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Piyuth N.

Muang, Mae Hong Son, Thailand
male, age 47
single
Speaks: english
Joined May 28, 2008
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Community Assistant Group

 
Name of the Project: Sustainable Development Project 

Submitting the Proposal: 2008

 

Location: Community Collective Farm  

                 Ban Kung Mai Sak village,
                 Mae Hong Son Province,
                 Thailand

 

Project Period: January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2011 ( 2 years)

Project Implementation Group/Organization:                 
                 Community Assistant Group
 
Contact Person/Address:

                        Piyuth Noito

                        Coordinator

                        82/1 khunlumprapas Road.

                        Muang,

                        Mae Hong Son 58000

                        Thailand

                        Tel: 66-053-620644
                        Fax: 66-053-612877
                        Mobile: 66817938563

                        E-mail: info@lookatthailand.com

 Bank details:

                        Bank Name: Thai Farmers Bank

                        Branch:   Mae Hong Son

                        A/C Name: Piyuth Noito

                        A/C Number: 285-2-17621-3 

                        A. Maung

                        Mae Hong Son 58000

                        Thailand

 Project Starting Date: January 1, 2009 
 Project End Date: December 31 2011


Project Summary:

 The civil war in Burma, many ethnic groups are fighting against the military government for their autonomy. Because of the fighting, including the human rights abuses are there along with the civil war. The same thing happened in a small village in Si Siang province that was in Shan State, the biggest state in Burma to the Lisu ethnic group. This particular group is earning their living by farming and animals raising. But, this was not all the time peaceful as the military troop came into the village and tortured the villagers as well as took the belonging of the villagers. Moreover, the military troops forced the men to be porters for them. The villagers had to store whatever they harvested from their fields or farm to keep with the military soldiers and hired the people to look after their foods. Everyday when the villagers need to get the food they had to ask the permission from the soldiers to get their own food that they grow from their farms. The villagers had to stay under fear most of the time and they can no longer enjoy their traditional life as before. Because of these agressive action of the military soldiers, the villagers had to leave their village which they stayed for decades from generation to generation.

In the end of 1976, the 16 families divided into 2 groups and set up to Na Oong village that located on the border with Thailand. On the way to Na Oong, the villagers met with Karenni troop that fight against the military government who helped the villagers to cross the Salaween River. For the river, the villagers walked to Na Oong village where they going to refugee as the first station. The villagers took 9 days to reach the target village for their safety. They asked the permission to stay in Na Oong but only 4 months later the Burmese military soldiers came up to the Na Oong village and did the same thing that they do in Si Siang. The villagers from Na Oong had to fled to whatever direction around the village. The villagers who cannot run for their lives being shot to dead by the Burmese military soldiers.
The Lisu villagers were with other villagers who fled to Nai Soi village (Lichee Platation)and asked to stay there as for the temporary shelter. After that the Lisu villagers set up a village and earned their living by dry-land farming for 2 years. Later, they moved to the Nam Kat (also old village of the Karenni people) near Doi Seang village and there they stayed for 6 years.Later the military troops fight against the Karenni rebels where Karenni soldiers retreat to the Lisu village. When the Burmese military troops arrived to the village they considered that this village is also the Karenni village and they burned the village down. That time the Karenni soldiers retreated back to Na Oong village whereas the Lisu villagers fled again to the Mae Sa Pae village. Later, the Lisu villagers asked the Nai Soi village for temporay shelter and survey for the location that they can do farming. They found a suitable location for farming that they named Huay Un also reasonable location to set up a village in 1984. They elected the village chief, named Beyawa who ask every family to do the farming for their living. Not so long after set up a village, Nurse Maw Rim came to the village and survey about the health condition of the villagers who brought the tourist to the village and distributed the medicines. No longer Mr. Vira, a tour guide, brought the tourist for home stay eco-tourism. The villagers then got some incomes from tourist visiting and more and more tourists came to the village as the Lisu villagers are staying in their own traditional way of life.
Eventhough the villagers are migrants from Burma, the Kon Mick Sat Shan village chief came up to the village for population survey and later requested the district office to come and grant the ID card with hill tribe status. But, still there was problems as the villagers near by the Lisu village accused the Lisu villagers of destroying the watershed on the top near the mountain as well as cutting down a lot of trees to do the dryland farming.
 In fact, the Thai villagers in nearby came up and cutting down the tree from mini-logging business and these people blame the Lisu villagers for what they had done. The villagers also accused of dealing with drug and help transport the drugs pills into Thailand even though the villagers never had connection with drug businesses whereas they only earn their living with farming and little bit of tourism. Another reason was the new elected village chief do not know the Lisu villagers and brought the militia troop for searching drug pills in every house in 200  . But, they found nothing. The same village chief brought the militia and village security personals to the village for second time. This time they dismended all the houses of the villagers and send them back to Burma with the route through Homong, the border checkpoint and stayed there for 5 days. The Lisu villagers are already fled from brutal Burmese military government and happened the same thing in Thailand. They asked the villagers there to take them back to Kon Mick Sa village and from there they walked back to their old village and stayed there for 4 years.

In the year 2000, the militia troop came back and this time they forced the villagers to move and they burned down all the houses except 3 houses that forestry department staffs were staying. After burn down the village, the forestry department staff Kam Noeng plant the trees and relocate the Lisu village near another Kon Mick Sa village, named the new village as "Ban Lisu Pa Deung". But, 1 family went back to the old village for temporary. 
The villagers' way of life is totally changed, as the village where they relocated has no water and land to farm. So that the villagers have to work in the farms with daily wages for their daily survival. Sometime, the villagers do not get work in the farms of the villagers nearby. Some NGOs come to give rice and medicines. The local authority only provide the short-term support that not effective services for long-term. Because of this, the Underprivileged Community Assistant Group members find a suitable location where they can earn their living with traditional way of life along with sustainable agriculture. At the same time, the villagers will learn about the community management, organic farming, animal rising, will also learn per meant land agriculture. 

Problem Statement: 
  • The local authority often move the village that the villagers can hardly get a permanent farm to earn their living and the law of Thailand do not allow the migrant Lisu villagers to clear the forest for dry land farms
  • The Lisu villagers always depend on dry land farming and never ever had experience on paddy fields farming and no one as yet give them skills and knowledge on consistent farming technology that is environmental friendly
  • The present village where they stay in not possible for farming at all as the ground is stony soil as well as there is no proper water especially in summer time
  • No donor as yet provide them food for daily survival so that they have to go and work for the villagers nearby as well as they go and work in the villagers that are as far as 80 km north of the province
  • There are not enough jobs available for all the villagers and the villagers can not get the jobs everyday that can hardly cover their daily survival for each family
  • There is a school but there is no teacher for the village children and the adult villagers never had chance to learn Thai as they often had to move one place to another according to the plans of local authority
  • Even though there are more than 60 rais of land available with the organize of the coordinator the lack of irrigation canals, mini-dams, water pipes, water tanks, agriculture related materials is a barrier for making farms enough for the whole village
  • Even though they are good animal raiser they do not have fund to buy the animals to raise and to work in the fields as well as they do not have appropriate amount of seeds for their farms
  • They do not have environmental friendly techniques to make their houses as they used to cut down the natural resource around them generation to generation


Goals:
 

The migrant Lisu community will be able to earn their living with respectful self-reliance sustainable organic farming in long-term while in Thailand and apply the skills and know ledges for the next generation when they have chance to go back to their mother in future democratic Burma.


 

Objectives: 
  • To organize community meeting for understanding the goal, objectives along with responsibility sharing
  • To present to local authorities including forestry department, village development officers, district level officers and community around the new Lisu village to get the supports and cooperation in legal ways
  • To build the stony mini-dams, irrigation canals and organize the water supply system
  • To purchase and rent the agricultural related materials and start working in teams
  • To start making mud bricks and build the animal pans as well as houses for the villagers who will come and work in the project area
  • To conduct the flat land farming, organic farming and animal raising techniques for the villagers
  • To purchase animals to raise
  • To finalize the rice field for paddy season or raining season
  • To start the farming as well as upgrade the farming land to be fully ready for the second year


Expected Outcomes:

 
  • Each family in the villages will be able to have the area of land for agriculture and animal raising
  • The community collective farmland will have its own system of sustainable agriculture irrigation system for both agriculture and animal raising
  • The community collective farm will have appropriate farming materials and animals for all the families in the village
  • The villagers will gain environmental friendly farming techniques in permanent farmlands so that they will not depend on slash and burned traditional technique that is destructive to the environment
  • The villagers will be able to enjoy working with the families together rather than find the jobs far away from their own village and families
 
 
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Homepage http://www.thailandtravel.co.cc  
Birthday Dec 24, 1966  
Languages english  
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