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Virgen de Guadalupe (Dec 12) December 06, 2005 2:57 PM

Our Lady of Guadalupe


Rose Mesoamerica, the New World, 1521: The capital city of the Aztec empire falls under the Spanish forces. Less than 20 years later, 9 million of the inhabitants of the land, who professed for centuries a polytheistic and human sacrificing religion, are converted to Christianity. What happened in those times that produced such an incredible and historically unprecedented conversion?

In 1531 a "Lady from Heaven" appeared to a poor Indian at Tepeyac, a hill northwest of Mexico City; she identified herself as the Mother of the True God, instructed him to have the bishop build a temple on the site and left an image of herself imprinted miraculously on his tilma, a poor quality cactus-cloth, which should have deteriorated in 20 years but shows no sign of decay 469 years later and still defies all scientific explanations of its origin.
It apparently even reflects in her eyes what was in front of her in 1531!
Her message of love and compassion, and her universal promise of help and protection to all mankind, as well as the story of the apparitions, are described in the "Nican Mopohua", a 16th century document written in the native Nahuatl language.
There is reason to believe that at Tepeyac Mary came in her glorified body, and her actual physical hands rearranged the roses in Juan Diego’s tilma, which makes this apparition very special.
An incredible list of miracles, cures and interventions are attributed to Her. Yearly, an estimated 10 million visit her Basilica, making her Mexico City home the most popular Marian shrine in the world, and the most visited Catholic church in the world next to the Vatican.
Altogether 24 popes have officially honored Our Lady of Guadalupe. His Holiness John Paul II visited her Sanctuary four times: on his first apostolic trip outside Rome as Pope in 1979, and again in 1990, 1999 and 2002.
The Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe is celebrated on December 12th. In 1999, Pope John Paul II, in his homily from the Solemn Mass at the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, during his third visit to the sanctuary, declared the date of December the 12th as a Liturgical Holy Day for the whole continent.
During the same visit Pope John Paul II entrusted the cause of life to her loving protection, and placed under her motherly care the innocent lives of children, especially those who are in danger of not being born.

Our Lady of Guadalupe

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 December 06, 2005 2:59 PM

CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS RELATED TO THE MIRACLE

http://www.sancta.org/table.html

The Apparitions and the Miracle

All written narrations about the apparitions of the Lady of Guadalupe are inspired by the Nican Mopohua, or Huei Tlamahuitzoltica, written in Nahuatl, the Aztec language, by the Indian scholar Antonio Valeriano around the middle of the sixteenth century.
Unfortunately the original of his work has not been found. A copy was first published in Nahuatl by Luis Lasso de la Vega in 1649. Its cover is shown here.

Here follows an English translation:

Ten years after the seizure of the city of Mexico, war came to an end and there was peace amongst the people; in this manner faith started to bud, the understanding of the true God, for whom we live. At that time, in the year fifteen hundred and thirty one, in the early days of the month of December, it happened that there lived a poor Indian, named Juan Diego, said being a native of Cuautitlan. Of all things spiritually he belonged to Tlatilolco.

Nican Mopohua

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FIRST APPARITION December 06, 2005 3:01 PM

On a Saturday just before dawn, he was on his way to pursue divine worship and to engage in his own errands. As he reached the base of the hill known as Tepeyac, came the break of day, and he heard singing atop the hill, resembling singing of varied beautiful birds.
Occasionally the voices of the songsters would cease, and it appeared as if the mount responded. The song, very mellow and delightful, excelled that of the coyoltototl and the tzinizcan and of other pretty singing birds. Juan Diego stopped to look and said to himself: “By fortune, am I worthy of what I hear? Maybe I dream? Am I awakening? Where am I? Perhaps I am now in the terrestrial paradise which our elders had told us about? Perhaps I am now in heaven?” He was looking toward the east, on top of the mound, from whence came the precious celestial chant; and then it suddenly ceased and there was silence. He then heard a voice from above the mount saying to him: “Juanito, Juan Dieguito.” Then he ventured and went to where he was called. He was not frightened in the least; on the contrary, overjoyed.
Then he climbed the hill, to see from were he was being called. When he reached the summit, he saw a Lady, who was standing there and told him to come hither. Approaching her presence, he marveled greatly at her superhuman grandeur; her garments were shining like the sun; the cliff where she rested her feet, pierced with glitter, resembling an anklet of precious stones, and the earth sparkled like the rainbow. The mezquites, nopales, and other different weeds, which grow there, appeared like emeralds, their foliage like turquoise, and their branches and thorns glistened like gold. He bowed before her and herd her word, tender and courteous, like someone who charms and steems you highly.

She said: “Juanito, the most humble of my sons, where are you going?” He replied: “My Lady and Child, I have to reach your church in Mexico, Tlatilolco, to pursue things divine, taught and given to us by our priests, delegates of Our Lord.” She then spoke to him: “Know and understand well, you the most humble of my son, that I am the ever virgin Holy Mary, Mother of the True God for whom we live, of the Creator of all things, Lord of heaven and the earth. I wish that a temple be erected here quickly, so I may therein exhibit and give all my love, compassion, help, and protection, because I am your merciful mother, to you, and to all the inhabitants on this land and all the rest who love me, invoke and confide in me; listen there to their lamentations, and remedy all their miseries, afflictions and sorrows. And to accomplish what my clemency pretends, go to the palace of the bishop of Mexico, and you will say to him that I manifest my great desire, that here on this plain a temple be built to me; you will accurately relate all you have seen and admired, and what you have heard. Be assured that I will be most grateful and will reward you, because I will make you happy and worthy of recompense for the effort and fatigue in what you will obtain of what I have entrusted. Behold, you have heard my mandate, my humble son; go and put forth all your effort.”

At this point he bowed before her and said: “My Lady, I am going to comply with your mandate; now I must part from you, I, your humble servant.” Then he descended to go to comply with the errand, and went by the avenue which runs directly into Mexico City.

SECOND APPARITION

Having entered the city, and without delay, he went straight to the bishop’s palace, who was the recently arrived prelate named Father Juan de Zumarraga, a Franciscan religious. On arrival, he endeavored to see him; he pleaded with the servants to announce him; and after a long wait, he was called and advised that the bishop had ordered his admission. As he entered, he bowed, and on bended knees before him, he then delivered the message from the lady from heaven; he also told him all he had admired, seen, and heard. After having heard his chat and message, it appeared incredible; then he told him: “You will return, my son, and I will hear you at my pleasure. I will review it from the beginning and will give thought to the wishes and desires for which you have come.” He left and he seemed sad, because his message had not been realized in any of its forms.

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 December 06, 2005 3:02 PM

He returned on the same day. He came directly to the top of the hill, met the Lady from heaven, who was awaiting him, in the same spot where he saw her the first time. Seeing her, postrated before her, he said: “Lady, the least of my daughters, my Child, I went where you sent me to comply with your command. With difficulty I entered the prelate’s study. I saw him and exposed your message, just as you instructed me. He received me benevolently and listened attentively, but when he replied, it appeared that he did not believe me. He said: “You will return; I will hear you at my pleasure. I will review from the beginning the wish and desire which you have brought.” I perfectly understood by the manner he replied that he believes it to be an invention of mine that you wish that a temple be built here to you, and that it is not your order; for which I exceedingly beg, Lady and my Child, that you entrust the delivery of your message to someone of importance, well known, respected, and esteemed, so that they may believe in him; because I am a nobody, I am a small rope, a tiny ladder, the tail end, a leaf, and you, my Child, the least of my children, my Lady, you send me to a place where I never visit nor repose. Please excuse the great unpleasantness and let not fretfulness befall, my Lady and my All.”
The Blessed Virgin answered: “Hark, my son the least, you must understand that I have many servants and messengers, to whom I must entrust the delivery of my message, and carry my wish, but it is of precise detail that you yourself solicit and assist and that through your mediation my wish be complied. I earnestly implore, my son the least, and with sternness I command that you again go tomorrow and see the bishop. You go in my name, and make known my wish in its entirety that he has to start the erection of a temple which I ask of him. And again tell him that I, in person, the ever-virgin Holy Mary, Mother of God, sent you.”

Juan Diego replied: “Lady, my Child, let me not cause you affliction. Gladly and willingly I will go to comply your mandate. Under no condition will I fail to do it, for not even the way is distressing. I will go to do your wish, but perhaps I will not be heard with liking, or if I am heard I might not be believed. Tomorrow afternoon, at sunset, I will come to bring you the result of your message with the prelate’s reply. I now take leave, my Child, the least, my Child and Lady. Rest in the meantime.” He then left to rest in his home.

THIRD APPARITION

The next day, Sunday, before dawn, he left home on his way to Tlatilolco, to be instructed in things divine, and to be present for roll call, following which he had to see the prelate. Nearly at ten, and swiftly, after hearing Mass and being counted and the crowd had dispersed, he went. On the hour Juan Diego left for the palace of the bishop. Hardly had he arrived, he eagerly tried to see him. Again with much difficulty he was able to see him. He kneeled before his feet. He saddened and cried as he expounded the mandate of the Lady from heaven, which God grant he would believe his message, and the wish of the Immaculate, to erect her temple where she willed it to be. The bishop, to assure himself, asked many things, where he had seen her and how she looked; and he described everything perfectly to the bishop. Notwithstanding his precise explanation of her figure and all that he had seen and admired, which in itself reflected her as being the ever-virgin Holy Mother of the Saviour, Our Lord Jesus Christ, nevertheless, he did not give credence and said that not only for his request he had to do what he had asked; that, in addition, a sign was very necessary, so that he could be believed that he was sent by the true Lady from heaven. Therefore, he was heard, said Juan Diego to the bishop: “My lord, hark! what must be the sign that you ask? For I will go to ask the Lady from heaven who sent me here.” The bishop, seeing that he ratified everything without doubt and was not retracting anything, dismissed him. Immediately he ordered some persons of his household, in whom he could trust, to go and watch where he went and whom he saw and to whom he spoke. So it was done. Juan Diego went straight to the avenue. Those that followed him, as they crossed the ravine, near the bridge to Tepeyacac, lost sight of him. They searched everywhere, but he could not be seen. Thus they returned, not only because they were disgusted, but also because they were hindered in their intent, causing them anger. And that is what they informed the bishop, influencing him not to believe Juan Diego; they told him that he was being deceived; that Juan Diego was only forging what he was saying, or that he was simply dreaming what he said and asked. They finally schemed that if he ever returned, they would hold and punish him harshly, so that he would never lie or deceive again.

In the meantime, Juan Diego was with the Blessed Virgin, relating the answer he was bringing from his lordship, the bishop. The lady, having heard, told him: “Well and good, my little dear, you will return here tomorrow, so you may take to the bishop the sign he has requested. With this he will believe you, and in this regard he will not doubt you nor will he be suspicious of you; and know, my little dear, that I will reward your solicitude and effort and fatigue spent of my behalf. Lo! go now. I will await you here tomorrow.”

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FOURTH APPARITION December 06, 2005 3:04 PM

On the following day, Monday, when Juan Diego was to carry a sign so he could be believed, he failed to return, because, when he reached his home, his uncle, named Juan Bernardino, had become sick, and was gravely ill. First he summoned a doctor who aided him; but it was too late, he was gravely ill. By nightfall, his uncle requested that by break of day he go to Tlatilolco and summon a priest, to prepare him and hear his confession, because he was certain it was time for him to die, and that he would not arise or get well.

On Tuesday, before dawn, Juan Diego came from his home to Tlatilolco to summon a priest; and as he approached the road which joins the slope to Tepeyacac hilltop, toward the west, where he was accustomed to cross, said: “If I proceed forward, the Lady is bound to see me, and I may be detained, so I may take the sign to the prelate, as prearranged; that our first affliction must let us go hurriedly to call a priest, as my poor uncle certainly awaits him.” Then he rounded the hill, going around, so he could not be seen by her who sees well everywhere. He saw her descend from the top of the hill and was looking toward where they previously met. She approached him at the side of the hill and said to him: “What’s there, my son the least? Where are you going?” Was he grieved, or ashamed, or scared? He bowed before her. He saluted, saying: “My Child, the most tender of my daughters, Lady, God grant you are content. How are you this morning? Is your health good, Lady and my Child? I am going to cause you grief. Know, my Child, that a servant of yours is very sick, my uncle. He has contracted the plague, and is near death. I am hurrying to your house in Mexico to call one of your priests, beloved by our Lord, to hear his confession and absolve him, because, since we were born, we came to guard the work of our death. But if I go, I shall return here soon, so I may go to deliver your message. Lady and my Child, forgive me, be patient with me for the time being. I will not deceive you, the least of my daughters. Tomorrow I will come in all haste.”
After hearing Juan Diego’s chat, the Most Holy Virgin answered: “Hear me and understand well, my son the least, that nothing should frighten or grieve you. Let not your heart be disturbed. Do not fear that sickness, nor any other sickness or anguish. Am I not here, who is your Mother? Are you not under my protection? Am I not your health? Are you not happily within my fold? What else do you wish? Do not grieve nor be disturbed by anything. Do not be afflicted by the illness of your uncle, who will not die now of it. be assured that he is now cured.” (And then his uncle was cured, as it was later learned.)

When Juan Diego heard these words from the Lady from heaven, he was greatly consoled. He was happy. He begged to be excused to be off to see the bishop, to take him the sign or proof, so that he might be believed. The Lady from heaven ordered to climb to the top of the hill, where they previously met. She told him: “Climb, my son the least, to the top of the hill; there where you saw me and I gave you orders, you will find different flowers. Cut them, gather them, assemble them, then come and bring them before my presence.” Immediately Juan Diego climbed the hill, and as he reached the summit, he was amazed that so many varieties of exquisite rosas de Castilla were blooming, long before the time when they are to bud, because, being out of season, they would freeze. They were very fragant and covered with dewdrops of the night, which resembled precious pearls. Immediately he started cutting them. He gathered them all and placed them in his tilma. The hilltop was no place for any kind of flowers to grow, because it had many crags, thistles, thorns, nopales and mezquites. Occasionally weeds would grow, but it was then the month of December, in which all vegetation is destroyed by freezing. He immediately went down the hill and brought the different roses which he had cut to the Lady from heaven, who, as she saw them, took them with her hand and again placed them back in the tilma, saying: “My son the least, this diversity of roses is the proof and the sign which you will take to the bishop. You will tell him in my name that he will see in them my wish and that he will have to comply to it. You are my ambassador, most worthy of all confidence. Rigorously I command you that only before the presence of the bishop will you unfold your mantle and disclose what you are carrying. You will relate all and well; you will tell that I ordered you to climb to the hilltop, to go and cut flowers; and all that you saw and admired, so you can induce the prelate to give his support, with the aim that a temple be built and erected as I have asked.”

After the Lady from heaven had given her advice, he was on his way by the avenue that goes directly to Mexico; being happy and assured of success, carrying with great care what he bore in his tilma, being careful; that nothing would slip from his hands, and enjoying the fragrance of the variety of the beautiful flowers.

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THE MIRACLE OF THE IMAGE December 06, 2005 3:06 PM

When he reached the bishop’s palace, there came to meet him the majordomo and other servants of the prelate. He begged them to tell the bishop that he wished to see him, but none were willing, pretending not to hear him, probably because it was too early, or because they already knew him as being of the molesting type, because he was pestering them; and, moreover, they had been advised by their co-workers that they had lost sight of him, when they had followed him.
He waited a long time. When they saw that he had been there a long time, standing, crestfallen, doing nothing, waiting to be called, and appearing like he had something which he carried in his tilma, they came near him, to see what he had and to satisfy themselves. Juan Diego, seeing that he could not hide what he had, and on account of that he would be molested, pushed or mauled, uncovered his tilma a little, and there were the flowers; and upon seeing that they were all different rosas de Castilla, and out of season, they were thoroughly amazed, also because they were so fresh and in full bloom, so fragrant and so beautiful. They tried to seize and pull some out, but they were not successful the three times they dared to take them. They were not lucky because when then tried to get them, they were unable to see real flowers. Instead, they appeared painted or stamped or sewn on the cloth. Then they went to tell the bishop what they had seen and that the Indian who had come so many times wished to see him, and that he had reason enough so long anxiously eager to see him.

Upon hearing, the bishop realized that what he carried was the proof, to confirm and comply with what the Indian requested. Immediately he ordered his admission. As he entered, Juan Diego knelt before him, as he was accustomed to do, and again related what he had seen and admired, also the message. He said: “Sir, I did what you ordered, to go forth and tell my Ama, the Lady from heaven, Holy Mary, precious Mother of God, that you asked for a sign so that you might believe me that you should build a temple where she asked it to be erected; also, I told her that I had given you my word that I would bring some sign and proof, which you requested, of her wish. She condescended to your request and graciously granted your request, some sign and proof to complement her wish. Early today she again sent me to see you; I asked for the sign so you might believe me, as she had said that she would give it, and she complied. She sent me to the top of the hill, where I was accustomed to see her, and to cut a variety of rosas de Castilla. After I had cut them, I brought them, she took them with her hand and placed them in my cloth, so that I bring them to you and deliver them to you in person. Even though I knew that the hilltop was no place where flowers would grow, because there are many crags, thistles, thorns, nopales and mezquites, I still had my doubts. As I approached the top of the hill, I saw that I was in paradise, where there was a great variety of exquisite rosas de Castilla, in brilliant dew, which I immediately cut. She had told me that I should bring them to you, and so I do it, so that you may see in them the sign which you asked of me and comply with her wish; also, to make clear the veracity of my word and my message. Behold. Receive them.”
He unfolded his white cloth, where he had the flowers; and when they scattered on the floor, all the different varieties of rosas de Castilla, suddenly there appeared the drawing of the precious Image of the ever-virgin Holy Mary, Mother of God, in the manner as she is today kept in the temple at Tepeyacac, which is named Guadalupe.

When the bishop saw the image, he and all who were present fell to their knees. She was greatly admired. They arose to see her; they shuddered and, with sorrow, they demonstrated that they contemplated her with their hearts and minds. The bishop, with sorrowful tears, prayed and begged forgiveness for not having attended her wish and request. When he rose to his feet, he untied from Juan Diego’s neck the cloth on which appeared the Image of the Lady from heaven. Then he took it to be placed in his chapel. Juan Diego remained one more day in the bishop’s house, at his request.

The following day he told him: Well! show us where the Lady from heaven wished her temple be erected.” Immediately, he invited all those present to go.

APPARITION TO JUAN BERNARDINO

As Juan Diego pointed out the spot where the lady from heaven wanted her temple built, he begged to be excused. He wished to go home to see his uncle Juan Bernardino, who was gravely ill when he left him to go to Tlatilolco to summon a priest, to hear his confession and absolve him. The Lady from heaven had told him that he had been cured. But they did not let him go alone, and accompanied him to his home.

As they arrived, they saw that his uncle was very happy and nothing ailed him. He was greatly amazed to see his nephew so accompanied and honored, asking the reason of such honors conferred upon him. His nephew answered that when he went to summon a priest to hear his confession and to absolve him, the Lady from heaven appeared to him at Tepeyacac, telling him not to be afflicted, that his uncle was well, for which he was greatly consoled, and she sent him to Mexico, to see the bishop, to build her a house in Tepeyacac.

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 December 06, 2005 3:07 PM

Then the uncle manifested that it was true that on that occasion he became well and that he had seen her in the same manner as she had appeared to his nephew, knowing through her that she had sent him to Mexico to see the bishop. Also, the Lady told him that when he would go to see the bishop, to reveal to him what he had seen and to explain the miraculous manner in which she had cured him, and that she would properly be named, and known as the blessed Image, the ever-virgin Holy Mary of Guadalupe.
Juan Bernardino was brought before the presence of the bishop to inform and testify before him. Both he and his nephew were the guests of the bishop in his home for some days, until the temple dedicated to the Queen of Tepeyacac was erected where Juan Diego had seen her.

The bishop transferred the sacred Image of the lovely lady from heaven to the main church, taking her from his private chapel where it was, so that the people would see and admire her blessed Image. The entire city was aroused; they came to see and admire the devout Image, and to pray. They marveled at the fact that she appeared as did her divine miracle, because no living person of this world had painted her precious Image.

Why the name "of Guadalupe"?

Our Lady against the serpent Rose "Then the uncle manifested that it was true that on that occasion he became well and that he had seen her in the same manner as she had appeared to his nephew, knowing through her that she had sent him to Mexico to see the bishop. Also, the Lady told him that when he would go to see the bishop, to reveal to him what he had seen and to explain the miraculous manner in which she had cured him, and that she would properly be named, and known as the blessed Image, the ever-virgin Holy Mary of Guadalupe."(Nican Mopohua)

Why should the Virgin Mary appearing to an Indian in recently conquered Mexico and speaking to him in Nahuatl call herself “of Guadalupe”, a Spanish name?
Did she want to be called de Guadalupe because of the statue of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Estremadura, Spain?
In all apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary she identified herself as the Virgin Mary and phrases like Mother of God or another of her titles, and was later usually known by the name of the place or region where she appeared (Lourdes, Fatima).
So why should Mary, when appearing to an Indian in recently invaded Mexico and speaking in the local language, want to be named with the Spanish name of Guadalupe?

Was she talking about the miraculous statue of Our Lady of Guadalupe, that was given by Pope Gregory the Great to the Bishop of Seville, was lost for 600 years and was found in 1326 by a cowherd named Gil Cordero guided by an apparition of Our Lady? The statue was named Guadalupe for the village located near the place of discovery.
The origin of the name Guadalupe has always been a matter of controversy. It is nevertheless believed that the name came about because of the translation from Nahuatl to Spanish of the words used by the Virgin during the apparition to Juan Bernardino, the ailing uncle of Juan Diego.
It is believed that Our Lady used the Aztec Nahuatl word of coatlaxopeuh which is pronounced "quatlasupe" and sounds remarkably like the Spanish word Guadalupe. Coa meaning serpent, tla being the noun ending which can be interpreted as "the", while xopeuh means to crush or stamp out. So Our Lady must have called herself the one "who crushes the serpent

We must remember that the Aztecs offered annually at least 20,000 men, women and children in human sacrifice to their gods. In 1487, just in a single 4 days long ceremony for the dedication of a new temple in Tenochtitlan, some 80,000 captives were killed in human sacrifice.
Certainly, in this case She crushed the serpent, and few years later millions of the natives were converted to Christianity.

Quetzalcoatl

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Saint Juan Diego December 06, 2005 3:09 PM

A Model of Humility

Painting of Juan Diego opening the tilma Rose In April of 1990 Juan Diego was declared Blessed by Pope John Paul II at the Vatican. The following month, in the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico City, during his second visit to the shrine, John Paul II performed the beatification ceremony.
On July 2002 he was canonized by the Church, during a ceremony celebrated by John Paul II, again in the Basilica of Guadalupe.
Who was this Juan Diego?
Most historians agree that Juan Diego was born in 1474 in the calpulli or ward of Tlayacac in Cuauhtitlan, which was established in 1168 by Nahua tribesmen and conquered by the Aztec lord Axayacatl in 1467; and was located 20 kilometers (14 miles) north of Tenochtitlan (Mexico City).
His native name was Cuauhtlatoatzin, which could be translated as “One who talks like an eagle” or “eagle that talks”.
The Nican Mopohua describes him as a 'macehualli' or “poor Indian”, one who did not belong to any of the social categories of the Empire, as priests, warriors, merchants,...but not a slave; a member of the lowest and largest class in the Aztec Empire. When talking to Our Lady he calls himself “a nobody”, and refers to it as the source of his lack of credibility before the Bishop.

He devoted himself to hard work in the fields and manufacturing mats. He owned a piece of land and a small house on it. He was happily married but had no children.
Between 1524 and 1525 he was converted and baptized, as well as his wife, receiving the Christian name of Juan Diego and her wife the name of Maria Lucia. He was probably baptized by the famous and loved Franciscan missionary Fray Toribio de Benavente, called “Motolinia”, or “the poor one”, by the Indians for his extreme kindness and piety.
According to the first formal investigation by the Church about the events, the Informaciones Guadalupanas of 1666, Juan Diego seems to have been a very devoted, religious man, even before his conversion. He was a solitary, mystical character, prone to spells of silence and frequent penance and used to walk from his village to Tenochtitlan, 14 miles away, to receive instruction on the doctrine.
His wife Maria Lucia became sick and died in 1529. Juan Diego then moves to live with his uncle Juan Bernardino in Tolpetlac, which was closer (9 miles) to the church in Tlatelolco -Tenochtitlan.

He walked every Saturday and Sunday many miles to church, departing early morning, before dawn, to be on time for Mass and religious instruction classes. He walked on naked feet, as all the people of his class, the macehualli. Only the higher social classes of the Aztecs wore cactlis, or sandals, made with vegetal fibers or leather. He used to wear in those chilly mornings a coarse-woven cactus cloth as a mantle, a tilma or ayate made with fibers from the maguey cactus. Cotton was only used by the upper Aztec classes.
During one of this walks to Tenochtitlan, which used to take about three and a half hours between villages and mountains, the First apparition occurred (See The apparitions page), in a place that is now known as the “Capilla del Cerrito”, where the Blessed Virgin Mary talked to him in his language, Nahuatl. She called him “Juanito, Juan Dieguito “, “the most humble of my sons”, “my son the least”, “my little dear”.
He was 57 years old, certainly an old age in a time and place where the male life expectancy was barely above 40.
After the miracle of Guadalupe, Juan Diego moved to a room attached to the chapel that housed the sacred image, after having given his business and property to his uncle; and he spent the rest of his life propagating the account of the apparitions to his countrymen.

A macehualliA macehualli  [ send green star]
 
 December 06, 2005 3:11 PM

He died on May 30, 1548, at the age of 74.
Juan Diego deeply loved the Holy Eucharist, and by special permission of the Bishop he received Holy Communion three times a week, a highly unusual occurrence in those times.
Pope John Paul II praised Juan Diego for his simple faith nourished by catechesis and pictured him (who said to the Blessed Virgin Mary: “I am a nobody, I am a small rope, a tiny ladder, the tail end, a leaf”) as a model of humility for all of us.

The Mystery in Our Lady's eyes

Our Lady of Guadalupe Image. Enlarged photograph of the right eye showing a
"Bearded man" image in the right eye.Rose According to many scientists who have inspected the image we can see reflected in her eyes, in both of them and in the precise location as reflected by a live human eye, many figures that have been extensively analyzed and seem to correspond to the shape and size of human figures located in front of the image.

In 1929, Alfonso Marcue, who was the official photographer of the old Basilica of Guadalupe in Mexico City, found what seemed to be a clear image of a bearded man reflected in the right eye of the Virgin. Initially he did not believe what was before his eyes. How could it be? A bearded man inside of the eyes of the Virgin?. After many inspections of many of his black and white photographs he had no doubts and decided to inform the authorities of the Basilica. He was told that time to keep complete silence about the discovery, which he did.
More than 20 years later, on May 29, 1951, Jose Carlos Salinas Chavez, examining a good photograph of the face, rediscovers the image of what clearly appears to be a bearded man reflected in the right eye of the Virgin, and locates it on the left eye too.

Since then, many people had the opportunity to inspect closely the eyes of the Virgin on the tilma, including more than 20 physicians, ophthalmologists.
The first one, on March 27, 1956, was Dr. Javier Torroella Bueno, MDS, a prestigious ophthalmologist. In what is the first report on the eyes of the image issued by a physician, he certifies the presence of the triple reflection (Samson-Purkinje effect) characteristic of all live human eyes and states that the resulting images are located exactly where they are supossed to be according to such effect, and also that the distortion of the images agree with the curvature of the cornea.
The same year another ophthalmologist, Dr. Rafael Torrija Lavoignet, examined the eyes of the image with an ophthalmoscope in great detail. He observed the apparent human figure in the corneas of both eyes, with the location and distortion of a normal human eye and specially noted a unique appearance of the eyes: they look strangely "alive" when examined.
Many other examinations by ophthalmologists have been done of the eyes of the image on the tilma after these first ones. With more or less details all agree with the conclusions of the ones mentioned above.

Our Lady of Guadalupe Image. Detail of the right eye showing a
"Bearded man".

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 December 06, 2005 3:13 PM

Images found in the right eye of the Virgin on the tilma through digital analysis
According to Dr. Tonsmann, from left to right we can see "the Indian", "bishop Zumarraga", the "translator", "Juan Diego showing the tilma" and below "the family".

But a new and fascinating kind of analysis of the eyes started in 1979, when Dr. Jose Aste Tonsmann, Ph D, graduated from Cornell University, while working in IBM scanned at very high resolutions a very good photograph, taken from the original, of the face on the tilma. After filtering and processing the digitized images of the eyes to eliminate "noise" and enhance them, he made some astonishing discoveries: not only the "human bust" was clearly present in both eyes, but another human figures were seen as reflected in the eyes too!
Dr. Aste Tonsmann published his last studies on the eyes on the tilma in the book "El Secreto de sus Ojos", with complete details and photographs of his work . Perhaps one of the most fascinating aspects of the studies is his conclusion that Our Lady of Guadalupe not only left us her miraculous image as proof of her apparition but some important messages too. These messages were hidden in the eyes on the image until our times, when new technologies would allow them to be discovered, when they are most necessary.

The family That would be the case with the image of a family in the center of the Virgin's eye, in times when families are under serious attack in our modern world. The image of various human figures that seem to constitute a family, including various children and a baby carried in the woman's back as used in the 16th century, appears in the center of the pupil, as shown in this great image of the right eye highlighting the family, generously provided by Dr. Tonsmann

Protectress of the Unborn

We read in the Book of Leviticus how the Lord tells Moses about the serious crime of offering children to Molech, referring to the Canaanite custom of sacrificing children to the god Molech. The little victims were first slain and then cremated. (Leviticus 20,1-5 and 18,21).

In the Americas, five centuries ago, cruel human sacrificing rituals were performed in the Aztec empire. Between 20,000 and 50,000 were sacrificed a year. The rituals included cannibalism of the victims limbs. Most of them were captives or slaves, and besides men they included women and children. The early Mexican historian Ixtlilxochitl estimated that one out of every five children in Mexico were sacrificed.
The climax of these ritual killings came in 1487 for the dedication of the new and richly decorated with serpents temple of Huitzilopochtli, in Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City), when in a single ceremony that lasted four days and four nights, with the constant beating of giant drums made of snakeskin, the Aztec ruler and demon worshiper Tlacaellel presided the sacrifice of more than 80,000 men.

Our Lady of Guadalupe crushed this serpent in 1531.

Our Lady against the serpent

 [ send green star]
 
 December 06, 2005 3:14 PM

Today, the ancient Serpent is certainly achieving big hits in its attack upon human life. Millions of unborn children are killed every year around the globe, in procedures that in some countries are not only legal but also officially supported and financed. In many cases the procedures follow the same rules as the sacrifices to the ancient god Molech: the slain and then cremation of the little children.
The Woman clothed with the sun, in the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Protectress of the Unborn, will crush this serpent again.

A Prayer for Abortion Victims

Prayer for all victims of abortion. May those involved in abortions be reconciled to God and may the innocent dead be saved.

Holy Mother of God and of the Church, our Lady of Guadalupe, you were chosen by the Father for the Son through the Holy Spirit.

You are the Woman clothed with the sun who labors to give birth to Christ while Satan, the Red Dragon, waits to voraciously devour your child.

So too did Herod seek to destroy your Son, Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, and massacred many innocent children in the process.
So today does abortion killing many innocent unborn children and exploiting many mothers in its attack upon human life and upon the Church, the Body of Christ.

Mother of the Innocents, we praise God in you for His gifts to you of your Immaculate Conception, your freedom from actual sin; your fullness of grace, your Motherhood of God and the Church, your Perpetual Virginity and your Assumption in body and soul into heaven.

O Help of Christians, we beg you to protect all mothers of the unborn and the children within their wombs. We plead with you for your help to end the holocaust of abortion. Melt hearts so that life may be revered!

Holy Mother, we pray to your Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart for all mothers and all unborn children that they may have life here on earth and by the most Precious Blood shed by your Son that they may have eternal life with Him in heaven. We also pray to your Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart for all abortionists and all abortion supporters that they may be converted and accept your Son, Jesus Christ, as their Lord and Savior. Defend all of your children in the battle against Satan and all of the evil spirits in this present darkness.

We desire that the innocent unborn children who die without Baptism should be baptized and saved. We ask that you obtain this grace for them and repentance, reconciliation and pardon from God for their parents and their killers.

Let there be revealed, once more, in the history of the world the infinite power of merciful love. May it put an end to evil. May it transform consciences. May your Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart reveal for all the light of hope. May Christ the King reign over us, our families, cities, states, nations and the whole of humanity.

O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary, hear our pleas and accept this cry from our hearts!

Our Lady of Guadalupe, Protectress of the Unborn, Pray for us!

Mother

 [ send green star]
 
 December 06, 2005 3:17 PM

Mother -  Pray a Rosary for the end of abortions.
-  Post a prayer to Our Lady of Guadalupe.

Prayer of John Paul II for Life

O Mary,
bright dawn of the new world,
Mother of the living,
to you do we entrust the cause of life:
Look down, O Mother,
upon the vast numbers
of babies to be born,
of the poor whose lives are made difficult,
of men and women
who are victims of brutal violence,
of the elderly and the sick killed
by indifference or out of misguided mercy.
Grant that all who believe in your Son
may proclaim the Gospel of life
with honesty and love
to the people of our time.
Obtain for them the grace
to accept that Gospel
as a gift ever new,
the joy of celebrating it with gratitude
throughout their lives
and the courage to bear witness to it
resolutely, in order to build,
together with all people of good will,
the civilization of truth and love,
to the praise and glory of God,
the Creator and lover of life.

John Paul II

 
Pope John Paul II
Encyclical Letter "The Gospel of Life"
Given in Rome, on March 25, the Solemnity of the Annunciation of the Lord, in the year 1995.

Prayer to St. Michael Archangel

Saint Michael the Archangel,
Defend us in battle.
Be our protection against the wickedness
and snares of the devil;
May God rebuke him, we humbly pray;
And do thou, O Prince of the heavenly host,
By the power of God, thrust into hell
Satan and all evil spirits
who wander through the world
for the ruin of souls.

Amen.

St. Michael

The Basilica of Guadalupe

Basilica of Guadalupe

The present church was constructed on the site of an earlier 16th-century church that was finished in 1709, the Old Basilica. When this basilica became dangerous due to the sinking of its foundations, a modern structure called the New Basilica was built nearby; the original image of the Virgin of Guadalupe is now housed in this New Basilica.

Built between 1974 and 1976, the new Basilica was designed by architect Pedro Ramirez Vasquez. It has a circular floorplan so that the image of the Virgin can be seen from any point within the building. An empty crucifix symbolizes Christ's resurrection. The choir is located between the altar and the churchgoers to indicate that it, too, is part of the group of the faithful. To the sides are the chapels of Santisimo and of Saint Joseph. Its seven front doors are an allusion to the seven gates of Celestial Jerusalem referred to by Christ.

Location:
The Basilica is located in Mexico City, in the northern neighborhood of Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo (or simply "la Villa"):

Mexico CityHow to get there: (Once in Mexico City)

  • From Historic Centre take metro Line 3 at Hidalgo and transfer with Line 6 at Deportivo 18 de Marzo to the next station La Villa Basílica. Then walk north two busy blocks until reaching the Square.
  • From Zona Rosa take a Pesero or Bus in Reforma Avenue up to terminal near Basílica.
  • Or take a taxi from your hotel.

    Solemn MassJohn Paul II celebrating Solemn Mass at the Basilica in 1999.

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     December 06, 2005 3:22 PM

    O R A  P R O  N O B I Shttp://www.sancta.org/opro1.htmlLight a candle and place your prayer or special petition to Our Lady: http://www.sancta.org/cgi/opro/post_opro.htmlSay Thanks to our ladyhttp://www.sancta.org/agrad1.htmlOnline Greeting Cards Send an Our Lady of Guadalupe card to your friends and family.
    http://www.sancta.org/cards/Picture Gallery http://www.sancta.org/gallery/ Play the "Ave Maria"
    Play WindowsMedia     Play RealPlayer
    John Paul II’s Prayer to Our Lady of Guadalupe O Immaculate Virgin, Mother of the true God and Mother of the Church!, who from this place reveal your clemency and your pity to all those who ask for your protection, hear the prayer that we address to you with filial trust, and present it to your Son Jesus, our sole Redeemer.
    Mother of Mercy, Teacher of hidden and silent sacrifice, to you, who come to meet us sinners, we dedicate on this day all our being and all our love. We also dedicate to you our life, our work, our joys, our infirmities and our sorrows. Grant peace, justice and prosperity to our peoples; for we entrust to your care all that we have and all that we are, our Lady and Mother. We wish to be entirely yours and to walk with you along the way of complete faithfulness to Jesus Christ in His Church; hold us always with your loving hand.

    Virgin of Guadalupe, Mother of the Americas, we pray to you for all the Bishops, that they may lead the faithful along paths of intense Christian life, of love and humble service of God and souls. Contemplate this immense harvest, and intercede with the Lord that He may instill a hunger for holiness in the whole people of God, and grant abundant vocations of priests and religious, strong in the faith and zealous dispensers of God’s mysteries.
    Grant to our homes the grace of loving and respecting life in its beginnings, with the same love with which you conceived in your womb the life of the Son of God. Blessed Virgin Mary, protect our families, so that they may always be united, and bless the upbringing of our children.
    Our hope, look upon us with compassion, teach us to go continually to Jesus and, if we fall, help us to rise again, to return to Him, by means of the confession of our faults and sins in the Sacrament of Penance, which gives peace to the soul.
    We beg you to grant us a great love for all the holy Sacraments, which are, as it were, the signs that your Son left us on earth.

     [ send green star]

     
     December 06, 2005 3:25 PM

    Thus, Most Holy Mother, with the peace of God in our conscience, with our hearts free from evil and hatred, we will be able to bring to all true joy and true peace, which come to us from your son, our Lord Jesus Christ, who with God the Father and the Holy Spirit, lives and reigns for ever and ever.
    Amen.

    His Holiness John Paul II
    Mexico, January 1979. Visiting Her Basilica during his first foreign trip as Pope.

    Novena in Honor of Our Lady of Guadalupe

    First Day


    Rose Dearest Lady of Guadalupe, fruitful Mother of holiness, teach me your ways of gentleness and strength. Hear my humble prayer offered with heartfelt confidence to beg this favor......
    Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory.

    Second Day


    RoseO Mary, conceived without sin, I come to your throne of grace to share the fervent devotion of your faithful Mexican children who call to you under the glorious Aztec title of Guadalupe. Obtain for me a lively faith to do your Son’s holy will always: May His will be done on earth as it is in heaven.
    Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory.

    Third Day

    RoseO Mary, whose Immaculate Heart was pierced by seven swords of grief, help me to walk valiantly amid the sharp thorns strewn across my pathway. Obtain for me the strength to be a true imitator of you. This I ask you, my dear Mother.
    Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory.

    Fourth Day

    RoseDearest Mother of Guadalupe, I beg you for a fortified will to imitate your divine Son’s charity, to always seek the good of others in need. Grant me this, I humbly ask of you.
    Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory.

    Fifth Day

    RoseO most holy Mother, I beg you to obtain for me pardon of all my sins, abundant graces to serve your Son more faithfully from now on, and lastly, the grace to praise Him with you forever in heaven.
    Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory.

    Sixth Day

    RoseMary, Mother of vocations, multiply priestly vocations and fill the earth with religious houses which will be light and warmth for the world, safety in stormy nights. Beg your Son to send us many priests and religious. This we ask of you, O Mother.
    Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory.

    Seventh Day

    RoseO Lady of Guadalupe, we beg you that parents live a holy life and educate their children in a Christian manner; that children obey and follow the directions of their parents; that all members of the family pray and worship together. This we ask of you, O Mother.
    Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory.

    Eighth Day

    RoseWith my heart full of the most sincere veneration, I prostrate myself before you, O Mother, to ask you to obtain for me the grace to fulfill the duties of my state in life with faithfulness and constancy.
    Our father, Hail Mary, Glory.

    Ninth Day

    RoseO God, You have been pleased to bestow upon us unceasing favors by having placed us under the special protection of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary. Grant us, your humble servants, who rejoice in honoring her today upon earth, the happiness of seeing her face to face in heaven.
    Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory.

     [ send green star]
     
    Prayer for husbands and wives December 06, 2005 3:27 PM

    Our Mother

    Lord, inspire those men and women
    who bear the titles "Husband" and "Wife".
    Help them to look to You
    to themselves
    to one another
    to rediscover the fullness and mystery
    they once felt in their union.
    Let them be honest enough to ask:
    "Where have we been together
    and where are we going?
    Let them be brave enough to question:
    "How have we failed?"
    Let each be foolhardy enough to say:
    "For me, we come first".
    Help them, together
    to reexamine their commitment
    in the light of Your love,
    willingly, openly, compassionately.

    One Hail Mary...

    Hail, O Virgin of Guadalupe. We place under your powerful patronage the purity and integrity of the Holy Faith in Mexico and in all the American Continent, for we are certain that while you are recognized as Queen and Mother, America and Mexico and our Matrimony will be saved...

    Amen

    Memorare

    RoseRemember, O most gracious Virgin Mary of Guadalupe, that in thy celestial apparitions on the mount of Tepeyac, thou didst promise to show thy compassion and pity towards all who, loving and trusting thee, seek thy help and call upon thee in their necessities and afflictions.
    Thou didst promise to hearken to our supplications, to dry our tears and to give us consolation and relief. Never was it known that anyone who fled to thy protection, implored thy help, or sought thy intercession, either for the common welfare, or in personal anxieties, was left unaided.
    Inspired with this confidence, we fly unto thee, O Mary, ever Virgin Mother of the True God! Though grieving under the weight of our sins, we come to prostrate ourselves in thy august presence, certain that thou wilt deign to fulfill thy merciful promises. We are full of hope that, standing beneath thy shadow and protection, nothing will trouble or afflict us, nor need we fear illness, or misfortune, or any other sorrow.
    Thou hast decided to remain with us through thy admirable image, thou who art our Mother, our health and our life. Placing ourselves beneath thy maternal gaze and having recourse to thee in all our necessities we need do nothing more. O Holy Mother of God, despise not our petitions, but in thy mercy hear and answer us. (Here mention your petition.)
    Five Hail Marys...in gratitude for the four apparitions to Juan Diego and the one to Juan Bernardino.

    Prayer

    RoseOur Lady of Guadalupe, Mystical Rose, make intercession for the Holy Church, protect the Sovereign Pontiff, help all those who invoke thee in their necessities, and since thou art the ever Virgin Mary, and Mother of the True God, obtain for us from thy most holy Son the grace of keeping our faith, of sweet hope in the midst of the bitterness of life, of burning charity, and the precious gift of final perseverance. Amen.
    One Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be to the Father...in gratitude for the Miraculous Portrait as a continuing miracle and testimony.

    Morning Offering

    RoseImmaculate Heart of Mary, Heart of my Mother, Our Lady of Guadalupe, I unite to thy purity, thy sanctity, thy zeal and thy love, all my thoughts, words, acts, and sufferings this day, that there may be nothing in me that does not become through thee, a pleasure to Jesus, a gain to souls, and an act of reparation for the offenses against thy Heart.

    Triduum to Our Lady of Guadalupe

    Rose“I chose this place and made it holy, in order that my name might be honored, and my eyes and heart might remain there forever” (2 Chr. 7:16).

    Who is this that comes forth like the dawn, as beautiful as the moon, as resplendent as the sun..? (Sg. 6:10)
    Hail Mary...

    Mary speaks:
    “I am the Mother of fair love,...and of knowledge, and of holy hope...My memory is unto everlasting generations” Eccl. 24:24, 28, Douay).

    Prayer:
    O God, You have been pleased to bestow upon us unceasing favors by having placed us under the special protection of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary. Grant us, your humble servants, who rejoice in honoring her today upon earth, the happiness of seeing her face to face in heaven. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.

     [ send green star]

     
    Prayer December 06, 2005 3:30 PM

    RoseOur Lady of Guadalupe, Mystical Rose, make intercession for the Holy Church, protect the Sovereign Pontiff, help all those who invoke thee in their necessities, and since thou art the ever Virgin Mary, and Mother of the True God, obtain for us from thy most holy Son the grace of keeping our faith, of sweet hope in the midst of the bitterness of life, of burning charity, and the precious gift of final perseverance. Amen.
    One Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be to the Father...in gratitude for the Miraculous Portrait as a continuing miracle and testimony.

    Morning Offering

    RoseImmaculate Heart of Mary, Heart of my Mother, Our Lady of Guadalupe, I unite to thy purity, thy sanctity, thy zeal and thy love, all my thoughts, words, acts, and sufferings this day, that there may be nothing in me that does not become through thee, a pleasure to Jesus, a gain to souls, and an act of reparation for the offenses against thy Heart.

    Triduum to Our Lady of Guadalupe

    Rose“I chose this place and made it holy, in order that my name might be honored, and my eyes and heart might remain there forever” (2 Chr. 7:16).

    Who is this that comes forth like the dawn, as beautiful as the moon, as resplendent as the sun..? (Sg. 6:10)
    Hail Mary...

    Mary speaks:
    “I am the Mother of fair love,...and of knowledge, and of holy hope...My memory is unto everlasting generations” Eccl. 24:24, 28, Douay).

    Prayer:
    O God, You have been pleased to bestow upon us unceasing favors by having placed us under the special protection of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary. Grant us, your humble servants, who rejoice in honoring her today upon earth, the happiness of seeing her face to face in heaven. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.

    Prayer

    RoseRemember, O most gracious Virgin of Guadalupe, that in your apparitions on Mount Tepeyac you promised to show pity and compassion to all who, loving and trusting you, seek your help and protection.
    Accordingly, listen now to our supplications and grant us consolation and relief. We are full of hope that, relying on your help, nothing can trouble or affect us. As you have remained with us through your admirable image, so now obtain for us the graces we need. Amen.

    The Holy Rosary http://www.sancta.org/rosary/how.htmlConsecration to Jesus Christ,
    The Incarnate Wisdom,
    Through the Blessed Virgin Mary
    Our Mother

    I, _____________, a faithless sinner, renew and ratify today in thy hands the vows of my Baptism; I renounce forever Satan, his pomps and works; and I give myself entirely to Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Wisdom, to carry my cross after Him all the days of my life, and to be more faithful to Him than I have ever been before.
    In the presence of all the heavenly court I choose thee this day for my Mother and Mistress. I deliver and consecrate to thee, as thy slave, my body and soul, my goods, both interior and exterior, and even the value of all my good actions, past, present and future; leaving to thee the entire and full right of disposing of me, and all that belongs to me, without exception, according to thy good pleasure, for the greater glory of God, in time and in eternity.

    Prayer of John Paul II for Life

    http://www.sancta.org/patr-unb.html#life

    O Immaculate Mary,  [ send green star]
     
    No estoy yo aquí que soy tu Madre? December 06, 2005 3:32 PM

    ( PALABRAS DE LA SANTISIMA VIRGEN DE GUADALUPE
    AL BEATO JUAN DIEGO EN EL TEPEYAC
    DICIEMBRE DE 1531.)logo

    NORBERTO RIVERA CARRERA
    Arzobispo Primado de México
    2 de junio de 1996
    logoA TODOS LOS SACERDOTES Y FIELES DE LA ARQUIDIOCESIS DE MEXICO, Y A TODOS LOS MEXICANOS DE BUENA VOLUNTAD.

    Un servidor de todos Ustedes, Trigésimo Cuarto sucesor del Arzobispo Zumárraga, con profundo interés y sensibilidad he seguido, participado y compartido, como todos Ustedes, las últimas difusiones de los medios de comunicación, según algunas de las cuales, y parafraseando al Nican Mopohua, resultaría que a nuestro Pueblo "nomás le hemos contado mentiras, que nada más inventamos lo que hemos siempre dicho, que sólo lo soñamos o imaginamos" (1), que la Aparición de Nuestra Madre Santísima de Guadalupe no fue real, que no es, por tanto, verdadera su peculiar presencia entre nosotros a través de la milagrosa Imagen que para dicha nuestra conservamos...

    Agradezco a muchísimos de Ustedes que, con toda razón y derecho, me han interpelado pidiendo un pronunciamiento claro y explícito como Arzobispo de México, y quiero hacerlo ahora con toda la fuerza que me permitan el Señor y nuestra Madre Santísima; pero también con toda la objetividad y caridad que Ellos mismos demandan de toda relación o discrepancia entre nosotros sus hijos.

    Yo, como millones de mis hermanos, me he sentido lastimado en mi sensibilidad de hijo y de mexicano; no en mi fe de católico, porque de ninguna manera me considero insultado o agredido porque otros hermanos míos se hayan servido de su derecho a discrepar en un punto en el que todos gozamos de plena libertad de conciencia para creer o no creer, según las razones que se nos expongan. Ruego, pues, me permitan exponerles una y otras, tanto mi sensibilidad como mis razones:

    En cuanto a lo primero, a mis sentimientos de hijo y de mexicano, agradezco a la Providencia poder poder proclamar que creo que María, la doncella de Nazaret, la esposa de José el carpintero, permaneciendo siempre Virgen, concibió por obra del Espíritu Santo y dio a luz a su Hijo unigénito, Quien es inseparablemente, -("hipostáticamente")-, Hijo eterno del Padre, Dios de Dios, luz de luz, Dios verdadero de Dios verdadero; que es por tanto Ella, verdadera Madre de Dios y Madre nuestra.Así mismo creo, amo y profesocon todas las veras de mi alma que Ella es, en un sentido personal y especialísimo, Reina y Madre de nuestra Patria mestiza, que vino en persona a nuestro suelo de México, a pedirnos un templo para ahí "mostrárnoslo, ensalzarlo, ponérnoslo de manifiesto, dárnoslo a las gentes en todo su Amor, que es El, el que es su mirada compasiva, su auxilio, su salvación, porque en verdad Ella se honra en ser nuestra Madre compasiva, nuestra y de todos los hombres que en esta tierra estemos en uno, y de todas las demás variadas estirpes de hombres"(2), no para quitarnos las penas y problemas que nos templan, porque todos los que deseemos ir en pos de su Hijo hemos de "tomar su cruz y seguirlo"(3); pero siempre contando con que cuando quiera que "estemos fatigados y agobiados por la carga, Ella, a la par de El, nos aliviará, pues su yugo es suave y su carga ligera"(4), y para eso Ella ruega que le permitamos "escuchar nuestro llanto, nuestra tristeza, para remediar, para curar, todas nuestras diferentes penas, nuestras miserias, nuestros dolores."(5).

    Comprendo y compadezco a todos aquellos de mis hermanos que no comparten esta seguridad. Y los compadezco no porque yo me crea bueno y mucho menos porque los considere inferiores o menos ilustrados, sino porque en verdad me duele que no disfruten de algo tan bello, tan maravilloso, del poder gozar la ilimitada seguridad y felicidad que brinda saber que, aun en nuestros peores dramas, "es nada lo que nos espanta, lo que nos aflige, que nuestro corazón no tiene por qué temer enfermedades, ni cosa punzante, aflictiva."(6). En verdad, Hermanos míos todos, "si pudieran conocer el don de Dios"(7), y sé que de alguna manera lo conocen los millones de peregrinos del Tepeyac, cuán grata es la dicha de vivir su Amor expresado y entregado en el Amor de su Madre, que nos dice: "No estoy yo aquí que soy tu Madre? No estás bajo mi sombra y resguardo? No soy la fuente de tu alegría? No estás en el hueco de mi manto, en el cruce de mis brazos? Qué mas puedes querer?" (8). Este amor de Madre nos impulsa, nos transforma, nos hace crecer, nos hace profundizar en nuestra fe, nos lleva a buscar el progreso de nuestra Patria por caminos de justicia y de paz y nos hace disfrutar nuestros logros aunque estos sean pequeños.

     [ send green star]

     
     December 06, 2005 3:35 PM

    Su servidor tiene esa dicha, al igual que la inmensa mayoría de mis hermanos mexicanos, de experimentar este sentimiento de amor a mi Madre Santísima, en esta bendita advocación suya de Guadalupe, con tanta firmeza, con tan inconmovible seguridad filial, que no necesitaría que ningunas otras razones para así por siempre amarla y venerarla... pero le agradezco también que nos haya dejado suficientísimas pruebas, sólidas y seguras y, al mismo tiempo, ninguna tan evidente que nos despoje de "la dicha de aquellos que no vieron, pero creyeron." (9).

    Esa fe es un don, un don que no está en mi mano otorgar a nadie, sino sólo pedirlo al Padre de las Luces, como lo pido de corazón para todos mis hermanos. Lo que puedo hacer, y hago ahora con fraternal esperanza, es compartir mis razonescon todo el que desee escucharme, aunque reconociendo que la diáfana claridad con que las vemos los creyentes es también un don que nos proporciona esa misma fe. Y mis razones son las normales, las usuales de nuestra seguridad de que realmente sucedió un evento pretérito, es decir: la tradición, los documentos, los hechos que tachonan y constituyen nuestra Historia. Quien se compenetra, con la profundidad que ya se ha hecho, de esa historia nuestra, no puede menos de preguntarse: Cómo podríamos existir nosotros si su amor de Madre no hubiera reconciliado y unido el antagonismo de nuestros padres españoles e indios? Cómo hubieran podido nuestros ancestros indios aceptar a Cristo, si Ella no les hubiera complementado lo que les predicaban los misioneros, explicándoles en forma magistralmente adaptada a su mente y cultura, que Ella, "la Madre de su verdaderísimo Dios por Quien se vive, del Creador de la Personas, el Dueño de la cercanía y de la inmediación, del Cielo y de la Tierra"(10), era también "la perfecta Virgen, la amable, maravillosa Madre de Nuestro Salvador, Nuestro Señor Jesucristo?"(11). Esos testimonios, están ahora reforzados mejor que nunca, puesto que, durante años, muchos de los mejores talentos de la Iglesia, severos profesionales de la Historia y de la Teología, los examinaron, discutieron, juzgaron y aprobaron con motivo del Proceso de Canonización de Juan Diego, y porque, en base a eso, el Santo Padre en persona lo refrendó. Y este Proceso no sólo vino a confirmarnos lo que ya sabíamos, sino nos aportó nuevos y sorprendentes datos que empezamos apenas a conocer.

    Estos conocimientos, tan novedosos algunos que están todavía muy poco difundidos, aun entre nosotros los sacerdotes mexicanos, no son exclusividad esotérica de pocos iniciados; están a disposición de todo el que se aboque al esfuerzo de estudiarlos. Si alguien se acreditara como serio investigador, y deseara examinar directamente en Roma todo el voluminoso expediente, puede contar con mi recomendación; pero no hace ninguna falta: Ya, con este motivo, han ido saliendo de la imprenta varios libros, que están al alcance de todos y que no temo recomendar como serios y sólidos, que resumen y difunden lo que se hizo, cómo se hizo y lo mucho valioso e inesperado que se descubrió. En nuestra Universidad Pontificia, de la que me cabe el honor y la responsabilidad de ser Vice Gran Canciller, se imparte un curso anual sobre este tema, al que es bienvenido todo aquel que esté genuinamente interesado.

    En papel aparte cuidaré de que se les amplíen estos datos, pero ruego me sea permitido dejarles consignado esto mismo que aquí he expuesto, repitiéndolo en la forma que mi corazón de mexicano, de hijo, de hermano, de padre Arzobispo sucesor de Zumárraga, más vivamente siente que puede entregarles todo cuanto soy y deseo compartirles: mis sentimientos, mis convicciones, mis razones, mis anhelos... en una palabra: mi plegaria con todos Ustedes y por todos Ustedes a nuestra Madre Santísima:

    " Dueña mía, Señora, Reina, Dueña de mi corazón, mi Virgencita!"(12) Yo, "tu pobre macehual...cola y ala, macapal y parihuela"(13), pero a quien tu misericordia confió el cuidado de tu bendita Imagen y el gobierno de esta porción tan amada de tus hijos, vengo "para hacerte saber, Muchachita mía, que está muy grave tu amado pueblo, una gran pena se le ha asentado"(14); que entre las muchas crisis con las que el amor de tu Hijo divino desea purificarnos, se ha inquietado ahora porque ha creído oír que quizá tu Aparición no fue real, que quizá no sea verdadera tu presencia milagrosa entre nosotros, que quizá no existió tu elegido, Juan Diego, por quien quisiste llegar a nosotros los moradores de estas tierras.

    No vengo, sin embargo, Señora y Niña mía, a quejarme de nada ni de nadie. Muy al contrario, vengo a agradecerte, en nombre de mis hermanos y mío, este maravilloso favor que nos otorgas de poder clamar con todo el vigor de nuestro corazón de hijos, que no sólo creemos en Ti y te veneramos como Madre de Dios y nuestra, sino como Reina y Madre de nuestra Patria mestiza; que por supuesto que es real que Tú viniste a este suelo tuyo para "ser en verdad nuestra Madre compasiva, nuestra y de todos los que en esta tierra estamos en uno, y de las demás variadas estirpes de hombres, los que te amamos, los que te buscamos, los que tenemos el privilegio de confiar en ti..."(15).

     [ send green star]

     
     December 06, 2005 3:36 PM

    Permite, pue, mi Muchachita, mi Virgencita bienamada, que a través de mi boca resuene la voz de todo mi Pueblo, dándote mil gracias por ser todo lo que eres. Permite que me escuchen todos mis hermanos, que resuenen nuestras nieves y montañas, nuestras selvas y bosques, lagos y desiertos con el eco de mi palabra, proclamando que Yo, tu pobre macehual pero también custodio de tu Imagen y por ello portavoz de tus hijos todos, creo, he creído desde que tu Amor me dio el ser a través del de mis padres, y, con tu misericordia espero defender y creer hasta mi muerte en tus Apariciones en este monte bendito, tu Tepeyac, que ahora has querido poner bajo mi custodia espiritual; que, junto con mis hermanos, las creo, las amo y las proclamo tan reales y presentes como los peñascos de nuestros montes, como la vastedad de nuestros mares, más aún, mucho más que ellos, pues "ellos pasarán, pero tus palabras de Amor no pasarán jamás"(16).

    Esta proclamación que te agradezco me concedas hacerte, no es un favor que te hago, es un don tuyo, pues "nadie puede siquiera llamar a tu Hijo Señor! si no es por el Espíritu Santo"(17), y por ello, Mil Gracias, Madre amadísima e Hijita nuestra la más pequeña!; Gracias por este privilegio de poder creer!;

    Gracias porque esta fe que nos regalas puede ser al mismo tiempo ciega e ilustrada! Gracias por habernos dado tantas pruebas de tu venida a nuestro Tepeyac, y porque ninguna de ellas sea tan evidente que nos despoje del poder tributarte esa fe filial nuestra (18); pero gracias también de que sí podamos ver tu imagen amadísima! "Sabemos a Quién hemos creído!"(19). "Le hemos creído al Amor... al Amor que nos amó primero!"(20);

    Gracias por Juan Diego, a quien nos honramos en reconocer, como a tu antepasado Abraham, por "nuestro verdadero padre en la Fe"; Gracias por la fe de él, que deseamos hacer siempre nuestra, tan grande que Tú lo proclamaste "tu embajador, en quien absolutamente depositaste tu confianza"!(21);

    Gracias por la desconfianza de mi venerado antecesor Zumárraga, que te brindó ocasión de darnos tus flores y tu imagen, y gracias por la confianza férrea que me concedes hoy a mí, su sucesor, para poder compartirla con todos mis hermanos!;

    Gracias por esas flores que hiciste brotar en nuestro suelo, helado y árido entonces, que tan elocuentes fueron para nuestros padres indios!;

    Gracias por el primer milagro con que Tú, Salud de los enfermos, favoreciste a Juan Bernardino y sigues favoreciendo a todos los enfermos y afligidos; gracias por tu nombre de Guadalupe, con el que le pediste que te invocáramos, pues con él los hermanaste con nuestros padres españoles, que así te invocaban siglos hacía en tu santuario de los montes de su Extremadura!;

    Gracias por haber inspirado a tu hijo Valeriano el legarnos el bellísimo relato de tu venida a nuestro suelo, tan exquisito y profundo que apenas ahora empezamos a comprenderlo!;

    Gracias por todas las menciones que tus hijos, nuestros padres indios, dejaron en sus códices y anales; gracias por las dudas, titubeos y aun choques que consignaron nuestros padres españoles!;

    Gracias por todos los escritos que inspiraste durante todo el tiempo que formamos parte política de la España; gracias por las investigaciones que se efectuaron respecto a tu presencia; gracias por los siglos que nos han permitido rendirte nuestro amor en tu "casita sagrada" del Tepeyac!;

    Gracias por las dudas que, siglos después, permitiste surgieran de tu llegada a nosotros, que nos permitieron corroborar aun más firmemente la verdad histórica de ese don de tu amor; gracias por las intrigas en torno a tu Coronación, hace un siglo, que hicieron que Romate estudiara y proclamara oficialmente su aprobación!;

    Gracias por haber inspirado y ayudado a mi amado antecesor, el Cardenal Corripio, a incoar la Causa para examinar y probar la realidad, la Santidad y el amor con que nosotros, tu Pueblo, hemos siempre venerado a Juan Diego, "tu embajador, muy digno de confianza"!;

    Gracias por la profesión de amor y de fe que han hecho mis hermanos Obispos a nombre de todo el Pueblo Mexicano y en unión con Juan Pablo II quien devota y continuamente te invoca y te venera!;

     [ send green star]

     
     December 06, 2005 3:40 PM

    Gracias por el escrupuloso cuidado que puso Roma en investigarlo; gracias por los obstáculos y objeciones que la responsabilidad de nuestros hermanos quiso aportar; gracias por la luz con que pudieron ser resueltos!;

    Gracias por las incontables horas de trabajo en el proceso; gracias por los miles de actas en que se consignó la deposición de todos los que intervinieron, tanto en pro como en contra; gracias por las montañas de libros y documentos que pudieron revisarse; gracias por los oficiales de la Congregación de los Santos que tanto cuidaron, examinaron, objetaron y exigieron; gracias por los Consultores Historiadores y Teólogos, que tantas horas gastaron en revisar todo lo actuado; gracias por la Comisión de Cardenales que dio su aprobación final; gracias por la aceptación de tu hijo Juan Pablo, que nos honró viniendo en persona a publicarla; gracias por el privilegio que nos otorgó por declararlo Beato, sino de aceptar y endosar la veneración que siempre le tuvimos...!

    Gracias por tantos nuevos y asombrosos conocimientos que nos has otorgado descubrir! Gracias por la libertad que nos otorgas a tus hijos para creer y para no creer en tu Aparición; gracias por la honestidad de los que no creen, y gracias por tu generosidad en concedernos creer a todos los que te invocamos con tu nombre dulcísimo de Guadalupe!

    Gracias por los trabajos de construcción y mantenimiento de tu nuevo Santuario que por tantos años ha querido encabezar el Señor Abad de la Basílica y gracias por su disponibilidad y obediencia que le ha ofrecido al Obispo a quien Tú encomendaste la custodia de tu imagen!;

    Gracias por las reacciones tan maravillosas de fe que han tenido tus hijos y también aquellos que sin compartir nuestra fe tienen profundo respeto a nuestra historia, a nuestra cultura y a nuestra identidad. Pero también gracias porque estos acontecimientos han desenmascarado a aquellos que quisieran vernos divididos, sin fe y sin esperanza, sin símbolos patrios y en camino de absorción por otras culturas y otros poderes!;

    Permite, pues, que "mi corazón en amarte eternamente se ocupe, y mi lengua en alabarte, Madre mía de Guadalupe! Dueña mía, Señora, Reina, Dueña de mi corazón, mi Virgencita! haz que nunca angustie yo con duda alguna tu rostro, tu corazón; que con todo gusto vaya siempre a poner por obra tu aliento, tu palabra, que de ninguna manera lo deje jamás de hacer ni estime por molesto el camino"(22), que sea siempre un fiel custodio de tu templo y de tu Imagen; que sea "tu querer, tu voluntad" que podamos ver pronto canonizado a tu "xocoyotito, al mas pequeño de tus hijos" Juan Diego; que mi pobre vida, mi obra, y -si "por ventura llegara a ser digno, ser merecedor"(23) de testimonio tan excelso- también mi sangre, sean una proclamación del rendido amor y fe que te profesamos y profesaremos siempre "los mas pequeños de tus hijos", tus hijos mexicanos.

    signatureNORBERTO RIVERA CARRERA
    ARZOBISPO PRIMADO DE MEXICO

    Solemnidad de la Santísima Trinidad.
    México-Tenochtitlan, Domingo 2 de junio de 1996.1.- Nican Mopohua, v. 86.
    2.- Ibidem, vv. 27-31.
    3.- Mt. 16,24, Mc 8,34.
    4.- Mt. 11, 28.
    5.- Nican Mopohua, v. 32.
    6.- Nican Mopohua, v. 32.
    7.- Jn. 4, 10.
    8.- Nican Mopohua, v. 119.
    9.- Jn. 20, 29.
    10.-Ibidem, v. 33.
    11.-Ibidem, v. 75.
    12.-Nican Mopohua, v. 50.
    13.-Ibidem, v. 50.
    14.-Ibidem, vv. 111-12.
    15.-Ibidem, vv. 29-31.
    16.-Mc. 13, 31; Luc. 21, 33; Mat. 24, 35.
    17.-Cor. 12, 3.
    18.-Cfr. Jn. 20, 29.
    19.-2 Tim., 1, 12.
    20.-1 Jn.,4, 16; 4, 10.
    21.-Nican Mopohua, v. 139.
    22.- v. 63.
    23.- Ibidem, v. 9. Notre-Dame de Guadalupe  Patronne des AmériquesFrench versionhttp://www.sancta.org/notredame.htmlNossa Senhora de Guadalupe  Patrona das AméricasVersión en Portugueshttp://www.sancta.org/moreninha.html  [ send green star]
     
     December 06, 2005 3:44 PM

    Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe 

    Patrona de las AméricasVersión en Españolhttp://www.sancta.org/morenita.html Guadalupe--La Virgen Indígena

    "La Reina de México"

    English version

    http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/guadalupe.html

    THE RELIGIOUS VIRGINS & SAINTS OF MEXICO
    LAS VIRGENES Y SANTOS DE MEXICO

    http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/virgins.html

    The Mexican Tradition of Guadalupe,  

    http://www.locogringo.com/past_spotlights/dec2001.html

    Missionary Image of Guadalupe Virgin wept tears of blood

    Missionary Image of Guadalupe Virgin

    A Vermont group that brings a missionary image of the Guadalupe Virgin to various parts of the U.S. reported that one of its images wept "apparent tears of reddish oil on April 20th" in Worcester, Massachusetts.

    The Missionary Image began its journeys in June of 1991. From the International Rosary Congress at the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, throughout America and the world, the Image has visited over 1,000 parishes in every state of the U.S.A., the Caribbean Islands, Canada, Mexico, Ireland, England, Europe, Russia, China, the Philippine Islands, Japan, Israel, Australia and New Zealand.

    Many tears have appeared on images of our Lady of Guadalupe. The photograph above shows The Missionary Image crying tears of blood.

    Pope John Paul II said, "These are the tears of sorrow for all those who refuse the love of God, for those families who are broken or in difficulty, for the young people seduced by a consumerist civilization and so often disoriented, for the violence that still spill so much blood and for the misunderstandings and hate which dig deep trenches between individuals and peoples. They are tears of prayer and tears of hope, which melt the hardness of hearts and open them to meeting Christ the Redeemer, source of light and peace for individuals, for families, for the whole of society."

    The angel of Akita, Japan said, "She weeps because she wishes the conversion of the greatest number. She desires that souls be consecrated to Jesus and to the Father by her intercession." The Akita revelations which occurred between 1973 and 1981 were approved by the Church. Bishop Ito who approved them said, "It seems to me that Our Heavenly Father needs to purify this corrupt world before allowing mankind to enter the 21st century. The Blessed Mother appears to ask for souls who will offer up their fervent prayers, sacrifices, and sufferings to God in order to contribute to the realization of God's Kingdom of Justice and Love." This is the meaning of Total Consecration, the spirituality of Pope John Paul II whose papal motto, Totus Tuus, means "Totally Yours."

    A Guardian of the Missionary Image said she received a message from Our Lady of Guadalupe which requested the Total Consecration. Our Lady said, "I have gathered you my roses and you have yet to bloom. I water you with my graces and my presence. I ask you for your hearts to know and love Jesus. Pour yourselves out and allow me to fill you with the blessings of Our Father in heaven."

    Several witnesses saw the Missionary Image cry after the Baptism of three children in Huntington, New York. They believed she cried because so many of her unborn children die from abortion without Baptism. Two young teenagers witnessed the Missionary Image crying during all-night adoration of the Blessed Sacrament at a Catholic university chapel in Spokane, Washington. Only one student came for adoration that night while many others partied right outside the chapel.

    A plaque of Our Lady of Guadalupe wept apparent tears of blood on her feast day in a private home in Lewis, Kansas. One of the witnesses said, "She was crying blood this morning. Several of us prayed a Rosary and she began to cry tears again and the tears washed the blood from her eyes." The homeowner said, "Hopefully, we can all be united and pray a great deal."

     [ send green star]
     
     December 06, 2005 3:52 PM

    A full-size image of Our Lady of Guadalupe distributed by the Missionary Image apostolate wept copious tears in front of many witnesses including a priest in Wesley Chapel, Florida. As the tears fell down the image, they turned into rose petals before the very eyes of the astonished witnesses and dropped to the floor!
    Prayer can wash away tears of blood and turn tears into rose petals! Let us pray!

    See [here] miraculous story about Dr. Margaret Pasakas used her stethoscope on the heart of the Missionary Image of Our Lady of Guadalupe and heard a human heartbeat.

    Learn more about these events at Our Lady of Guadalupe.org

    the mistery

    http://www.cancunsteve.com/guadalupe.htm

    Our Lady of Guadalupe

    http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/mary0003.htm

    http://zedilloworld.presidencia.gob.mx/PAGES/culture/note_12dec.html

    http://www.boliviamall.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=4557

    http://www.geocities.com/~catolicos/guadalupe.htm

    http://www.sacredsource.com/prodinfo.asp?number=TV

    http://cgi.ebay.com/Virgen-de-Guadalupe-Virgin-Mary-Mousepad-Christ_W0QQitemZ5638251999QQcategoryZ16710QQcmdZViewItem

    http://store.mas-india.com/guvito.html

    http://www.ensenadagazette.com/virginguad.html

    The Legend Of Guadalupe

    http://www.thefolkartgallery.com/guadalupe.htm

    http://www.ambergristoday.com/archives/20-12-01/

    http://www.tenorissimo.com/domingo/Articles/van040399.htm

    Wilson's Almanac on Virgin of Guadalupe or Aztec goddess?

    http://www.wilsonsalmanac.com/guadalup.html

    Our Lady of Guadalupe Poster - Original Size Virgin of Guadalupe - 63'' x 32.5''http://www.mexgrocer.com/61001.html 

    Spirit Daily

    Story 1

    Image Of 'Virgin' On Office Building Near Tampa Turned Dark Just Before Terror of 9/11/01

    By Michael H. Brown

    Left to right, day (8/5/01), during typical dark (2/5/02) and, right, September 5, 2001

    The unexplained image of what looks like the Guadalupe Virgin

    on the reflective glass of a building outside of Tampa turned dark just before the events of September 11, Spirit Daily has learned.

    A visit to the site, located in Clearwater on a major route known as U.S. 19, revealed that the reflection of what many believe is the Blessed Mother turned suddenly dark for the first and only known time on September 5, 2001, according to Emily Lehrter, who helps administer pilgrims who flock to the reputed miracle.

     [ send green star]

     
     December 06, 2005 3:55 PM

    "I thought it was just very strange," says Lehrter. "Mary is usually so brilliant on the fifth of each month, but that day she was so dark. It's the only time I've seen that."

    It's on the fifth of each month that special devotions are conducted at the makeshift shrine, which sits on a corner of Route 19 and Drew Avenue not far from a major causeway and Tampa International Airport. The image, a colored "silhouette" spanning twenty feet, is almost exactly proportionate (see below) to the famed image of Guadalupe, the miraculous cloth on which an inexplicable representation of Mary appeared in the 16th century to St. Juan Diego near Mexico City. The Guadalupe image can be neatly superimposed upon photographs of the Clearwater "reflection" in this state where there are so many Spanish-speaking people who have a special devotion to Guadalupe -- another fact that argues for the image's miraculous nature.

    The effect appears to be the result of some kind of oxidative or chemical reaction in the glass. There are several other small areas where glass on the building -- once a financial office building -- has turned similar colors, but on a vastly smaller scale. The colors in the image start with a dark blue, then as they move inward turn to lighter blue, yellowish, orange, violet, blue again, turquoise, green, yellow-green, and once more violet. It can also be seen from the inside, albeit in less detail. The face of a suffering Jesus also seems to appear in the lower half of the image in evenings. There is nothing from which the representations can be reflecting, and even some kind of destructive fluid, perhaps acidic, thrown at the image by a vandal has not erased the manifestation, which seemed to correct itself.

    Did God use a natural process -- perhaps an interaction with well water used to wash it -- for His own purposes and messages?

    The image was first spotted on December 17, 1996, by a woman customer at what was then the Seminole Finance Corporation Building. As one newspaper noted, the image, two floors high, glows and shimmers, turning from green to blue, to red, and there is a distinct outline of a head, a hooded robe and most of a torso. Skeptics claim it's caused by a reflection of the sun's rays bouncing off water left by sprinklers, but that hardly explains how its glow often increases at night. George Pecoraro, a scientist with a glass company, told a newspaper that "we're not able to explain how the shape appeared or why it appeared. It could be an accident or maybe it's Divine intervention." Most mysterious is how the image continues without interruption over the span of nine separate panes of glass. More than 1.5 million have visited here, and the original owner, Mike Krizmanich, allowed them to install what has become a permanent shrine, believing the image is "a gift from God to be protected and shared."

    The link to Guadalupe is further interesting because the Guadalupe Madonna is officially recognized as the Virgin of the Americas. It was less than a week after the image turned dark that al Qaeda struck both the Pentagon and the World Trade Center. It is also in a state that is at the very center of America's spiritual war. More on that tomorrow. Meanwhile, the state's governor, Jeb Bush -- whose brother won a miraculous victory in the state -- has visited the Guadalupe shrine in Mexico and the Blessed Mother was invoked in that election debate. "God is telling us it is time to change our ways," noted Sister Christian of the Order of St. Anne in India. "It looks exactly like all the paintings of the Blessed Mother

    [For live image click here]

    Image of Virgin in Clearwater [left], and then in middle and right with image of Guadalupe superimposed to show similarities

    http://www.sonoran-sunsets.com/virofguad.html

    Our Lady of WatsonvilleOur Lady of Watsonville

    Our Lady of Watsonville is a foot-high image of the Virgin Mary seen in the bark of an oak tree in Watsonville, California. Anita Contreras was the first to see Our Lady of Watsonville. On June 17, 1993, the Virgin appeared while Contreras knelt to pray for her children. Since then, thousands of pilgrims have flocked to the site, hoping for a miracle.

    Juan Diego. (Watsonville is about 62% Mexican-American.)

     [ send green star]

     
     December 06, 2005 3:57 PM

    The story of Our Lady of Guadalupe is a bit more dramatic thanOur Lady of Guadalupe that of Our Lady of Watsonville. Legend has it that Juan Diego was a bit of an ascetic mystic, who frequently walked barefoot the 14 miles from his village to church in Tenochtitlan (Mexico City). It was on these walks that he had several visions of the Virgin Mary. He allegedly brought to the bishop his cloak on which an image of the Virgin had been painted (Our Lady of Guadalupe, shown here, is the centerpiece of the Basilica of the Virgin of Guadalupe in Mexico City). (Legend has it that the image was accompanied by roses, which were out of season and which skeptics had asked Juan to have the Virgin produce as proof of his claim that she had appeared to him several times.) Many believe that the painting is of heavenly origin. Skeptics believe it was done by a human artist and passed off as being of miraculous origin in order to win more converts to Christianity.

    The name "Guadalupe" is Spanish and is a bit mysterious, since there was no town or shrine near Cuauhtitlan, Juan's village, by that name when the legend began. It is thought that the word derives from a Nahuatl word, coatlaxopeuh, which supposedly sounds like Guadalupe in Spanish and means something like "one who crushes the serpent." (The serpent can be identified with Satan or with the Aztec serpent-god Quetzalcoatl.) It is also possible that the legend has Juan saying that the Virgin was to be called Our Lady of Guadalupe because the one who invented it was Spanish. The creator of the name may have been intrigued by a statue of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Estremadura, Spain. In any case, it is easy to understand how a mystical Indian could become enchanted with Christianity. Not only did the new religion abound in stories of the miraculous, but the Spanish Christians had put an end to the Aztec empire. The Aztecs had conquered the Nahuatl and perhaps had even sacrificed a few of Juan's relatives to the hungry gods.

    The improbability of the story of Juan Diego, his visions, and the miraculous painting has not deterred the faithful from belief. In fact, only a deep religious faith could account for the continued popularity of Virgin Mary sightings. The skeptic understands the desire to have a powerful ally in heaven, one who will protect and guide, console, and love you no matter what troubles you have here on earth. The skeptic also understands how easy it is to find confirmation for almost any belief, if one is very selective in one's thinking and perception. We understand how easy it is to see things that others do not see. Having visions also makes one feel special. Thus, it is not difficult to understand how many people see the Virgin Mary in the clouds, in a tortilla, in a dish of spaghetti, in patterns of light, and in the bark of a tree.

    The cult of the Virgin Mary probably has its roots in goddess worship, which has its roots in the desire for a Good Mother, one who loves and nourishes, protects and guides, comforts and encourages. The Virgin is pure, clean, generous with her time, infinitely patient, unlike so many people one meets. She is often the harbinger of peace. The Mother gives birth and through sympathetic magic brings fertility to the tribe, the crops, etc. The Virgin Mary is the mother of Jesus who is believed by many to be God, making her the mother of God, even though God is eternal and has no beginning. She is also said to have been impregnated by the Holy Spirit, rather than by her husband, Joseph. She is not divine, according to the Catholic Church, but her devotees certainly seem to view the Virgin Mary as a goddess.

    A shrine to Our Lady of Watsonville has been set up near the soccer fields and playgrounds of Pinto Lake County Park. Father Roman Bunda celebrated Mass at the site on the 6th anniversary of the Contreras' discovery of the image in the bark. "For those who believe, no explanation is necessary," said Fr. Bunda. "For those who don't believe, no explanation is possible." He's right about the first part.

    See also confirmation bias, faith, pareidolia, saint, selective thinking, victim soul, and wishful thinking.

    further reading

     [ send green star]

     
     December 06, 2005 4:18 PM

    Cholo art

    http://www.folklife.si.edu/frontera/virgin.htm

    http://hemi.nyu.edu/archive/studentwork/colony/reed/

    http://www.arteperustore.com/cusco/replica/artist/artist.php?id_artist=62&page=2

    http://ojinaga.com/store/guadalupe/gpe.html

    El DIA DE LA VIRGEN DE GUADALUPE IN OJINAGA
    December 12, 2001

    http://ojinaga.com/guadalupe/

    http://www.casamexicanafolkart.com/the_virgin_of_guadalupe.html

    The Mother of the Church

    http://religion-cults.com/Christianity/mother.htm

    Queen of Heaven and Mother of the Poorby Carl Siciliano

    http://www.anglocatholicsocialism.org/queenofheaven.html


    Virgin of Guadalupe Tattoo - What Does It Mean?

    http://www.tattoosymbol.com/articles/virgin-guadalupe.html

    McFaddin Catholic Cemetery

    http://www.mcfaddincemetery.org/church.htm

    La Narración Más Antigüa de las Apariciones Guadalupanas

    http://www.laprensa-sandiego.org/archieve/december07/VIRGIN.HTM

    http://www.ixeh.net/faith/Virtual_Chapel/scene-04.html

    http://www.rimjournal.com/arizyson/guadalup.htm

    http://www.spiritfamily.com/products/mugs/guadalupe_mug_L.htm

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    Virgin Mary Cries Blood December 07, 2005 3:44 AM

    a link to this news story:

    http://www.care2.com/c2c/groups/disc.html?gpp=6815&pst=363234&archival=

    thank you for this thread, God bless you

     [ send green star]  [ accepted]
     
     December 07, 2005 3:46 AM

    Happy Pearl Harbor Day. FDR knew it was going down and he knew his buddies would get rich.

     Guilty as charged, your Honor.

     [ send green star]  [ accepted]
     
     December 07, 2005 4:07 PM


    Night has received 111 new, 126 total stars from Care2 membersNight has been awarded 67 butterflies for taking action at Care2 Night M.

    Thanks to you too

     [ send green star]
     
    Thank You, Teresa! December 07, 2005 4:29 PM

    Thank you for the timely and most excellent topic!

    The Virgin Mary de Guadelupe is one of my favorite images! She is all over my apartment, bowing her lovely head in prayer everywhere. I love her peaceful face.

    Thank you so much for posting all of the beautiful pictures and the wonderful articles.

    Greenstars to you Teresa!

     [ send green star]  [ accepted]
     
     December 07, 2005 4:57 PM

     Juandiego and Virgin of Guadalupe

    Let nothing trouble or afflict thee.

    Am I not here, I who am thy Mother?

    Thou art beneath my shadow and protection.

    And am not I life and health?

    In my lap art thou, and counted as mine.

    What more dost thou need?

    I shall show my tender clemency for those who love and seek me, for all who implore my protection, who call on me in their labors and afflictions.

    Words of Our Lady of Guadalupe

     [ send green star]  [ accepted]
     
    Wow December 09, 2005 3:58 AM

    Tere, I have a postcard on my fridge, and have always kept it in the kitchen from a friend who sent it to me years ago. I looked over at it as I was reading your info I realised it is the very same photo of the statue in Mexico of La Virgen De Guadalupe.

    That is synchronicity to the max!

    Will definitely come back and read this post most thoroughly.

    Kindest Regards dear friend,

    Ael xo

     [ send green star]  [ accepted]
     
     December 09, 2005 4:23 PM

    My dear friends,

    Thank you! you made my day, you motivated me. Well you are always my motivation.

    Look, it doesn´t matter what religion we have, the point here is that Guadalupe Virgin had made A LOT of miracles, call it faith, call it coincidence. She is a divine mistery and the image of Mexican culture. When you have a big problem, ask her. You lose nothing with that.

     [ send green star]
     
     December 09, 2005 5:44 PM

    WOOOWW!! I can´t believe all the information we have!!

    Mom! Excellent topic!!

     [ send green star]  [ accepted]
     
     December 10, 2005 11:25 AM


    Annie has received 54 new, 763 total stars from Care2 membersAnnie has been awarded 102 butterflies for taking action at Care2 Annie D.

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     December 11, 2005 2:45 PM

    Univision presenta “Las mañanitas a la virgen de Guadalupe”, una de las celebraciones más importantes de la época navideña.

    http://hispanicprwire.com/news.php?l=es&id=1763&cha=7

     [ send green star]
     
    Topic December 11, 2005 3:49 PM

    It is a sight at the Basilica in D.F. every Dec. 12th. to see the humble walking on their knees. I am Jewish, I met the Pope by 'accident' early in the morning in 1990 in Col. Juaréz, we spoke some Polish for a few seconds. There is a Basilica of the Virgen de Guadelupe here in El Salvador con un gran feria ahora.  [ send green star]  [ accepted]
     
     December 11, 2005 4:18 PM


    Donald has received 34 new, 203 total stars from Care2 membersDonald has been awarded 4 butterflies for taking action at Care2 Donald L.

    That was a wonderful experience! you were lucky to speak with the pope in your language!

    My sister is married to a polish (uruguayo/polaco/mexicano/catalán) his second name is Majewski

     [ send green star]
     
     December 11, 2005 11:58 PM

    Estoy Contigo Art Print by Rosa M.FELICIDADES VIRGENCITA Y A TODAS LAS LUPITAS  [ send green star]  [ accepted]
     
     December 12, 2005 12:47 PM

    Yo tambien soy Guadalupe por cierto!

    Gracias Blanca!

     [ send green star]
     
     December 12, 2005 12:58 PM

    Muchas Felicidades a nuestra Virgencita!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!  [ send green star]  [ accepted]
     
    Virgen of Guadalupe Taxco Mexico 12 Dic 2005 December 13, 2005 12:50 PM

    http://www.artcamp.com.mx/taxco/Guadalupe/
    Virgen of Guadalupe Taxco Mexico 12 Dic 2005
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     December 13, 2005 1:21 PM


    Maria has received 10 new, 38 total stars from Care2 members Maria R.

    GRACIAS!!!

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