Seven Magyar tribes from the East occupy the Carpathian basin.
Foundation of the Hungarian state; St. Stephen, the first Hungarian king converts the country to western Christianity. Western orientation.
Andrew II (1175-1235) issues the Golden Bull stating the basic rights and privileges of the nobility; it plays a role similar to that of the Magna Carta of 1215.
Hungary is a wealthy and flourishing kingdom again. In the 14th century it extends its borders to the Baltic, the Black Sea, and the Adriatic Sea.
The court of king Matthias Hunyadi Corvinus is a center of Renaissance culture, visited by
numerous great humanist thinkers and artists of the period. A core mercenary army was
constructed, and modern managerial practices were established to control the Hungarian economy. Matthias Corvinus appoints Magyars to the most important offices and authorities, though the German population (approx. 50%) retains its own rights; struggle against the Turks.
Peasant's uprising weakens the country
Crushing defeat of the Hungarian army at the hands of the Turks in the Battle of Mohács. Country split into three parts: the west ceded to the Habsburgs, the principality of Transylvania established in the east, the central regions under Turkish occupation
Under Turkish rule (lasting 145 years) Buda becomes the western outpost of the Ottoman Empire.
Recapture of Buda and Pest by the Imperial troops under Prince Eugene of Savoy.
The entire Hungary goes under Habsburg rule, in a semi-colonial situation.