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CASTELS AND FORTRESSES IN ROMANIA July 11, 2010 3:23 PM

I Think, the best illustrated medieval heritage of  Romania are the castles and the fortresses. There are castles built from the 14th to the 18th centuries and  fortresses built  for defense against invaders, those erected beginning in the late 1800s are . The most popular include the 14th century Corvinesti Castle,  the  19th century Peles Castle  and, of course, the Bran Castle, built in the mid-1300s and legendary home to Bram Stoker’s Count Dracula. 

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castle BRAN July 11, 2010 3:25 PM

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lxsk_OQl7Ag&feature=related

Bran Castle - History (I)BRAN CASTLE (1377-1920)

The Bran fortress was built on a cliff between Magura and The Hill of the Fortress, its position conferring an outstanding view towards both the hills of Moeciu and the ones from the Land of Bârsa. The building of the fortress was imposed by strategic and economic reasons. The strategic reasons underlined by the expansion of the Ottoman Empire which, by the end of the XIV century, began threatening the south-eastern borders of Transylvania; the economic reasons, given by the fact that the commercial road, one of the most important access ways connecting Transylvania to Wallachia, crossed this area. All these reasons determined the Hungarian king Louis I of Anjou to develop strengthening works of the Bran pass.


Jointly interested in raising the fortress were also the people of Brasov, aiming to secure their geographical position on one hand, and the economic one, on the other hand, by supervising the commercial road passing through the valley. These mutual actions materialize on November 19 th 1377, when Louis I of Anjou grants the people of Brasov the privilege of building the fortress "unforced and unbound, but willingly they have generously and unanimously promised to build a new fort in Bran, on their own efforts and expenses, and to cut the forest thereabouts". It was remarkable the fact that, by the death of the Hungarian king in 1382, the fortress was already built. After finalizing the construction, the fortress becomes property of the Hungarian royalty, who settles here a garrison of mercenaries, made up by archers and ballista men. In order to fulfill the needs of the fortress, the king grants it a domain formed by the villages Baciu, Cernatu, Satulung, Turches, Tarlungeni, Zizin, Purcareni, Crizbav, Apata, Zarnesti and Tohan (the latter two until 1395), with permission to exploit the forests and waters, to hunt and fish, and to use the mutual fields and hay fields. The Hungarian royalty assumes its right to appoint a lord of the castle to run the fortress. The Szekler committee was sometimes entrusted with this prerogative, this position being mostly taken by the Voivodes of Transylvania. Yet, by the act of 1380, it is specified that, generally, a Saxon can be appointed in this position.

The lord of the castle fulfilled several military tasks (command of the garrison, organization and supervising of borders) and also administrative - jurisdictional tasks (as lord of the mansion, he checked the incomes resulted from the fees owed by the inhabitants of the domain, as well as from other economic activities related to the city of Brasov).


About the same time, a customs point was built in the vicinity of the fortress, collecting a duty of 3% from the value of the goods being transited on the commercial road connecting Transylvania to Wallachia. At the beginning of the XV century, as product of the collaboration between the Hungarian king Sigismund of Luxemburg and the Wallachian ruler Mircea cel Batrân with respect to the anti-Ottoman politics, the Bran fortress is transferred to the possession of the Wallachian ruler and to his descendants, with the purpose to strengthen the Transylvanian - Wallachian border. With this occasion, the customs point from the feet of the fortress was moved to Brasov.

Mircea cel Batrân replaced the lord of the castle with one of his chief magistrates, appointing him with the supervising of the commercial road. On August 6 th 1413, he grants the people of Brasov the well known commercial privilege, emphasizing "the establishments left by their forefathers for customs purposes through the boroughs from Wallachia and on the road from Brasov through the Bran pass up to Braila". The descendants of Mircea cel Batrân disrespect the commercial privileges conferred to the people of Brasov, driving them to the Hungarian king with a complaint. This state of facts, corroborated with the persistent Turkish attacks (culminating with the one in 1421, when the Turks rob The Land of Bârsa) determine Sigismund of Luxemburg to entrust the Bran Fortress, on February 3 rd 1426, to the Prince of Transylvania, entrusting him to appoint the lord of the castle. In exchange for granting new privileges to the people of Brasov, these had the obligation of supplying the fortress with food and informing the Transylvanian prince in case of imminent Turkish danger.   The summer of 1427, Sigismund seems to have personally come to Bran in order to check the defense works and yet, in spite of all safety measures taken, the Turks penetrate The Land of Bârsa through the Bran pass and rob it again

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 July 11, 2010 3:35 PM

Mircea cel Batrân replaced the lord of the castle with one of his chief magistrates, appointing him with the supervising of the commercial road. On August 6 th 1413, he grants the people of Brasov the well known commercial privilege, emphasizing "the establishments left by their forefathers for customs purposes through the boroughs from Wallachia and on the road from Brasov through the Bran pass up to Braila". The descendants of Mircea cel Batrân disrespect the commercial privileges conferred to the people of Brasov, driving them to the Hungarian king with a complaint. This state of facts, corroborated with the persistent Turkish attacks (culminating with the one in 1421, when the Turks rob The Land of Bârsa) determine Sigismund of Luxemburg to entrust the Bran Fortress, on February 3 rd 1426, to the Prince of Transylvania, entrusting him to appoint the lord of the castle. In exchange for granting new privileges to the people of Brasov, these had the obligation of supplying the fortress with food and informing the Transylvanian prince in case of imminent Turkish danger.   The summer of 1427, Sigismund seems to have personally come to Bran in order to check the defense works and yet, in spite of all safety measures taken, the Turks penetrate The Land of Bârsa through the Bran pass and rob it again


The summer of 1441 the Turks initiate a new incursion in Transylvania, but are defeated in the district of Bran by Iancu de Hunedoara, prince of this province, who paid an extreme attention to the Bran Fortress and to the commercial road passing through this area, confirming the old commercial privilege granted to the people of Brasov by Mircea cel Batrân and confirmed by Sigismund. Within the first months of the year 1459 the armies of Vlad Tepes, a Wallachian ruler, attack the city of Brasov through Bran, burning the suburbs and the old church of Bartholomew; this action came as a consequence of a commercial litigation between the Wallachian ruler and the merchants from Brasov. Bran was also the pass used by the armies of prince Stefan Bathory, when supporting Vlad Tepes in his second reign (1456-1462).

The acts of abuse committed by the lords of the castle from the fortress Bran caused inconvenience to the commercial activity of the city Brasov - which had become one of the most important commercial centers of Transylvania - making the people of Brasov try to get into its possession. In order to achieve this purpose the people of Brasov needed, besides the approval of the king, the actual owner, also the consent of the Transylvanian prince who, being appointed with the defense of the borders as representative of the Szekler committee, had military authority over the fortress of Bran.

The arrangement seems to have been made only between the people of Brasov and the King of Hungary V ladislav II Jagello, and on the 1 st of January 1498, the latter pledging by himself the Bran fortress to the people of Brasov "along wi t h all possessions and rights of usage" for ten years, in exchange for 1000 florins. In 1508, after expiration of this term, the Hungari an king renews for another twenty five years the pledge contract for the domain and the fortress of Bran, in favor of the city of Brasov. At the end of this period the royalty had to pay to the people of Brasov the amount of 6300 florins, as ransom, or else the fortr ess remained property of the city of Brasov. In 1513, King Vladislav Jagello issues an act by means of which he removes the Bran fortress from the jurisdiction of the prince of Transylvania, and grants it to the people of Brasov "to keep and administrate" for twenty five years, should they always be truthful to the king, ensure keeping the fortress and support the spies in Turkey. By means of this document the city of Brasov gains possession over the fortress and domain of Bran, having absolute rights as possessor.

Once the Bran fortress became property of the city of Brasov, the duties of the serfs grew ruthless and more numerous, making the serfs often complain and rise up against them. In addition to all that, by a decision ruled by the king, dating from the beginning of the XVI century, they were bound to perform the military duty for the city of Brasov and, in need, to take up arms at its request. This provision made the serfs from the villages in the Bran domain run away. This state of facts concurs with the riot of the Transylvanian villagers from 1514. The serfs from the Bran domain refused to rise up against the rebels - as presented in a letter from the voivode of Transylvania addressed to the king of Hungary - and above all that, "they refuse to pay their regular duty to our citizens from Brasov. This major disobedience came close to causing a riot of the common people even in our city of Brasov and in the Land of Bârsa". The position of the villagers from Bran vexed the leaders of Brasov who, at first, did not dare take any actions, waiting for the denouement of the riot. Only after the riot was repressed the people of Brasov had the courage to ask the king for his support. By rule of the king, Ioan Zapolya, the prince of Transylvania, set off to Brasov, in order to punish the rebels. As a consequence of this action, Brasov was reinstated by use of weapons.

As expected, the Bran fortress had also been involved in this political act

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 July 11, 2010 3:36 PM

As expected, the Bran fortress had also been involved in this political action. Thus, at first, after the denouement form Mohacs, the people from Brasov, supporting Ferdinand of Austria, adopted a hostile attitude towards Ioan Zapolya, who had succeeded to take over Transylvania. This explains why, in 1529 when L a udat, the commander of the Wallachian armies, tried to cross to Transylvania to help Ioan Zapolya, he came up against the resistance of the garrison from the Bran fortress, lead by the lord of the castle Ioan Hock. Although the siege lasted several days, the fortress could not be conquered. The year to come, the Bran fortress stands up against Mehmed Beg, stopping the Turks attempt to break into Transylvania, aiming to support the same Ioan Zapolya. In 1531, seeing that their resistance against Zapolya caused only prejudices, they cross to his side, being sworn in faithful to him. In exchan ge, the pri nce reinforces their privileges and grants them possession of the forests from the Transylvanian part of Buzau


Even after 1541, when Transylvania becomes an autonomous principality under Turkish suzerainty, the Bran fortress remains property of the city of Brasov. Yet, the serfs belonging to this domain are bound to pay the Turkish yearly toll until 1602, when the prince suspends it in favor of the people of Brasov. In December 1596 Mihai Viteazul, on his trip to Alba Iulia used the road passing through Bran and his wife is likely to have stayed in the fortress for three days.

In the year 1600, the son of Mihai Viteazul, Nicolae Patrascu, tries to penetrate The Land of Bârsa through the Bran pass, aiming to punish the people of Brasov, who had revolted against the domination of the Wallachian ruler. Unable to conquer the fortress, they had to withdraw.

In the decades to come, the prince of Transylvania, Gabriel Bathory, temporarily occupying the Bran fortress, contested the property rights of the city of Brasov over the fortress. This action caused major economic damage to the people of Brasov, by cutting the commerce with Wallachia, as well as political and military prejudices. In 1613 the people of Brasov regain the property rights over the Bran fortress, consequential to a treaty signed with Gabriel Bathory. The same year, during the campaign of the Turkish army lead by Ali Pasha Maghiaroglu, aiming to install Gabriel Bethlen as prince of Transylvania, the Pasha requests the lord of the Bran castle to use their cannons, in order to prevent the "Tartar sultan" from passing through Bran. The permanent tendency of the city of Brasov to interfere with the Transylvanian politics determines Gabriel Bethlen (in the meantime prince) to raise the question of verifying the endorsed possession rights over the Bran fortress and the inherent domain. In 1625 the Transylvanian prince agrees to let the Bran fortress and the domain remain property of the people of Brasov.

The spring of 1651, on 25 th of April, Brasov signs with the prince of Transylvania Gheorghe Rackoczi a sale-purchase contract according to which the city "irrevocably and for ever" bought the Bran fortress and the inherent domain, including the villages belonging to the castle, as well as the communes: Purcareni, Zizin, Tarlungeni, Satulung, Cernatu, Turches, Bacifalu, Crizbav and Apata, becomming owner with full legal rights over these estates . In exchange for yielding the rights over the fortress and the domain, the people of Brasov had to give up, besides the amount owed by Vladislav II, also the amount of 11.000 florins (paid to the exchequer), along with several villages being up to that point in their possession. The sale-purchase contract for the Bran domain was confirmed by the Transylvanian states through the law Approbatae constitutiones regni Transsilvaniae III , title 84, paragraph 1. After a constant and tenaciously fought fight of over one hundred fifty years, the city of Brasov succeeded to consolidate its lawful rights over Bran.

At the end of the XVII century, as a consequence of the defeats suffered by the Turks, first at the siege of Vienna in 1683, then at Zenta in 1687, The Habsburg Empire gets dominion over Transylvania. Since the "Leopold Diploma" from 1691 confirmed all privileges and donations made by the princes of Transylvania, acknowledging the old laws of the country, the old administrative and judicial stabilities, the old privileges granted to the Saxons and the Szeklers, the city of Brasov also remains rightfully owner of the Bran fortress and domain, in conformity with the contract from 1651. The Habsburg economic politics and military strategy in the XVIII century lead to a diminution of the fortresses purpose, hindering the commerce of the people of Brasov with Wallachia, and even the lords of the castle in fulfilling their responsibilities on the Bran territory.

This way, on May 1st 1706, a customs officer is appointed to administrate the Bran customs point, a clerk of the Austrian Treasury who, besides the task of collecting the customs duties, took over from the lord of the castle also the table lands and the paths in the mountains Bucegi and Piatra Craiului, in order to prevent the illicit commercial activity and the illegal crossing of the border. To the same purpose, the Austrian state set up a sanitary cordon along the mountains Carpati, establishing, middle of the XVIII c

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 July 11, 2010 3:37 PM

This way, on May 1st 1706, a customs officer is appointed to administrate the Bran customs point, a clerk of the Austrian Treasury who, besides the task of collecting the customs duties, took over from the lord of the castle also the table lands and the paths in the mountains Bucegi and Piatra Craiului, in order to prevent the illicit commercial activity and the illegal crossing of the border. To the same purpose, the Austrian state set up a sanitary cordon along the mountains Carpati, establishing, middle of the XVIII century, a quarantine office at Bran. Planning to strengthen the Bran pass, the castle was restored in 1723, as results from an inscription on the inner wall.  The basic purposes of the fortress were practically reduced to those of head office of the domain administration and residence of the lord of the castle. Yet, it still constituted a defense residence which could possibly face a potential attack.

In spite of all these impediments, the Bran fortress continued to be mentioned in chronicles and also to partially fulfill its military and customs point role. Carol XII, king of Sweden, after being defeated in Russia, passes through Bran on the way to his country, accompanied by his armies that took refuge at the Turks. In 1737 an Austrian army company passes through Bran, attacking the Turks in Câmpulung.

During the Russian-Austrian-Turkish war from 1787, the Bran pass was invaded by the Moslem armies, who attacked the fortress, but failed to conquer it.

The amplification of the economic crisis from the second half of the XVIII century made the Austrian state stiffen the taxation policy, introducing the so-called "cadastral registers" in Bran too.

The major decline in the living conditions of the tenants from Bran generated several riots. The most important one, in the context of the events that took place in the years of the uprising led by Horea, Closca and Crisan, was in July 1785, when the tenants from Bran refused to pay their taxes to the city of Brasov.

The XIX century brought the decay of the last military tasks of the Bran fortress. The fortress failed to remain an efficient keeper of the border, due to the change in the military strategy and to the spreading of the performing fire guns.

In 1836, along with the transfer of the Transylvanian borders with Wallachia upper in the mountain, at Pajura, the Bran fortress loses its task as customs point at the border of the Austrian state and, along with that, the control over the commercial transit from the area.

The activity of the fortress becomes exclusively focused on the administration of the domain, which will generate numerous abuses coming from the land agents and lords of the castle. In the context of the rebellious movements from 1848, these abuses lead to a local riot, when the inhabitants of Bran organized themselves in "national guards", acting against the lord of the castle and the garrison, banishing them from the fortress.

The imminence of the Russian-Romanian-Turkish war from 1877 determined the Austrian army to execute defense works along the eastern border of Transylvania. In this context, the Austrians occupied the Bran fortress, replacing its roof (easily exposed to any shelling) with %#&!*%, thing which caused its severe decline.

Taking into account all that the city of Brasov asked the Austrian authorities to restore the fortress. Eventually, they accepted to support the expenses made within the period 1883-1886, and on July 22 nd 1888, they handed it over to the city of Brasov.

Not long after the city donated the fortress to the Forestry Administration from Brasov. From that point, the fortress was inhabited by forest keepers, foresters from Bran and, at times, in the expressly fit official chambers, by the forest inspectors came from Brasov. The Forestry Administration had the fortress in possession until 1918

article by: Daniel Tiberiu Apostol
© Official Site of Castle Bran Museum - visit website

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PELES CASTLE July 12, 2010 2:31 AM

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a link where you can see the pictures of our castles July 12, 2010 2:37 AM

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This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone or spelling. You can assist by editing it. (April 2009)Peleş Castle
Castelul Peleşeles-2007-bgiu.jpg" rel="nofollow" >
Peleş Castle in winter timeCoordinates45°21′35″N 25°32′34″E / 45.35984°N 25.54265°E / 45.35984; 25.54265Architectural styleNeo-RenaissanceTownSinaiaCountry RomaniaClientKing Carol I of RomaniaStarted1873Completed1914Cost16 000 000 gold Romanian (approximate) lei (approx. $US 120 million today) - Cost is until the castle's opening in 1883. Further major improvements were made until 1914. Cost does NOT include valuable art collections (paintings, medieval weapons, sculptures, antiques, etc.)ArchitectJohannes Schultz
Karel Liman
Statues in courtyard, Carpathians in background

Today a hi

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 July 12, 2010 2:41 AM

History

King Carol I of the Romanians (1839–1914), one of the great Romanian kings and conqueror of the National Independence, first visited the region and future site of the castle in 1866, when he fell in love with the rugged but magnificent mountain scenery. So, in 1872, a total of one thousand "pogoane", approx. 1,300 acres (5.3 km2), was purchased by the King and Piatra Arsa region becomes The Royal Domain of Sinaia, destined to be a royal hunting preserve and summer retreat for the monarch. On August 22, 1873, the foundation for Peleş Castle, the city of Sinaia, and indeed for the country of Romania itself was established. Several other buildings, annexed to the castle, were built simultaneously: The Guard's Chambers, The Economat Building, The Foişor Hunting Chateau, The Royal Stables. The Power Plant was also constructed then, and Peleş became world's first castle fully operated by electric power. The "Sipot" Villa was constructed later. This would serve as the work site of architect Karel Liman. Liman would later supervise the building of Pelişor Chateau (1889–1903, the future residence of King Ferdinand I and Queen Marie of the Romanians), as well as of the King's Ferdinand Vila in the Royal Sheepfold Meadow (the actual Sheepfold Meadow). First three initial design plans for Peleş were copies of other palaces from western Europe but King Carol I rejected them all as they were too costly and unoriginal. The second architect, Johannes Schultz, won by presenting a more original plan, something that appealed to the King's taste: a grand palatial alpine villa combining different structures of classic European styles, mostly following Italian elegance and German aesthetics in Renaissance lines. The cost of the castle itself between 1875 and 1914 was estimated to be 16 000 000 gold Romanian lei (approx. $US 120 million today). Between three and four hundred men worked consistently on it. Queen Elisabeth of the Romanians, during the construction phase, wrote in her journal:

Italians were masons, Romanians were building terraces, the Gypsies were coolies. Albanians and Greeks worked in stone, Germans and Hungarians were carpenters. Turks were burning brick. Engineers were Polish and the stone carvers were Czech. The Frenchmen were drawing, the Englishmen were measuring, and so was then when you could see hundreds of national costumes and fourteen languages in which they spoke, sang, cursed and quarreled on all dialects and tones, a joyful mix of men, horses, cart oxen and domestic buffaloes.

Construction seen a slight halt during the Romanian War of Independence in 1877-78, but soon afterwards plans grew in size and construction was quite rapid. Peleş Castle had its official Royal Ball of Inauguration on Oct. 7th, 1883. Until the castle was built, King Carol I and Queen Elizabeth lived in Foişor Villa (where King Ferdinand and Queen Mary also resided during the construction of Pelişor Castle). Even King Carol II lived in Foişor Villa when he was monarch (1930–40, except in 1932-3 when the hunting house was destroyed by fire). Carol II was born at the castle in 1893, giving meaning to the phrase "cradle of the dynasty, cradle of the nation" that Carol I bestowed upon the Peleş Castle.

After King Michael's forced abdication in 1947, the Communist regime seized all royal property, including the whole Peleş Estate. The castle itself was opened as a tourist site for a short time. It also served as a recreation and resting place for Romanian cultural personalities. The castle was declared a museum in 1953. During the last years of the Communist regime, between 1975–1990, Nicolae Ceauşescu closed the entire estate. The only persons permitted on the former royal estate were maintenance and military personnel. The whole area was declared a State Protocol Interest Area.

It is intere

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 July 12, 2010 2:42 AM

It is interesting to note that Ceauşescu did not like the castle very much and visited rarely. According to some, that is due to the wicked resident museographers, who, counting on the Ceausescu couple's paranoid health phobias, declared the building to be infested with dangerous fungus Serpula lacrymans, which in 1980s was true to a certain extent but was only affecting the timber. After the December 1989 Revolution, Peleş and Pelişor Castle's were re-established as heritage sites, open to tourists. Today, the Foişor Castle serves - like in the past - as a presidential residence, unlike the rest of the estate. The Economat Building and the Guard's Chambers Building are now hotels, restaurants and terraces having been established as well. The rest of the Peleş Estate became either tourist villas or state protocol buildings. In 2006, the Romanian Government announced restitution of the castle to King Michael I of the Romanians, the former monarch. Soon after re-obtaining the property, negotiations began between the former King and the Government and Peleş once again became a national heritage site open to the public as a historic monument and museum. In exchange, the Romanian Government granted 30 million euros to the Casa Regala (The Royal House of Romania). The sum for the remaining villas and surrounding chalets and chateaus are still being negotiated but will eventually remain in possession of the state and touristic circuit after repurchasing (2007). Every year since opening, Peleş Castle received between a quarter to almost half million visitors every year.

Peleş Castle was host to grand figures guests from royalty and politicians to artists. One of the most memorable visits was that of Kaiser Franz Joseph I of Austro-Hungary, then one of the world's most powerful men, on 2 October 1896, who later wrote in a letter: The Royal Castle amongst other monuments, surrounded by extremely pretty landscape with gardens built on terraces, all at the edge of dense forests. The castle itself is very impressive through the riches it has accumulated: old and new canvases, old furniture, weapons, all sort of curios, everything placed with good taste. We did a long hike in the mountains, afterwards we picnicked on the green grass, surrounded by the Gypsy music. We took many pictures, and the atmosphere was extremely pleasant. Artists like George Enesco, Sarah Bernhardt, Jacques Thibaud or Vasile Alecsandri visited often as guests of Queen Elizabeth of Romania (known to literature as Carmen Sylva). Even after the fall of the monarchy, alongside Romanian prominent figures from political and artistic life, other foreign dignitaries like Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Muammar al-Gaddafi, Yasser Arafat were all entertained here.

The castle was featured in the 2009 film release The Brothers Bloom. The exterior of the castle is used to represent a large estate in New Jersey, the home of the eccentric billionaire Penelope played by Rachel Weisz.[1]

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castle PELISOR July 12, 2010 2:45 AM



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Pelisor Castle
In the museum complex at Sinaia, besides Peles Castle, which Queen Maria used to call "The Big Palace", one can visit Pelisor Castle. Built between 1899 and 1902 by Czech architect Karel Liman and decorated by the Viennese Bernhard Ludwig, Pelisor was, starting since 1903, the summer residence of Romania's second king, King Ferdinand of the Hohenzollern dynasty. His wife, Maria, asserted herself as a proeminent personality of her time, earning the surname of Artist Queen.

A refined aesthete, Maria created an original style. In the decoration of Pelisor, Art Nouveau elements borrow Byzantine and Celtic features giving rise to "The Golden Bedroom", "The Chapel" and "The Golden Chamber". The Art Nouveau decorative art collection comprises works by such artists like E. Galle, brothers Daum, J. Hoffman, L. C. Tiffany, and Gurschner.

The official hall, simple and bright, is decorated with oak-wood cassetons. The paintings, drawings and water-colours feature Maria with her children. King Ferdinand's solemn study resembles the German Neo-Renaissance from Peles. "The Golden Bedroom" is furnished with pieces made in 1909 in the arts and crafts workshops at Sinaia, to the Queen's plans and drawings. Maria's study, arranged in an interior dominated by Brancovan-style columns, has a fireplace that is specific to Romanian interiors. The chairs and desk are decorated with Maria's symbols: the lily and the Celtic cross. It was the Queen's wish to spend the last moments of her life in the Golden Chamber. Here, the gilded walls are decorated with thistle leaves that resemble the emblem of Scotland, Maria's native land.

Address of the Pelisor Castle: Muzeul National Peles, Str. Pelesului, Nr. 2, 106100 Sinaia, Jud. Prahova.
Phone: 0040-244-310.918, Phone/Fax: 0040-244-312.416
Email: museum@peles.ro
Web: www.peles.ro
Opening hours at Pelisor Castle:
Summer (15 May - 15 September)
Monday closed, Tuesday 11.00 - 17.00, Wednesday - Sunday 09.00 - 17.00
Winter (16 September - 14 May)
Monday, Tuesday - closed, Wednesday 11.00 - 17.00, Thursday - Sunday 09.00 - 17.00

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 July 12, 2010 2:51 AM



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 July 12, 2010 3:40 AM

These pics are wonderful, Veronica! Thank you for sharing!

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thanks me too, my dear FULVIA July 12, 2010 4:37 AM

For visiting the group, a very nice country ours, like yours,

but sometimes, too many times very sad realities overhelming us, unfortunately...

have a nice week , my dear friend, to you and all oru dear friends here, i have to prepare my bag to leave for the countryside, sending all my love from Romania

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 July 12, 2010 4:59 AM

I love the castles they're absolutely stunning, i'm just trying to catch up reading the history of them. We have many castles in Scotland too, thank you for sharing these wonderful pictures Veronica.

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YES, i know that there are wonderful castles in SCOTTLAND, July 12, 2010 5:08 AM

my dear LINDA, i love them so much, all ENGLAND,ITALY are absolutely wonderful, we too, are so blessed with a wonderful nature,amazing places...only that we have to be always, so many generations : the always victims of a cruel history...asad destiny...

will continue to post this weeekend, cause i have to leave now, take care of yourselves and of your dear ones,

love you all, yours sincerely,

Veronica

castle BIERTAN

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 July 16, 2010 3:10 PM

WOW!  Thanks, Veronica!  Awesome!

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thanks, my dear RHONDA, July 17, 2010 12:25 AM

i am glad you like them, here is another very interestinjg castle,

HUNYADI CASTLE

File:Hunyad castle99.jpg

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 July 17, 2010 12:26 AM

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Hunyad Castle
Castelul HuniazilorHunedoara
RomaniaHunyad castle99.jpg
The front bridge and the castleTypeCastleCurrent
conditionPreservedFor the castle in Budapest, Hungary, see "Vajdahunyad Castle." For the castle in Timişoara, Romania, see "Huniade Castle."

The Hunyad Castle (Romanian: Castelul Huniazilor or Castelul Corvineştilor, Hungarian: Vajdahunyad vára) is a castle in Transylvanian Hunedoara, present-day Romania. Until 1541 it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, and after the Principality of Transylvania.

The castle is a relic of the Hunyadi dynasty. In the 14th century, the castle was given to John Hunyadi Serb, or Sorb by Sigismund king of Hungary as severance. The castle was restored between 1446 and 1453 by his grandson John Hunyadi. It was built mainly in Gothic style, but has Renaissance architectural elements. It features tall and strong defense towers, an interior yard and a drawbridge. Built over the site of an older fortification and on a rock above the small river Zlaşti, the castle is a large and imposing building with tall and diversely colored roofs, towers and myriad windows and balconies adorned with stone carvings.

It is believed to be the place where Vlad III of Wallachia (commonly known as Vlad the Impaler) was held prisoner for 7 years after he was deposed in 1462.

As one of the most important properties of John Hunyadi, the castle was transformed during his reign. It became a sumptuous home, not only a strategically enforced point. With the passing of the years, the masters of the castle had modified its look, adding towers, halls and guest rooms. The gallery and the keep - the last defense tower (called "Neboisa" which means "Not afraid" in Serbian language), which remained unchanged from John Hunyadi's time, and the Capistrano Tower (named after the Franciscan monk from the castle court) are some of the most significant parts of the construction. Other significant parts of the building are the Knights' Hall (a great reception hall), the Club Tower, the White bastion, which served as a food storage room, and the Diet Hall, on whose walls medallions are painted (among them there are the portraits of Matei Basarab, ruler from Wallachia, and Vasile Lupu, ruler of Moldavia). In the wing of the castle called the Mantle, a painting can be seen which portrays the legend of the raven from which the name of the descendants of John Hunyadi, Corvinus came.

In the castle yard, near the chapel built also during Vlad The Third's ruling, is a well 30 meters deep. The legend says that this fountain was dug by twelve Turkish prisoners to whom lib

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 July 17, 2010 12:27 AM

In the castle yard, near the chapel built also during Vlad The Third's ruling, is a well 30 meters deep. The legend says that this fountain was dug by twelve Turkish prisoners to whom liberty was promised if they reached water. After 15 years they completed the well, but their captors did not keep their promise. It is said that the inscription on a wall of the well means "you have water, but not soul". Specialists, however, have translated the inscription as "he who wrote this inscription is Hasan, who lives as slave of the giaours, in the fortress near the church".

In February 2007, Hunyad Castle played host to the British paranormal television program Most Haunted Live! for a three-night live investigation into the spirits reported to be haunting the castle. Results were inconclusive.

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 July 17, 2010 12:27 AM

File:Hun corv2.jpg  [ send green star]
 
 July 17, 2010 12:28 AM

File:Hrad Hunedoara (24).jpg
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 July 17, 2010 12:29 AM

File:Hunyad-Tower.jpg
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rasnov castle July 19, 2010 4:42 AM

Cetatea Rasnov

Harta Romania -Cetatea Rasnov

Situata pe drumul Brasov-Rucar-

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 July 19, 2010 4:44 AM

Cetatea Rasnov
Cetatea Rasnov
Cetatea Rasnov,
Cetatea Rasnov
Cetatea Rasnov.

 

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wish to present you the famous July 26, 2010 7:27 AM

saxon fortified churches

a short storie from :

The Saxon villages of Transylvania appeared in the 13th century when the Kings of Hungary settled German colonists in the area. They had a special status among nations in the province and their civilisation managed to survive and thrive, forming a very strong community of farmers, artisans and merchants. Being situated in a region constantly under the threat of the Ottoman and Tatar invasions, they built fortifications of different sizes. The most important towns were fully fortified, and the smaller communities created fortifications centered around the church, where they added defensive towers and storehouses to keep their most valuable goods and to help them withstand long sieges.Text from Wikipedia Lexikon.

http://www.pbase.com/bauer/saxon_villages

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Fortified Churches in Romania ,source http://www.pbase.com/bauer/fortified_churches July 26, 2010 7:29 AM

CRISTIANCristian

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MEDIAS July 26, 2010 7:30 AM

fortified church in Medias  [ send green star]
 
BIERTAN July 26, 2010 7:31 AM

fortified church in Biertan  [ send green star]
 
 July 26, 2010 7:32 AM

HARMAN

Romania;fortified church in Harman

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 July 26, 2010 7:42 AM

Harman  [ send green star]
 
HARMAN July 26, 2010 7:43 AM

Romania;fortified church in Harman  [ send green star]
 
MOSNA July 26, 2010 7:44 AM

fortified church in Mosna  [ send green star]
 
PREJMER July 26, 2010 7:45 AM

Prejmer  [ send green star]
 
CASTLE FAGARAS July 26, 2010 7:46 AM

Castle Făgăraş  [ send green star]
 
 July 26, 2010 7:46 AM

Castle Făgăraş  [ send green star]
 
 July 30, 2010 3:12 PM

Cetatea de Scaun a Sucevei

 
Cetate Suceava - Moldova
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 July 30, 2010 3:15 PM

Castelul Lazar – Gheorgheni

 

Castelul Lazar

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 July 30, 2010 3:16 PM

Castelul Iulia Hasdeu – Campina » Castelul Iulia Hasdeu

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 July 30, 2010 3:27 PM

Castelul Kendeffy – Transilvania

 

Castelul Kendeffy

Castelul Kendeffy de la Santamaria Orlea a fost ridicat de familia nobiliara Kendeffy in 1782. Cea mai bogata familie de nobili de la acea vreme din Transilvania, mai bogata chiar si decat avea sa fie familia regala, avea nevoie de o resedinta mai mare, mai impunatoare decat castelele pe care le detinea deja in Tara Hategului. Edificiul a fost nationalizat la 1946 de catre comunisti.

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 July 30, 2010 3:28 PM

Fotografii cu Castelul Kendeffy - Transilvania  [ send green star]
 
 July 30, 2010 3:29 PM

Fotografii cu Castelul Kendeffy - Transilvania  [ send green star]
 
 July 30, 2010 3:31 PM

Castelul Banloc – Timis » Castelul Banloc

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 July 30, 2010 3:32 PM

Fotografii cu Castelul Banloc - Timis  [ send green star]
 
 July 30, 2010 3:33 PM

Fotografii cu Castelul Banloc - Timis  [ send green star]
 
 July 30, 2010 3:37 PM

Castelul de la Miclauseni » Castelul Miclauseni

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 July 30, 2010 3:38 PM

Fotografii cu Castelul de la Miclauseni - Roman  [ send green star]
 
 July 30, 2010 3:39 PM

Fotografii cu Castelul de la Miclauseni - Roman  [ send green star]
 
 July 30, 2010 3:40 PM

Castelul de la Miclauseni
 

Castelul Miclauseni

La doar 65 de kilometri departare de Iasi, pe partea stanga a drumului E 583 ce duce spre Roman, in comuna Butea, se afla Castelul Miclauseni. Rezistand timpului si oamenilor, care l-au ocrotit ori, dimpotriva, s-au straduit sa-l distruga, castelul a ramas martorul tacut al unor epoci  boieresti demult apuse. In secolul al XV-lea, domnitorul Alexandru cel Bun ii daruia vornicului Miclaus, membru in Sfatul Domnesc, un domeniu generos, situat in apropierea luncii Siretului. Dupa moartea vornicului, mosia a ramas cunoscuta sub numele de Miclauseni. La sfarsitul secolului al XVII-lea, mostenitorii de drept ai mosiei, ramanand fara urmasi, au lasat domeniul rudelor din familia Sturdza.

Album foto Castelul de la Miclauseni


Harta zonala Castelul de la Miclauseni – Roman

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 July 30, 2010 3:41 PM

Castelul Foisor – Sinaia » Castelul Foisor – Sinaia

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 July 30, 2010 3:42 PM

Fotografii cu Castelul Foisor - Sinaia  [ send green star]
 
 July 30, 2010 3:43 PM

Castelul Bethlen – Transilvania » Castelul Bethlen – Transilvania

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 July 30, 2010 3:48 PM

Fotografii Castelul Bethlen  [ send green star]
 
 July 30, 2010 3:49 PM

Fotografii Castelul Bethlen  [ send green star]
 
 July 30, 2010 3:50 PM

Castelul Bethlen – Transilvania

 

Castelul Bethlen - Transilvania

Castelul a fost construit intre anii 1667 si 1683 de Bethlen Miklos. Odinioara era aparat de un zid cu 5 bastioane si un sant cu apa. In 1719 aici s-a cununat fiica lui Bethlen cu baronul Kemény Zsigmond. In 1856 castelul a ajuns in proprietatea familiei Bruckenthal. Baronul a renovat castelul si a infiintat aici o scoala agricola. Dupa principiile comunismului IAS-ul Jidvei a primit in cadou castelul, gasindu-i si o atributie: in camerele cu mobila luxoasa au fost mutate familiile inginerilor repartizati la Sanmiclaus, si ale mulgatorilor adusi de prin alte parti ale tarii. Au trecut 50 de ani, si in aceasta perioada cand in castel a functionat gradinita, inchisoare, cantina, carmangerie, sectie de sampanizare, frescele si stucaturile au disparut pe rand. Scara interioara in spirala o adevarata minunatie zace acum deposedata de sculpturile care o ornau odinioara, iar balconul nu se stie in care clipa se prabuseste. Goliciunea de dincolo de geamurile sparte este aparata de un lacat imens ce atarna pe un lant gros si ruginit, dar de coltii timpului nici acesta nu il poate apara.

Album foto Castelul Bethlen

Harta zonala Castelul Bethlen – Transilvania

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So long time! Sorry, my dear Veronica & Romania friends! August 08, 2010 11:10 AM


Your Land is a Dream, Veronica!
I am impressed by the beauty of the Nature!!
Because I love Art, too, I was searching some painters
and I did love this one, named: NICOLAE GRIGORESCU!!
I don't know how to insert video here, but...I did insert link!
Thank you for so many photos!!
Love from Brazil!
Eli


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thanks, my dear ELISABETH August 09, 2010 6:45 AM

INDEED,A WONDERFUL COUNTRY BUT SAD ONE FOR THE POOR STRAY ANIMALS AND NOT ONLY....

HERE IS THE LINK WHERE DO YOU CAN READ ABOUT OUR CULTURE AND SEE PAINTINGS, LOVE YOU AND HAVE A GOOD WEEK AHEAD, DEAR ELISABETH!

http://www.care2.com/c2c/groups/disc.html?gpp=14758&pst=872636

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 December 03, 2010 2:45 PM

This fortified medieval castle, often referred to as Dracula's Castle, was built in 1377 to protect nearby Brasov from invaders. It also served as a customs station.

The castle's rooms and towers surround an inner courtyard. Some rooms are connected through underground passages to the inner court. In 1920, the people of Brasov who owned the castle offered it as a gift to Queen Maria of Romania, and the castle soon became her favorite residence.

Bran is home to a rich collection of Romanian and foreign furniture and art items from the 14th-19th Centuries. The castle sits high atop a 200 ft. tall rock overlooking the picturesque village of Bran. On the grounds below there is an open-air ethnographic museum of old village buildings with exhibits of furniture, household objects and costumes.
http://www.romaniatourism.com/castles.html

APL Pictures
1. Castle. (gettyimages)
6. Stairs to the castle.
8. Room in the castle.
9. Room in the castle. (Fotomarktplatz)
10. Stairs to the dungeon. (Fotomarktplatz)
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