START A PETITION 27,000,000 members: the world's largest community for good
START A PETITION
x
 
 
This thread is archived. To reply to it you must re-activate it.
Richmond, VA - Wildlife in Peril August 20, 2005 9:10 AM

 
Wildlife in peril
Report identifies 925 species in need of conservation action

BY REX SPRINGSTON
TIMES-DISPATCH STAFF WRITER
Aug 17, 2005

PROTHONOTARY WARBLER
PROTHONOTARY WARBLER
RELATED

Listen to David Whitehurst, Game and Inland Fisheries

List of imperiled animals

Online report

If you no longer spot box turtles near your house or hear the whippoorwill outside your window, join the crowd.

More than 900 species of animals in Virginia are dropping in numbers or are otherwise imperiled, according to a draft report from the state's wildlife agency.

The animals range from ones long known to be in trouble, including the peregrine falcon and loggerhead sea turtle, to others that are considered common but declining, such as the whippoorwill, eastern box turtle and northern bobwhite quail.

"There are lots of species showing declines. That tells us something is wrong," said David Whitehurst, director of wildlife diversity for the state Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.

If you no longer spot box turtles near your house or hear the whippoorwill outside your window, join the crowd.

More than 900 species of animals in Virginia are dropping in numbers or are otherwise imperiled, according to a draft report from the state's wildlife agency.

The animals range from ones long known to be in trouble, including the peregrine falcon and loggerhead sea turtle, to others that are considered common but declining, such as the whippoorwill, eastern box turtle and northern bobwhite quail.

"There are lots of species showing declines. That tells us something is wrong," said David Whitehurst, director of wildlife diversity for the state Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.

The first-of-its-kind report lists 925 species that are declining in numbers, are already at dangerously low numbers or facing other threats.

The reasons for the declines, the report said, include habitat destruction; fragmentation of habitats, as when new roads make less land available for deep-forest animals; and water pollution that hurts fish and other aquatic animals.

Many of the animals already reside on federal and state lists of endangered or threatened species. They include the loggerhead sea turtle, which is imperiled by coastal development that destroys its nest sites, among other threats, and the piping plover, a stocky little bird that also nests along the coast, where its eggs fall prey to vehicles and animals.

One of the more fascinating aspects of the report, however, is the listing of still-common animals that are in trouble.

The box turtle, for example, is a harmless, brown-and-yellow reptile well-known to rural boys and girls. But development is taking its forests, and cars crush them on roads. Many are also captured for the overseas pet trade.

The whippoorwill, which calls its name repeatedly on spring nights in the country, nests on the ground and dies out when development takes over once-rural lands.

"They are not around here anymore; you rarely hear one," said John Coe, a Chesterfield County naturalist who helped provide bird expertise for the report.

The "bob, bob-WHITE" call of the bobwhite quail is also heard less and less because of the destruction of fields that it inhabits, among other problems.


 [ send green star]
 
 August 20, 2005 9:10 AM

Protecting animals before they become rare is good for the public, said Whitehurst with the game department. If an animal goes on the federal endangered-species list, its habitat is federally protected, and that could affect people's property rights.

"One major emphasis behind this work is to keep common animals common," he said.

Local governments could use the report in planning development, Whitehurst said.

"This is not to stop development, but if we value wildlife, we need to steer development to those places that are not as important for wildlife."

Noting other reasons for protecting animals, Whitehurst said people spend $3 billion to $4 billion a year to hunt, fish and watch wildlife in Virginia.

Many people simply like having wild creatures around them, he said. "It plays a role in the quality of life."

While falcons, turtles and quail are sure to draw the public's attention, 70 percent of the imperiled species are invertebrates, including such insects as the Dismal Swamp green stink bug and such mussels as the Tennessee heel splitter.

But those animals have value, too, Whitehurst said. Mussels, for example, require clean water, and their decline alerts us that rivers are in trouble.

The report calls for such actions as protecting wild lands, reducing pollution and increasing funding to aid wildlife.

The game department's staff will ask the agency's board to approve the report tomorrow.

The staff prepared the report with the help of experts from other state and federal agencies, universities and nonprofit groups.

The 900-plus-page report is 3 inches thick and took 18 months to compile.

All states are preparing similar reports to continue receiving certain federal wildlife-protection grants. For Virginia, the grants have totaled $1 million to $1.5 million a year since 2001, Whitehurst said.

He said he hopes to secure an increase in the federal grants to step up Virginia's wildlife-protection programs.

The game department plans to hire a person by early next year to help put the report's recommendations in action. For the effort to succeed, the game department will need to work with other agencies and nonprofit groups, such as The Nature Conservancy, Whitehurst said.

Populations of game animals, such as deer and bears, are regulated through hunting, and their numbers are generally in good shape.

Joseph Mitchell, a University of Richmond reptile expert who contributed to the report, said he hopes it will lead to efforts to protect wild lands. But Mitchell believes wildlife habitats and their inhabitants will continue to disappear.

"In the broad brush, it's a function of urban sprawl and the fact we like our cars and our roads and our houses," he said. "In the long run, I'm very pessimistic."

People can help through such simple actions as keeping part of their yards wild, Mitchell said.

Whitehurst urged the public to get involved. "Anybody who is interested in wildlife, we want them to get this document and find out what role they can play."


Contact Rex Springston at (804) 649-6453 or rspringston@timesdispatch.com

 [ send green star]
 
  New Topic              Back To Topics Read Code of Conduct

 

This group:
Global-Care-Network (circle of friends )
54 Members

View All Topics
New Topic

Track Topic
Mail Preferences