Peru, Brazil and Bolivia Inaugurate Inter Oceanic Works
Lima, Sep 8 (Prensa Latina) In a close point to the mutual border between Peru, Brazil and Bolivia, these three countries inaugurated the works of the Inter Oceanic Highway Thursday, which after its conclusion in two years, will join the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans.
The ceremony was made in Puerto Toledo, more than 994 miles east of Lima, capital of Peru, where the Presidents of the three countries put the stone that started the works for the Inter Oceanic Highway.
At a cost of nearly 2 billion dollars, the Inter Oceanic Highway will go through 1,615 miles along a rough geography, to join three Peruvian ports in the Pacific coast with the port of Santos (Brazil) in the Atlantic.
Presidents Alejandro Toledo (Peru), Luiz Inacio (Lula) da Silva (Brazil) and Eduardo Rodriguez (Bolivia) highlighted the strategic, economic and social value of the Highway.
President Rodriguez showed himself happy that by means of the Highway, Bolivia will have double access to the ocean, and committed himself to make sure that Bolivian enterprises participate in the construction of a segment of the Highway.
Lula da Silva said that the physical connection of South America is a basic condition for real integration of the region and its introduction in globalized economy.
"We must leave speeches and go to practice, opening a new chapter in the Amazon, and all South America. We have the moral obligation to stop being poor countries with our own peoples, and we will reach that when we start believing in ourselves," he said.
President Alejandro Toledo gave the order to start works in another two towns in the interior of Peru, through which the Highway will go, and in which there were inauguration activities.
Toledo said that the Highway is starting to give concrete content to his initiative to create the South American Community, and will give Peru an annual benefit equivalent to 1.5 percent of the Peruvian Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
This important South American road work has caused opposite opinions in Peru, since different political and social sectors find the remnants of its budget too much expensive.
Besides, two Peruvian and one Brazilian enterprises involved in the project have pendent trials with the Peruvian justice, so they are banned from signing such contracts.
El Plan de Acción aprobado durante la Reunión de Ministros de Transportes, Telecomunicaciones y Energía de América del Sur (Montevideo, 4 y 5 de diciembre del 2000), estableció doce Ejes de integración y desarrollo prioritarios, de los cuales tres vinculan al Perú y Brasil:
Este eje une los puertos de Paita y Bayóvar en el Pacífico con los puertos brasileños en el Atlántico de Belem y Macapá y tiene posibilidades de conexión con Porto Velho (Estado de Rondonia), a través de la hidrovía del río Madeira. La ruta tiene un componente terrestre, que es la carretera que va hasta el puerto fluvial de Saramiriza (Loreto) y un componente fluvial, desde Sarameriza, a través del río Marañón, hasta alcanzar el río Amazonas. Existe una variante que consiste en la carretera Paita-Tarapoto, para continuar hasta el puerto fluvial de Yurimaguas, de donde se sigue por vía fluvial, a través del río Huallaga, hasta el río Amazonas.
The initiative for the Integration of Infraestructura South American Regional (IIRSA), emanated of the Summit of Brasilia, looks for the road interconnection in the subcontinent, with the support of the Andean Corporation, Inter-American Development Bank (I.A.D.B.) of Promotion (Caf) and FONPLATA, as well as the political commitment assumed by the countries with its execution. The Plan of Action approved during the Meeting of Ministers of Transports, Telecommunications and Energy of South America (Montevideo, 4 and 5 of December of the 2000), established twelve Axes of high-priority integration and development, of which three tie to Peru and Brazil:
Axis Interoceánico East Brazil-Bolivia-Paraguay-Peru-Chile
axis will tie the main Brazilian productive centers with the ports of Peru and Chile in the Pacific, through Bolivian territory.
Multimodal axis of the Amazon (Brazil-Colombia-Ecuador-Peru ')
This axis unites the ports of Paita and Bayóvar in the Pacific with the Brazilian ports in the Atlantic of Belem and Macapá and has possibilities of connection with I carry Velho (Been of Rondonia), through hidrovía of the Madeira river. Route has component terrestrial, that is the highway that goes until the fluvial port of Saramiriza (Loreto) and a fluvial component, from Sarameriza, through the Marañón river, until reaching the Amazon river. A variant exists that consists of the Paita-Tarapoto highway, to continue until the fluvial port of Yurimaguas, of where it is followed by waterway, through the Huallaga river, until the Amazon river.
Axis Peru-Brazil (Acre-Rondonia),
that as of this year it will include to Bolivia Within the conception of this axis, has predicted the highway that unites Ilo with Iñapari in Peru, the same one that will interconnect the system of fluvial routes of Brazil yet. Nevertheless, these road axes agree with the most important regions in terms of resources and biodiversity (plants, animals, microorganisms). The operation of these resources saves every day more, and thanks to the neoliberal policies, the national governments. All this makes fear for the conservation of our natural resources in the zones that will cross the planned highways. Specialists in this subject have warned that the hurry and the irresponsibility with which the project in Peru is being implemented are going to generate several problems, like environmental and social sobrecosts, risks and a perception of lack of transparency.
Most serious it is than the wagon one happens through zones with an enormous ecological fragility. The highway borders protected natural areas and it is afraid that it promotes the illegal cutting. Additionally, the thousand of people towards the construction campings small city and displacement will exert pressure on the medio.ambiente. Many studies have demonstrated that more damage makes the workers who hunt to the animals of the affected zones that the own illegal cutting. As opposed to this it is serious that it does not exist a study of impact nor environmental strategic evaluation.
This sounds like environmental bad news. There may be lessons to be learned from the adverse environmental consequences of the Suez Canal (between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean).
[ send green star]
We waited for all that this project have a study of environmental impact, that gives the solución.Este project us is long term and contribuíra to the benefit of countries, is very important to develop it for the good of all we, at the present time is seeing the solution of the environmental problem, nobody wants that this project fails, therefore it is being to solution all the problems that can cause to these paises and to their cities, As I said, esun project that is very important for all nosotros.por the commerce between paises
I think you need to be careful with this kind of scheme. Since they dug the Suez Canal, species with no natural predators found their way both ways and started causing havoc. Did something similar not happen with the Panama Canal? Anyone? Linking up isolated ecosystems like this causes problems. I suggest such a project is a bad move. That's besides the views expressed in the article above.
[ send green star]
Resaltan integración sudamericana al inaugurar puente Brasil-Perú
Río de Janeiro, 21 ene (PL) La importancia de la integración física sudamericana fue resaltada durante la inauguración hoy de un puente que enlaza a Perú y Brasil y abre las puertas para el acceso de este país a puertos del Pacífico.
Los avances en esa dirección fueron resaltados por los presidentes brasileño y peruano, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva y Alejandro Toledo, y por los gobernantes de las dos regiones fronterizas que se unen, el estado de Acre en Brasil y el departamento de Madre de Dios en Perú.
El puente de 240 metros de extensión sobre el río Acre es la avanzada para la Carretera Interoceánica, que cubrirá dos mil 600 kilómetros hasta los puertos peruanos de Ilo, Maratani y San Juan y cuyas obras inauguraron Lula y Toledo hace cuatro meses.
Lula resaltó que este puente significa la concreción del compromiso que asumieron el pasado año él, Toledo y el hasta hoy presidente de Bolivia Carlos Mesa, de sacar la integración latinoamericana de los discursos y comenzar a construir una alianza concreta.
Recordó que ese compromiso se estableció durante la inauguración de otra obra similar que une a regiones brasileñas y bolivianas.
"Este puente sobre el río Acre es un símbolo mayor de la alianza estratégica que Perú y Brasil forjaron. Estamos tornando realidad el inmenso potencial de cooperación y asociación entre los dos países", agregó.
El acto de hoy se produjo dos días después de que Lula y los presidentes Néstor Kirchner (Argentina) y Hugo Chávez (Venezuela) aprobaran la construcción del Gran Gasoducto Sudamericano, que enlazará a los tres países y beneficiará a otras naciones sudamericanas.
En esa oportunidad los tres mandatarios acordaron además acciones para fortalecer la alianza estratégica tripartita y seguir impulsando la integrarión subregional en todos sus aspectos, en especial fortaleciendo el Mercosur y la Comunidad Sudamericana de Naciones.
Brasilia, Jan 21 (Prensa Latina) President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva travels to Peru on Saturday to open a bridge to ensure the start of bilateral integration, before he travels to Bolivia to attend Evo Morales´ swearing-in Sunday.
Lula and his Peruvian counterpart Alejandro Toledo will open the bridge over the Acre River, and will leave for La Paz a day later.
The bridge connecting the cities of Assis Brasil and Peru´s Iñapari is the starting point of the Inter-oceanic Highway to link Brazil with seaports at Peru´s south, in the Pacific Ocean.
According to the Brazilian Foreign Ministry, the bridge constitutes "a symbol of bilateral physical integration and fosters trade, investments and tourism in the region."