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Lakota Language
6 years ago
| Individual Languages
Beautiful FeatherLAKOTA WORDS

 

can wakan - sun dance
cetan - hawk
cetan nagin - shadow hawk
cha - without
Chaka dee Wakpa - the Powder river
chante - heart
chatawinna - left-handed woman
chikala - little/small
chun - tree
cinks - my son
ciye - my brother (a man’s brother)
cola - friend
colapi - friends
cunks - my daughter
dho! - an exclamation
dopa - four

esnella - a loner ey-hee! - alas!

Haho! - look at this!
Hanhepi-wi - the moon
He wonjetah - One Horn
hecheto aloe - it is finished
hecheto welo - it is done well/ it is good
he-ay-hee-ee! - a call to the Great Spirit
heecha - owl
hehaka - elk
hehaka sapa - black elk
heyah - no
heyoka - clown
hin - yes
hohahe - welcome
hohe - enemy
hoka hey - pay attention!
hoppo! - let’s go!
Huhn - kill cry
hunkaschila - young man
huntka - god of the east

ai - yes
an&rsquoetu kin - the day
a-oh - watch out
agli - to return
ahoappa - wheat
akicita - peacekeepers
amba - goodby
anapo - the dawn
anho - to count coup
ate - father
awi - they

6 years ago

iktomi - trickster spirit
iku - chin
ina - mother
inyan - rock
inipi - purification rite/sweat bath
ishta - she/female/girl
iyotake - sitting

kaga - demon
kangi - crow
kapi - story
katiyimo - enchanted mesa
kiksuyapi - don’t forget/remember
kikukanpi - makes room
kin - this
kokipa - fear
kikipapi - fears
kola - friend (same as cola)
kte - dead/killed
ku - come back
kuwapi - is chased by

Lakota Oyate - the Sioux Nation
le mita - mine
le mita cola - my friend
le mita pila - my thanks
leksi - uncle
lela - very
lela oosni - very cold
luta - red

6 years ago

mahpyua - cloud
Mahpyua Luta - Red Cloud
maka - earth
maka mani - walk on foot
Maka Sichu - Bad Lands
mani - walking
mato - bear
maya owicha paka- fate/ he who pushes you off a cliff
maza - metal
maza canku - iron
maza chante - armor (metal heart)
maza ska - silver
mi - me
miyelo ca kola - I am friend
micaje - my name is
Mieyebo - I am
mila - knife
mila hanska - long knives
mitawa mine
minne - water
minne sosa - muddy waters
minne sota - many waters
minne-wakan - holy water (also whiskey)
mita kuye ayasin - we are relatives
mitawin - my wife/my woman
moksins - moccasins

na - and
nacacijin - loyal/faithful
napa lute - red hand
nagi tanka - Great Spirit
nimitawa ktelo - you will be mine
nita - yours
nituwe he? - who are you?
najin - stand/standing
niyaha - feather
nunpi - two

6 years ago

ocheti - seven
ohan! - yes!
ohinyan - forever
ohitika - brave/courageous
ohunko - false/untrue
onikare - sweat lodge
okute shooter
ocheti shakowin - 7 Sacred campfires of the Sioux
onsila - poor thing
onshimala ye - pity me
oo-oohey - it is time
oosni - cold
owa - wound
owa sicha - bad wound
owanka - floor
owatamla - straight tongue
ozuye - warrior
owanka wakan - sacred altar
owayyeke wasse - everything is good for the eyes

Paha Sapa - Black Hills
paha - butte/mountain
pahaska - longhair
pecokan sunpi - scalp lock
pejula - medicine

pejula sapa - coffee/black medicine
pejula wacasa - medicine man
peta - stone
pilamaya thank you
pila mita - my thanks
piskin - corral
pte - buffalo cow
ptesan-wi - white buffalo woman
ptecila - small buffalo

schila - old
skuyela - sweet
sheo - sage hen
shinte - tail
Shinte Galeska - Spotted Tail
shunkaha - wolf
shunke canku - iron horse

6 years ago

shunke-kan - pinto
sicha - bad
siha -foot
Siha Sapa - Blackfoot
siha sicha - bad foot
ska - white
sosho - snake
sota - many
skan - sky
sintkala waksu - sweat lodge
sitomni - all over
siyotanka - flute made of cedar wood with a long neck and heard of a bird
skunk manitou - coyota
sunkaku - younger brother ta - to sing
tanka - big/great
tashina - robe
tashina pte - buffalo robe
tashunke - horse
Tashunke-Witke - Crazy Horse
tasina shawl/blanket
tatoke - antelope
tahunsa - cousin
takuskanskan - power of motion/ power in anything that moves
tasunke hinzi - yellow horse
tatanka - buffalo bull
tatetob - the four winds
tatanka ohitika - brave buffalo
tantanka ptecila - short bull
tarca sapa - black deer
Tatonka Iyotake - Sitting Bull
to - blue
tokalu - fox
taku - something
tiyata - at home
toks’an - around about
tohan - when
tokiya where
tonkala - mouse
toksha ake wacinyuanktin ktelo - I shall see you again
tuki - is that so? (used only by women)
tunkasila - grandfather
tunka - stone

unci - grandmother
unktehi - water monster

wacin - I want
wacanga - sweet grass
wagichun wagi - talking tree (the cottonwood- sacred to the Lakota)
wahi - I am coming
wakina - thunder
wakuwala - chases
wakan - holy
wakan ankantu - great holy
wakan tanka - God
wakan tanan kici un - may the Great Spirit bless you

6 years ago

shunke-kan - pinto
sicha - bad
siha -foot
Siha Sapa - Blackfoot
siha sicha - bad foot
ska - white
sosho - snake
sota - many
skan - sky
sintkala waksu - sweat lodge
sitomni - all over
siyotanka - flute made of cedar wood with a long neck and heard of a bird
skunk manitou - coyota
sunkaku - younger brother ta - to sing
tanka - big/great
tashina - robe
tashina pte - buffalo robe
tashunke - horse
Tashunke-Witke - Crazy Horse
tasina shawl/blanket
tatoke - antelope
tahunsa - cousin
takuskanskan - power of motion/ power in anything that moves
tasunke hinzi - yellow horse
tatanka - buffalo bull
tatetob - the four winds
tatanka ohitika - brave buffalo
tantanka ptecila - short bull
tarca sapa - black deer
Tatonka Iyotake - Sitting Bull
to - blue
tokalu - fox
taku - something
tiyata - at home
toks’an - around about
tohan - when
tokiya where
tonkala - mouse
toksha ake wacinyuanktin ktelo - I shall see you again
tuki - is that so? (used only by women)
tunkasila - grandfather
tunka - stone

unci - grandmother
unktehi - water monster

wacin - I want
wacanga - sweet grass
wagichun wagi - talking tree (the cottonwood- sacred to the Lakota)
wahi - I am coming
wakina - thunder
wakuwala - chases
wakan - holy
wakan ankantu - great holy
wakan tanka - God
wakan tanan kici un - may the Great Spirit bless you

6 years ago

wakinyan - thunderbird
wana - one
wanagi - ghost/spirit
Wanagi Tacaku - Spirit path
wanagi yata - place of souls
wanbli - eagle
wanbli cikala - little eagle
wanbli luta - red eagle
wankala - tender/soft
waniyetula - winter
wasin - here
wanbli galeshka - spotted eagle
wasicun winyan - white woman
wasichu - white man
wasna - pemmican
Wa-sna-win - Storm Woman
wastelakapi - beloved
wayo kapi - it is the truth
waun - I am
waste - good

wi - sun
wichasha wakan - medicine man
wicksemna - ten
wicoti mitawa - my village
wicasa - man
wicasa tankala - Little Big Man
wicasa wakan - holy man
wickmunke - rainbow, or trap, or end of the rainbow
winchinchala - girl
winyan wanagi - spirit woman
witkowin - crazy woman
wiyan wakan - holy woman
wiwanyank wacipi - sun dance
wiwasteka - beautiful woman
wojapi - berry soup
wo-wakan - supernatural
wohitika - to be brave
wolakota wa yaka cola - peace without slavery
woyute - food
wonunicun - a mistake has been made

yamina three
yata - place
yunke-lo - death
yumni - whirlwind
yuta - eat

zunta - honest
zuya - warpath

6 years ago

there may be some of the same words

Also the Lakota dialect only contains 20 letters that make up their words when spelt. The letters that do not appear are d, f, q, r, x, and v.

 

A

A-ah! - Watch out.
agles'ka - Lizard.
agli - to return.
aguipi - browned meat or food.
ahunka - coyote. (Nakota say S'ungmanitu)
akeeya - repeat.
akewancinyankin kte (or ktelo) - until I see you.
amba - goodbye (short version)
anapo - to count coup.
Ate - Father (also Uncle - his father's brothers)
awi - they.

B

blotan hunka - war leaders or chiefs.

C

cahotska - frost
Canapegi Wi - September (moon when leaves turn brown.)
Canapekasna Wi - October (moon when leaves fall.)
canh'a - turtle
Canku Wakan - Holy Road (the Oregon Trail.)
Cannanpopa Wi - February (moon of popping trees.)
cansasa - tobacco (shredded inner bark of red willow, red dogwood or red alder.)
cansiyo - prairie chicken
canska - red legged hawk
cante - don't
canupa - pipe
ce - manhood (penis)
cetan - hawk
cha - without
Chaka dee Wapka - The Powder River
champah or chapa - beaver
chante - heart
chante ista - the one eye of the heart
chante sica - sad heart (cante chante sica yaun sai ye - don't have a sad heart.)
chikala - little or small
chun - tree
chun humpi ska - sugar (literally translated as tree juice.)
cikala Lakota wowaglake? - Do you speak Lakota?
cola or kola - friend (colapi - friends.)
cunka - shield

E

esnella - a loner
ey-hee! - alas!

6 years ago

Hahawokpa - River of Canoes (Mississippi river.)
halhate - magpie
hanblecheyapi - vision quest (crying for a vision.)
hanhepi-wi - moon (literal translation is night sun.)
Hanskaska - Wolf society
hau, hou or hao - hello
hayhahkah - elk (bull - hehaka; cow - unpan the n's are only just pronounced)
hecheto aloe - It is finished
hecheto welo - It is done well, it is good
heech - owl
hechinshkayapi - mountain sheep
hehaka - elk or mouse
Hehaka Wakpa - Elk River (Yellowstone River.)
hehoka - contraries
Heska - the Shining Mountains (the Bighorn Mountains.)
hetukhasan - weasel
heyah - no
heyoka - clown
hin (or han) - yes
hinhan - owl
hohe - enemy
hoka - badger
hokagica - heron
hoppo - let us go
hunka - chosen
Hunkapi - The Making of Relatives Ceremony
hunkayapi - chosen relatives
hunkaschila - young men
hunkeshne - slow
hupacansakala - swallow (the bird)
hupakigulake - bat

I

i-g-mutanka - mountain lion (the n is almost silent)
igmuhota or ig muguleza - lynx (also wildcat or bobcat.)
Ihoka - Badger Society (literal translation - badger mouth.)
iktomi - spider
ina - mother (used in the context of the dynamic and active power of the earth.)
inska - excuse me
inyan - stone
lotancila - I love you
Ishna Ta Awi Cha Lowan - Buffalo Ceremony (Preparing for Womanhood.)
ishta - she, female, girl
isnati - bleeding (menstruation.)
isn tipi - the alone lodge (where women went during menstruation.)
itaytkahlah or tashnahecha - chipmunk
iyotake - sitting

J

jialepa - meadowlark
jigala - little

K

kaga - demon
kangi - crow
kangi tanka - raven
Kangi yha - Crow Owners Society
kapi - story
kiksuyapi - remember
kimimila - butterfly
kin - this
kokipa - fear
ksape - knows or sees
kte - dead, killed
kuwapi - is chased by

6 years ago

M

ma or maki - mother
maga - goose
magaksica - duck
magaska - swan
mahhapahskaychah - martin
mahpiya - sky
Mahpiyato - the Arapaho (Blue Clouds.)
mahpyua - cloud
Mahpyua Luta - Red Cloud
mahstinchala - snowshoe rabbit
mahstinshkah - jack rabbit
mahto - bear (grizzly - mahto-shahkay hanska; black - mahto-wahhay seecha; brown - mahto-hotah.)
Maka - Earth
Maka Blu Wakpa - Shifting Sands River (Powder River.)
maka mani - to walk
makah - skunk
Kake Ska - White Earth River (White River of South Dakota.)
mato - bear
maya owicha paka - fate (literal translation - he who pushes you off the cliff.)
mayugo - I'm tired
maza - metal
maza canku - iron
maza ska - silver, white metal
meeyahslaychalah or ma shlecha - coyote
meeyah chah - kit fox
micaje - my name is
mieyobo - I am
minne (or mni) - waters
minne sota - many waters
minne wakan - holy water (usually used to describe whiskey)
mita - mine
Mita kuye ayasin - We are relatives (also Miataku Oyasin)
Miwatini - Owl Society
Mnilusa - Running Water river ( Niobrara river)
Mnisose - Muddy Water river ( Missouri river)
moksins - moccasins

N

na - and
nacacijin - loyal, faithful
nacha - great, noble
Nahan rei ni wayon heon - I am still alive
najin - standing
nakun - known
napin - necklace
Natan uskay! - Attackers are coming!
niyaha - feather
nunpi (or nunpa) - two

O

ocheti -seven
ohan - wear this
ohinyan - forever
ohitka - brave, courageous
ohunka - false, untrue
oiowan - song
Okaga - the Spirit of the south
onikare - sweat lodge
Onjinjintka Wakpa - Red Flower Creek (Rosebud Creek)
oo-oohey - it is time
oosni - cold
opawinge - one hundred
opiaon - smoke vent
optate - to choose
otonwanhe - village, town
owa - wound
owa sicha - bad wound
owatamla - straight tongue
owotonna - honest, straight
Oyatenupa - the Omaha tribe (the Two Circle People)
ozuye - warrior

6 years ago

P

Paha Sapa (sometimes Pa Sapa) - The Black Hills
paha - mountain, butte
pah-hi - porcupine
palamo - thanks
Pani - the Pawnee
Pankeska Wakpa - Shell River (Platte river)
papa - dried buffalo meat (jerky)
pehan - crane
Pehingnunipi - May (moon of shredding ponies)
Peji Sluta - Greasy Grass
pejula - medicine
pejula sapa - coffee (literal translation - black medicine)
pejula wacasa - medicine man (sometimes pejuta wicasa)
pesla - bald
peta - stone
pezuta wicasa - herbalist (healer) pi - to use for
pila mita - my thanks
pispinza - prairie dog (the n is almost silent)
Psatoka - Crows (Absaroka)
ptan - otter
pte - buffalo (cow)
ptecila - small buffalo
pteyahpa - cowbird

S

sahungka gelah or shoghila - red fox
sapa - black
schila - old


shakowan - council fires
shah-y-ela - those who speak a different tongue (the Lakota name for the Tsististas)
shaychatungka - wolverine
sheo - sage hen
shinte or sinte - tail
Shinte Galeska - Spotted Tail
shunkaha - wolf (somtimes shunktokecha or Shunkahmahneetu)
Shunke Canku - Iron Horse (i.e. train)
shunke (or s'unka) - dog
shunke wakan - horse (literal translation - holy or sacred dog)
shunke-kan - pinto
sicha - bad
sinkpaylah - muskrat
sipawicayaska - beetle
ska - white
s'kipipi -chickadee
slol yapi - the people
sni - negative, not
sosa - muddy
sosho -snake
sota - many
Susuni - Shoshone (or snake tribe)

T

sosho -snake
sota - many
Susuni - Shoshone (or snake tribe)

T

to - his
tah – moose
tshcha - deer
tah chasala or tahheencha - antelope (pronghorn) tahheenchala - white tailed deer
tahhenchala - mule deer
tahunsa - cousin
tajuska - ant
taku-skan - spirit, living force
tanagila - humming bird
tanka - great, big, or bull
tanke - sister
tannicala tusweca - dragonfly
tashina - robe
tashina pte - buffalo robe
Tashunke Witko - Crazy Horse (A literal translation is His Dog is Enchanted but in this case the "wakan" is dropped from "horse" and people would still know the meaning.)
tasina - shawl, blanket
tashnahhayhotah - ground squirrel
tatanka - buffalo bull
Tatanka lyotake - Sitting Bull (his name is really Buffalo Bull Sitting)
Tatanka Wapahun - Buffalo Bull Society
tinza - power, strength
Tioheynuka Wi - January (moon of frost in the lodge)
tipsila - prairie turnip
tiyospaye - family group (band)
to - blue
to (toh) - a vigorous affirmative like "damn right."
Tokala - Kit Fox Society
tokalu – fox
toniktuka hwo? - How are you?
tonkalla - mouse
tonwan - spirit, bad spirit
toskala - woodpecker
tuka - but
tunkaschila - grandfather
tunkes - hot stones

U

6 years ago

U

Umi or Yum - Whirlwind
unchi - grandmother
Unshimalam ye oyate - Have mercy on me

W

wabluska - insects
wacca pella - stream
wacekiyayo - pray
wachin ksapa yo - listen to me - be attentive
wachpanne - poor, needy
wacipi - dance
wackikun or waschichin - white man
wagachun - cottonwoods
Waga Wakpa - Swimming Bird river ( Laramie river)
waglesksun - turkey
waglula - woodgrub or maggot
wahi - I come, I am coming
wahinhayya - gopher
wakan - holy, sacred
Wakan Tanka - Great Spirit
wakikunza - camp leader
wakina - thunder
Wakincuzas - pipe owners (village headmen or councilers)
wakinyan - thunder powers or lightning
Wakinyan Tanka - Thunderbird
Wakpa - river
wakon-ya - springs (where water is born)
Wamanuncha - Prince of Thieves (especially applied to Custer)
wan - surprise
wana - one or now
wanagi - ghost, spirit
Wanagi Tacaku - Spirit Path
wanagitakimimila - moth
Wanagi Yata - Place of Souls

wanbli or anunkasan - eagle
Wanbli Galeska - Spotted Eagle
Wanbli Luta - Red Eagle
wanichi - no good

Wanicokan Wi - December (midwinter moon)
Waniyetu Wi - November (winter moon)
waniyetula - winter
waniyetula wowapi - winter count
wapiye - medicine man (a curer with herbs only - no spiritual power)
washtay or washte - good
was'te (pronounced wash-tay) - greetings!
wasichu or washitu - bad medicine, white man
wasin - here
wa'sin - frog
wasiyuta el unpi - those who live among the whites - the loaf around the fort people
wasna - pemmican
Wasutan Wi - August (moon when all things ripen)
wayo - true
Waziah - Giant God of the North
weecha or wichitigulegha - raccoon
Whope - earth principle
wi - sun
wicasa - man
wicasha - an important man
wicasha wakan - a holy man, a visionary
wicasha yatapika - a shirtman
wichashita - chief
Wickmunke - Rainbow God (also a trap)
wicksemna - ten
Wicokannanji Wi - July (middle moon)
winkte - half man
Wipazuka Waste Wi - June (moon when the chokecherries ripen)
witko or whte - enchanted, magical, crazy
Wiwanyag Wachipi - Sun Dance
wochangi - power
wonamayin - mistake
Wotawe - Oglala buffalo society
woya - story


Y

yamina - three
Yanpa - the Spirit of the east
yaspapi - the time of the bitten moon (first half of new moon, last half of old moon)
yata - place
Yata - the Spirit of the west.
yeosh palay - clans, tribes
yunke-lo - death

yuwipi - medicine man or healer

Z

zeecha - squirrel (red)
zintka - birds
zunta - honest
zuya - warpath

6 years ago

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5 years ago

How does the grammar of Lakota work? (even the basics) and what is the difference between Lakota and Cherokee language? Which is more widely spoken? Are they very different from each other? ...and which is the easiest? lol

5 years ago

There may be some similarities in the other thread (Cherokee) but I'll post what I could find to do my best to answer your questions.
Lakota is an endangered language with some 6,000 speakers. The number of native speakers is diminishing rapidly. Looking for some examples:
Sitting Bull ( Tatanka-Iyotanka)
(1831-1890)
Sitting Bull was a Lakota chief and holy man under whom the Lakota tribes united in their struggle for survival.
It seems Lakota is one of four dialects. Here's an awesome website: Corrected my spelling to start with
http://www.lakhota.com/

5 years ago

d FreeSpirit here on Care2 is much more knowledgeable on this than me and belongs to a group more specific on the subject:

http://www.care2.com/c2c/group/CherokeeNation

5 years ago
  • Lakhota Language Study Project
    Includes an English-Lakhota/Lakhota-English dictionary, some basic rules of grammar, and some common phrases.
    www.lakhota-sioux.com