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Of Interest: Genome analysis pins down arrival and spread of first Americans
1 year ago


Comparing current and ancient genomes shows Siberian migration no earlier than 23,000 years ago.


An international team of researchers compared the genomes of 31 living Native Americans, Siberians and people from Oceania with 23 ancient Native American genomes to establish a timeline for the arrival and spread of Amerindian populations. They concluded that the first Americans arrived after about 23,000 years ago and diverged around 13,000 years ago into two populations. They found no admixture of Polynesian or European genes, but did find some East Asian gene flow.


Full Story:

11 years ago

ARCHEOLOGISTS studying melting alpine ice for clues on early life in Canada's north have uncovered a 1400-year-old moccasin, officials said.

Researchers at first thought the artifact found in the southwest Yukon in 2003 was a hunter's bag, but after cleaning and reassembling the hide they realised it was the oldest aboriginal moccasin found in Canada.

The discovery is considered especially important because it far predates any European trade contact with the region, and it likely belonged to the early Athapaskan people who lived in the boreal forests.

"It is a significant addition to the wealth of archeological artifacts that have been found at Yukon ice patches," Yukon Culture Minister Elaine Taylor said.Researchers studying melting ice patches under a joint program between the territory and local aboriginal groups have uncovered more than 180 hunting-related artifacts since the effort began in 1997.

11 years ago

The native Americians did NOT hunt to extinction.They believed that each kill was a gift-and treated it as such.They did not over fish-NOR over hunt.I have not known a Native American that did not bring tobacco with them when visiting either the Earth-or The Elders.

The Native Americans WERE hunted (some to extinction)-by the White Eyes-who wanted their land-and hunting grounds.

Even our grave sites are not respected-even in 2006.

...Sorry for spouting-but I get all growley when it comes to "My Family".I hope not to have offended anyone.-Namaste!-Valerie-

Utah anthropologist Jack Broughton
11 years ago
These guys will stop at nothing to make themselves feel good. They continue to try to justify the deaths of millions of Native people by saying they were decimating the wildlife. Well, if the Natives were able to live off the land for thousands of years, they evidently did not wipe out the local wildlife.

I may be non-Indian, but I am not hypnotized by the "anthros." Don't let them tell you that they know everything because they studied a few old bones. Everything they learn that way is hypothetical and slanted to fit their preconceptions.

Let's get on with a spiritual life TODAY, and let the anthros live in the past.
11 years ago
Personally I believe this theory is flawed..How many ducks and other birds could American Indians kill with bow & arrows and spears compared to the Europens using guns? When I was in the army I was stationed many times in San Francisco and I have visted the islands where bird colonies nest and when you aproach one the birds go crazy and even American Indians,as sneaky as we are,
  would  only be able to kill only a few with every visit using non firearms before the bird colonies would  fly away and relocate to a more distant island..

The proponent of this theory goes on to say "He believes California's wildlife rebounded only after early European explorers came into contact with natives in the 1500s and infected them with diseases such as smallpox and malaria that killed off up to 90 percent of the population. As a result, hunting diminished and by the mid-1800s geese and ducks "were so abundant you could kill them with a club or stick"

Thanks Waya for this article.. I like articles which require me to think and this article certainly did that..

What do you all think?
11 years ago
Tim Giago: Yes, Virginia, Indians do pay taxes
Tuesday, February 14, 2006

"Periodically there is a repeat column I am forced to write. It usually takes an ignorant and insensitive remark by a non-Indian to prompt me to return to the scene of the crime. One of my advertising sales people for Indian Education Today Magazine was seeking a timely ad to take advantage of the “It’s time-to-pay-taxes” portion of the year. She approached one so-called tax preparation office located in Rapid City, SD and ran into this crass remark, “Why should we advertise; Indians don’t pay taxes.” Ouch! When will this ignorance come to an end? All right, let’s address this horrid misconception. Indians hold jobs. As a matter of fact, many working for the tribal government, Indian Health Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs or other governmental agencies receive salaries ranging from $24,000 to $100,000 annually. Professional teachers and administrators working at the many Indian schools on the reservations are also in the middle class pay income bracket. These salaried employees pay all of the taxes every American citizen pays from withholding to Medicare. Every time an Indian buys groceries taxes are included. When we purchase an automobile or a costly appliance, taxes are included. When we fill the car up with gasoline we pay taxes. What so many non-Indian citizens do not realize is that all of the sales taxes collected in the towns bordering the Indian reservations never go to the Indian reservations. They go to the state and the community where the purchase was made. There are no free rides for Indians when it comes to attending college. Most apply for Pell Grants or for other grants available to students of all colors. Others use the GI Bill, as I did, or get jobs and work there way through college. There are some funds available through tribal funds or through the BIA, but they are far and few." Get the Story:
Tim Giago: Indians didn’t pay taxes — 100 years ago (The Native American Times 2/13)
11 years ago
Elimination of urban Indian health care opposed
Tuesday, February 14, 2006

Rep. Norm Dicks (D-Washington), the top Democrat on the House Interior Appropriations subcommittee, says he will fight the Bush administration's request to eliminate the urban Indian health care program. President Bush's fiscal year 2007 budget zeroes out the $33 million program. Dicks said the proposal will be a "tragedy" for Seattle and the entire nation. Seattle is home to the largest urban Indian clinic, run by the Seattle Indian Health Board. If the cut goes into effect, the clinic would lose 40 percent of its budget and be forced to cut back on critical services. The White House claims American Indians and Alaska Natives in urban areas can seek care through a community health center program. But a state health official said "it's not likely" any Seattle-area clinics qualify for the funds.
11 years ago
Bush plans to save money by cutting Indian programs
Friday, February 10, 2006

Indian Country stands to lose more than $160 million in health care, education and other funds under President Bush's new spending plan, according to a report released by the White House on Thursday. Days after announcing the fiscal year 2007 budget, the White House Office of Management and Budget gave a detailed accounting of the 141 programs proposed for cuts or outright elimination. Six Indian programs made the list as part of an initiative to "save" American taxpayers more money. "When President Bush gave me guidance on what the 2007 budget should look like, he directed me to focus on national priorities and tighten our belt elsewhere," said Joshua B. Bolten, the director of the OMB. According to the "Major Savings and Reforms Volume," Bush's priorities do not include the Urban Indian Health Program at the Indian Health Service [Website]. His budget seeks to eliminate this $33 million program, arguing that American Indians and Alaska Natives who live in cities can seek health care from other sources. "After 30 years of federal funding, the 2007 budget proposes to phase out direct funding for Urban Indian Health and redirect the dollars to improving the health status of the increasing population of American Indians and Alaska Natives living in rural areas and on reservations," the OMB said. The document doesn't note that the majority of Native Americans now live in cities and metropolitan areas. Bush's budget also tightens the belt on Indian education. He is seeking to eliminate the $16 million Johnson O'Malley (JOM) program, which provides grants to tribes so that tribes can distribute the money to public schools for tutoring, counseling and other services for Indian students. The OMB report notes that 93 percent -- or about 500,000 -- Native American children attend public schools, compared to about 48,000 who attend Bureau of Indian Affairs schools. These numbers might seem like a good justification of the need for JOM, but the White House says states will be able to replace the $16 million loss by tapping other sources. "The state public schools have other sources of funding for activities funded by the Johnson O’Malley grants," the report states. "These schools would be encouraged to apply for supplemental education funding from other state and federal agencies, for example, the Department of Education's Indian Education Grants to Local Education Agencies and their Special Programs for Indian Children."
11 years ago
The Department of Education's 2007 budget includes $95.3 million for Indian Education Grants, an amount that would more than appear to make up for the loss of JOM. But these grants are not just awarded to public schools, they are also awarded to BIA schools, meaning there would be less money to go around if states started responding to the White House's encouragement. The 2007 budget request for Special Programs for Indian Children is $19.4 million, but only $5.7 million is available for programs similar to JOM, a factor not mentioned in the OMB document. Elsewhere in education, the budget seeks to cut Indian school construction by $50 million. The report has some sobering words that indicate the program is no longer a top priority for the administration. "The President committed to spend nearly $1 billion to repair and replace these schools starting in 2002," the OMB said. "This funding commitment has been met." The White House has repeatedly complained that the school construction program is not doing as well as they expected. "Of the 37 replacement schools funded from 2001 through 2006, only 10 have been completed," the report states The White House also rates the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program at the Department of Housing and Urban Development as "ineffective." The budget seeks to cut $738 million from the program, which provides economic and community development assistance to tribes, states and local governments. The Indian CDBG component, however, would be spared any major cuts. The 2007 budget includes a $57 million set aside for tribes, down from $59 million in current levels. Another cut comes to the Commodity Supplemental Food Program at the Department of Agriculture. The budget seeks to eliminate this $107 million program, which provides monthly food packages to low-income women, infants, children and elderly in 32 states, the District of Columbia and "two reservations," according to the OMB. However, the web page for the program lists more than 110 tribes and tribal organizations in nearly two dozen states who are eligible to receive food from the department [USDA: Commodity Supplemental Food Program]. The sixth Indian program identified by the OMB is an unusual one -- the "Exchanges with Historic Whaling and Trading Partners" at the Department of Education [Website]. The program provides "non-competitive" cultural education grants for Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians and two museums in Massachusetts. But the program was recently amended by an act of Congress to include "any Federally recognized Indian tribe in Mississippi" -- in other words, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians. The language was included in the most recent appropriations bill for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services and Education. The Hill newspaper investigated the rider, or earmark, and found it was supported by Sen. Thad Cochran (R-Mississippi), the chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee. Even though the White House has called for the elimination or reduction of the programs, there is no guarantee members of Congress will go along with the request. Last year, for example, Bush sought to scale down the CDBG program but lawmakers didn't adopt the proposal. White House OMB Report:
Major Savings and Reforms in the President's 2007 Budget (February 2006) Relevant Links:
White House Office of Management and Budget-
Johnson O'Malley, Minneapolis Public Schools -
The Future of American Indian Peoples
11 years ago
The future of American Indian people is bright. Native people in America have a lot of opportunities that other races do not. Natives have the opportunity to get an education and get paid to do so. They also have a rich history that makes them proud. This is shown in the pow wows and ceremonies performed each year in nations across the United States. Also, Natives have the opportunity to spend time with elders, to learn about the past and to teach the next generation how to preserve their future.

American Indians can go to college and get paid to attend. This is a great way to get children to further their education. Most of the degrees offered can be acquired close to home. There may be some travel involved, but usually someone else from the area is going to be traveling to class also. Carpools to and from other college centers are popular. The enrolled members of a tribe may also get money to attend. There are many scholarships available to Native American students who are willing to put time and effort into applying for them. Education is a great place to start to prepare for the future of all American Indian people.

Every year in the United States, thousands of American tribes gather at pow wows, Sun Dances, sweats and other ceremonies throughout the nations. These occasions help to keep the Native people interested in their culture and, therefore, help keep the future alive for generations to come. These ceremonies bring all ages together in one location to learn and enjoy the culture that is their own. Some of these include only certain groups of people, but even this brings them together to ponder the past, present and future.
11 years ago
Another example of Native American people's hope for the future lies with the elders of the tribes. In tribes across the nation, the elders still reside with the extended family. This gives the children an excellent opportunity to learn history of the people as a nation. Without the experiences of the elders, how can one look to the future? The knowledge that is passed down from generation to generation is essential to the well-being of the people, and allows a window to look into the future. The lessons learned by our forefathers and mothers are what brings us to who we are today. So in visiting and spending time with the elders, one can learn how to adapt to the future.

In conclusion, Native people have a wonderful future as long as they continue to utilize their opportunities, no matter how limited, to the best of their ability. The educational system is available for any Native American who wants to further their education. The ceremonies are a great way to keep the heritage alive. Also, visiting with the elders will allow the next generations to look into their past, which may well lead them down a new road for the future.

Sharon Marrufo is majoring in accounting. Marrufo, 33, moved to Martin, S.D. in 1998 to help out her Oglala Lakota husband Val's family. She hopes that furthering her education will provide more opportunities for her family while also inspiring her two children to continue their education.

Short bio:

Sharon Marrufo, 33, is majoring in accounting to provide more opportunities for her family while also inspiring her two children to continue their education.

My name is Sharon Marrufo. I am 33 years old. I moved to Martin in 1998 to be close to my husband's family, especially his mom, who is diabetic. Her health has been failing in the last few years because of the disease.

I am returning to school after being out of college for 15 years. I am married to a great man, Val, we have been together for 15 years. Val is a truck driver for the Oglala Sioux Tribe Solid Waste program. He has been employed there for the last 2 years. Also, I have two children, Dylan, 15 years old and in the 10th grade, and Malarie, 12 years old and in the 7th grade.
11 years ago
I have decided to get my education after all these years because I have come full circle in my life and the availability of jobs here in Martin are limited. I have been a waitress for the last seventeen years, my body is not allowing me to continue in this profession for very much longer. I am currently working at Geo's here in Martin, yes, still waiting tables until I am not able do it any longer or until J get my degree.

My major is accounting, I have performed these duties in a work environment and found that I really enjoyed doing this. I am hoping to be able to use my degree to work out of my home and make some decent money doing so.

My goals are to graduate with at least a B average in all my courses. Hopefully this will help me to assist my children in their education as well. I have always pushed my children telling them they have to go to college. In doing so, I felt like a hypocrite by not furthering my own education. I also hope to graduate around the same time as my children finish their high school education. My family has been very supportive in my decision to attend college.

I hope to improve my parenting skills and open up the door to communicate with my children. I would also hope to improve myself as a person in general while earning this degree. My husband and children have been helping me through some rough times in the last few years. I am hoping this portion of my life that I am dedicating to school will encourage my family and myself to be more assertive in all that life hands you, and to be able to cope with things on a new level.

Oglala Lakota College is an interesting place to further my education. I am enjoying the information I am learning about the Native American people. My husband and children are Oglala Sioux so, it is important to me that I learn the ways of the people in the Oglala Sioux Tribe so I have a better understanding of what has happened to them in the past. Hopefully with this knowledge I may really have a grasp on what the future will bring for myself and the people around me.

In conclusion, I would like to thank the people who have brought me to this point in my life and hope that I do not disappoint them. I know that this wonderful opportunity I have been given will not be in vain this time around. I'm determined to do all that is necessary to accomplish my goals here at Oglala Lakota College and graduate in a field that I know I can spend the rest of my life doing on my own terms. I do believe that this is the time and the place to get this goal, or should I say dream, accomplished.

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Legislator steps up fight to save tribe's language
11 years ago

Monday, January 23, 2006

Legislator steps up fight to save tribe's language

By Paul Carrier, Portland Press Herald Writer

Copyright © 2006 Blethen Maine Newspapers Inc.
   E-mail this story to a friend

THE LEGISLATURE'S Education Committee will hold a hearing on the Penobscot language bill, LD 1807, and unrelated bills at 1 p.m. Tuesday in Room 202 of the Cross State Office Building in Augusta

AUGUSTA — Michael Sockalexis, 58, remembers when he and other Penobscot children were told by their teachers not to speak their own language at school. Today, Sockalexis says, his grandchildren eagerly soak up Penobscot vocabulary in an after-school program on Indian Island. They get so excited about what they are learning, he said, that they can't wait to share it with their proud grandfather.

Sockalexis, who represents his tribe in the Legislature, wants to build on such efforts and expand the Penobscot Nation's struggle to preserve its language. He has filed a bill "to develop a program to maintain and preserve the Penobscot language."

The bill would deposit $300,000 in a Penobscot Language Preservation Fund operated by the state Department of Education. The state would use the money to help the tribe save its language, and to provide matching funds for additional aid from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Maine's four Indian tribes - the Penobscot Nation, Passamaquoddy Tribe, Houlton Band of Maliseets and Aroostook Band of Micmacs - speak languages that are closely related. Those tribes and the Abenakis comprise what is known as the Wabanaki Confederacy.

Precise figures on the use of the Penobscot language are hard to come by, but Sockalexis said there are only "a handful of traditional speakers" among the tribe's more than 2,300 members, more than 1,000 of whom still live in Maine. Many other Penobscots know some words and phrases, he said, but they are not fluent.

"My age group was the last generation to be immersed in it" at home as children, Sockalexis said, but he is no longer fluent. "I used to (speak Penobscot) as a young kid," Sockalexis said, but in the years that followed, "I lost it."

The goal now is to reclaim the language by instilling it in the tribe's children, Sockalexis said, because Penobscot "is at a tipping point" and the key to preserving it "is getting it back to a conversational language."

The tribe, which has a reservation on Indian Island, is working hard to do just that, using an after-school program that serves all students in the K-8 school, as well as an immersion summer camp at which students speak nothing but Penobscot.

Sockalexis said his request for state funding, and the matching funds it would attract, would allow the tribe to move the language program back into the regular classroom, where it was before the money ran out.

Tribal leaders in Maine say preserving native languages is important so the younger generation can understand its roots and so older people who grew up speaking an indigenous language can express themselves in a way that may be more natural to them than speaking English.

"I prefer to speak (Passamaquoddy)," said Wayne Newell, 63, of Indian Township, a Passamaquoddy language coordinator and an authority on all of Maine's tribal languages. "When we were kids, that's all you spoke. That's all you had. That's all you saw," he said.

Now, Newell said, native children of all tribes are unlikely to become fluent in their native languages, or to speak them at all, unless they learn them at school. "All of the indigenous languages in North America are very much in a challenged situation," he said, and Penobscot is no exception.

Newell said efforts like those of Sockalexis are important because language defines people. As Edwina Mitchell of Indian Island, a Maliseet who works for the Penobscot Nation, put it: "I think Maliseet. That's why it's sometimes difficult for me to put something down in writing," because of the differences between Maliseet and English.

Newell noted that verbs are more important than nouns in the Passamaquoddy language. And nouns in the family of languages that includes both Passamaquoddy and Penobscot are either animate or inanimate, in much the same way that nouns in French are masculine or feminine.

"You can have a complete sentence in Passamaquoddy with one word," Newell said. He said there are some English words that have no equivalent in native languages, or that translate very differently.

There is no Passamaquoddy word for "wild," for example, because "we have no concept of it" as Indians, Newell said.

In Passamaquoddy, "wood-frame house" translates as "white man's wigwam," and the Passamaquoddy word for "white man" is not a descriptive term at all, but a question: "Who is this?"

"Whenever you lose a language, you lose more than just a language," Newell said. "If I told you a (humorous) story in the Passamaquoddy language, it would be extremely funny to Passamaquoddy speakers," he said, but translate it into English and the humor is largely lost.

"The culture is transmitted through the language," Sockalexis said, making it especially important to make Penobscot a conversational language once again.

"There are legends in Penobscot that are lost in translation," Sockalexis said, reinforcing Newell's point that "if you take away a language, your field of vision becomes more limited."

Staff Writer Paul Carrier can be contacted at 622-7511 or at:


11 years ago
I did found this so interesting.  I always wondered how we took to horses so well....... good guess as to why now.
11 years ago
Guess what? Cats came across the Bering Strait too
Friday, January 6, 2006

Cats crossed the Bering Strait just like the ancestors of American Indians supposedly did, according to research published in today's issue of Science. Based on DNA analyses of the 37 living species of cats, researchers said the first cats crossed from Siberia to the Americas about nine millions years ago. As sea levels rose and fell, the cats migrated back and forth, contributing to the variety seen today, the researchers said. As one example, the cheetah now found in Africa actually originated in the Americas three million years ago before crossing the Bering Strait back into Asia, according to the analysis.
11 years ago
Stephen Flute, Crow Creek Sioux Tribe, signed the  petition and
> said, ''If the situation were reversed, someone would be in  jail or
> would have been executed. It wouldn't even matter to them if  the
> right person were in jail, as long as one of 'us' paid the  price.''
> Sheri Big Back Bement, Northern Cheyenne/Apache, said  Geronimo
> remains respected. ''You will never see an Indian dig up the  bones of
> the dead. We know what respect is. Their ignorance and  stupidity will
> come back on them and their families.''
>  Mohawk Sakaronhiotane Ricky Diabo signed with this message: ''When
> you  mess with the spirits you shall be punished by the spirits.''
>  View the petition and signatures online at
Geronimo's Bones
11 years ago
Subject: Geronimos Bones

Congress petitioned for return of Geronimo's remains
> Posted:  December 25, 2005
> by: Brenda Norrell / Indian Country  Today
>  File photo -- Chiricahua Apache warrior  Geronimo
> SAN CARLOS, Ariz. - American Indians are petitioning Congress  to
> investigate the elite Skull and Bones society at Yale University  and
> return the remains of Chiricahua Apache warrior Geronimo to  Apaches
> for reburial.
> The online petition describes the  desecration of Geronimo's grave in
> 1918 by members of the society,  including President George W. Bush's
> grandfather, Sen. Prescott Bush.  The men removed Geronimo's head and
> a prized silver bridle, which had  been buried with him.
> ''Using acid and amid laughter, they  stripped Geronimo's head of hair
> and flesh. They then took their  'trophies' back to Yale University
> and put them on display in the  clubhouse of the secret
> fraternity 'Skull and Bones,''' states the  petition.
> Outraged American Indian tribal members from across  the nation and
> indigenous people from around the world are signing the  petition with
> plans to pressure Congress to act.
> Apache  leaders want Geronimo to be buried, as he requested, in tribal
> lands in  the mountains of San Carlos.
> ''Geronimo left his rifle and peace  pipe here when they took him
> away,'' Thompson said. ''When Geronimo was  taken from this land, he
> wanted to come back and be buried on San Carlos  in the Triplet
> Mountains.''
> Skull and Bones admitted to  San Carlos Apache leaders almost 20 years
> ago that it was in possession  of a skull it called Geronimo's in its
> secret ''museum'' in New Haven,  Conn.
> Raleigh Thompson, who served as San Carlos Apache tribal  councilman
> for 16 years, told Indian Country Today that he was among the  Apache
> tribal leaders with whom Skull and Bones officials met in New  York in
> a series of meetings beginning in 1986. He said the society, of  which
> Bush and his father, former President George H.W. Bush, are  members,
> admitted that it held Geronimo's remains.
> San  Carlos Apache Chairman Ned Anderson and tribal attorney Joe
> Sparks were  also members of the Apache delegation that met with the
> society in New  York. Anderson and Thompson said the delegation met
> with Skull and Bones  officials and Jonathan Bush, brother of George
> H.W.  Bush.
> Thompson said Prescott Bush was among a group of six Army  soldiers
> who dug up Geronimo's remains at Fort Sill, Okla., in 1918. The  San
> Carlos Apache Tribe received a copy of a logbook describing  the
> graverobbing and a photograph of a skull on display before  meeting
> with the board in New York.
> Thompson said the  society attempted to return a skull - that of a
> child - which the Apache  delegation rejected. Skull and Bones members
> subsequently threatened  legal action if the photograph were not
> returned.
>  Attorney Endicott Davison, representing Skull and Bones, denied that
> the  society had Geronimo's skull. He claimed the logbook was a hoax.
>  Alexandra Robbins, a former staff member of The New Yorker magazine
> and  author of ''Secrets of the Tomb: Skull and Bones, the Ivy League
> and the  Hidden Paths of Power,'' told ICT that her research supports
> the Apache  leaders' statements. Robbins believes that Geronimo's
> skull is in the  society's tomb.
> The petition for the return and reburial of  Geronimo's skull states
> that Skull and Bones is a secret society founded  at Yale in 1832. Its
> history is intertwined with that of the German  Illuminati and the
> Nazi Party, according to the  petition.
> ''They maintain a windowless building called 'The  Tomb' at 64 High
> Street, New Haven, Connecticut. The club's assets are  controlled by a
> front company, The Russell Trust Association Inc. Every  year, 15 Yale
> juniors are 'tapped' for Skull & Bones membership.  They are
> indoctrinated into the cultish society with elaborate rituals  steeped
> in satanic theatricism and latent homosexuality.
>  ''The goal of this fraternity is to create the ultimate network
> of 'good  ole boys' around the world. Their alumni include Prescott
> Bush's son  [George H.W.] and grandson [George W.] as well as heads of
> state and  leaders of numerous intelligence agencies, trading
> companies, business  empires and law firms,'' according to the
> petition.
>  Since the initial leak of information to the Apache leaders, other
>  sources have confirmed that Geronimo's skull is, as asserted in the
>  petition, indeed on display in The Tomb and considered the ''mascot''
> of  this ''club'' on High Street.
> The petition further states that  the ''undersigned are horrified with
> this display of elitist, racist  witchcraft'' and asks Congress, with
> the assistance of whatever law  enforcement necessary, to launch an
> immediate investigation into the  theft and possession of human
> remains by Skull and Bones, Russell Trust  Association Inc. and any
> members of the U.S. government involved, past  or present.  (continued...)
11 years ago

This is Kicka's share if anyone is interested in looking

Thanks, Waya!
11 years ago

And much appreciation to Kicka P.! I sent her a star too, that she deserves. Hope that everyone else who reads this will also.

Kicka has received 112 new, 1539 total stars from Care2 membersKicka has been awarded 308 butterflies for taking action at Care2 Kicka P.
[ send green star]

Whoo hoooo!
11 years ago
I read that deleted post about you know who and I say it's about time for the low-down! Glad that it was still in my mail!  The buffalo chips are about to hit the fan!
11 years ago
thankyou for inviting me to the group
11 years ago
Thanks for inviting me to the group
I light this Candle in the loving Memory of Gladys! May she rest in Peace!
11 years ago
Essie My Father's mom looked so much like Gladys and it startled me with a smile!
You think much like me
11 years ago
My brother I thank you. You read me very well, that is exactly how I feel on using modern techniques the wisdom and knowledge of our elders. Our technology today reaches many more who can open their eyes and teach our youngers the things we were taught. We as elders must pass on the knowledge we have gained from our elders and others, to let the younger generations  learn from us. never truer words spoken my brother... I thank you for your wisdom..TomH
11 years ago
Brother Tom I think that would be a very honorable and good thing to do.. In 2003 I had the honor of meeting Gladys over breakfast.. Even then at 104 she had a very sharp mind and she accomplished so much in her life..May each of us accomplish something special so that those who will follow us will learn from us.. We elders are living in the seventh generation and we must teach what we were taught by our parents and grandparents and if we are not doing this we should be ashamed..  I have had some elders tell me I should not be teaching traditions, customs and history of my people on the computer and my answer was I know  I can reach more people all over the world than you can sitting here on your front porch in a rocking chair and teaching only one or two and I will continue to use modern technology to teach what I was taught.. I believe we elders must use every means at hand to pass along the positive wisdom we have learned over our life times..
11 years ago

In memory of Gladys Tantaquidgeon   

My brother
11 years ago
May we honor her in the Roll call at my group under the thread Happy Hunting Ground in her memory? She is an elder and lived her days well. I would rather ask first, before doing it. It is a thread where as I honor those known to me and others.."May the spirits walk with you this day and bring peace and healing among all!" TomH
11 years ago
Wednesday, November 2, 2005

Gladys Tantaquidgeon, the oldest member of the Mohegan Tribe of Connecticut, died on Tuesday morning. She was 106. Tantaquidgeon was a 10th generation descendant of Chief Uncas. She was known as a keeper of tribal culture who worked to founded one of the first Indian museums in the country and authored books on New England tribes. Tantaquidgeon was born in 1899, after her tribe had been terminated by the state. She championed the tribe's successful federal recognition bid, which was aided by her research. The tribe went on to open a highly successful casino and has become one of the most prosperous in the United States.
11 years ago
Just spent a couple of hrs reading these posts.
I'm going to see the costs of the DNA test because I feel a definite pull towards native peoples and native African music (drums, especially the djambe). I'm Brazilian, my Mom, 3-5 generations Brazilian/ mixed European (Portuguese, Dutch...). My biological father was North American or Brittish (my Mom refused to talk abt it because he abandoned her when she became pregnant); adoptive Father, Italian.
A lore in my family says great-great grandfather was a Dutch pirate who "retired" early in Brazil. I was always told that's where I get my itch to travel.
Interestingly, when very young, I was told by a spiritualist that my guardian angel is
a native boy who died young & was given the job to care for me - I was born very weak & w/ a bad heart ( had to be ressuscitated). I actually think I've seen him in dreams, both as a child & more recently. It's all very fascinating to me.
11 years ago
September 06, 2005
Oroville, CA

Oroville Mercury Register Online newspaper

New KOA on Labor Day
By Mary Weston/Staff Writer

Mooretown Rancheria opened the Oroville/Feather Falls Casino KOA Kampground just before Labor Day week-end.

Located a short stroll down a wooded path from the Feather Falls Casino, the campground offers many entertainment options for its guests, according to a press release from Mooretown Rancheria.

"We chose to utilize the KOA brand because of its total management support and high standards," said Gary Archuleta, chairman of Mooretown Rancheria. "We wanted to offer the best to our guests, and KOA has had a great reputation throughout the years."

The campground will be open year round and offers 43 full hook up sites with 20, 30 and 50 amp electrical connections. Each site has picnic tables, concrete parking pads -both pull through and back-in, sewer drains, and water outlets. WiFi wireless Internet service and cable television are included.

A self-service laundry facility, showers and a children's playground add to the amenities.

Additionally, pets are welcome, and the campground has a pet walk area for its furry guests. Other services include computerized registration facilities, a fully stocked convenience store and a gift shop featuring unique local specialties. Campers can also enjoy a game room and recreation center.

The recreation center and gift shop are in two 2,500 square-foot traditional style Indian round houses. Handcrafted drums made by local Maidu tribal members are for sale at the KOA store.

"We were honored to be selected by the Concow-Maidu tribe to be their partners in this hospitality venture," Jim Rogers, KOA President was quoted as saying.

Future additions to the campground include tent areas and special KOA cabins. Guests can also use the swimming pool and workout facilities that will be located in "the Lodge at Feather Falls Casino." The lodge now under construction will be finished in 2006.

For reservations, call (800) 562-5079 or (530) 533-9020. Or log onto and click on Find a Campground.'S

11 years ago
Economic change needed on reservations

For the Argus Leader

Published: 09/4/05

The book that appears to have become required summer reading is "The World is Flat" by Thomas Friedman. It is an extraordinary book that discusses the phenomenon of globalization and what it means for the U.S. It starts by outlining just how fast China, India and other developing countries are entering the new world economy and competing effectively.

Through outsourcing, insourcing, new technological breakthroughs and various business techniques, along with new international trade agreements, the global market has "flattened" the world and allowed more and more countries to compete on a level playing field.

Unfortunately, American Indian reservations are not benefiting from the new global economy. Not much seems to be changing on the reservation, unless the reservation is near a major population center and can benefit from gaming.

The unemployment rates and health statistics still do not come close to those of the rest of the U.S.

Life expectancy on American Indian reservations approximates that of the Third World. Unemployment can reach 75 or 80 percent. Enrolled tribal members face a choice between upward mobility and leaving their culture and family.

My recent testimony before the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs made the point that, in the long run, for tribal sovereignty to survive there must also be economic sovereignty. In short, there must be a private sector economy on the reservations for people to flourish and have their culture survive.

What is needed? Assuming there is the political desire to do so, the following initiatives might be a good place to start:

  • There must be major tax incentives for any company to locate on a reservation and employ enrolled tribal members.

  • The federal government must find a way to facilitate the extension of private credit on a reservation. Most small businesses are started by taking the equity out of your home. Since tribal land is held in trust, perhaps the federal government should have to guarantee private loans to tribal members.

  • A federal program to bring the Internet to all reservations is crucial. The Internet is the modern version of electricity, and we need a new REA.

  • A job training program is vital. We must recognize that to break the cycle of poverty and create a private sector economy on the reservations, a work force must be trained.

  • Education must be emphasized at all levels. Whether it is technical school or the Ivy League, tuition and support should be provided for all those interested in going to school.

  • Structural changes must be made within the Bureau of Indian Affairs to give each tribe increased autonomy.

    This is not intended as the definitive list of initiatives necessary to address the complicated problems facing the reservations, particularly those rural reservations that are usually among the poorest counties in the U.S. It is intended to stimulate thinking.

    The world is changing at rapid rate. This change, however, seems to be bypassing the Indian reservations of America.

    It is time to flatten the reservations. It is up to those on the reservations, and others who care, to try to unite behind a common agenda and present it to Congress and the administration.

  • 11 years ago
    Indian Country responds to victims of Katrina
    Friday, September 2, 2005

    Tribal nations across the United States are sending their support to the victims of Hurricane Katrina as federal officials pledged to help tribes affected by a disaster that battered the Gulf Coast. The National Congress of American Indians has set up a relief fund to assist tribes and their members in Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi. Six federally recognized tribes are located in the three states, which were hit by wind, rain and flooding. "Our thoughts and prayers are with the people of the Indian Nations located in the region effected by Hurricane Katrina," said NCAI President Tex G. Hall. "It is times like this when it is important for Native people to come together to help one another out." NCAI staff said it has reached some, but not all, of the tribes affected by Katrina. Reports so far have indicated that the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians suffered the most damage. The Mississippi Choctaw Reservation was hit by Katrina as it was downgraded to a tropical depression. Several tribal communities have suffered "extensive" physical damage, the Bureau of Indian Affairs said. Telephone service and power have been lost in some areas. "The BIA is committed to helping these communities get back on their feet," said associate deputy secretary Jim Cason. "We will continue to do all we can to meet that goal." With NCAI coordinating financial assistance and the BIA addressing public safety, emergency access and emergency service, Indian Country is helping out in other ways. The Seminole Tribe of Florida sent emergency crews to the Mississippi Choctaw Reservation earlier this week, Indian Country Today reported. Support is coming from as far away as Oregon. The Klamath Tribes are sending their primary physician, Dr. Curtis Hanst, and their pharmacist, Dr. Matt Baker, to New Orleans, the city that has endured some of the worst damage. Hanst and Baker are due to leave Klamath Falls either today or tomorrow.
    11 years ago
    "This is a devastating and traumatic event in that region and the Klamath Tribes are honored to be able to assist," said Allison Henrie, the administrative officer for the tribe's health and family services department. New Orleans is currently in a state of chaos as tens of thousands of refugees remain stranded in a city deluged by flood waters. After losing their homes and property to the storm, people are now running out of flood, clothing and drinkable water. The death toll could be in the thousands. The picture isn't as grim for tribal communities but some problems have been reported. Members of the Tunica-Biloxi Tribe of Louisiana who live in Slidell have lost homes although the storm didn't claim any lives, NCAI said yesterday. The tribe, meanwhile, is housing nearly 600 refugees at its convention center. Some are residents of New Orleans who may not be able to return home for several more months, if at all. In Alabama, the Poarch Band of Creek Indians suffered only minor damage. But April Sells, the tribe's management director, said members of Southeastern tribes who live in the region have been hit hard. "We're setting up a shelter for our members who are coming back to the reservation because they now have no home and no place to go," Sells said. The Poarch Creeks are also sending clothing, food and water to the Chitimacha Tribe in Louisiana, Sells said. The Chitimacha Tribe has already taken in 400 tribal members who lived in New Orleans, the BIA said. Other communities affected are the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana and the Jena Band of Choctaw Indians. To donate to the NCAI Hurricane Relief Fund, send donations to:
    National Congress of American Indians
    1301 Connecticut Ave, NW
    Suite 200
    Washington, DC 20036
    Put Hurricane Relief in subject line of check. All donations will go to the tribes in Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. A large contribution to the fund is expected from a California gaming tribe. The National Indian Gaming Association is helping to coordinate. 
    Grand Canyon to Get Glass-Bottomed Walk
    11 years ago
                                  Click here for Article

    --                Photo

    In this artist rendering provided by Destination Grand Canyon, a glass skywalk is shown extending from the Grand Canyon. An American Indian tribe with land along the canyon is planning to build a glass-bottomed walkway that will jut out 70 feet from the canyon's edge. The skywalk, expected to open in January, is part of the Hualapai Tribe's $40 million effort to turn 1,000 acres of reservation land into a tourist destination that will also feature an Indian village and Western-themed town. (AP Photo/Destination Grand Canyon)

    11 years ago
    11 years ago
    What's going on with the government today is totally against the Constitution that the first politicians had in mind. NO matter what culture in the US is truly free...or safe from the thieving fingers of Uncle Sam. He can take our sons and daughters whenever he pleases and he can tax us until we can no longer pay and if he wants he can take our homes...even if they are paid for in full, to put in a highway or hospital.  The land of the free?  No, the land of the scoundrels! And when one of them doesn't do as he's start a war with Cuba...he's assassinated.
    Living or Dead
    11 years ago

    ....and that includes taking your land AFTER you are dead and buried there!

    Many of my ancestors' graves in E. Texas are under hundreds of feet of water now due to the Sam Rayburn Dam.  Their remains were not removed.

    So much for having an undisturbed, final resting place for the bones of your ancestors!

    11 years ago
    The law of Imminent Domain is also another way that is often used to confiscate a persons property and home.. The federal government can confiscate your property and home for the better good of the community, county, state or US and you can not win in a court of law because the laws are stacked against the private citizen..I have photos of my great grandfathers farm showing some grain silo's that were owned by my him standing alone in a lake in East Tennessee..The French Broad River was flooded and a hydroelectric dam was constructed and the land was condemned and flooded and my great grand fathers property was taken from him and the dispute was not settled until many years after his death..
    11 years ago

    I agree, Chief.  We know there were about 700 Treaties made by the conquerors, and not one of them was kept. 

    There is a disturbing issue in this case, but one which is NOT unique to Indian history:  The US Gov't can "terminate" you at will and take what is yours.  The only thing missing from that word "terminate" is the EX in front.   Basically it means the same thing. 

    You no longer exist.

    11 years ago
    Last October many members of the Native American Indian Caucus from different tribes met with Chairman Allen Foreman  of the  Klamath Indian Tribe..I was a speaker at the meeting and I spoke on giving with the right hand and taking with the left which was in reference to the US Federal Government setting aside land for use by American Indians and stating in treaty after treaty that these lands were a gift to the American Indians from the people of The United States..In many of the treaties it states as long as the water flows and the grass turns green these lands will only be used by American Indians but time after time the lands were taken away..The state of Oklahoma is a great example of this broken treaty promise..The Cherokees were guaranteed by treaty that Oklahoma would never become a state if they would give up land rights to land to their southeast to allow the formation of the state of Arkansas and land to their northwest and allow the formation of the state of Kansas..In 1906 Oklahoma became a state and my mom's father became so angry at Redbird Smith for not declaring a war on the US that he and his younger brother Thurman left Oklahoma and walked back to East Tennessee where in 1915 he met my grand mother and they married in 1918..
    The Eastern Band Of Cherokee Indians bought the land they live on and it is not a reservation and can not be taken away from them without a due process in a court of law..All other American Indians living on Reservations or land owned by the federal government supposedly set aside for American Indian use only and "given" to them by the federal government can be issued a notice to vacate the land and they can not take the issue to a court of law..Point of fact is that anything that is given to anyone by the federal US government implies it was the federal US governments to give you and if it is given to you with the right hand of the federal government it can be taken away from you with the left hand of  that same federal government..
    I believe it is wise for the Klamath Indians to purchase their land instead of getting it through a grant..
    The Indians of the US Southwest own the land their nations exist upon therefore their lands are not really reservations.. The Navaho and Zuni never declared war on the US and never gave up any land through treaty to the federal US government so the next time you drive through the Navaho Nation on I-40 you are in reality driving upon land that is not a part of the USA but is a part of the Navaho Indian Nation which is an independent nation the same as Canada or Mexico..
    Tribal Lands
    11 years ago
    Tribes delay reservation talks
    The Herald and News

    Published Wednesday August 24, 2005 By DYLAN DARLING

    Dissent in the Klamath Tribes has delayed talks about a tribal proposal to buy national forest land for a reservation.

    A few weeks after Chairman Allen Foreman floated the idea of buying reservation land, rather than receiving it as a grant, tribal members held a special meeting of their General Council to raise questions.

    The tribal members noted that the idea had not been "reviewed, discussed or adopted by General Council," according to a document reviewed at the Aug. 6 meeting.

    All 3,579 registered members of the Tribes can come to General Council meetings. It takes 50 members for a quorum. The meetings are held four times a year, but there are occasional special sessions. The early August meeting was a special session. How many members were at that meeting hasn't been made public.

    On July 13, Foreman gave Klamath County commissioners a one-page description of the idea to buy the land for "fair market" value, although that wasn't further described.

    He was joined by farmers, ranchers and a Jeld-Wen vice president in saying the proposal would be a way to bring unity to the Klamath Basin.

    One document from the General Council's special session, obtained by the Herald and News, raises these questions:

    n "What is in this proposal for them (farmers, ranchers, Jeld-Wen)?"

    n "What is in it for the Klamath Tribes, future generations and our Treaty resources?"

    n "Are the Klamath Tribes expected to balance the economy of the entire Klamath Basin on our backs and the back of future generations?"

    A followup meeting between tribal officials and the county commissioners was scheduled Aug. 2, but the Tribes canceled it, Commissioner Bill Brown said.

    He said it was to be scheduled for late August, but those plans fell through. Now, the meeting will be on Sept. 26, pending the outcome of a private meeting of Tribes members on Sept. 20.

    "It's just getting delayed, delayed and delayed," Brown said.

    Foreman has not returned repeated messages about the land-purchase idea over the past two weeks. Other tribal officials have declined comment on the substance of those matters.

    The commissioners are waiting to hear back on questions they had about the Foreman's idea. Those questions include whether the national forest is for sale, what effect having a sovereign nation such as the Tribes take over the land would have on the county and how the Tribes would pay for the land.

    "We asked several questions that they are not ready to answer," said Commissioner John Elliott.

    He said the commissioners haven't been told why there has been a delay.

    "I suspect they haven't fleshed out their proposal completely," he said. "It's going to take a pretty interesting proposal to change some opinions."

    The Klamath Tribes had a reservation until 1961, when they were terminated by the federal government and most of the land became part of what is now the Fremont-Winema National Forest. The Tribes have argued that its members need a reservation to be self-sustaining, but previous proposals have had the government giving the Tribes reservation land.

    Also in the wake of Foreman's proposal, the membership voted Leonard O. Norris Jr. off the 10-member Tribal Council. No reason was given publicly, nor were there indications that his removal was directly related to the idea of buying land for a reservation.

    Norris was the first Tribal Council member to be removed in 20 years, Tribes Secretary Torina Case said. He was replaced by Jeannie McNair, who was next on the list of most votes garnered in the tribal election of April 2004.


    11 years ago
    Ruling small victory for American Indians
    LINCOLN, Neb. — A heady moment of absolute clarity struck during a traditional ceremonial dance to open the 2005 Native American Journalists Association convention in this quintessential heartland city.

    We were celebrating real Indian culture with real American Indians.

    These were not the ridiculous mascots, caricatures and stereotypes that an army of universities, sports boosters, sports commentators, sports fans and network broadcasters have been defending with unbridled vigor and vehemence.

    It had been a positive revelation for Indian people everywhere when the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the governing body of U.S. college sports, jerked a big fat rug out from under schools that have nicknames or mascots considered hostile or abusive to Native Americans.

    The NCAA decreed that, starting in February, member schools that use hostile or abusive nicknames, mascots or logos will be ineligible to host official NCAA post-season tournaments.

    This means that teams with nicknames like Seminoles, Savages and Fighting Sioux and demeaning mascots like the University of Illinois' Chief Illiniwek will have to temporarily divest themselves of their cherished racial identities if they want to rake in the dollars and bask in the spotlights that come with hosting NCAA post-season tournaments.

    The policy does not apply to NCAA major-college football programs, which do not participate in an official NCAA post-season tournament.

    Still, it is cause for celebration and jubilation among the nation's First People: A positive first step finally has been taken in support of their righteous crusade against offensive and demeaning nicknames.

    The howls of outrage and misinformed tirades against "political correctness" were to be expected from university officials. After all, they are under immense political pressure from irate boosters and season-ticket holders to defend their beloved Indian mascots.

    But surprising has been the raw disbelief and anger of some members of the sporting media and even network broadcasters like Lou Dobbs of CNN.

    Dobbs, in particular, has played the role of anti-diversity bogeyman when it comes to the NCAA's nickname ruling, which he described as "idiotic" among other choice adjectives.

    It's time that Dobbs and other enablers of hostile and abusive anti-Indian nicknames realize that the world is changing under their feet.

    Treating Native Americans like subhuman props in community sporting spectacles is not just politically incorrect. It's plain, dead-on wrong.

    Thankfully, at least one powerful institution, the NCAA, has had the guts and moxie to say so.

    Now it's time for pro football and the courts to take action against the most noxious offender of them all — the Washington Redskins.

    George Benge, a member of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, writes a monthly commentary on American Indian issues and people for Gannett News Service. He can be reached at Gannett News Service, 7950 Jones Branch Drive, McLean, Va. 22107 or via e-mail at
    11 years ago
    E Pluribus Unum?
    Not in Hawaii.

    Wednesday, August 17, 2005 12:01 a.m. EDT

    The Senate is poised to sanction the creation of a racially exclusive government by and for Native Hawaiians who satisfy a blood test. The new race-based sovereign that would be summoned into being by the so-called Akaka Bill would operate outside the U.S. Constitution and the nation's most cherished civil rights statutes. Indeed, the champions of the proposed legislation boast that the new Native Hawaiian entity could secede from the Union like the Confederacy, but without the necessity of shelling Fort Sumter.

    The Akaka Bill classifies citizens by race, defying the express provisions of the 14th Amendment. It also rests on a betrayal of express commitments made by its sponsors a decade ago, and asserts as true many false statements about the history of Hawaii. It should be defeated.

    The Akaka Bill's justification rests substantially on a 1993 Apology Resolution passed by Congress and signed by President Clinton when we were members of the Senate representing the states of Washington and Colorado. (We voted against it.) The resolution is cited by the Akaka Bill in three places to establish the proposition that the U.S. perpetrated legal or moral wrongs against Native Hawaiians that justify the race-based government the legislation would erect. These citations are a betrayal of the word given to us--and to the Senate--in the debate over the Apology Resolution.

    We specifically inquired of its proponents whether the apology would be employed to seek "special status under which persons of Native Hawaiian descent will be given rights or privileges or reparations or land or money communally that are unavailable to other citizens of Hawaii." We were promised on the floor of the Senate by Daniel Inouye, the senior senator from Hawaii and a personage of impeccable integrity, that "as to the matter of the status of Native Hawaiians . . . this resolution has nothing to do with that. . . . I can assure my colleague of that." The Akaka Bill repudiates that promise of Sen. Inouye. It invokes the Apology Resolution to justify granting persons of Native Hawaiian descent--even in minuscule proportion--political and economic rights and land denied to other citizens of Hawaii. We were unambiguously told that would not be done.

    The Apology Resolution distorted historical truths. It falsely claimed that the U.S. participated in the wrongful overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani in 1893. The U.S. remained strictly neutral. It provided neither arms, nor economic assistance, nor diplomatic support to a band of Hawaiian insurgents, who prevailed without firing a single shot, largely because neither the Native Hawaiian numerical majority nor the queen's own government resisted the end of the Hawaiian Kingdom. The queen authored her own ouster by planning a coup against the Hawaii Constitution to recapture monarchical powers that had been lost in a strong democratic current. She later confided to Sen. George Hoar that annexation to the U.S. was the best thing that could have happened to Native Hawaiians.

    The resolution falsely asserted that the Kingdom of Hawaii featured a Native Hawaiian government exclusively for Native Hawaiians prior to the 1893 events. In fact, the kingdom was a splendid fusion of both native and nonnative elements in both government and society. The definitive historian of the kingdom, R.S. Kuykendall, elaborated: "The policy being followed looked to the creation of an Hawaiian state by the fusion of native and foreign ideas and the union of native and foreign personnel, bringing into being an Hawaiian body politic in which all elements, both Polynesian and haole, should work together for the common good under the mild and enlightened rule of an Hawaiian king."

    11 years ago

    The apology falsely declared that Native Hawaiians enjoyed inherent sovereignty over Hawaii to the exclusion of non-Native Hawaiians. To the extent sovereignty existed outside the monarch, it reposed equally with all Hawaiians irrespective of ancestry. The apology falsely maintained that Native Hawaiians never by plebiscite relinquished sovereignty to the U.S. In 1959, Native Hawaiians voted by at least a 2-to-1 margin for statehood in a plebiscite. Finally, the Apology Resolution and its misbegotten offspring, the Akaka Bill, betray this nation's sacred motto: E pluribus unum. They would begin a process of splintering sovereignties in the U.S. for every racial, ethnic or religious group traumatized by an identity crisis. Movement is already afoot among a few Hispanic Americans to carve out race-based sovereignty from eight western states because the U.S. "wrongfully" defeated Mexico in the Mexican-American war.

    The U.S. Constitution scrupulously protects the liberties and freedom of Native Hawaiians. It always will. Native Hawaiians have never been treated as less than equal by the U.S. Their economic success matches that of non-Native Hawaiians. Intermarriage is the norm. Sen. Inouye himself boasted in 1994 that Hawaii was "one of the greatest examples of a multiethnic society living in relative peace." In other words, e pluribus unum is a formula that works. We should not destroy it.

    Messrs. Gorton and Brown are former senators for Washington and Colorado, respectively.

    11 years ago
    Celebration of 'sacred promises' kept  Ferris Paisano (right) of Lapwai, Idaho, joins Zuñi Butterfly dancers

    It was a 10-day sojourn at the Native American Bahá'í Institute that began with joyous greetings and an emotional and colorful ceremony. It ended with dozens of trained souls and a deeper unity among many indigenous friends by the time they dispersed to their homes across the continent.

    "When we reflect on the tremendous spiritual forces that were released ... we know that only Bahá'u'lláh's Revelation can open the city of men's hearts to His divine message," stated a report from NABI co-administrators Alice and Jerry Bathke.

    In practical terms, the more lasting work began the evening of June 10 with Council Fire consultations that saw indigenous tutors exchanging ideas and encouragement over the weekend. It continued over the following week as 65 Bahá'ís and guests took part in intensive training in the Ruhi sequence to support the A-stage Fort Defiance Agency cluster's growth program.

    "For decades, the indigenous believers have traveled great distances to support one another's efforts," National Spiritual Assembly member Jacqueline Left Hand Bull reflected afterward. "The Council Fire perhaps reinforced that long-held unity."

    But a good deal of the spiritual tone was set in a June 11 ceremony where about 250 people, including members of 25 tribal groups from across North America, gathered on the NABI grounds near Houck, Arizona.

    11 years ago

    Prayers of praise and celebration offered by people of all ages sprang from voices speaking many languages and from flutes, drums, dances and hearts. Applause, appreciative drumbeats and tears were frequent.

    The new kitchen enhances NABI's capacity for service

    The occasion for the 10 days of gatherings was to celebrate an upgrade in NABI's kitchen and meeting facilities and improvement in the landscaping of the 40-acre campus.

    But don't let anyone tell you the extended celebration was all about a construction project.

    It was about "the keeping of sacred promises," Robert Henderson, secretary-general of the National Spiritual Assembly, said in a brief talk that was translated into Navajo by Chester Kahn, a former National Assembly member.

    It was about the institute's newly increased capacity, Henderson said, to help bring the Bahá'í teachings on love, equality and justice into flower so indigenous peoples can fulfill their destiny of doing their part to "enlighten the whole world."

    11 years ago

    Members of the Navajo leadership, the National Spiritual Assembly and the NABI board exchanged gifts and heartfelt words.

    "It is within us to make this a peaceful world. It has to start with us individually," said Ernest Hubbell, the area's delegate to the Navajo Nation Council.

    "Many languages were spoken, but one voice was heard: the voice of unity," said William Davis, chair of the National Spiritual Assembly.

    Over the first weekend, NABI's new outdoor "shade house" pavilion was the site for an extended Council Fire that brought together tutors serving indigenous people across North America.

    The tutors shared drumbeats and songs, and they consulted on teaching and core activities, on challenges, on increasing their "enkindlement, heat and flame."

    11 years ago

    A Navajo participant was heard to remark during the Council Fire, "We are living as one family again, the way we used to."

    Some of those tutors were youths who have traveled internationally to teach and assist others with the core activities.

    As the week's training progressed, another tutor told the group that discussion on quotes in the Ruhi books rose to such a level that she now could see why 'Abdu'l-Bahá had written that America's indigenous peoples have the potential to enlighten the world.

    Of the dozens of people participating in the Ruhi intensive training over seven days, 30 completed at least one book and six became qualified as tutors.

    "Many of these friends of the friends did not want to leave," the co-administrators reported. "If they went home to feed and water livestock, they came back again and again. They joined in the Ruhi classes, irrespective of when it started or what they knew already."

    The training week culminated in a trip by five carloads of people who dearly desired to offer prayers in the ancient environs of Canyon de Chelly. Opportunities arose along the way to teach the Faith.

    The improvements to NABI's facilities were conceived several years ago as part of the Kingdom Project. The early 2002 scaling back of Kingdom Project plans delayed the upgrades at NABI until they could be paid for from general contributions to the National Bahá'í Fund.

    But beyond the physical renovation, Left Hand Bull told the gathering that the celebrations would be "remembered as a historic occasion," perhaps cherished as much as native Bahá'ís cherish the first Council Fire at Pine Springs in 1962 or Amoz Gibson's visits to the reservation.

    "I think this is possibly another turning point," she said.

    Native American population on the rise in U.S
    11 years ago
    Friday, August 12, 2005

    More than 4.4 million people in the United States claim Native American heritage, the U.S. Census Bureau reported on Thursday. The figure represents a 7.3 percent increase from just four years ago. In 2000, the Census Bureau reported that 4.1 million people claimed American Indian or Alaska Native ancestry. Both numbers represent double-digit growth in the Native population from 1990, when the last national count was conducted. This was due to better reporting and an increase in population, but also to a change in the Census that allowed people to claim more than one racial or ethnic heritage. When the data is limited to single race, the number of American Indians and Alaska Native drops to about 2.8 million, or less than 1 percent of the entire U.S. population. The numbers reported yesterday, however, are based on single- and multiple-race responses. This put the Native proportion at 1.5 percent of the total U.S. population. As of July 2004, California had the largest American Indian and Alaska Native population. According to the Census, 687,400 Native Americans live in the Golden State. There are over 100 federally recognized tribes in California. Oklahoma came in a distant second, with 398,200 Native Americans. The state is home to almost 40 federally recognized tribes. Arizona (234,200), Texas (248,300) and New Mexico (207,400) rounded out the top five. New York (183,400), Washington (165,400), North Carolina (142,000), Florida (140,600) and Michigan (124,100) completed the top 10. Alaska was not far behind, though, with a Native population of 123,700. Of all the states, Alaska had the highest proportion, 18.9 percent, Going by proportion, Oklahoma ranked second, with 11.3 percent claiming Native heritage. New Mexico was a close third with 10.9 percent. Rounding out the top five were South Dakota (9.4 percent) and Montana (7.5 percent). North Dakota (5.8 percent), Arizona (5.6 percent), Wyoming (3.1 percent), Washington (4.8 percent) and Oregon (2.5 percent) made the top 10. The District of Columbia was the loneliest place for Native Americans, according to the Census. Only 4,700 lived in the nation's capital as of July 2004, the lowest in the U.S. Vermont (6,200), Delaware (6,600) and New Hampshire (8,200) were also ranked at the bottom of the list. The Census Bureau also broke down the results by counties with populations of at least 1 million. Not surprisingly, Los Angeles County had the largest Native American population, with 153,500 living there. Maricopa County, Arizona, which includes the city of Phoenix and several tribes, ranked second with a Native population of 91,500. The county also registered the largest numerical increase between 2003 and 2004, according to the Census. Other counties with a large Native population include San Diego County (49,400), San Bernardino County (43,900), Orange County (41,500) and Riverside County (39,800). All these counties are located in California and are home to a number of tribes.
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    Eagles intwinded in love fall dance
    12 years ago

    Happened over my house recently.  I see this as a great omen. Many times the great eagle has flown over me closely and I would be so honored if one sent me a feather.  That is the only way I would have one. I am just as happy with the beautiful company, a world without them would make me incredibly sad.

    Yes, I also do not agree with the discrimination of Native Americans nor the reverse discrimination I have experienced because I am mixed blood.  I do think a special part of something that has been lost lives within me.  Im not sure if its genetic memory, or past life recall or both, but I was born into the world drawing medicine wheels in the ground long before I knew what they were, I have always had a gift of speaking to animals, knowing the woods, understanding the natural world.  I was raised xtian but have always found the great spirit through mother earth and father sky.  There are some things that I was never "taught" yet always knew.  I practice healing through herbs, alternative medicine, and healing energy.  I have visions,  I have always been...different.  Sometimes I wonder if the medicine people I have come from somehow still live within me and all around me, protecting, guarding and guiding from the spirit world.  I also have an inborn mistrust of our govt., knowing their agenda is one of greed at any cost.  I know I look white but I definitely know I am not really.  Judging a book by its cover is not reading the story.

    12 years ago


    Julia and I have just returned from 11 days in upper New York State - the traditional home of the Iroquois Nation. As you may remember from a past newsletter, this confederacy was formed centuries before the colonists landed when five warring Iroquois tribes (Seneca, Cayuga, Oneida, Mohawk and Onondaga) made peace and joined together in the world's first true democracy. The Founding Fathers of the U.S. studied this confederacy and patterned their democracy after it.

    This Iroquois Confederacy was formed by the vision of The Peacemaker, a Huron Indian and an outsider, who brought the Great Law of Peace - the law of peace and forgiveness - to the five warring tribes and established their union. To do this, he enlisted the help of many including Jikonsahseh (the Peace Mother), and Hiawatha, an eloquent Onondaga chief. For more info on this epic, click below.



    We travelled to the Iroquois Territory to speak at the Onondaga Lake Peace Festival, on the lake just outside the city. The festival was held at Long Branch Park which is the spot where The Peacemaker held the first Grand Council once all the Iroquois chiefs agreed to live in peace. It was here that the Iroquois Confederacy, the model for all future democracies, was formed. This is sacred ground as is anyplace on Earth where ancient hatreds have become present loves. Conscious Jamaican artist Abijah, who was performing at the Montreal Reggae Festival the week before, joined us along with his road manager, Tony. We all arrived several days before the festival to do a series of free One Love Concerts throughout the Syracuse area, especially into the inner-city areas.


    Our final concerts/reasoning was at the Onondaga Lake Peace Festival, which David Yarrow has designed to honor The Peacemaker, his message and the Iroquois Confederacy, and to resanctify this sacred spot. The crowd was small but heartfelt and the speakers and musicians brought forward a clear message in the spirit of The Peacemaker.

    As the week progressed, we encountered the four archetypal energies within the Peacemaker's epic - that of The Peacemaker, Hiawatha, Tadodaho and Jikonoseseh. The visionary Peacemaker brought the message that all humans should live together in peace and love. Jinkonsahseh, a woman who had fed all warriors and encourged their conflict by being fascinated by their war stories, was the first to accept The Peacemaker's law. She then become the Peace Mother, assisting all in resolving their conflicts peacefully instead of egging them on.

    Hiawatha, an Onondaga chief, had once been a man of love and kindness. However, after years of war, Hiawatha succumbed to his anger and pain and became violent himself, especially after his family was killed by Tadodaho, another Onondaga chief who was known as repulsive and violent, with kinks in his body and snakes in his hair. After seeing the love in the face of The Peacemaker, Hiawatha remembered that he too was meant to be a man of peace and he joined The Peacemaker and Jikonsahseh in bringing the law to the warring tribes. In an act of supreme forgiveness, Hiawatha forgave Todadaho for killing his family and, along with The Peacemaker and Jikonsahseh, they combed the kinks from Tadodaho's mind and body. When Tadodaho was finally also in his "Good Mind," peace was completed and the Iroquois League of Nations was begun. All those living in democracies have been blessed by their efforts.


    12 years ago
    12 years ago
    To all of you for these wonderful posts.  Just spent most my Sat. morn reading them.  Wish I could say I enjoyed 'all' of them, some are not what I call 'enjoyable' (eagles, etc.).  Even the ones I did not 'enjoy' I welcome the knowledge.  Growing up in Kentucky and then migrating to the Florida panhandle I have always been aware of the 'mounds' etc., one of my favorite 'keepsakes' (and probably the reason I stayed in P'cola) is a small ebony black 'birdpoint' that was just lying on the river side waiting for me.  Thanks to each of you.
    4 Amercan Indian groups seek recognition as tribes In SC
    12 years ago
    I found this article in the Charlote Observer online at:
    State's application process long but seen as worthwhile, officials say

    Associated Press
    Posted on Fri, Jul. 08, 2005

    At least four American Indian groups intend to file for state recognition as tribes by Sept. 1.

    The groups met Thursday with South Carolina's Native American Affairs coordinator to get questions answered about the strict application process and requirements. Two of the groups had previously applied, but withdrew to polish their applications.

    State recognition may be obtained only after a lengthy process that includes proof of tribal rolls for the past five years, historical presence in the state for 100 years, official records for tribal members, historical ancestry and genealogy charts.

    Barbara MorningStar Paul, a member of the Lakota Nation, works for the Minority Affairs Commission of South Carolina as program coordinator for Native American Affairs. She said the groups that were present Thursday seemed eager to file applications despite the stiff requirements.

    "The guidelines are stringent to protect the tribes in the future from accusations of not being Indian," MorningStar Paul said.

    However, state requirements are less difficult to satisfy than obtaining federal recognition for a tribe. State recognition is more about giving groups identification; there is no financial gain for state-recognized tribes, said Will Goins, chief executive of the Eastern Cherokee, Southern Iroquois and United Tribes of South Carolina Inc.

    Goins will serve on the five-member application review committee in September. The panel has four months to make its recommendations to the commission on the applications.

    "I do think there will be some challenges that each group will have to face. But I do wish them the best of luck," Goins said.

    The Waccamaw Indian People and the Pee Dee Nation of Upper South Carolina were granted state recognition as tribes by the commission in February.

    The Catawba Indian Nation is the only federally recognized tribe in South Carolina.

    Who's Applying

    The four groups filing for state recognition as tribes are the Chicora Indian Tribe of South Carolina, Natchez-Pee Dee Tribe, Beaver Creek Indians and Piedmont American Indian Association Lower Eastern Cherokee Nation.

    Honor Indian Treaties
    12 years ago


    The U.S. Constitution calls treaties "the Supreme Law of the Land." And yet New York State is about to violate U.S. treaties that have lasted over 200 years. The state plans to implement regulations that would impose sales tax on petroleum and tobacco products sold on Indian lands. These regulations would violate sacred treaties between the U.S. and Indian tribes.

    Since 1794 the U.S. has acknowledged Indian independence, and the Treaty of 1842 clearly says the Seneca Nation will not be taxed by any US government. Including New York State. The state's unconstitutional action will cause over 1000 Indians and non-Indians to lose their jobs, consumer prices to rise, and businesses to close.

    We urge you to explore this topic and learn more about this issue. Tell Governor Pataki how you feel. Urge the Governor to honor the supreme law of the land. Because if you break a treaty, you break the law

    Derrick Barbosa
    12 years ago

    Dear Silverwolf,

    I particularly enjoyed your posting about Derrick B. because I myself feel I might have some Native American blood! 

    I'm 100% Italian and - to the best of my knowledge - in my family there have never been mixed marriages with any other race.  Mother and I were born and raised in Naples, while some members of my father's relatives were originally  from Florence and Dalmatia (former Yugoslavia), which was Italian territory unti WW II. Dad was Neapolitan too, but his mother was Florentine.

    Based on the above, it would be very unlikely for me to have Native American ancestors.  Nevertheless, I have always felt strong ties with their culture.  I LOVE nature and animals...  I share their pride, honor,  and romaticism...  As a child, I used to watch cowboy movies and be on the "Indians' side"...  I remember having more "Indian figurines" than dolls...  As an adult, I met several NA's, participated in POW-WOW's, danced with them, and was treated as "one of them"!  I still feel this "sense of belonging" to this day.  Perhaps I should really have a DNA check done!  Or a psychic reading...  who knows?  I may have been a Native American in a previous life?!

    Giuliana aka Princess Little Rock

    12 years ago

    Markers to pay tribute to Cheyenne warriors
    Monday, June 20, 2005

    New markers will be dedicated on Saturday in honor of four Cheyenne warriors who died at the Battle of Little Bighorn on June 25, 1876.

    The young warriors are known as the "Suicide Boys'' for agreeing to sacrifice their lives in the battle. They charged Army forces so that other Sioux, Cheyenne and Arapaho warriors could move in closer and defeat Lt. Col. George Custer's 7th Calvary.

    "A Cheyenne warrior fell here on June 25, 1876, while defending the Cheyenne way of life," the markers read.

    The stories of Little Whirlwind, Cut Belly, Closed Hand and Noisy Walking were compiled by John Stands In Timber, whose Cheyenne grandfathers fought at Little Bighorn.

    Get the Story:
    Warriors' act kept secret for decades (The Billings Gazette 6/20)

    Copyright © 2000-2005

    Thank you,
    12 years ago
    Thank you for this thread. Finally one where native concerns are aired with interest and compassion.

    Didn't we all know that "Into the West" was really about  "money into someone's pockets" and not about truth.

    I am non-indian but travel this path as best I can.
    12 years ago

    Here is the topic link that Elizabeth started (Into The West) you can see what some people in this group thought about it...the mini series is getting a thumbs down by a lot of Native Americans, it seems.

                          Immortalizing the American Indian


    A new museum in Washington, D.C. illuminates the Native Americans' centuries of trial and triumph.
    By Nick Kolakowski

    January, 2005

    The dozens of sharpened points behind glass on the fourth floor of the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C., the tiny 10,000-year-old flint shards and the half-meter monsters, shouldn't be referred to as arrowheads. Instead, says Thomas Sweeney, the new museum's director of public affairs, "They're projectile points, they're hooks, the term 'arrowhead' is so limiting."

    In the same way, trying to group the dozens of tribes represented by the museum's exhibits under the term "American Indian" also seems limiting. Walking through the spaces devoted to the Hupa, Mapuche, Lakota and America's other native communities gives you a sense of the uniqueness of their individual traditions, rituals and clothing. "I definitely thought they teach you about Native Americans in school, but before this I never got to experience how vibrant they are," says Danielle Tumminio, 22, who toured the museum on its opening day in late September. 

    This vibrancy and diversity should come as no surprise. There are 4.1 million Native Americans in the U.S. - 1.5 percent of the population - and their numbers are divided across more than 550 federally recognized tribes. Over half a million live on reservations, small parcels of land given to them by the United States government. They've also traditionally been one of society's more downtrodden groups: One out of every four Native Americans lives in poverty.

    But with this five-story museum, yards away from the U.S. Capitol, comes a new measure of appreciation and respect. "We define a moment of reconciliation and recognition in American history, a time for Indian people to assume, finally, a prominent place of honor on the nation's front lawn," states W. Richard West Jr., a member of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma and Founding Director of the museum.

    Shaped by Wind and Water
    Photo Courtsy National Museum of the American IndianAmidst the sharp corners and antiseptic marble and glass of Washington D.C.'s downtown buildings, including over 14 museums, the National Museum of the American Indian stands out for a simple reason: The building is organically curved, like a piece of limestone worn down by the centuries. Forty large rocks and boulders, known as grandfather rocks, are incorporated into the landscape of the site.

    The interior is designed with the same emphasis on natural curves, including the 36-meter-high rotunda at the entrance. "The interior space is round, which is, according to many native cultures, the most natural form of all," Sweeney says. "The moon and the sun are round, and that's why this building has this shape. You have all these other angular buildings on the [National] Mall. This building is meant to represent a formation that's been shaped by wind and water."

    The rotunda has been dubbed "Potomac," from the Algonquian/Powhatan word for "where the goods are brought in" (and also the name of the river that flows by the capital). In the center of the space are two boats, an eastern Artic kayak and a native Hawaiian canoe with outriggers. Tribal members appear in the rotunda on a scheduled basis to give demonstrations and answer questions from the audience.

    Such interactivity also fits with the museum's mission. "I think there was a recognition from the beginning that this would not be just a history museum, and it was intended to present both modern and historical views," Sweeney says. "There are three core exhibitions, but all guided by 24 native communities, so in each one there are eight different tribes or native communities." Different tribes will rotate into the exhibits.

    12 years ago

    Did anyone watch the "Into the West" mini program????

    What's was your opinion?????  My wasn't very high since I am Native and I wasn't "taught" to offer myself to anyone.

    12 years ago
    Florida's Bush to negotiate Class III compact
    Wednesday, June 15, 2005

    Breaking months of silence on Indian gaming, Florida Gov. Jeb Bush (R) on Tuesday announced that he will begin negotiations with the Seminole Tribe for a Class III compact.

    Although details of the first meeting have yet to be worked out, Bush said the "the moment has arrived" for discussions. He agreed with the tribe that voter approval of slot machines in a South Florida county put Class III gaming on the table.

    "In November 2004, Florida's voters signaled a change in the state's policy toward gambling," Bush said in a statement.

    Bush in fact heavily campaign against the legalization of slot machines. In the days before the November election, he called gambling a scourge on communities.

    "It limits our aspirations and defines us in a way that we should not be happy with," he said during one appearance.

    Bush characterized the debate as a "David v. Goliath" one because he said gaming interests were pouring millions into their campaign. But his words failed to sway residents of Broward County, who approved the slot machine initiative by a 57 percent vote. However, voters in nearby Miami-Dade County rejected them.

    Despite the split vote, both the Seminole Tribe and the Miccosukee Tribe asked Bush to negotiate Class III compacts. Since slot machines are no longer outlawed in the state, they argued that they are at least entitled to the same level of games.

    The National Indian Gaming Commission appeared to agree. In testimony to a state Senate committee, NIGC Chairman Phil Hogen said the tribe are likely entitled to slot machines.

    "It seems to me in November the public policy got established," Hogen told lawmakers. He indicated the plain language of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act would support the tribe's case.

    "Slot machines is a pretty straightforward category," Hogen said. "That's the language Congress used in IGRA: slot machines of any kind."

    The compact is still a long way off but the tribe's general counsel, Jim Shore, said he "looked forward to fruitful results." Shore will lead negotiations on behalf of the tribe, which operates five gaming establishments, including two highly successful ones that opened in the last year.

    The shift on the state's side is in marked contrast to the situation more than a decade ago, when the Seminole Tribe was fighting the state over Class III gaming. The tribe argued that the state was violating IGRA's requirement for "good faith" negotiations.

    The dispute went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. In a 5-4 decision issued in March 1996, the majority held that states cannot be subjected to suits under IGRA without their consent.

    The decision has been widely criticized by tribes and their advocates. They say it gives states the upper hand in what should be government-to-government negotiations.

    "States are using Seminole to impose unreasonable demands on tribes," Ernie Stevens Jr., the chairman of the National Indian Gaming Association said in Senate testimony last year. NIGA has asked Congress for a "Seminole fix" to address the concerns.

    George Skibine, the Bureau of Indian Affairs official in charge of gaming, agreed with the assessment. He said the decision paved the way for states to seek more and more revenues from tribal gaming operations.

    "If the tribes don't sign the compacts, there is very little remedy," Skibine said, because the state can always raise a sovereign immunity defense in court.

    The Seminole Tribe began gaming 25 years ago by opening a modest bingo hall. Since then, its empire has grown to more than $1 billion in revenues and an estimated $300 million in profits. The money has been used to fund new schools and health clinics and raise the standard of living for the 3,000 members of the once-impoverished tribe.

    "You know, in a lot of Native tribes, there's two B.C.s -- Before Columbus and Before Casinos," said Max Osceola, a Seminole council member, at a NIGA press conference earlier this year. "Indian gaming prospered" after the tribe won victories in federal court, he added.

    Separately, the Miccosukee Tribe has asked Bush to negotiate a Class III compact. Bush's term in office expires in 2006. He cannot seek re-election due to term limits.

    12 years ago
    Seattle Times TV critic Kay McFadden points out that TNT spent another $50 million to market the series. "The bottom line: Beware when promotion equals production," she says. "'Into the West' is a gorgeous, noble slog that unfavorably demonstrates the difference between high drama and high-minded drama."
    Noble intentions can't save Spielberg's "Into the West" (The Seattle Times 6/10)

    Maybe the high cost of production could have been used to hire A-list actors, suggests Miriam Di Nunino of The Chicago Sun Times. "Blink, and you will probably miss cameos by Sean Astin, Gary Busey, Beau Bridges, Skeet Ulrich and Will Patton, among others," she says.

    But at least the "less than A-list" Native actors shine, she says. "More successful are Zhan McClarnon and Michael Spears a s the Sioux brothers Running Fox and Dog Star," she writes. "They create striking personas as men with conflicting views about their people's fate."
    'West' side stories (The Chicago Sun Times 6/10)

    Other reviews point out that the mini-series has all but disappeared from television. So TNT deserves credit for trying to bring it back, says Tom Dorsey of The Louisville Courier-Journal. "A lot of history goes under the bridge in these 12 hours," he writes. "While some of it may be a bit too strung out, give TNT credit for making the kind of historical miniseries the broadcast networks used to do that reminds us who we are, where we came from and how incredibly short our history is."
    TNT deserves credit for making sprawling 'Into the West' (The Louisville Courier-Journal 6/10)

    Yet the series can't pull off its ambition says Matthew Gilbert of The Boston Globe. "The miniseries is lousy with breadth, and woefully lacking in character shadings and distinctive dialogue," he says. "It's so in love with the idea of being a TV epic that it forgets to paint in personality details, the sort that make HBO's 'Deadwood' so vivid and Dickensian."
    A mild look at the wild West (The Boston Globe 6/10)
    Username:, Password: indianz

    Palm Beach Post television writer Kevin D. Thompson says viewers will compare the endeavour to "Lonesome Dove, the old CBS miniseries considered by many to be the best Western ever made." But "from what we've seen, West tells a wide-ranging story with heart and grit," he adds.
    TV review: 'Into the West' (The Palm Beach Post 6/10)

    Glenn Garvin, the TV critic for The Miami Herald, disagrees. "A scatterbrained amalgam of sketchy writing, choppy editing and politically correct clichés, Into The West sets new standards for TV superficiality and bloat," he writes. "It's hard to imagine that a single work can cover everything from the Gold Rush to the Civil War, the Pony Express to the transcontinental railroad, and still manage to be so utterly uninteresting."
    An epic story reduced to tedium and clichés (The Miami Herald 6/10)
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    So what's the bottom line, according to Mike McDaniel of The Houston Chronicle? At 12 hours, it's really long. "It's not a masterpiece but worth watching," he concludes.
    Get ready to settle in for Into the West (The Houston Chronicle 6/10)

    Relevant Links:
    Into the West -

    Related Stories:
    Actress says being Native helped 'Into the West'(6/9)
    Critic: 'Into the West' unlike anything you've seen(6/8)
    'Into the West' mini-series debuts on Friday(6/6)
    'Into the West' series to debut next week on TNT(5/31)

    Copyright © 2000-2005 Indianz.Com

    12 years ago
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    Roundup: Reviews of TNT series 'Into the West'
    Friday, June 10, 2005

    Should you watch "Into the West," the TNT mini-series that follows an Indian and non-Indian family amid the settling of the West? The reviews are flooding in, with most critics praising the attempt to include the Indian perspective.

    But while the overall response has been positive, some say the effort falls short of its goal. Judge for yourself as the first episode of the six-part series debuts tonight. Check local listings for channel and times, as there will be repeats.

    Dennis Zotigh, a Kiowa/Pueblo/Sioux man who is a historian for the Oklahoma Historical Society, says "Into the West" is hardly true to Indian people. "Historical inaccuracy, perpetuation of negative stereotypes and status quo mentality abound in this production," he says. "In the roughly 10-minutes of portraying interaction with the Mohave tribe, the Indians get drunk, the young women immediately offer themselves to the explorers and a quiet village of stoic Indians hang around camp with no dialogue to speak of. Several were wearing $5.00 Mexican blankets available from Stuckey’s and Loves Country Stores."
    Historian pans Into The West (The Native American Times 6/10)

    One of the more interesting reviews comes from Nancy deWolf Smith of the Wall Street Journal. She likes the Indian stories, saying they are the "best acted." "There are fascinating glimpses into their society, chiefly among the Lakota-speaking Sioux, whose daily lives (including troubles with other tribes), customs and faith are depicted with respect and admiration. We are introduced to their concept of a great circle of life, symbolized in part by the medicine wheel," she writes.

    But the respect for Indians only goes so far, she adds. "They seem to be marrying whites all the time, as if the show's creators think this is the only way the audience will truly embrace and relate to them." she writes. "Perhaps the most ludicrous seduction scene ever filmed appears in a segment typical of the series' new-cliché mode. A young white woman is abducted by Indians, lathered with love oil by an old woman and then brutishly pounced upon by Prairie Fire, a Cheyenne warrior whom she fends off by reciting 'Miss Muffet' and other nursery rhymes (the Indians think these are evil-spirit incantations).

    "But she grows to admire her suitor after he refuses to trade her to another Indian for a fancy pelt. Next thing we know, the hunky Prairie Fire [played by Jay Tavare, at right] is reclining by the fire in his tepee, as the now-kittenish abductee shakes her Ann-Margret tresses down her bare back and coos 'Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star' to him."
    A West That Never Was(The Wall Street Journal 6/10)

    A common theme among the reviews is the series' attempt to portray Indians and non-Indians in the same light. Neither side is completely glorified or vilified, says Alessandra Stanley of the New York Times. "Throughout, there is a studied effort to flip television western clichés: The first alcoholic beverage served is not a jug of 'firewater' whiskey, but an Indian drink that a tribe in the Montana Territory offers a gang of quickly intoxicated pelt traders," she observes. "(Later, of course, the treacherous hospitality is reversed: white traders pay Lakota hunters in whiskey, not guns.)"
    An Old West Saga, Told From Both Sides(The New York Times 6/10)
    Username: indianzcom, Password: indianzcom

    Mike Kelly of The Toledo Blade thinks the series "does seem to drag in parts" but says it succeeds at being fair. "Despite a few shortcomings, though, the miniseries is mostly evenhanded in dealing with a very complex story, and it's about as authentic a tale as you're likely to see about the opening of the American West," he says.
    TNT plays fair on the American frontier (The Toledo Blade 6/10)

    Seattle Post-Intelligencer television critic Melanie McFarland is harsher. She says the series is billed as the "Roots" of the West but says the attempt at fairness "is merely a different shirt on the 'noble savage' stereotype" and that the Indian actors aren't treated the same as the whites. She says the "Lakota characters lack dimension, emotional range and receive less screen time in episodes two and three."

    12 years ago
    One of the more interesting reviews comes from Nancy deWolf Smith of the Wall Street Journal. She likes the Indian stories, saying they are the "best acted." "There are fascinating glimpses into their society, chiefly among the Lakota-speaking Sioux, whose daily lives (including troubles with other tribes), customs and faith are depicted with respect and admiration. We are introduced to their concept of a great circle of life, symbolized in part by the medicine wheel," she writes.

    But the respect for Indians only goes so far, she adds. "They seem to be marrying whites all the time, as if the show's creators think this is the only way the audience will truly embrace and relate to them." she writes. "Perhaps the most ludicrous seduction scene ever filmed appears in a segment typical of the series' new-cliché mode. A young white woman is abducted by Indians, lathered with love oil by an old woman and then brutishly pounced upon by Prairie Fire, a Cheyenne warrior whom she fends off by reciting 'Miss Muffet' and other nursery rhymes (the Indians think these are evil-spirit incantations).

    "But she grows to admire her suitor after he refuses to trade her to another Indian for a fancy pelt. Next thing we know, the hunky Prairie Fire [played by Jay Tavare, at right] is reclining by the fire in his tepee, as the now-kittenish abductee shakes her Ann-Margret tresses down her bare back and coos 'Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star' to him."
    A West That Never Was(The Wall Street Journal 6/10)

    12 years ago
    Roundup: Reviews of TNT series 'Into the West'
    Friday, June 10, 2005

    Should you watch "Into the West," the TNT mini-series that follows an Indian and non-Indian family amid the settling of the West? The reviews are flooding in, with most critics praising the attempt to include the Indian perspective.

    But while the overall response has been positive, some say the effort falls short of its goal. Judge for yourself as the first episode of the six-part series debuts tonight. Check local listings for channel and times, as there will be repeats.

    Dennis Zotigh, a Kiowa/Pueblo/Sioux man who is a historian for the Oklahoma Historical Society, says "Into the West" is hardly true to Indian people. "Historical inaccuracy, perpetuation of negative stereotypes and status quo mentality abound in this production," he says. "In the roughly 10-minutes of portraying interaction with the Mohave tribe, the Indians get drunk, the young women immediately offer themselves to the explorers and a quiet village of stoic Indians hang around camp with no dialogue to speak of. Several were wearing $5.00 Mexican blankets available from Stuckey’s and Loves Country Stores."
    Historian pans Into The West (The Native American Times 6/10)

    12 years ago
    Pataki land claim bill leaves out out-of-state tribes
    Friday, June 10, 2005

    Only one tribe would be allowed to open an off-reservation casino in the Catskills region of New York under legislation submitted by Gov. George Pataki (R) on Thursday.

    Pataki called the bill an "historic settlement" that would resolve the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe's land claim. The tribe would receive land, more than $100 million and the right to a Catskills casino in exchange for dropping its long-running lawsuit.

    "The Mohawk land claim settlement would effectively end decades of litigation in a fair and comprehensive manner that protects the interests of local governments, landowners and taxpayers," Pataki said in a statement.

    Left out of the plan were deals to end the land claims of several other tribes. The Cayuga Nation of New York, the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma, the Oneida Nation of Wisconsin and the Stockbridge Munsee Band of Mohicans from Wisconsin are willing to drop their lawsuits for off-reservation casinos in the Catskills. Pataki agreed, and asked the state to authorize five casinos, up from three approved in October 2001.

    But the settlements fell apart after the U.S. Supreme Court on March 29 issued a decision that seemed to question whether tribes can reclaim rights to ancestral lands that fell out of their possession due to illegal takings by the state. The ruling came in a case involving the Oneida Nation of New York, which also has expressed interest in a Catskills casino, but state and local officials are trying to extend it to other tribes.

    The courts are still sorting out the matter and rulings that will affect the rights the Cayuga Nation and the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe are pending. Meanwhile, a battle is brewing over the Oneida Nation's refusal to pay tax bills for land that local officials say is not Indian Country.

    Yet Pataki yesterday said he was still hopeful that the 250,000-acre Oneida claim and the 64,000-acre Cayuga claim could be resolved "so that we can protect landowners in Central New York and avoid further costly and disruptive litigation." The Oneida Nation has been open to a settlement -- as long as out-of-state tribes are not allowed to assert sovereignty in New York.

    The out-of-state issue has been a divisive one. The Oneida Nation came to a deal in 2002 with Pataki that excluded their Wisconsin cousins. Then the Wisconsin tribes settled in 2004 without including the Oneidas. As for the Mohawks, Pataki's bill first needs approval by the state Legislature. It would then need to be sent to the U.S. Congress for approval.

    12 years ago

    'Into the West' mini-series debuts on Friday

    Monday, June 6, 2005

    "Into the West" a six-part mini-series about the lives of an Indian and non-Indian family will debut next week, June 10, on Turner Network Television.

    Reviews of the series are starting to come in. The South Florida Sun-Sentinel calls it "a viewing highlight of the year, a genuine event in an era when those are becoming as rare as wide open spaces."

    Much is being made of the attempt to portray the West in an historically accurate manner. Executive producer Steven Spielberg insisted that Lakota and other languages be used. English subtitles appear for these parts.

    Among other Native actors, the series stars Irene Bedard, Russell Means, Eric Schweig, brothers Eddie and Michael Spears and Sheila Tousey. [IMDB Entry].

    Part 1, "Wheel to the Stars," debuts on Friday. Check local listings for time and channel.

    Get the Story:
    An Unsettled Frontier(The Washington Post 6/5)
    Username:, Password: indianz
    TNT marches Into the West with gritty, spectacular chronicle of pioneer life (The South Florida Sun-Sentinel 6/5)
    TNT's new miniseries about 2 families rides high on details (The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel 6/5)
    A western magnum opus (The Denver Post 6/6)

    Relevant Links:
    Into the West -

    Related Stories:
    'Into the West' series to debut next week on TNT(5/31)

    Copyright © 2000-2005 Indianz.Com

    12 years ago
    Northern Cheyenne Tribe wins injunction on drilling
    Wednesday, June 1, 2005

    The Northern Cheyenne Tribe won a ruling on Tuesday that blocks the Bureau of Land Management from allowing new coalbed methane drilling in the Montana portion of the Powder River Basin.

    The 9th Circuit Court of Appeals said the injunction will remain in place until the full case is heard. The tribe and environmentalists say coalbed methane development will harm the environment and harm the tribe's hunting and gathering rights.

    Arguments will be heard in September, the court said in an order. A copy of the order was not available but here is the pertinent text of the court's entry yesterday:

    Pending disposition of this appeal, or further order of the court: (1) the Bureau of Land Management is enjoined from approving any coal bed methane (CBM) production projects in the Powder River Basin of Montana; and (2) intervenor Fidelity Exploration and Production Company is enjoined from drilling any additional Coal Creek Project wells, and from constructing any infrastructure necessary to produce and transport CBM from Coal Creek Projects's existing wells. Intervenor-Appellees' request that appellants be required to post a supersedeas bond pursuant to Rule 62(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure is granted. This matter is remanded to the district court to determine the appropriate bond. Appellants' request for expedited briefing and argument is granted. The opening briefs in these consolidated cases are due June 24, 2005; the consolidated answering brief is due July 15, 2005; the consolidated intervenor briefs are due July 29, 2005; and the optional reply briefs are due within 14 days after service of the last served intervenor brief. Aligned parties are encouraged to join in a single brief to the greatest extent practicable. See 9th Cir. R. 28-4. These cases shall be placed on the September 12-16, 2005, argument calendar in Seattle.
    Memorial walk designed to stop chemical dependency
    12 years ago

    Silverwolf,   What an incredible way to celebrate Memorial Day! As a grateful recovering alcoholic(7.5 yrs) and addict(19 yrs) I applaud the Elders and all those involved for this idea  I would love to see this organized as an annual event all across Mother Earth.

    In Love and Light,


    12 years ago
    Army Corps holds hearings on return of land to tribe
    Tuesday, May 24, 2005

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is holding three public hearings this week on a proposal to return up to 36,000 acres to the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara Nation of North Dakota.

    The tribe lost more than 150,000 acres when the Fort Berthold Reservation was flooded as part of a Missouri River dam project. The proposal would allow the tribe to recover some land to be used for oil and gas and agricultural development.

    The land is located on the shores of Lake Sakakawea.

    May 24, 2005

    Public meetings held on Lake Sakakawea land

    Public meetings are scheduled this week on a proposed transfer of land from the Corps of Engineers to the Three Affiliated Tribes.

    The first meeting is slated in Bismarck today. Another will be held in Dickinson tomorrow and Williston on Thursday.

    The tribe wants some land along the shores of Lake Sakakawea transferred to the Interior Department, to be held as trust land. The plan could include up to 36-thousand acres already within the Fort Berthold Reservation.

    The tribe says the transfer is allowed under a 1984 law that governs land and mineral rights. The corps says it has determined that the law is appropriate authority for the plan.

    Ladd Erickson is the McLean County state's attorney. He says transferring the land from public to tribal management raises questions about access to the property, and the lake.

    The tribe says it plans to honor existing leases if the transfer goes through.

    Source of story   KXMA Channel 2 CBS Your Eye On Dakota

    12 years ago
    American Indians Protest Tribal Ouster
    May 21, 2005 8:06 PM EDT

    TEMECULA, Calif. - More than 100 American Indians ousted from their casino-owning tribes joined hands Saturday to protest what they called money grabs by tribal leaders through disenrollment.

    It was the first such large-scale organized gathering for people who contend they have been excised from tribal rolls by leaders seeking a larger share of gambling profits.

    As tribal gambling grows into a $17 billion industry, disputes over disenrollment have flared nationwide. More than 1,000 people are fighting their ouster in California alone.

    "There needs to be a healing in Indian country and we're going to start it," said John Gomez Jr., who was removed from the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Indians, which has a casino near this city about 85 miles southeast of Los Angeles.

    Gomez was joined at a public park by former members of 16 tribes from California, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma and New York. They planned another meeting in Nevada and said they are asking Congress to hold hearings on disenrollments. Many noted the growing political power and formidable finances of the tribes that ousted them.

    Bob Foreman, 68, was ousted from the Redding Rancheria tribe in Northern California in January 2004, along with 65 members of his family. He said tribal leaders refused to reinstate him even after he exhumed the bodies of his grandmother and mother to collect DNA evidence.

    "I don't think I could forgive or forget," said Foreman, who had served several terms as tribal chairman and had received about $2,500 a month in casino revenues before he was ousted. "Sovereignty - it's given tribes the power to do anything they want. It's greed."

    Vicky Schenandoah, 43, a former member of the Oneida Nation of New York, led a prayer in which the crowd held hands in a circle, representing the continuity of life. "We could have peace. We will all be happy in our minds," she said in the Oneida language.

    It has been 10 years since she was denied tribal status after protesting what she called the tribe's secret deal to build a casino. Following the protest, she said she was labeled a terrorist and arsonist.

    "This is not about money for me. It's about integrity," Schenandoah said. She filed a federal lawsuit against the Oneida Nation in 1996, but judges have thrown it out, ruling they lacked jurisdiction.

    Former members of the Pechanga Band have had more success in state court in California. A Superior Court judge last year ruled that their lawsuit can proceed and that courts have authority over legal matters that arise from tribal disputes. The case is currently before an appellate court.

    Copyright 2005 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
    12 years ago
    Opinion: Rantings of an angry mixed-blood Indian
    Friday, May 20, 2005

    "This essay may seem like the ranting of an angry Indian. It is. I'm not going to lie to you. Racism happens everyday at the school (Walker-Hackensack-Akeley), by both sides. I'm a mixed breed, so I get double the amount of racism, anybody of "pure" blood gets. Pure blood is a laughable idea. We are all mutts, it is just a matter of degree. That is to say, we are all one race. Yet, that won't help unless people realize it.

    Today, I can say my ancestors stole land from my ancestors, or my ancestors scalped my ancestors. This is because of the heinous events that have happened over the centuries. One should never be able to say that. One should be able to say my ancestors; sure they had a couple of tiffs, but that's the past, and we're all co-existing happily. Yet I fear that would be anathema to history of man and Christianity."

    Get the Story:
    Jeremie Pemberton: The whitest Indian speaks (The Walker Pilot-Independent 5/19)

    Copyright © 2000-2005 Indianz.Com

    12 years ago
    Hearing scheduled on U.S. apology resolution
    Friday, May 20, 2005

    The Senate Indian Affairs Committee will hold a hearing on Wednesday, May 25, on a resolution to apologize to Native peoples for "official depredations and ill-conceived policies" of the United States.

    Sen. Sam Brownback (R-Kansas) introduced S.J.Res.15 last month. He said the apology will not cure all problems facing Indian Country but will start a much-needed healing process.

    "It is time -- it is past time -- for us to heal our land of division, all divisions, and bring us together as one people," he said on the Senate floor on April 20.

    The resolution was considered last year and was cleared by the committee. It never made it to a floor vote, however.

    A similar resolution was introduced in the House on January 4, 2005, by Rep. Jo Ann Davis (R-Virginia).

    Relevant Documents:
    Sen. Sam Brownback Statement | Text of S.J.Res.15 [As introduced] | H.J.Res.3

    Related Stories:
    Brownback reintroduces Native apology resolution (04/21)
    Editorial: Apology a sign of 'modern tribal power' (06/28)
    Bush blamed for delay of apology resolution (6/22)
    Letter: People opposing formal apology in denial (06/18)
    High-profile bills delayed by Senate committee (6/17)
    Indian Affairs Committee activity this week (6/15)
    Editorial: Apology to Native peoples not needed (6/15)
    Tribal foes question need for U.S. apology resolution (6/11)
    Brownback says reservation visit inspired apology (05/25)
    Consideration of U.S. apology resolution delayed (05/20)
    Apology from U.S. requested by Kansas Senator (5/19)

    Copyright © 2000-2005 Indianz.Com

    12 years ago
    Lawmakers to Repeal American Indian Ban
    May 20, 08:39 AM EST
    BOSTON - John "Sam" Sapiel gets an uneasy feeling when he crosses
    Boston city limits, where the full-blooded Penobscot  Indian is technically a
    persona non grata. An archaic law has forbidden American Indians from
    setting foot in the city since 1675, when settlers were at war with area tribes.
    Although the law hasn't been enforced forcenturies, the fact that
    it still exists is a lingeringsource of anger for American Indians.
    "I feel kind of put out on the whole thing, becausewe're being singled out as
    Indian people," saidSapiel, 74, who lives in Falmouth. "I think about it
    quite a bit."
    Now, some 330 years after its passage, the stateLegislature voted Thursday
    to strike down the oldlaw. The bill now goes to Gov. Mitt Romney,
    whose spokesman said the governor intends to sign it.
    After Thursday's vote, Chris "Quiet Bear"Montgomery, a Nipmuc
    Indian who lives in Revere, said knowledge that the law wouldn't be
    there any more was a significant step toward equality.
    Montgomery, 79, testified  at a legislative hearing this week, calling the law
    "a black mark against the state of Massachusetts. Not just Boston, but
    the whole state."
    Indians and activists have been working for about eight years to get rid of
    the law. Before the Democratic National Convention last year, the
    Falmouth-based Muhheconnew National Confederacy, a coalition
    of American Indian tribes, called for its repeal.
    Boston Mayor Thomas Menino filed a petition in the fall to dump it, and
    the city council passed it.But the petition didn't go anywhere on Beacon Hill
    until this week, when a state legislative committee sent it to the full
    The renewed effort came as a national organization of minority
    journalists is considering whether to hold its 2008 convention in Boston.
    Unity: Journalists of Color Inc. has said it might pass over Boston for the
    convention because of the law. Hosting the  convention would mean 8,000
    or so journalists converging on Boston for four days - spending an
    estimated $4.5 million on lodging, dining and souvenirs.
    "It is a deal breaker, because we couldn't in good heart come to a city that
    banned one of our members, or any group," said Unity Executive
    Director Anna M. Lopez.  The group will pick a host city in June.
    State Sen. Dianne Wilkerson, who co-chairs the committee that recommended
    repealing the law, said she acted as soon as he heard about the issue.
    "I think the proponents for the repeal made the case that just having it
    on the books was offensive enough," she said.
    The colonial Legislature, the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony,
    approved the statute when tensions between  colonists and Wampanoag leader Metacom
    broke out in violence in 1675.
    The war only lasted a year, ending when Metacom was killed.
    Although lawmakers repealed a law creating an  internment camp for American Indians a year
    after the war ended, the imprisonment act remained.
    Sapiel said the demise of the law was a relief.
    "This should have happened  a long time ago," he
    said. "I'm glad it's happening now."
    killing of eagles
    12 years ago

    killing of eagles, it will never end. Too much in demand, as long there is Pow Wow's

    12 years ago
    There's the problem. It's a favorite in sushi restaurants, and it's being fished to death. Small fishing towns that have hunted the tuna for 500 years are getting out of the business because there are no fish in their waters. Modern fishing methods, inadequate regulation, politics and the sheer size of the fishing community are nudging this magnificent fish toward extinction. It doesn't seem possible that the great oceans can be completely emptied of such a prized species of fish, but it is.

    John James Audubon, the famous painter of bird life, once described the ivory-billed woodpecker as a piece of art. In 1813, however, he was traveling from his hometown of Henderson, Ind. to Louisville, Ky. on the Ohio River. He reported that he soon saw a huge flock of passenger pigeons headed his way. The flock was enormous. He said it stretched as far as the eye could see to the east and west, to the north and south. They flew close together, and ''... the light of noonday was obscured as by an eclipse.'' Audubon's journey was 55 miles and he arrived at sunset. All that time, the flock flew past, from horizon to horizon at 60 miles an hour in undiminished numbers. Men and boys rushed to the edge of the Ohio River and fired into the flock, killing many.

    Audubon tried to calculate how many pigeons he had seen. He calculated that on that day, during the hours he watched, about 1.115 billion birds crossed the Ohio. In all, the flock crossed for three days. It was but one flock: there were others. Three billion, three hundred forty-five million birds? I couldn't find a solid estimation of how many flocks there were.

    This pigeon was to the Indians of the Northeast forest as the buffalo was to the plains. Each year, the pigeons were harvested, smoked and eaten. Hominy and smoked pigeon stew with brown beans was a staple among the Seneca. One hundred years later, the pigeons were all gone. They had lived with the Indians for 10,000 (or tens of thousands) of years, and were thriving as late as 1813.

    The Seneca National Museum at Allegany has one of the last passenger pigeons. It was a beautiful bird, about the size of a grouse. It was an almost inexhaustible food supply, an answer to hunger at least for part of the year. No one could have predicted it would be hunted to extinction. Ever hear of clay pigeons? They weren't always clay.

    OK, let's do the math. Three billion, three hundred forty-five million over 100 years is 33,450,000 per year divided by 52 is 643,269 birds per week divided by seven is 91,896 birds per day. Divided by 24 hours, that's 3,829 per hour. People killed 3,829 birds 24 hours per day, 365 days a year, for 100 years. If you start with 3.345 billion birds, even disregarding birth and death rates, the big important factor in their demise is the entrance of Industrial Era humans. You can challenge the exact numbers because they are unknown, but you get the point.

    Somebody's going to object, saying the numbers are all wrong; that Indians were guilty of species extinctions too; and that no one really wanted to kill all the pigeons - it just happened. There are similar accounts by historian Francis Parkman of buffalo herds of incomprehensible size that were driven to extinction in a few decades.

    And not only birds, but fish and animals have also faced extinction. At about the time the passenger pigeon disappeared, a fungus arrived from Asia and over four decades destroyed some 4 billion American chestnut trees. American chestnuts, once the dominant tree in the Northeast, have hovered on the edge of extinction ever since.

    We live in an age, and in the shadow of an earlier age, of extinction. The claim that ancient Indians drove the large animals of the Pleistocene Era to extinction through slaughter is often brought up to tell Indians, ''You did it too.'' But that theory requires giant mastodons to be unafraid and completely defenseless against hunters.

    Elephants and humans lived together for very long periods with no elephant extinctions. The megafauna did not survive a period of climate change; and while Indians certainly did eat some, the evidence that Indians were the primary actors in their extinction is without adequate merit, mostly done in an effort to deflect the inescapable conclusion that Industrial Age man is the murderer of species for economic gain and as collateral damage.

    There are many species on the earth which our grandchildren and great-grandchildren will probably never see in the wild and which may fall entirely to extinction: the ivory-billed woodpecker, to be sure; the grizzly bear; and the bluefin tuna. Animals, plants and fish great and small are disappearing - victims of habitat destruction and the biological impact of globalization (which commenced in earnest in 1492), and in the wake of pure human (and corporate) foolishness.

    America, which puts the dollar before all else, is a serious player in this process: but not the only player. Every industrial and developing country in the world has choices to make, and most are based on priorities that have little to do with promoting the health of the natural world. Humans seem confident that we will be standing at the end, victors in the game of extinction. Then what?

    John C. Mohawk, Ph.D., columnist for Indian Country Today, is an associate professor of American Studies and director of Indigenous Studies at the State University of New York at Buffalo.
    12 years ago

    The age of extinctions is upon us

    Posted: May 19, 2005by: John Mohawk / Indian Country TodayNewspaper articles were upbeat and almost optimistic in reporting that a rare bird, the ivory-billed woodpecker, thought extinct and unseen since 1944, had been spotted in Arkansas. There was almost a congratulatory sigh of relief as reporters recounted how the woodpecker was known to be endangered in the 1920s. The problem was that the old-growth forest which was its home was being leveled. Its last refuge was thought to be an area of forest owned by Singer Sewing Machine Co.

    Preserving habitat to keep an endangered bird from extinction does nothing for the bottom line. People pleaded for the bird's life; but Singer sold the trees to a logging company, it was logged, and no one saw the bird again until 2004. It appeared as a kind of ghost out of the past, a victim from the cold case files, forgotten until discovered alive for the moment.

    At about the same time, reports appeared that the bluefin tuna, which once enjoyed spectacular populations, is endangered. It's quite a fish. Some weigh 1,000 pounds and can bring $50,000 apiece in Tokyo.

    Your news
    12 years ago
    Just read the last few posts and thank you for keeping us informed, no matter how sad and unjust the reports. How can this planet still have people on it who forsake one another to the point of extinction? What can be done?
    12 years ago
    Brazil: Loggers threaten Indian tribe

    RIO DE JANEIRO, May 17 (UPI) -- Brazilian loggers are threatening the existence of an indigenous tribe deep in the heart of the Amazon rainforest, Indian rights groups say.

    Survival International, a non-profit protector of tribal people, says loggers have forced one  anonymous indigenous tribe to abandon its villages time and time again.

    Brazil's Indian agency Funai also said the Rio Pardo Indians, who live along the border of Amazonas and Mato Grosso states in western Brazil, were on the verge of extinction, O Globo reported Tuesday.

    The land where the Rio Pardo Indians live was once protected against logging by law, though Brazil's courts overturned it based on testimony from one logging company that the law was threatening the vitality of the logging industry.

    Copyright 2005 by United Press International. All Rights Reserved.


    12 years ago
    California AIM blames greed for mass disenrollments
    Monday, May 16, 2005

    The California American Indian Movement says 1,500 people have been ousted from tribes in the state over greed.

    ''Gaming has brought in the dominant culture's disease of greed,'' Marty Firerider told Indian Country Today.

    Firerider and others are protesting what they say is an increase in tribal disenrollments. But Anthony Miranda, the chairman of the California Nations Indian Gaming Association, said the practice occurred long before gaming came along.

    Miranda's tribe, the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Indians, has removed 130 people from the rolls. Members of an ousted family have organized a meeting and protest on May 21 to call attention to the struggle.

    Native leaders object to logo for 2010 Olympics
    12 years ago

    I definitely agree that the Elders should have been consulted in this matter. It was most disrespectful.

    In Love and Light,


    Lies and Deceit
    12 years ago has investigated charges that the federal government has helped oil and gas companies deceive and cheat impoverished Navajo Indians in New Mexico for dozens of years. When evidence of these activities came to light in 2003, the Bush administration attacked the messengers, including Gambrell, and took extraordinary measures to protect the individuals implicated in the scheme.

    12 years ago
    Native leaders object to logo for 2010 Olympics
    Wednesday, April 27, 2005

    Some Native leaders in Canada are objecting to the use of a traditional Inuit symbol for the 2010 Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver.

    Native leaders in British Columbia say they feel slighted by the choice of a symbol that doesn't represent the culture of their region. Chief Stewart Philip, president of the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs, compared the logo to Pac-Man.

    One Inuit leader also objected. Peter Irniq, a former Nunavut commissioner, said it is wrong to call the symbol an inukshuk, a highly important Inuit marker. He said the symbol resembles an inunguat, which is an imitation of a human.

    Get the Story:
    Olympic emblem not a winner with First Nations(CBC 4/26)
    Olympic inukshuk irks Inuit leader (CBC 4/26)
    B.C. First Nations group frustrated with 2010 logo (The Globe and Mail 4/25)
    Native groups feel slighted over 2010 design (CP 4/25)

    Relevant Links:
    2010 Olympic Winter Games -

    Copyright © 2000-2005 Indianz.Com

    12 years ago
    Judge criticizes FBI for holding back Peltier documents
    Wednesday, April 27, 2005

    A federal judge blasted the FBI on Tuesday for failing to release documents to imprisoned American Indian Movement activist Leonard Peltier.

    U.S. District Judge Donovan Frank said the FBI's delays are "inexcusable" and "will not be tolerated again by this court," the Associated Press reported. But he refused to adjust a timeline that requires the agency to turn over all of the documents by December 1.

    Peltier wants access to 90,000 pages of documents that he says were withheld from him during the trial that resulted in his conviction for the murders of two FBI agents on the Pine Ridge Reservation in June 1975.

    Get the Story:
    Judge denies Peltier request(AP 4/27)

    Relevant Links:
    Free Leonard Peltier -

    Related Stories:
    Noted Peltier foe announces retirement from House (04/19)
    Noted Peltier foe expected to announce retirement (03/16)
    Peltier says sentence for 1975 murders illegal (12/16)
    Judge says misconduct occurred in Peltier case (09/14)
    Peace and Freedom Party picks Peltier over Nader (08/03)
    Peltier supporter finds a little love in Boston (07/29)
    Peltier settles lawsuit with newspaper publisher (06/08)
    Supreme Court rejects Peltier's parole hearing case (04/20)
    FBI office in N.Y. releases Peltier documents (04/06)
    Peltier asks Congress to complete investigation (04/02)
    Peltier locks up Peace and Freedom nomination (03/03)
    Appeals court denies bid for Peltier rehearing (11/05)
    Hundreds turn out to support Peltier's appeal (09/22)
    Peltier lawyers prepare for hearing on parole(9/19)
    Appeals court to hear Peltier parole case(9/16)
    Appeals court denies latest Peltier appeal (12/13)
    Peltier loses reduced sentence appeal(12/12)
    Peltier seeks reduction in prison sentence (10/09)
    FBI says not hiding Peltier information (7/22)
    FBI author of Pine Ridge list promoted (4/12)
    FBI truths subject of probe and Peltier suit (4/4)
    Freeh takes blame for 'serious error' at FBI (5/17)
    Review of FBI 'mistakes', culture sought(5/14)
    Peltier foe announces resignation from FBI (5/2)
    Peltier blasts decision against him (1/30)
    Clinton passes over Peltier clemency (1/22)
    Bush to keep Peltier foe in FBI(1/5)
    Decision near on Peltier(12/22)
    Reno mum on Peltier details(12/8)
    Clinton: I'll decide on Peltier (11/09)
    Text of Clinton's remarks on Peltier (11/09)
    In Television: Peltier subject of documentary( 10/16)
    FBI recalls Oglala shootout (06/26)
    FBI: 'Brutal slaying' at Oglala (06/26)
    Group seeks Peltier clemency (05/17)
    FBI Promises to Prevent Peltier Pardon (04/21)

    Copyright © 2000-2005 Indianz.Com

    Eagle Killings
    12 years ago
    The eagle slayings are spiritually motivated many times - attacks of goodness and light that eagles reflect to good souls. Eagle will prevail.
    learning to fly.
    12 years ago

    Rough first post, but here it goes.

    I really disaprove the killing of the so glorious and powerful bird that is the bald eagle, but there is something else that upsets me a great deal and that is that there is a market for Eagle parts.

    I find outrageous that some people buy feathers instead of respectfully deserving them. Ironically dancers, adorned with these bought feathers, dance for the Earth, the Sky and all that should be thanked and care for –unless now they are dancing for money.

    People have to understand that Pow Wow’s are not meant to be competitions. they are supposed to be gatherings where one can find respect, understanding, knowledge and wisdom.


    Pride is often thought to be in possesions, but pride is a respect worned in the heart of the proud one. It cannot be measured by belongings and possesions, but only by humility of the true heart and self respect. Pride can only be found in respect. It is a sens of honnor.


    Perhaps Pow Wow’s shouldn’t be giving money prizes any more; it only seams to me that this practice is teaching people to want more and more. So instead of learning to give and share, we are learning to take and expect. Wouldn’t it be appropriate for a recipient to receive something that would make honnor to its true selflessness? A powerful Eagle feather caught before it touched the ground could be a respectful and appropriate gift. It would look really good on one’s outfit. It would devalue The poachers supplies because people would understand that a feather from a murdered Eagle worth no more than a dead brother’s scalp.


    A dancer should be thankful when dancing. I don’t think that a dancer should be expecting some riches for dancing. Money for feathers will not buy one’s way to spiritual consciousness and healing. It will bring him no rewards only sorrows to know that he is dancing for all the wrong reasons. 


    I do not believe that a man should be measured by its possesions; he should be respected and honnored for his selflessness. All in acceptance of each others our body is the only thing that is lended to us for this journey.


    In respect for the great bald Eagle, the great spirit and all that lives upon Mother Earth, I believe that we should give more concern into teaching the teachings. Some would say it is drastic, but some others do say that if actions are not to be taken NOW, there soon will be no more Eagle feathers.


    keep the circle strong, hold hands together.


    May you one day, catch an Eagle feather in the wind.
    12 years ago

    Billy Mills

    "Your life is a gift from the Creator.  Your gift back to the Creator is what you do with your life."  -- Billy Mills

    "To our relatives of the Red Lake Chippewa Reservation..." - A message from Billy Mills.

    Olympic Champion, Billy Mills, serves as Running Strong's National Spokesperson, encouraging Native youth with his message based on character, dignity and pride.  He plays an integral role in our youth programs and is an invaluable resource with our work in Indian country.  In Lakota culture, someone who has achieved success would have a 'giveaway' to thank the support system of family and friends who helped him achieve his goal.  Billy's work with Running Strong is his way of giving something back to American Indian people.

    Billy is an Oglala Lakota (Sioux) born and raised on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.  Orphaned at the age of 12, he chose running as a positive focus in his life.  After breaking numerous high school track records, Billy received an athletic scholarship to attend the University of Kansas.  Upon graduation, he was commissioned as an officer in the United States Marine Corps where he trained for the Olympics, making the U.S. Olympic Track and Field Team in the 10,000m. and the marathon.

    Donate Now!

    Team Running

    "Run with Team Running Strong at the Marine Corps MarathonTM!
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    After thousands of miles of training, Billy became the first and only American to win a gold medal in the 10,000m. race in the 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games.  Setting an Olympic record of 28 minutes 24.4 seconds, Billy's accomplishment remains a great source of pride to American Indian people.

    Throughout 2004 Billy was featured on NBC with Tom Brokaw, HBO Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel, Highlight's Magazine for Children and countless articles in newspapers!  These appearances allowed more people than ever to learn about Billy and Running Strong!

    This is Strange
    12 years ago
    It is very strange to run across this thread as we have been having similar cases of bald eagles being killed and mutilated here in Minnesota. I don't know the details, only that it has been happening and is under investigation due to the number of eagles and type of mutilations. Is there some strange ring of criminals out there preying on bald eagles now? It's so crazy!!!
    Dead eagles raising concerns...
    12 years ago

    an article appeared a couple of weeks ago in the Centralia(IL) Sentinel...St Louis (AP)...Conservation officials in Missouri are worried about a rash of eagle killings around the state.   Ten eagles have been found shot to death or dead of apparent poisoning in recent months, and seven of the deaths are being investigated as suspicious, Larry Yamnitz, protection field chief for the Missouri Dept. of Conservation.   The number of eagle deaths is rising each year, said Dan Burleson, a special agent with the U>S> Fish and Wildlife Service. A spokeswoman did not immediately know how many eagles have been intentionally killed nationwide this year.   the rise in killings is partly due to the fact that there are simply more eagles around.   In some cases, eagles are killed for their feathers and talons, even though possessing either is illegal.   In Missouri, eagle killings tend to be opportunistic and random, Yamnitz said. "Sometimes it's just orneriness," he said.  "That's what happened in Reynolds Co.(Mo.)-they hung the carcass on a sign, as a kind of trophy of some sort."   That case occurred Jan. 2.  three days later, a resident of Pulaski Co. found a bald eagle that had been shot and killed near Dixon.  Two eagles were killed in Gasconade Co.(Mo.) in mid-January. Another was shot to death in Jan. on the Mississippi River north of St. Louis   On Feb. 6, another Pulaski Co. resident found a bald eagle shot to death near Hancock.    And at least 4 eagles - a bald eagle and 3 golden eagles - may have died from poisoning in Laclede County. A hunter found the most recent of the dead birds last month. It wasn't clear if the other three were intentionally poisoned.   Other eagles have been found wounded or sick. Five eagles are currently being treated at the World Bird Sanctuary near St. Louis, though some were injured accidently, said director Walter Crawford. One of them, a 1-year-old bald eagle, was struck by at least 24 shotgun pellets, including one that penetrated the bird's skull.    "A lot of us are veterans," Crawford said.  "It kind of makes you mad to see your national symbol killed."

    Have we, human animals, lost our sense of compassion, pride, honor, and respect?

    12 years ago
    what is your band group site called on Yahoo?
    News of Interest to those who follow or are studying the Traditional Red Road
    12 years ago
    Chief Rick Red Cloud who is also a member of this group posted this article on our band group site on yahoo and I copied it and I am also posting it here and in the sister groups.. Thank you Chief Red Cloud for this interesting article..
    Where Eagles Die
    A Poaching Ring Slaughters the Protected Birds in Canada

    Last February, a woman walking her dog in the woods of North Vancouver stumbled upon a grotesque find: the mutilated carcasses of 26 bald eagles. The discovery set in motion a major investigation involving law enforcement and conservation officials in both Canada and the U.S. Now, TIME has learned, authorities have identified suspects in a poaching and smuggling ring that they say annually slaughters more than 500 of the protected animals on British Columbia's southwestern coast alone, with perhaps hundreds more killed each year elsewhere in the province. Officials are expected to make a formal announcement of their progress in the case early next week.

    Killing eagles is illegal in Canada and the U.S. In addition, it's against the law for Americans to possess bald-eagle parts unless they are registered tribal members with special government permits. But with feathers and talons a major feature in traditional aboriginal dance regalia—which is popular on a competitive circuit that offers rich prizes for the best outfits—there's a hot black market for eagle parts in the U.S.

    The magnificent birds, with their eight-foot wingspan, striking white heads and piercing yellow eyes, are recognized worldwide as an American national emblem. But in the mid-1990s they were nearly wiped out in the lower 48 American states by chemical pesticides like DDT. While many U.S. populations have recovered, the majority of the world's 100,000 bald eagles still live in Alaska and B.C., says Canadian biologist Richard Cannings. And while the B.C. eagle population is thriving, large-scale poaching in the province threatens American bird populations, because eagles from throughout the western U.S. migrate to B.C. each winter.

    Smuggling of Canadian eagle parts to the U.S. is not new. An undercover operation cracked a U.S. ring in 1996. In another case, B.C. native Terry Antoine was sentenced in 2001 to two years for smuggling, selling and possessing eagle parts in the U.S. A federal jury in Seattle heard that Antoine, who was linked to the deaths of 173 eagles, had paid other B.C. residents $20 to $50 apiece to shoot the birds, which he then butchered and smuggled the parts across the border. There, he could sell wing feathers for as much as $150 and tail feathers for $250.

    In the current investigation, the public has supplied more than 90 tips to conservation officers in both countries, officials say. So far about 50 dead birds with tail and wing feathers and talons removed have been found dumped in wooded areas near the traditional territory of B.C.'s Squamish and Burrard Indian bands, north of Vancouver. Band officials vehemently reject suggestions that aboriginals are involved in the slaughter. "We all share equally the horror and shock and frustration," Squamish Nation council chair Bill Williams says.

    The poaching involves people of many different ethnicities, says Paul Chang, an agent with the Pacific Region of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. But while he acknowledges that eagles have a historic place in aboriginal societies, Chang adds, "There are native Americans willing to trade in these parts." And with black-market prices for the parts remaining high, the temptation to join the illicit trade will continue.