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Pow Wow Magic August 08, 2005 8:03 AM

Initially I read that and thought, "Right, Native American." Well guess again! While writing for Llewellyn World Wide, Silver RavenWolf became fascinated with a unique Pennsylvania healing tradition called "Pow-Wow." Pow-Wow magick is not related to Native American Indian studies, spirituality, or lineage, but is a historically accurate magickal system devised by the German settlers of rural Pennsylvania. While conducting intensive study of this system of healing, she received direct training from Preston Zerbe, who was himself personally trained by the legendary Gertie Guise, who, at the age of 17, was taught the art by Eli Guide, her father-in-law who lived between Gardners and Aspers in Adams County. This Pennsylvania Dutch Pow-Wow magick is a unique element of the Black Forest Clan. Third degree initiates and elders of Black Forest are also considered "Pow-Wow Artists" and are the only Witches in the United States to hold this particular lineage. All members can be verified through the Temple Roster, held by Silver and her family. Black Forest members do not hive, but remain part of the focused whole. Does anyone have greater detail on Pow Wow Magic? BB wendy wendy  [ send green star]
researching... August 08, 2005 10:22 AM

I found this information... Pow-Wows By John George Hoffman [1820] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Written by a Pennsylvania Dutch healer in the 1820s, this book is a rambling collection of rural home remedies and folk invocations. Pow-wow is a unique creole of Christian theology and a shamanistic belief system. It is still practiced in some rural areas of Pennsylvania. In spite of the name, it is not of Native American derivation. It is believed to have been brought over to America by German immigrants who practiced folk-magic. This little book includes healing spells, binding spells, protective spells, talismans, wards and benedictions. As for the home remedies, we don't recommend you try any of them (e.g., if you have scurvy we suggest that you get some limes. And if your livestock are sick, please have a veterinarian look at them.) The text is also of historical interest, as it paints a vivid picture of the miseries of rural American life in the early nineteenth century. The original is very rare. Has anyone ever seen or read this book? BB wendy wendy  [ send green star]
more information on Pow Wow Magic August 10, 2005 6:53 AM

Pow-wow Written and compiled by George Knowles During the 17th and 18th centuries there was much migration from continental Europe, whole families seeking to flee the hardships, famine and poverty of their own lands, set their sights on the adventure and prosperity offered in the new lands of hope and glory America. Many of the German settlers who colonized the interior of Pennsylvania also brought with them their Old World beliefs in Witchcraft and Magick. Due to the lands resemblances to their former lands in Europe, many of them settled in the rich rural areas of York, Dauphin, Lancaster, Schuylkill, Carbon and other surrounding counties, which over time became commonly known as the counties of the Pennsylvania Dutch (Dutch, a corruption of “Deutsch” meaning German). The Pennsylvania Dutch were proud family orientated people, deeply religious, and who fiercely defended their own identities and traditional ways of life. They kept to themselves and were suspicious of outsiders, and even retained their German language. This however overtime and through necessity became mixed with English to form their particular Pennsylvania Dutch dialect. They also continued to practice their own form of traditional Witchcraft and magick. As much of their witchcraft and magick was centered on herbs and healing, they enlisted the aid of local Indians to learn about and find native roots and herbs for use in medicinal recipes. Observing the Indians powwows, their meetings for ceremonial dance and conference purposes where often followed by celebration and they also discovered that like themselves, the Indians used charms and incantations for healing. Impressed with their methods of driving out evil spirits, they adopted the term “powwowing” to refer to their own magickal healings. Powwowing has survived through the advance of time and is still practiced today, and while some of the charms and incantations used, still date back to ancient times, many contain Biblical and Kabalistic elements. Of the old pioneers to emigrate from Germany and settle in Pennsylvania, John George Hohman is of particular interest concerning powwowing. Hohman and his wife Catherine immigrated to Pennsylvania in 1802 and settled near Reading. He was a devout Roman Catholic and a great believer in faith healing, however he proved to be a mediocre practitioner and also failed at farming. Facing financial ruin he began to collect various charms and herbal remedies, as well as collating those passed down through the centuries in oral tradition, and published them in a handbook called “The Long Lost Friend”. From it Hohman achieved some modest financial success, for it quickly became one of the two “Bibles” of powwowing (the other being an anonymous book called the “Seventh Book of Moses”). Both could be found in virtually every Pennsylvania Dutch household. In “The Long Lost Friend”, Hohman mixes magick and healing formulas gleaned from a variety of sources, including Germany, England and Egypt, some dating back to antiquity. It was not a book of “hexes” Hohman emphasizes, (a “hex” being a spell, curse or bewitchment cast by a Witch, commonly with evil intent, though it can be use for either good or bad purposes) and should be used for healing not for destroying. In it he also includes the wisdom of the Gypsies and the Kabbalah, as well as testimonials of his own successes. In his introduction he states: “There are many in America who believe in neither hell nor heaven, but in Germany there are not so many of these persons found. I, Hohman, ask: Who can immediately banish the wheal, or mortification? I reply, and I, Hohman, say: All this is done by the Lord. Therefore, a hell and a heaven must exist, and I think very little of any who dares deny it”. Hohman also promises his readers that: “Whoever carries this book with him, is safe from all his enemies, visible or invisible, and whoever has this book cannot die without the holy corpse of Jesus Christ, nor drowned (sic) in any water, nor burn up in any fire, nor can any unjust sentence be passed upon him. So help me”. In the book he offers the following charm to prevent witches from bewitching cattle, or used to stop evil spirits from tormenting people in their sleep at night. It should be written down and placed either in the stable or on the bedstead: “Trotter Head, I forbid thee my house and premises, I forbid thee my horse and cow-stable, I forbid thee my bedstead, that thou mayest not breathe upon me, breathe into some other house, until thou hast ascended every hill, until thou hast counted every fence post, and until thou hast crossed every water. And thus dear day may come again into my house, in the name of God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Amen”. The second so-called “bible” of powwowing, is the “Seventh Book of Moses”. This is a mixture of material take from the Talmud, Kabbalah and the Old Testament. It explains how to break a hex by wearing an amulet containing specially selected herbs wrapped in parchment paper inscribed with biblical verses or charms. In another method it tells how the hexed person should avoid direct sunlight, to stay in-doors when the moon is full, to cover the ears at the sound of a bell, and to never listen to the crowing of a cock. Most family households in Pennsylvania’s Dutch “hex belt” (as these areas became known) had copies of the two powwowing “bibles”, and anyone could use them. However the charms were believed more effective when prescribed or recited by a bona fide practitioner.  [ send green star]
cont. August 10, 2005 6:54 AM

The most skilled of powwowing practitioners are born into it, inheriting such occult abilities as healing, clairvoyancy and precognition. According to tradition, the “seventh son of a seventh son” inherits special powers, and is thought to be the most powerful, but both men and women can be practitioners. Powwowers start there training at an early age, and are taught only by family members of the opposite sex. They use a variety of techniques to help their clients, such as the laying on of hands, incantations and signs (such as the sign of the cross). Others specialize in charms and amulets, while others may use special herbs, potions and powders. One well-reputed powwower from the turn of the century was called Charles W. Rice. He lived in York, where he specialized in curing blindness with a potion he called “sea monster tears”. This he dispensed at $2.50 a drop. Most common of the powwower’s charms are the “Himmels-briefs” (heavens letters). These are basically a guarantee of protection written by the powwower on a piece of parchment paper in biblical verse. It is then hung up in the home or barn, or carried on the person it was written for. They can be written to protect the home, animals and people from all sorts of harm and disaster, be they natural or un-natural. Disbelievers were told, “Whosoever doubts the truth of a Himmels-briefs, may attach a copy of the brief to the neck of a dog and fire upon it, he will then be convinced of its truthfulness”. Himmels-briefs typically cost from $25.00 to hundreds of dollars depending on the power and reputation of the powwower, and the specifics of the charm. They were particularly popular with the soldiers of World War I, who carried them into battle for protection against injury and death. Most powwowers work quietly and attract their clients by word of mouth and reputation. Some work at it as a sideline to their main business, seeing clients only in the evenings or at weekends, others work at it full-time. To many it is considered unethical to charge fees for their services, and instead accept “voluntary contributions” though they may suggest appropriate amounts for specific services. Most will also help those clients who cannot pay, trusting that grateful clients will return when funds are available. End. Sources The Encyclopedia of Witches & Witchcraft - By Rosemary Ellen Guiley An ABC of Witchcraft Past and Present - By Doreen Valiente Plus many websites too numerous to mention. Found at the following web site  [ send green star]
The Pennsylvania Dutch (Deutsch) August 10, 2005 9:52 AM

I find it interesting to read up on the views of the Deutsch. Even though you will find their practices very similiar to Wicca...this is what I have read their beliefs are of witches. WITCHES AND OUR OWN SUPERSTITIONS Death and hell are perhaps the only things man fears more than witches. Nothing has come down through time that has harmed man's mind so much as these "unseen things in the dark." Briefly, some notions are recalled to us, as follows: Borrowing.-If you think you are bewitched, beware of the first person coming to borrow from you-it is the witch! Broom-If you are bewitched lay a broom before the door. The "rules" decree that the first person to come in, and to pick up the broom, is the witch. Witches ride brooms. Brooms are used to sweep out the witches. Black Cat.-A black cat is the most prevalent form of a witch. (This is evident today when we fear the consequences which may follow if a black cat crosses our path.) Egg-Shells-They should always be burned or crushed into smalI bits, to prevent chickens being bewitched. (Another idea traceable to the early Jews.) Gun-For a gun that is bewitched, stick two pins on it in the form of a cross. (Witches and devils -hate crosses, which, as we know, are weapons or charms handed down to us from the early Christian church.) A witch cannot "make her water" until she seeks to be forgiven, if you are willing to lay a bewitched gun in a creek. Shirt-Cut both sleeves out of a husband's shirt and burn them to discover who the witch is. (How it is done we don't profess to know.) Soap.-If a woman comes along while you are boiling soap, the soap will be bewitched. The Pennsylvania-German belief in witches comes indir-ectly from the Hebrews or Jews, for these witches were in-vented or created in the Old Testament. This compilation is so difficult for the layman to understand, that most of his sins can be attributed to 'his distant relationship with the Old Testament authority and the poor layman's inability to interpret, or cope with this vast authority; hence he flounders about in a maze that challenges the honest opinions of the learned even of the clergy. So if the poor P.G. believes in witches don't blame him; if he goes to church, he gets them without the real truth to digest them; if he is a non-church-goer, his interpretation is still more involved. Common among our people is the belief that a witch will not step over a broomstick. Fasten a sprig of St. John's wort to the door to keep out witches or flies. Nail a toad's foot over the stable door to drive and keep the witches out of the stable. Cut off the ears (sacrifice of the 0. T.) of a black cat, burn them and feed the ashes to the witch. To discover a witch: draw a picture of the suspect, load your gun with a dime, and shoot at the picture. The spot where you hit the picture will correspond to the mark to be found on the body of the witch. If there is a witch in the house throw a handful of coarse salt into the fire with the left hand. When a child is bewitched pull its shirt over the head wrongside out and wedge the sleeves or clothes behind the door. Load a bewitched gun with a bullet of hair. When the witch disappears, a black cat appears. (The witch and the black cat appeared in a witch-shooting in Schuylkill county, Penna., some years ago; a bewitched boy shot an old woman, he claimed had him bewitched; Exodus xxii 18, accommodates one with authority for getting rid of witches). Note: There is an inexhaustible wealth of material on Superstitions and Witchcraft" not only about the Pennsylvania-Germans, but others as well. The author of this pamphlet has prepared an account of "The Realness of Witchcraft in America," uniform with this pamphlet. It is highly informative and entertaining, too.  [ send green star]
continued August 10, 2005 9:54 AM

Please refer to the following link to see more about the Deutsch LYNCHING AND WITCHCRAFT Editorial in Harrisburg "Patriot," August 8, 1935. Two events of national interest within a week call for revision of public sentiment on witchcraft and lynching. IN Cleveland, one woman killed another to escape the "hex." In California a white mob lynched a white man for killing a police chief. The prevailing idea is that witchcraft is found only in the Pennsylvania Dutch belt. The city of Cleveland can scarcely be included in that geographical area. Similarly orthodox is the idea that white men lynch only Negroes and then only for attacks on women. Both ideas are out of step. Witchcraft is not indigenous to a soil. It seems more likely to be attached to a soul, and as A. Monroe Aurand, Jr. a local authority, has pointed out, closely to be asociated with some religious interpretation. Lynching, likewise, seems to originate not in the color of skin but in those circumstances which accentuate the animal in man. Tell me your thoughts wendy wendy  [ send green star]
more info August 10, 2005 10:16 AM

Author: jill stefko PhD Published on: July 27, 2005 Welcome Page My Articles Discussions for You My Bookstore Community Bookstore Subscribe to My Topic The Germans, who immigrated to Pennsylvania in the 1600s to the early 1800s brought their healing and protective arts with them and traded their esoteric knowledge with Native American tribes who lived in the area. This blend produced a unique form of Shamanism that combines European and Native knowledge and practices. This mix is also called Hexeri and Braucheri and practitioners, respectively are called Hexenmeisters and Brauchers. Shamanism is the oldest form of religion. The belief is that there is one Supreme Being and that all is derived from this and is interrelated. In Europe, Shamanic practitioners were persecuted as witches in the name of orthodox religion. As with all religions, there is the upside and there is the downside. The downside of the Judeo-Christian tradition is Satanism, which corrupts this tradition as well as Western European Shamanism, also called Witchcraft, Paganism and Wicca. The downside of PowWow is a corruption by practitioners, Hexmeisters, who would cast hexes on anyone for a price. Even the police feared them. These German immigrants came to Pennsylvania during the late 1800s. Unlike the PowWows, who were mainly of the peasant class and came here for religious freedom, these newcomers were of the middle and upper classes. There was, at the time, a revival of occultism in Europe, some of which was Satanic. It was this influence they brought with them. This wave of immigrants is the Pennsylvania Germans. The first wave is the Pennsylvania Dutch. In the 1920s, the Dutch Country of Pennsylvania was an eclectic mix of those who practiced the Witcherie, wannabes, never weres and never would be’s who know little of the Dutch and Germanic practices and made up their own practices as they went along, and the Gypsies who lived with mainstream society. John Blymire was born in York County, 1895, into this world of witchcraft, magick and superstition. His father and grandfather were PowWows. He inherited their healing abilities, but, not the strength of their skills. When Blymire was five, he suffered from the opnema, a wasting away of the body that was believed to be caused by hexes, but was usually caused by malnutrition. Neither his grandfather nor father could cure him, so they took him to a powerful PowWow, a taciturn giant of a man, Nelson Rehmeyer who cured him. When the boy was ten, Blymire worked for Rehmeyer, digging up potatoes. At age seven, Blymire “tried for” his first cure and was successful. He was of limited intelligence, homely and only modestly successful as a PowWow. People avoided him, except when they needed his PowWowing. He was lonely. When he was thirteen, he quit school and worked in a cigar factory in York. He kept to himself, but word got out that he could heal. He supplemented his cigar factory earnings by accepted voluntary offerings for his work as a PowWow. One day, there was an incident that should have made his reputation as a powerful PowWow. When work was done, Blymire and the other workers were leaving the factory and someone screamed that a “mad” dog was approaching. A collie, foaming at the mouth, was coming toward them. People tried to go inside the factory, but those leaving blocked their way. Blymire stood between them and the rabid dog, said an incantation and made the sign of the cross over the dog’s head. The dog’s mouth stopped foaming and it seemed to be cured of rabies. Blymire patted it on the head and the dog, tail wagging, followed him as he walked down the street. Blymire, shortly after this, suffered from the opnema again. He was convinced someone had put a hex on him, maybe a jealous competing PowWow who did not want him to be successful. He quit his job in order to discover who had hexed him. He worked as a janitor, sexton’s assistant, busboy and PowWow for financial survival and lived in rooming houses. It was at a rooming house where he met Lily, the woman who would become his wife. His health improved, he found a regular job and his PowWowing clientele increased. It appeared the hex was removed or no longer worked. Then, Blymire’s first child died within a few weeks, the second, three days after birth, his health declined and he lost his job. He, again, consulted with other witches to find out who had hexed him. One was Andrew C. Lenhart, a powerful witch whom even the police feared. All Lenhart said that he was hexed by someone close to him. Blymire was convinced it was Lily. She began to fear him and her father hired a lawyer and had Blymire evaluated by a psychiatrist. The diagnosis was borderline psychoneurosis. Blymire was committed to a state mental hospital from which he escaped by walking out of the door. There was no effort to recommit him. Lily divorced him. In 1928, Blymire returned to work at the cigar factory where he met 14-year-old John Curry who had a cruel childhood due to abuse. The youth believed he was hexed. Shortly after this, they met a farmer, Milton J. Hess who believed he was hexed. He and his wife were of Pennsylvania Dutch stock. They believed in Hexeri and obeyed all of the regulations and rules Hexenmeisters gave them. Milton had been a successful farmer. His crops flourished, chickens laid the right amount of eggs and the cows’ milk was plentiful. His wife, Alice had a stand at the farmer’s market, for pin money, where she sold vegetables, flowers and fruit.  [ send green star]
continued August 10, 2005 10:17 AM

In 1926, for no reason that was apparent, things took a downward spiral. Crops began to fail, chickens were stolen and those that weren’t did not lay eggs, cows would not eat and no longer produced milk. Milton’s health was affected. Wilbert, his 17-year-old son was also affected, psychologically, by hearing his father complain about the failures and lack of money and his mother changing from an energetic cheerful woman into a sad and silent one who withdrew from communicating with family. The family was convinced they were hexed. Milton got a job as a truck driver for the Pennsylvania Tool Company on North George Street in York. Alice still had her stand, now, out of financial necessity. In June, 1928, Milton met Blymire who lived in the Widow Detwiler’s boarding house the alley. They would talk daily and the conversation, eventually, turned to hexes and the fact the Blymire was a Braucher. It was about this time that Blymire consulted Nellie Noll, the Witch of Marietta, in the quest to discover who had hexed him. She told him that it was the Witch of Rehmeyer’s Hollow, Nelson D. Rehmeyer. Milton Invited Blymire, as a Braucher, to his farm where the witch could see its condition for himself. He asked Blymire who had hexed the family, but try as he could, he could not come up with a name, so he visited Nellie Noll again. She told him who the hexer was. Nelson D. Rehmeyer. The Witch of Marietta added that Rehmeyer had also hexed Curry. All they had to do was to get Rehmeyer’s copy of John George Hohman’s “Pow-wows or Long Lost Friend” and burn it or a lock of his hair and bury it 6 to 8 feet underground. The book was written in 1820 and is the spell book for PowWows. Sometimes, it is referred to only as the book. Blymire told the Hesses and Curry that Rehmeyer had hexed all of them. Plans were made for Blymire, Curry and Wilbert to visit Rehmeyer and get a lock of hair or the book, do with which they got as directed and the hex would be removed. Guiley, Rosemary Ellen, The Encyclopedia of Witches and Witchcraft. ISBN: 0-8160-3848-1, Lewis, Arthur H., Hex. Standard Book Number: 671-77156-6. No ISBN. RavenWolf, Silver, HexCraft. ISBN: 1-56718-723-4. Now published as American Folk Magic, ISBN: 156718720X. web page ref...  [ send green star]
Jayne... September 01, 2005 5:57 AM

Anything that you have in addition on pow wow....if you could post it here for all to enjoy....that would be fantastic! I'll do more digging as well! BB wendy wendy  [ send green star]
more pow wow... September 01, 2005 10:05 AM

Himmelsbrief is a "heaven's letter" created in the Pennsylvania German community Pow-wow tradition and contained BibleThe Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning "books", which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning "papyrus", from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. Most of the Old Testament is also part of the Hebrew Bible of the Jewish faith. It is also called "the Word of God", from the belief that the writings were inspired by an all-powerful creator (although the term "Wor... [click for more] verses and other charms and assurances that their owners would be protected from death, injury, and other misfortune. The text of these letters was occasionally reminiscent of some contemporary chain lettersA typical chain letter consists of a message that attempts to induce the recipient to make a number of copies of the letter and then pass them on to two or more new recipients. A chain letter can be considered a type of meme, a self-replicating piece of information that uses a human host to distribute copies of itself. Common methods used by chain letters include emotionally manipulative stories, get-rich-quick pyramid schemes, and the exploitation of superstition to threaten the recipient with bad luck or ... [click for more]. Pow-wow practitioners charged handsome sums for these magical letters; the price they commanded depended on the reputation of the practitioner. this was from wikipedia  [ send green star]
 September 01, 2005 11:56 AM

Fascinating! I will have to read more about this when I have time, but this type of magic really seems to have my attention!  [ send green star]  [ accepted]
 September 02, 2005 6:18 PM

I have a book by Silver RavenWolf about Pow Wow. I have not read it yet but I am interested in learning more about it! Thank you for this topic!  [ send green star]  [ accepted]
Mels... September 04, 2005 3:09 PM

Well let us know what Silver has to say about it all! It seems that there are a fair amount with interest in the subject. BB wendy wendy  [ send green star]
more on pow wow.. September 05, 2005 8:15 PM

Apparently there are Pennsylvania Dutch Barn Symbols... belief in witchcraft lingers here and there in the dark places of the Pennsylvania countryside. The various racial elements that settled in the state brought from the Old World ancestral superstitions and legends, some of which persists today. These ancient beliefs exits alongside orthodox religion and have been preserved by the people as part of their living traditions- Edwin Valentine Mitchel..."It's an Old Pennsylvania custom" 1947 Homesteaders, when building their farm, would seek a sunny southern exposure that would make their lives much more cozy during the long cold New England winters. There would be usually be a spring somewhere along the slope. Can you spot the spring house in the the left hand Even though hex signs have existed for centuries, general awarness of them has only become evident since the early 1900s. Before recorded history, mankind has expressed itself with simple illustrations with a remarkable similarity to tody's hex signs. Common elements are the sun and the stars which are often displayed as geometric symbols. Animals, birds, trees and flowers are represented in many designs ancient and modern. Stylized or exaggerated drawings were often used and bright colors added meaning to the design. During the Iron Age, man used his newly discovered tools to carve or cut designs in wood and leather hides. Later he decorated stone arches and beams with geometric signs. In the 12th Century, Arabs grought paper to Europe from China. Elaborate and ornate pages are preserved in museums and libraries made by scholars and monks as a lobor of love. Many of these original manuscripts, laboriously copied by hand, contain intricate designs and colorful decorations. Todays Hex Signs are not dissimilar. ref web page  [ send green star]
hex signs continued September 05, 2005 8:30 PM

Assorted round magical signs and symbols used by the Pennsylvania Dutch, principally for protection against heverei (Witchcraft) but also to bring about spells. These signs serve both as amulets and talismans. Traditionally, hex signs are painted on barns, stables and houses for protection against lightning, to ensure fertility and protect animal and human occupants alike from becoming ferhexed, or bewitched. The hex sign are also painted on candles; household goods such as kitchen utensils and racks; and on wooden and metal disks which can be hung in windows. Various hex signs have a distinct meaning. Some of the symbols and designs date back to the Bronze Age – such as the Swastika or solar wheel, symbol of the Cult of the Sun – and to the ancient Crete and Mycenae. Most of the common designs or symbols are enclosed in a circle, such as stars with five, six or eight points which are trudenfuss or pentagrams; variations of swastikas and hearts. The six-petaled flower/star, a fertility hex sign, is painted on utensils and tools related to livestock, especially horses, on linen, on weaver’s tools, mangling boards and other items. Pomegranates also are use for fertility; oak leaves for male fertility; an eagle or rooster with a heart for strength and courage; hearts and tulips for love, faith and happy marriages. Other hex signs are designed for healing, the accumulation of material goods and money, starting or stopping rain and innumerable other purposes. A charm or incantation is said during the making of the hex sign. There is very little information concerning hex signs because it is considered taboo for the Pennsylvania Dutch to talk about them to outsiders. The custom for using hex signs was derived from the Old World, brought from Germany and Switzerland by German immigrants who settled in Pennsylvania during the 1700s and 1800s. In the old Saxon religion it was customary to paint protective symbols on barns and houses. In Germany, tradition calls for the hex signs to be placed on the frames of barns, but not houses; in Switzerland, it was customary to place the sign on houses. The Pennsylvania Dutch adopted both practices developing regional customs in style and placement of hex signs. The signs proliferated the Pennsylvania Dutch area throughout the 19th century but began to wane in the 20th century as belief in magical arts declined. A.G.H.  [ send green star]
more on pow wow September 05, 2005 8:39 PM

In the past many superstitious Pennsylvania Germans believed in Pow-wow practices and in the "hex." Almost every community had a "hex" doctor or pow-wow man who possessed special knowledge and magical power. Three books had a great influence on these superstitious people, one titled, Egyptian Secrets or White and Black Art for Man and Beast by Albertus Magnus is a centuries old source of suggested techniques for cures of sickness, obtaining holding powers over other people and other mehods of gaining objectives by unique practices. 6th and 7th Books of Moses or Moses' Magical Spirit-Art, was another popular source of superstitious practice which offered magicar markThe s, seals, amulets and symbols. In 1819, John G. Hohman published a booklet in Berks County titled, "Long Lost Friend or Pow-Wows" in which the author promised: "I, Hohman, hereby swear and attest that whosoever shall use my secrets shall be safe from all his enemies, visible and invisible and whosoever shall follow the secrets revealed in my book and apply them should surely be able to obtain success, good fortune, and prosperity.' The author further assured the reader that "whosoever carries the book with him would be protected from drowning, burning, and would avoid any unjust sentence passed upon him." Some of the most interesting remedies and cures offered by Hohman are: For Ulcers, Boils, and other defects: Take the root of an iron-weed, and tie it around the neck; it cures running ulcers; it also serves against obstructions in the bladder. To Stop pains in a Wound: Cut three small twigs from a tree-each to be cut off in one cut-rub one end of each twig in the wound, and wrap them separately in a piece of white paper, and put them in a warm and dry place. To Destroy Warts: Roast chicken-feet and rub the warts with them! Then bury them under the eaves. To cut teeth without pain: Boil the brain of a rabbit and rub the gums of the children with it, and their teeth will grow without pain. To cure Epllepsy: Take a turtle dove, cut its throat, and let the person drink the blood. A remedy for people who cannot keep their water: Burn a hog's bladder to powder and take it inwardly. To banish the Whoopinq Couqh: Cut three small bunches of hair from the crown of the head of a child that has never seen its father; sew this hair up in an unbleached cloth and hang it around the neck of the child having the whooping cough. The thread with which the cloth is sewed must also be unbleached. A remedy for a Toothache: Stir the sore teeth with a needle until it draws blood; then take a thread and soak it with this blood. Then take vinegar and flour, mix them well so as to form a paste and spread on a cloth; then wrap this cloth around the root of an apple tree, and tie it very close with the above thread, after which the root must be well covered with ground. A remedy for Weakness: Take Bittany and St. John's wort, and put them in good old rye whiskey. To drink some of this in the morning before having taken anything else is very wholesome and good. To heal Bums: Pound or press the juice of male fern, and put it on the burnt spots, and they will heal very fast. To strenqthen the Limbs: A tea made of the acorns of the white oak is very good for weakness of the limbs. The booklet also offered several methods for general use such as: A precaution aqalnst injuries: Whoever carries the right eye of a wolf fastened inside his right sleeve, remains free from all injuries. A way of catchinq fish (Fishernan special): Take rose seed and mustard seed, and the foot of a weasel and hang these in a net, and the fish will certainly collect there. To make chickens lay many eggs: Take the dung of rabbits, pound it to powder, mix it with bran, wet the mixture till it forms lumps, and feed your chickens with it, and they will keep on laying a great many eggs. To win every qame one enqaqes in: Tie the heart of a bat with a red silken string to the right ann, and you will win every game of cards you play. Albert Magnus's Egyptian Secrets claimed to be issued as a "great service to mankind. order to bridle and check the doings of the Devil." But it warned owners of the book, "not to treat the same lightly or to destroy the same, because, by such action, he will defy the will of God, and God will. in return therefore destroy him, and cause him to suffer eternal punishment and grim damnation." Some of Magnus's methods are listed below: To cure a rupture: Cut three tufts of hair from the centre of his head; tie the same in a clean cloth, carry it into another district, (county) , and bury it under a young willow tree, so that it may grow together. For Epilepsy or Fits: Take some part of the hind leg of a calf, also part of a bone of a human body from a graveyard; pulverize both, mix the mass well, and give the patient three points of a knife full. To know if cattle are plagued by Witches: The hair stand on end, or bristles on the head, and they generally sweat by night or near dawn of day. How to Wean Calves: On the third day before full moon, this should be done, and splendid large cattle will be the result. To cause a Cow to become Pregnant: Take nine knots of an early tree in the spring of the year, pulverize them, and give to the cow on newly baked bread.  [ send green star]
continued September 05, 2005 8:40 PM

To Relieve Horses or Cattle from being Haunted: Take the left-hand glove of a woman afflicted with rheumatism in the right arm, steep it in fresh water, and allow the animals to drink thereof. To Avoid Danqer of Fire in a Dwelling House: Take in the evening or in the morning a bl.ack hen from its nest, cut its thro'at, throw it upon the ground, cut the stomach of the hen out of the body, but nothing else, and be careful to leave everything else inside. After this proceeding try to obtain apiece of gold quartz. The piece must be large as a saucer. These two articles wrap up together; take an egg laid on Green Thursday.; wrap the three pieces thus obtained up in bees'-wax and put all in an octagon pot of clay, cover the same tightly, and bury it under the housedoor sill. Such a house is protected from all dangers of fire, although the flames may surround it. To Cure a Cough: Roast an onion, rub the soles of the feet therewith, and the ailment will cease; or take strong brandy, dip a soft cloth therein and wet the soles of the feet, mornings and evenings. For a Swelling: Take hogs manure, put it in a left shoe and tie it over the place where the swelling is, and it will cease. For a Toothache: Write upon apiece of paper, Quosum sinioba zenni tantus lect veri, and hang it on a string over the back. To Determine if a Sick Person will qet Well: Cut a piece of bread, rub the patient's teeth therewith, and throw it before a dog. If the dog eats it, the patientwill recover. Otherwise, the disease is dangerous. To Restore Manhood: Take a new fresh laid egg, if possible, one that is yet warm. Pour whale oil over it, and boil the egg in it; the oil then should be poured into a running water, stream downward, never upward, then open the egg a little, carry it to an ant's hill of the large red specie. as are found in fir-tree forest, and there bury the egg. As soon as the ants have devoured the egg, the weak and troubled person will be restored to former strength and vigor. To Extinquish a Fire without Water: Inscribe the following letters upon each side of a plate, and throw it into the fire, and forthwith the fire will be extinguished. S A T O R A R E P O T E N E T O P E R A R O T A S To make your Sweetheart love you: Take feathers from a rooster's tail; press them three times into her hand, or take a turtle dove tongue into your mouth, kiss your girl friend and she cannot love another. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ If you would thrive, Be up 'by five; For there is health, and certain wealth When at the plough, Or milking a cow. Is to be seen !but seldom heard. A smoky chimney may be cured, A scolding woman not endured; A farmer's wife, like cream or curd, Pork and beans make muscles strong Something farmers seek; It is a dish to make life long, When cooked but once a week. Of all the crops a farmer raises, Or capital employes, None can bring back such comforts and praises, As a crop of girls and boys.  [ send green star]
reference... September 05, 2005 8:40 PM  [ send green star]
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