Rape is the most under-reported crime in the United States. Source: Federal Bureau of Investigations. Uniform Crime Report, 1990.
Only 16 percent of rapes are ever reported to the police. Source: National Victim Center and Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Rape in America: A Report to the Nation, 1992.
One reported forcible rape (penetration of a female forcibly and against her will) or attempted rape takes place nearly every five minutes in the United States. This statistic does not included unreported rapes or other sexual assaults, including assaults against men or many children (boys, or girls sexually assaulted but not raped). Source: Federal Bureau of Investigations. Crime in the United States. 2001.
In 2001, there were 248,250 rapes and sexual assaults in the United States reported to law enforcement. Source: U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, 2002.
Seventy-five percent of women raped are between the ages of 15 and 21. The average age is 18. Source: National Victim Center and Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Rape in America: A Report to the Nation, 1992.
The National Crime Victimization Survey NCVS conducted by the US Department of Justice, identified 333,000 incidences of rape and sexual assault in 1998. This includes unreported rapes (equaling three times the reported number). Source: U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, Criminal Victimization in 1998... 1998.
In 1997, 0.3% of women and 0.1% of men surveyed said they had experienced a completed or attempted rape in the previous 12 months. These estimates equate to approximately 302,100 women and 92,700 men who are forcibly raped each year in the United States. Source: National Institute of Justice and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey, 1997.
80% of all sexual assaults are committed by an acquaintance of the victim. Source: National Victim Center and Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Rape in America: A Report to the Nation, 1992.
One in four sexual assaults takes place in the victim's home, making it the most common place for an assault to take place. One in six takes place in or near a relative's or friend's home; one in five on the street; one in six in a parking garage or commercial building. Three out of five sexual assaults occur at night, with the largest proportion occurring between 6:00 pm and midnight. Source: Crime and Crime Prevention Statistics.
10 to 14 percent of all married women and at least 40 percent of battered wives in the US have been raped by their husbands. Source: Campbell & Alford, "The Dark Consequences of Marital Rape," American Journal of Nursing.
The National Institute of Justice estimates that rape and other sexual assaults of adults cause an annual minimum loss of 127 billion dollars, or about $508 per U.S. resident. This includes tangible losses such as initial police response, medical care, mental health services, property damage or loss, and loss of productivity; and intangible losses, such as loss of quality of life, pain, and suffering. These costs do not include the costs of investigation, prosecution or incarceration of offenders. This figure makes sexual assault the costliest crime; even higher than murder. Source: US Department of Justice, Victim Costs and Consequences: A New Look, 1996.
The cost of mental health care for the "typical" child sexual abuse victim is estimated to be $5,800. Source: US Department of Justice, Victim Costs and Consequences: A New Look, 1996.
... violence against children accounts for a significant portion of our nationwide victim costs. Out-of-pocket costs for child victims are estimated to be more than 20 percent of all out- of-pocket crime victim costs and more than 35 percent of all costs (including pain, suffering, and lost quality of life). Source: US Department of Justice, Victim Costs and Consequences: A New Look, 1996.
Child Sexual Abuse Prevalence May 20, 2006 9:56 AM
1 in 4 girls is sexually abused before the age of 14. Source: Hopper, J. (1998). Child Sexual Abuse: Statistics, Research, Resources. Boston, MA Boston University School of Medicine.
1 in 6 boys is sexually abused before the age of 16. Source: Hopper, J. (1998). Child Sexual Abuse: Statistics, Research, Resources. Boston, MA Boston University School of Medicine.
Teens between the ages of 16 and 19 are 3.5 times more likely to be sexually abused than the general population. Source: US Department of Justice. (1996). Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Survey, Washington, D.C.
More than 90% of all sexual abuse victims know their perpetrator. Almost 50% of the offenders are household members and 38% are already acquaintances of the victims. Source: US Department of Justice. (1997) and Finkelhor and Ormond. (2001).
The median age for reporting sexual abuse is 9.9 for boys and 9.6 for girls. Source: Finkelhor & David, et al. (1990). Sexual Abuse in a National Survey of Adult Men and Women: Prevalence, Characteristics and Risk Factors.
For 22% of the boys and 23% of the girls, sexual abuse occurred before the age of 8. Source: Finkelhor & David, et al. (1990). Sexual Abuse in a National Survey of Adult Men and Women: Prevalence, Characteristics and Risk Factors.
Only 1 in 10 children tell of their abuses. Source: Janssen, M.R. (1991). Incest: Exploited Child Abuse. National Victim Center.
42% of women and 33% of men never tell of their abuse. Source: Finkelhor & David, et al. (1990). Sexual Abuse in a National Survey of Adult Men and Women: Prevalence, Characteristics and Risk Factors.
22% of all children who disclose sexual abuse eventually recant even though the abuse occurred. Source: Sorenson, T. and Snow, B. (1991). How Children Tell: The Process of Disclosure in Child Sexual Abuse. Child Welfare League of America.
Fabricated sexual abuse reports constitute only 1% - 4% of all reported cases. Of these reports, 75% are falsely accused by adults and 25% are reported by children. Children fabricate 1/2% of the time. Source: National Victim Center Handbook (1991).
Twenty-nine percent of all forcible rapes in America occurred when the victim was less than 11 years old. Source: National Victim Center and Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Rape in America: A Report to the Nation, 1992.
Consequences of Child Sexual Abuse May 20, 2006 9:57 AM
Women who report childhood rape are 3 times more likely to become pregnant before the age of 18. Source: Zierler, et al. (1991). American Journal of Public Health.
Young girls who are sexually assaulted are more likely to develop eating disorders as adolescents. Source: Kendler, K. (2000). Medical College of Virginia Commonwealth University; Archives of General Psychiatry.
Young girls are 3 times more likely to develop psychiatric disorders or alcohol and drug use in adulthood than girls who are not sexually assaulted. Source: Lisak, D. (1994). The Psychological Impact of Sexual Abuse: Content Analysis Interviews with Male Survivors, Journal of Traumatic Stress.
Among male survivors, 80+% have a history of substance abuse, 50% had suicidal ideations, 23% attempted suicide and almost 70% received psychiatric treatment. 31% violently victimized others. Source: Finkelhor, D. & Browne, A. (1996). Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: A Review of Research. Psychological Bulletin.
70% of child sexual offenders have between 1 and 9 victims. 23% have 10-40 victims. Source: Abel, G. et al. (1987). Self Reported Sex Crimes on Non-Incarcerated Paraphiliacs. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.
The average serial child molester has between 360-380 victims in his lifetime. Source: South Carolina Forcible Sex Crimes. (1999). Summary, South Carolina Law Enforcement Division, Columbia, SC.
Only 12% of all cases of child abuse are reported. Source: Hanson, R.F., Resnick, H.S., Saunders, B.E., Kilpatrick, D.G., & Best, C. (1999). Factors Relating to the Reporting of Childhood Sexual Assault. Child Abuse and Neglect, (23) 559-569.
Over 9%, or 31,160 out of the 311,110 victims of rape were men. Source: U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics, Criminal Victimization in 1998... 1998.
Male survivors of child sexual abuse were twice as likely as non-survivors to be HIV positive; these men were not IV drug users. Source: American Journal of Public Health, 1991.
Estimates suggest that males account for 25% to 35% of child sexual abuse victims. Source: Finkelhor, "Current Information on the Scope and Nature of Child Sexual Abuse," The Future of Children, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1994.
While not all men who are victimized as adults are assaulted in prison, 26,000 adult males are raped daily in US jails and prisons and even more are abused in reform school. Source: Cahill, 1990.
Most child sexual assault is perpetrated by men who are heterosexual and do not find sex with other men at all attractive. Many child molesters abuse both boys and girls. Source: Hunter, "Abused Boys: The Neglected Victims of Sexual Abuse," 1990.
In 20% of sexual assaults committed by a single offender, and 62% of sexual assaults committed by multiple offenders, the offenders are under the age of 21. Source: US Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1991.
52% of convicted rapists will be arrested within three years of release. Source: US Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1991.
More than 66% of college men involved in date rape had been intoxicated with alcohol or drugs. Hall, "Date Rape: The Hidden Epidemic," Source: National Collegiate Date and Acquaintance Rape Statistics, 1996.
IN VIRGINIA: 99% of convicted sex offenders were male; 60% were white; 61% were aged 19- 34; 56% had no high school diploma; 30% were married; 10% were on supervised probation or parole when committing the current offense; 63% had a prior criminal conviction. Source: Convicted Sex Offenders, Justice Research in Virginia; Department of Criminal Justice Services' Criminal Justice Research Center, 1994.
There is a 70% chance that a white rapist will rape a white victim, and that a black rapist will rape a black victim. Source: "The Mind of a Rapist," Newsweek, July 23, 1990.
In 2001, there were 5,039 sexual assaults reported to the Virginia police. As it is estimated that as few as 1 out of every 6 rapes are reported to the police, the actual incidence of this crime could be as high as 30,000. Virginia sexual assault crisis centers tracked 9,016 sexual assaults reported by victims in 2001. Source: Virginia State Police Uniform Crime Report, 2002; VAASA Annual Summary, 2002.
Of the over 9,016 new victims of sexual assault who received services from Virginia sexual assault crisis centers in 2001, 23 percent were under the age of 18; 83 percent knew their attackers. Source: VAASA Annual Summary, 2002.