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Types Of American Indian Homes prior to European Contact
7 years ago
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American Indians made their homes from materials that were available in their area..Most people are familiar with the tipi of the migratory tribes of the North American plains and some know about the longhouses of the Eastern Forest Dwellers..Few people are familiar with the American Indians who lived in birch bark wigwams and tipis and almost no one knows about the American Indians who lived in partially buried homes made by digging into Mother Earth..  In this thread I will be posting about the various unique homes of the many American Indian tribes in various parts of the USA,Canada and Mexico Prior to and after European Contact..I have just completed extensive researh on the topic and the information I will be powsting is based upon my researc..When available I will also be posting photos of the type of homes listing the materials they were made from.. This will take me some time to accomplish and therefore I am making this thread not writeable by our members until after I have completed the posting..
 
 
7 years ago
Exterior view of an Eastern woodlands long house..Up to four familes usually members of the same family parents along with their children,tyheir sposes and children all lived in one longhouse..Some members of The Iroquois Confedereacy lived in these type homes.
Eastern Woodlands Longhouse
Interior View of an Eastern Woodlands Longhouse
longhouse_interior_2.jpgThe outsides of these homes were made of wooden frames with bark sewn together to cover them. The insides had a long hallway with rooms for each family on each side. There were low platforms for the families to sleep on, and higher platforms for storing goods, baskets, and pelts.
7 years ago

American Indians, developed seven main styles of house,s: the Wickiup; the Wigwam; the Longhouse; the Tipi;  the Hogan; the Dugout; and the Pueblo.The main form, a light weight, portable version is called a "wickiup" and the permanent, much more solidly built, version is called a "wigwam".   Following are a few photos depicting these two styles from different Indian groups around the country.  .

hogan_a_Pima_indian_Ki.jpg

A Pima "Ki" Hogan

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An Apache  "Pi" Hogan

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An Arikara Medicine lodge

7 years ago
wickiup_frame.jpgHere we see the framework for a wickiup.   Simple, easy to put up and take down, this was mostly used by the  Indian groups as seasonal shelters, as they hunted away from the central village.   Over the frame work, they placed skins, or thatching, and they often were used as a religious retreat.
7 years ago
Waswagoning tribe wickiup replica 1987 Massachusetts This picture is the type of wigwam the Pilgrims would have seen at the Hobbamock Indian village .
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7 years ago
Sac-Fox tribe wickiup- 1916 Minnesota and Wisconsin
wickiup_1916_SacFox_001.jpg
7 years ago
Tule Tribe wickiup- 1914-central California
wickiup_1914.jpg
7 years ago

Some American Indian homes were designed so they could be moved easily. The most common home was called a wigwam. It was a covered wooden frame shaped like a cone. The coverings were carried from location to location. Wigwams usually housed ten to twelve people.

When a new wigwam was needed, women often worked together to build it. This was an important task and one that took skill and knowledge. 

The women cut five to ten long spruce poles. They found fir branches for the floor. Usually one woman oversaw everything. They took the spruce poles and tied them together at the top with lengths of spruce root.  Then they stood the poles up and spread them apart at the bottom until they formed a cone shape. They bent a sapling into a hoop and tied it to the inside frame near the top. The hoop kept the poles from slipping.
They covered the framework of the wigwam with large sheets of birch bark.

The sheets were sewn to the frame using spruce root. Holes were punched through the bark using a bone awl. They kept the birch bark warm and wet so  it did not tear, while it is being sewn.

7 years ago
Wigwam_2.jpg
THIS TYPE WIGWAM WAS USED NY MANY TRIBES LOCATED IN THE UPPER MIDWESTERN PARTS OF THE U.S.Cree Indian Tribe children standing in front of their Wigwam home
cremowigwam.jpgMicmac tribe wigwam
micmac_wigwam_200.jpg
7 years ago

This is a photo of me standing in front of a Pomo Indian wigwam near Little River in Northern California..It is hundreds of years old and as you can see it has withstood the test of the often very high winds of the Norhern California coast..This photo was taken on 18 July 2007 which was the anniversary of  the day I was born..

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7 years ago
The Indians in the Northwest Culture lived in wooden lodges. These buildings were rectangular buildings that each held several families. These buildings were built using a wooden frame. The frame was then covered with pieces of bark sewn together or wooden planks, or boards. The inside of the building had a pit in the middle which had a fire in it to be used for cooking. The families would share the fireplace in the middle. Outside of each wooden lodge was a totem pole. The totem pole was considered a very important part of the lodge. Some lodges even had totem poles decorated on the inside beams of their homes. Each lodge had a different totem pole.
Lodge1.jpg
7 years ago
The tepee was the home of the Plains Indians. The frame of the tepee was made of long wooden poles pointed together and fastened at the top. The bottoms were spread out to form a circle. This was covered with a tent of animal skins which fastened to the ground. These Indians would often paint decorations on the outside of the teepee. The Plains Indians would have a fireplace inside the tepee. This form of home could quickly be taken down when the Plains Indians moved to follow the buffalo.
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Inside view of a thirty foot tipi..Complements of Nomatic's Tipi's http://www.tipi.com/?source=google These tipi's are the best constructed I personally am aware of and are worth the money Nomatic's charges..I highly recommend them..
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7 years ago

This is a photo of the type tipi I once owned..I paid $900 for it including a liner,the poles and special water proof paint and the shipping charges..I sold it after using it four years for $1,900 minus the poles..The one I now own is only eight feet tall by twelve feet inside and is very easy for one person to set up..I prefer to live outside during spring through fall as much as possible. My children,grand children and my great grandson share my love for living outdoors in a tipi..

tipi_001.jpg

7 years ago
The Indians of the Southwest Culture lived in apartment-style buildings. These buildings were made of adobe, clay and vegetables dried in the sun. This type of home was especially good for areas that had very little rainfall and a hot desert climate. Many families lived in each apartment. As families grew, rooms were added on top of the rooms that were already there.
Adobe-Taos_pueblo.gif
taosgoodview_001.jpg
7 years ago
Eskimo igloos were Eskimo temporary shelters usually made of sod, wood, or stone when permanent or of blocks of snow or ice in the shape of a dome when built for temporary purposes..The Eskimo Indian did not live in a igloo made of ice on a permanent basis..The ice igloo was used only while hunting for seals or walrus..
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