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The Nagoya Protocol Nearly 20 Years in the Making
3 years ago
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indigenous

Indigenous people throughout the world have been negatively impacted by the rapid rise of biogenetic research and its effects on the natural world.  The expansion of the global economy, the biotech industry and the increasing demands of human consumption has led to the loss of thousands of species and ecosystems that sustain life.

 
More than 130 species become extinct each day, which is 1,000 times higher than the natural extinction rate.  Many of the regions that experience the highest rates of extinction and exploitation of biodiversity include communities of Indigenous peoples that have lived within these ecosystems and protected them for future generations. 
 
In an effort to build a global wide initiative on protecting biodiversity, the United Nations declared 2010 as the year on biodiversity.  Biodiversity is the variety of species, their genetic make-up, and the natural communities in which they occur. It includes all of the native plants and animals in a given environment and the processes that sustain life on Earth. 
 
In October 2010, the United Nations Convention on biodiversity adopted the Nagoya Protocol, which is designed to alleviate the exploitation of biogenetic resources and create a fair sharing of benefits of biodiversity resources throughout the world.  In a recent article posted by the Japan Times, reporter Eric Johnston stated:
 
“For decades, scientists, pharmaceutical firms, cosmetics manufacturers, agricultural businesses and the biotech industry have turned out everyday products that … consumers use without any second thoughts.  Many of these products, from cold medicines and drugs to toothpaste and makeup, were created using plants or organisms from places such as the tropical rain forests of Latin America and Southeast Asia.
 
They were taken without the knowledge or consent of the Indigenous peoples who live there. Or the traditional oral knowledge of the uses of such plants was used for the basis of laboratory research that led to patented drugs, the profits of which were never returned to the people whose knowledge made their development possible. Under the Nagoya Protocol, access to genetic resources shall be subject to prior informed consent by the party that provides such resources.”
The Nagoya Protocol is being hailed as one of the most important decisions made by governments worldwide to address the rapid loss of species and ecosystems throughout the world.  To view the official video on the United Nations Convention on biodiversity, please Click Here
Very Interesting
3 years ago

Very interesting post and clip .
Thank you for posting .