Indigenous people throughout the world have been negatively impacted by the rapid rise of biogenetic research and its effects on the natural world. The expansion of the global economy, the biotech industry and the increasing demands of human consumption has led to the loss of thousands of species and ecosystems that sustain life.
For decades, scientists, pharmaceutical firms, cosmetics manufacturers, agricultural businesses and the biotech industry have turned out everyday products that consumers use without any second thoughts. Many of these products, from cold medicines and drugs to toothpaste and makeup, were created using plants or organisms from places such as the tropical rain forests of Latin America and Southeast Asia.They were taken without the knowledge or consent of the Indigenous peoples who live there. Or the traditional oral knowledge of the uses of such plants was used for the basis of laboratory research that led to patented drugs, the profits of which were never returned to the people whose knowledge made their development possible. Under the Nagoya Protocol, access to genetic resources shall be subject to prior informed consent by the party that provides such resources.
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