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5 Facts Most People Don’t Know About Learning Disabilities

5 Facts Most People Don’t Know About Learning Disabilities

A recent survey of 2,000 Americans by the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) reveals how very much most people still need to learn about learning disabilities. I was especially troubled to read that 30 percent of those surveyed said they had made jokes about themselves having a learning disability when making an error in reading, writing or mathematics.

To many people, learning disabilities are a laughing matter that can be readily corrected. Why else would 55 percent of those surveyed think that wearing corrective eyewear would be enough to “fix” a learning disability?

The NCLD survey also found that one-third of people thought that prospective employers can ask job candidates if they have a learning disability. This is against the law under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and further shows how much the general public needs to be educated about disabilities.

About 4.67 million Americans over the age of six have learning disabilities; that’s about 1.8 percent of the U.S. population. 66 percent of those surveyed did say they would like more information about learning disabilities than schools provide. Writing in the Washington Post, Jay Mathews quotes NCLD executive director James H. Wendorf who states that “Better informed parents will recognize markers earlier and become more effective advocates for their children.” People do want to know more about learning disabilities and get their kids, and maybe even themselves, help and support.

Speaking of which, here are five things too many people don’t know (thanks to the NCLD’s Demystifying LD: 18 Facts You Need to Know):

1. Learning disabilities have a genetic component and are often found in families. In contrast, the survey revealed a lot of confusion about the causes of learning disabilities: 22 percent thought too much screen time can cause them; 31 percent thought poor diet could be responsible; 24 percent attributed learning disabilities to childhood vaccinations.

2. Learning disabilities are lifelong. People can learn to compensate for dysgraphia, for difficulties in writing skills (certainly computers have been a boon in this regard), but parents needs to know that children will not just grow out of having a learning disability. Therefore, early diagnosis is very helpful, so a child can receive the accommodations she or he needs as soon as possible and also know that her or his struggles with penmanship are not because of being “lazy” or “not trying hard enough.”

3. Learning disabilities are diagnosed by a trained professional (in public schools or private practice) after careful evaluation and testing of a childThere is no medical test, such as a blood test, to diagnose a learning disability. It’s also important to note that learning disabilities can often co-exist with other neurological disorders such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

4. Visual, hearing or motor disabilities are not learning disabilities (though those with dyspraxia can have challenges with certain motor skills).

5.  Learning disabilities are not due to cognitive delays (yet 43 percent of those surveyed believed that learning disabilities and IQ are correlated). Emotional disturbance and psychological issues, as well as economic, societal and other disadvantages, can cause problems for students that may seem similar to learning disabilities — but such factors do not cause learning disabilities.

The NCLD survey also found that 90 percent of respondents knew that dyslexia is a learning disability but only 80 percent could correctly define it. Most people were far less familiar with other types of learning disabilities, including dysgraphia, dyscalculia (which affects math skills) and dyspraxia. As Mathews writes, “this may be because so many of us know someone whose reading difficulties have been blamed on dyslexia or have seen the many television shows dramatizing that disability.”

While it’s good that there is more public awareness about dyslexia, we need to make sure that accurate information about it and other learning disabilities is known. There are too many long-standing myths and misperceptions about learning disabilities to count; Education Week cites this 2010 Roper poll that also showed “widespread confusion.”

With the start of a new school year upon us — whether you’re a parent, a student, a teacher, a relative, a friend — why not take it upon yourself to learn as much as you can about learning disabilities?

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61 comments

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11:07PM PDT on Oct 28, 2013

Thanks for sharing such wonderful post, it is true that almost 1/3rd of the Population is facing learning disability. But still many prefers to take this problem with ease. I believe if these kind of problems are well rectified by the child day care centers or the parents on time, then one can cope up with this problem through different learning school well equipped to handle special kids with their disabilities.

3:45AM PDT on Jun 26, 2013

It's amazing really that people are still so ignorant. I work with people who have learning disabilities enabling them to experience the things we take for granted like going out for the day, for a meal etc. We are all the same all have our won personalities, likes and dislikes, get to know people and you find they are just the same as you and me x

3:22PM PST on Dec 9, 2012

I'm Currently Trying To Effect Change In My Own Child's School District. They Recently Snuck In A Policy Without Parental Input That Will Double Punish Children For "Bad Behavior". Some Of These Children Have ADD/HD And Their Behavior Is A Manifestation Of ADD/HD, So To Punish Them In The First Place What They May Be Unable To Help, Is Wrong. If The Child Gets Sent To The School's "Time Out" Room 3 Or More Times In A Semester The Child Will Not Be Allowed To Join Their Friends And Peers During The School's Holiday Parties And Festivities. My Question Is Why Punish Them Again For Things They've Already Been Punished For? It Isn't Fair And I Don't Think It Will Send The Message They Are Hoping For To The Children. Please, Sign The Petition To Help These Children. I Want To Help Them Have A Voice When No One Else Seems To Be Standing Up For Them. The Next School Board Meeting Is Coming Up And I Will Present The Petition To The Board Then. Thank You For Your Support.

http://www.thepetitionsite.com/443/258/344/dont-be-a-grinch-give-kids-their-christmas-back/

3:03PM PST on Nov 19, 2012

Can we add a #6? Digital books and reading technologies with text to speech improve the learning experience for individuals with LD? To see and hear content read aloud in a multi-modal type activity helps! http://blog.bookshare.org/2012/10/31/a-book-series-for-and-about-students-with-learning-differences/

2:50PM PDT on Oct 14, 2012

thank you. Compassion and kindness are key in these cases (in ALL cases!)

11:22PM PDT on Sep 19, 2012

thank you!

4:53AM PDT on Sep 14, 2012

Thanks...

4:32AM PDT on Sep 12, 2012

Thanks for the info.

5:08AM PDT on Sep 11, 2012

thanks, but I was hoping for something more detailed and not so basic and remedial

4:06AM PDT on Sep 11, 2012

I know about learning disabilities. My middle son has lived with ADHD but he has graduated from high school and is working full time, living a full and productive life. In school he was in special ed classes.

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