent a big fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was inside the fish for three days and three nights.
JONAH: CHAPTER 2 1.) FROM inside the fish Jonah prayed to the Lord. 2.) When I was in trouble Lord, I prayed to you, and you listened to me. From deep in the world of the dead, I begged for your help, and you answered my prayer.
3.) You threw me down to the bottom of the sea. The water was churning all around; I was completely covered by your mighty waves. 4.) I thought I was swept away from your sight. never again to see your holy temple.
5.) I was almost drowned by the swirling waters, that surrounded me. Seaweed wrapped around my head. 6.) I had sunk down below the underwater mountains; I knew that forever, I would be a prisoner there.
But you, Lord God, rescued me from that pit. 7.) When my life was slipping away, I remembered you-- and in your holy temple you heard my prayer.
8.) All who worship worthless idols turn from the God, who offers them mercy. 9.) But with shouts of praise I will offer a sacrifice to you, my Lord. I will keep my promise. because you are the one with power to save.
10.) And the Lord commanded the fish to vomit Jonah up on the shore and it did.
JONAH: CHAPTER 3 1.) ONCE again the Lord told Jonah 2.) to go to that great city of Nineveh and preach his message of doom. 3.) Jonah obeyed the Lord and went to Nineveh. The city was so big that it took three days just to walk through it. 4.) After walking for a day, Jonah warned the people "Forty days from now Nineveh will be destroyed." 5.) They believed God's message and set aside a time when they would go without eating(fasting), to show their sorrow. Then everyone in the city , no matter who they were dressed in sackcloth. 6.) When the King of Nineveh heard what was happening, he also dressed in sackcloth; he left the royal palace and sat in dust. 7-9.) Then he and his officials sent out an order for everyone in the city to obey. It said:
None of you, or your animals may eat or drink a thing. Each of you must wear sackcloth, and you must even put sackcloth on your animals. You must also pray to the Lord God, with all your heart, and stop being sinful and cruel. Maybe God will change his mind and have mercy on us, so we won't be destroyed.
10.) When God saw that the people had stopped doing evil things, he had pity and did not destroy them as he had planned.
JONAH CHAPTER 4 1.) JONAH was really upset and angry. 2.) So he prayed: Our Lord, I knew right from the very beginning you wouldn't destroy Nineveh. That's why I left my own country and headed for Spain. You are a kind and merciful God, and you are very patient. You always show love, and you don't like to punish anyone. Not even foreigners. 3.) Now let me die! I'd be better off dead. 4.) The Lord replied, "What right do you have to be angry." 5.) Jonah then left the east gate of the city and he made a shelter to protect himself from the sun. He sat under the shelter waiting to see what would happen to Nineveh. 6.) The Lord made a vine to grow up to shade Jonah's head and protect him from the sun. Jonah was very happy to have the vine. 7.) But early the next morning, the Lord sent a worm, to chew on the vine, and the vine dried up. 8.) During the day the Lord sent a scorcing wind and the sun beat down on Jonah's head, making him feel faint. Jonah was ready to die and he shouted I wish I were dead!" 9.) But the Lord asked JONAH do you have the right to be angry about the vine? "Yes I do," Jonah answered, "And I'm angry enough to die!" 10.) But the Lord said: You are concerned about a vine, you did not plant or take care of, a vine that grew up in one day and died the next. In that city of Nineveh, there are more than a hundred- twenty thousand people, and many cattle are in there. Don't you think I ought to be concerned about that big city?
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May 24, 2008 11:50 AM
Although settlement dates back to at least 4,000 BC, the historical
site of Nineveh appears as a royal city in the Middle Assyrian period.
Shalmaneser I (1273-1244 BC) and subsequent Middle Assyrian and
Neo-Assyrian Kings began to erect royal palaces on the summit of the
high mound of Kuyunjik. In the First Millennium B.C., the flat plain to
the north of Kuyunjik appears to have housed a sizable lower town.
Neo-Assyrian (Ninua) was made the new capital of Assyria in 721 BC
under King Sennacherib who moved the Assyrian capital from Dur
Sharrukin (Khorsabad). The site was the third and last capital of the
Assyrians. Sennecherib's palaces (of which there were three) were built
on the Kuyunjik mound, as well as the palace of his grandson
Ashurbanipal. The city is attested in the Old Testament (first mention
in Genesis 10:11) several times, associated also with the Prophet
Jonah, and the New Testament. The capital city fell in 612 BC to the
Babylonians, Susianians, and Medes. Six years later, the Assyrian
Empire collapsed. The city fades out of historical mention until A.D.
627 when there was a major Battle of Nineveh between the Byzantines and
Sasanians. In the Early Islamic period, the site of Mosul was the main
city of the province of al-Jazira, northern Mesopotamia and walled,
occupying the old quarter of the modern city today. Parts of the city
wall remain at Bash Tapia castle on the Tigris. Its chief export was
cotton (muslin, from the city's name). The Mongol invasion destroyed
the city in the 13th century. In the Ottoman period it was rebuilt and
revived and retained its administrative provincial seat and continued
to be the most important city in northern Iraq. Mosul has the largest
number of Iraqi Christians of any Iraqi city, including Nestorians,
Jacobites, Catholics and Chaldeans. There are churches in Mosul that
are historically and culturally important for several of these
Christian sects. The Nebi Yunus mound on Nineveh has been a
long-standing Muslim pilgrimage site and shrine dedicated to the
Prophet Jonah. Today it is controlled by US troops.
Frontline Faith Trivia Answer for June 2008
A. The cradle of ancient civilization. In
additional to the cultural importance in ancient civilization, the
territory of modern day Iraq factored significantly into Biblical
events. The capital city of Baghdad is located within 30 miles of
ancient Babylon and the tower of Babel was also built within the modern
day borders of Iraq, on the Plains of Shinar.