The results of the 2010 Census were announced today, with findings that reflect the changing face of America. 1 in 6 US residents—50 million people—is Latino, says MSNBC. That is, Latinos accounted for over one-half the population growth of the US in the past decade. Further, more than 9 million Americans—including my son Charlie, who is Irish American and Chinese American—checked more than one race category on the 2010 census, a sign, says MSNBC, of ‘burgeoning multiracial growth in an increasingly minority nation.’
In total, according to the 2010 census, in the US there are: 196.8 million whites, 37.7 million blacks, 50.5 million Hispanics and 14.5 million Asians. Along with Latinos, the Asian population grew the most. Asians had a larger numeric gain for the first time than African-Americans, who remain the second-largest minority group at roughly 37 million. The population of non-Hispanic Whites–whose median age is now 41—increased slightly to 197 million. But, due to declining birth rates, their total share of the population has declined.
Says William H. Frey, a demographer at the Brookings Institution who has analyzed most of the 2010 data:
“This really is a transformational decade for the nation…..The 2010 census shows vividly how these new minorities are both leading growth in the nation’s most dynamic regions and stemming decline in others.
“They will form the bulk of our labor-force growth in the next decade as they continue to disperse into larger parts of the country.”
The Latino population’s political clout will continue to grow, says MSNBC. In the past decade, the adult Latino population has nearly doubled in Nevada, Virginia, and North Carolina; it has also increased by 60 percent in ‘two Midwestern battleground states, Indiana and Ohio.’ Frank Sharry, executive director of America’s Voice, an advocacy group that favors allowing illegal immigrants to work toward U.S. citizenship, simply states that “What the Census figures suggest is that the road to White House in 2012 may well go through the Hispanic community.” According to exit polls, Latino votes have ‘lopsided Democratic leanings’; in 2008, Obama won the vote of 2 out of 3 Latinos.
Other findings noted by MSNBC
- In at least 10 states—Mississippi, Georgia, Maryland, Florida, Arizona, Nevada, Texas, California, New Mexico and Hawaii—the percentage of children who are minorities has already passed 50 percent, up from five states in 2000.
- Over the last decade, the Latino population grew most quickly in the South. Indeed, many Southern states have seen their Latino populations double since 2000. Further, in a change to ‘the South’s traditional “black-white” image,’ Latino population growth exceeded that of blacks and whites in the region.
- More than half of the cities (including Chicago and Detroit) with the largest concentrations of African-American showed declines in the population of African-Americans. But the suburbs of ‘growing southern metro areas like Atlanta, Dallas and Houston’ saw the highest increases in the black population.
Graphic from Wikimedia Commons.