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5 Places With Big Harvests and 5 Places Where Hunger Can Kill

5 Places With Big Harvests and 5 Places Where Hunger Can Kill

“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.” The opening sentence of Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities rings eerily true when you consider the issue of food insecurity. At a time when science and technology have made it possible to produce rice, wheat, corn and much else in huge quantities, too many people in too many places live daily with food insecurity, whether because of sudden natural disasters like Typhoon Haiyan in the Phillippines, civil conflict like that in Syria that has turned thousands into refugees or long-term drought in the Horn of Africa.

The internet and global shipping routes have connected far flung places of the world. But a bountiful harvest in one place can still have no bearing on a place where the harvest was poor. As Americans give thanks for an overloaded Thanksgiving table, here are some places where this year’s harvest was plentiful and some places where it was not and what could be done to change this.

1. Minnesota, Ohio, New York all had orchards filled with apples.

In the Midwest, in Minnesota and Ohio, apple growers reported a bountiful harvest that was all the more notable after a meager output last year. The same was the case in upstate New York.

2. The Midwest also produced more corn than ever.

Kansas, a state often said to symbolize America’s heartland, enjoyed a bountiful corn crop this year, as did Minnesota.

But this fulsome harvest (14 billion bushels, 30 percent greater than last year) did not necessarily turn into profits but rather a drop in prices. What’s more, a good share of the United State’s larger than ever corn crop was used not for feed but to produce biofuels.

3. Britain saw an abundant wild harvest of fruit.

After one of the wettest winters and the coldest springs on record, the British countryside was “groaning” in August with one of its most abundant wild harvests in years. Cherries and plums, rowans, crab apples, apples and berries galore — winberries, wild raspberries, dewberries and elderberries.

This bumper crop had a downside, with people said to be stripping areas of wild fruit and mushrooms for London restaurants, which can pay up to £50 a kilogram for some mushrooms and other foods. But if humans can contain themselves, the harvest will not go to waste: birds and others are sure to help themselves to a fine autumn feast, too.

4. California vineyards have been groaning with grapes.

Winemakers in the Santa Cruz mountains were cheered by a good harvest of grapes that portends a record crop. Vineyards are yielding vines with a higher number of clusters that are also bigger than they usually are. Vintners and oenophiles are in happy anticipation of wines from these grapes.

The reason for the bountiful crop is the weather. After getting nearly a full annual rainfall in November and December, the vines had a long and temperate growing season.

5. Mexico stands out with a bumper bean crop.

Good weather conditions and a regular rainy season since September have meant a big crop of dried beans in Mexico is likely. 1.14 million tons of beans are expected in 2013-14, up from 1.06 million in 2012-13 and 626,000 the year before that. Yields of dried beans fell by just over 25 percent in both Canada and the United States this year and also fell in China, which has become a major exporter.

But Mother Nature (perhaps feeling more than a bit troubled about global warming’s effects) was not nearly so kind in other regions of the world.

1. India had a poor harvest of rice and tapioca.

India is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China but its rice crop this year was disappointing and all the more after expectations of a sizable crop. Malnutrition remains a huge problem for India’s poor; one in three malnourished children in the world live in India.

Due to poor rain during the planting season and then an influx of rain in October, India is also reporting a poor yield for its tapioca harvest.

2. Greece’s green olive crop is down by as much as 80 percent.

Bad weather in Greece has made a shortage of green olives likely. Halkidiki olives are predicted to cost 50 percent more as farmers say that crop yields are down by up to 80 per cent.

The price of olives is also likely to rice as a result of reduced olive production from Spain and Southern Europe due to drought.

3. Zimbabwe’s “hunger season” will be worse this year.

Poor rains have also meant that 2.2 million people — a quarter of Zimbabwe‘s rural population – will not be able to provide food for themselves during the “hunger season” of October 2013 to March 2014.

The harvest season in Zimbabwe is in April. This year, Mavis Mukarati, a farmer in the southern province of Masvingo, harvested only five 50 kilogram bags of corn, down from 180 bags last year.

4. Syria, entrenched in civil conflict, had a poor harvest too.

Even as the country’s war seems poised to extend beyond three years, Syria’s wheat harvest this year was its worst in decades. Two million tons must be imported to make up the shortfall.

International sanctions have constrained the government’s ability to import food and the number of Syrians requiring food aid is likely to increase to 4 million by the end of the year. 2.5 million more Syrians outside the country also need help; the World Food Program estimates that operational costs to feed all these people will add up to about $42 million a week.

5. Tanzania expelled farm workers and can’t harvest enough food.

Farming communities in Tanzania are anticipating food insecurity — and the likelihood of vastly higher market prices for food — due to a dearth of farm workers after hundreds of illegal immigrants were arrested and repatriated in “Operation Kimbunga.”

Many farmers simply planted fewer crops due to an insufficient supply of workers. “We support government for identifying and repatriating illegal immigrants but nearly 96 per cent of the local farmers will harvest much less this season and might not even be able to sustain their families up to the next harvest,” Pastor George Kachilla of the Anglican Church said.

 

The United Nations has announced that 2014 will be the International Year of Family Farming, to highlight the potential family farmers have to eradicate hunger, preserve natural resources and advocate for sustainable development. An estimated 500 million family farms, which rely primarily on family members for labor and management, still produce the food that feeds billions of people.

In many developing countries, family farms comprise up to 80 percent of all farm holdings. That’s all the more reason to focus on how they can fight hunger and feed their own communities, with a bountiful harvest of locally grown food.

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Photos via Thinkstock

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75 comments

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11:27PM PST on Dec 8, 2013

Thanks for sharing this informative article.......I wish we could all (the whole world) just "share.....Do big Corps. really need billions and billions of $$$$ in profits.???? Maybe we should eat the rich.!!!

8:26AM PST on Dec 5, 2013

When governments tell us the earth is warming up, and in some places drying up. They seem to forget to tell you that it is their fault. For instance the destruction of vast tracts of rain forests , the lungs of the world. The testing of atomic bombs ,pollution of our seas. The list is endless. India have enough money but do they spend it on their people, NO. Instead spend billions on sending rockets to mars. The Earth will only take so much .

6:17AM PST on Dec 5, 2013

thank you for posting this!

4:18PM PST on Dec 4, 2013

Thanks for sharing.

9:17PM PST on Dec 3, 2013

noted

1:21PM PST on Dec 3, 2013

dzięki

9:59AM PST on Dec 3, 2013

Thank you

6:33AM PST on Dec 3, 2013

Thanks for sharing.

2:21AM PST on Dec 3, 2013

I'm not sure where they got the idea about us having a bumper year in the UK because I know that in our area there were a lot of problems with fruit being there but not quite ripe then rotting before it ripened because of how wet it's been. On the allotment I lost about 80% of my beans and the black currants were a wipe out :(

10:02AM PST on Dec 2, 2013

Counterdesertification practices may be used to produce food crops in desert areas (1/3rd of all land) as well as in regions experiencing drought. For details, see an article by my charity, NPI (http://www.needfulprovision.org/articles/counterdesertification.php). Use of sustaiable, biosecure, biodynamic, integrated and organic farming practices should be promoted since factory farming (or so-called GMO/ chemical farming) is damaging soils and reducing crop yields, worldwide. The addition of 10 percent bioactivated biochar, to soils, will generally double typical crop yields. We do have options that will increase food supplies/ security, but we must first learn to use these proven options.

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