6 Adorable Rare White Animals

Wild animals who are albino — with partial or complete lack of pigment in their skin, fur and eyes — are not only unable to avoid the rays of the sun (especially those born in warmer climates). Their light coloring (the result of a congenital disorder from, in part, a deficiency or absence of an enzyme, tyrosinase, that is involved in producing melanin) exposes them to predators, greatly lowering their odds for survival. Many rare white animals are able to live in captivity, though, in zoos and wildlife preserves like the six below:

1) A White River Otter

4-month-old Haku’s name means “white” in Japanese; she lives at the (ironically named) Sunshine Aquarium in Tokyo in Japan. She also has a nickname, “fair-skinned beauty” and is currently cared for by keepers (as in the video below), who take her on a daily jaunt around the aquarium.

River otters are born with white fur but, after they reach adolescence at four months, their fur usually turns black. Haku’s has not and her keepers expects that she will remain white throughout her life. She joins the aquarium’s seven other river otters, an extinct species that was last seen in the wild in Japan more than 30 years ago.

 

 

2) Three White Kiwis

Last November, a third white kiwi chick hatched at Pukaha Mount Bruce, in the southern Tararua district of New Zealand. The new chick joins two other white kiwis, Manukura, who hatched in May of 2011 and Mauriora, who was born in December. All three white birds have the same father, who was one of 30 kiwi transferred to Pukaha Mount Bruce from Little Barrier Island in 2010.

As it is “very rare” that two North Island Brown Kiwis carry the recessive gene for white chicks, Mt Bruce wildlife center manager Kathy Houkamau notes that “we’re very blessed.”

The video shows the third white kiwi chick just after hatching!

 

3) Two White Wombats


The name “Polar” was given to a very rare white wombat found by shearers in 2011 near Ceduna in south Australia. At that point, wombat rescuer Val Salmon noted she had only seen one such albino animal in 40 years.

Then, a few weeks later in December, another white wombat was found by members of the local Aborigine community and brought to her. This second wombat has been named Icy; her mother had apparently been hit by a car and Icy had blisters, fleas and ticks.

Both Polar and Icy have been brought back to health and, as rescued wombats cannot be returned to the wild under South Australian law, will remain at Salmon’s center unless zoos or educational centers adopt them. As Salmon notes, “zoos and parks don’t want an animal unless they are perfect. For one of our other wombats, we have to grate all its food … as it can’t chew.” She hopes to raise funds to create a fauna park that can provide a permanent home for all the rescued animals she is caring for.

4) A White Buffalo

White buffalo (which are actually mere tannish in color) are extremely rare. There is only about a one in 10 million chance of one being born  so their birth is celebrated as an auspicious event among Native Americans. White buffalos are considered symbols of unity, hope and rebirth.

One could be (like the newborn calf in Royal Gorge Park, Colorado in the video above) be taking its first steps, with nudging encouragement from its mother. Lone Star, a pregnant white buffalo who was recently moved to a downtown ranch in Dallas.

 

5) A White Lion

White lions are born to tawny parents who both carry a recessive gene. The birth of one in the wild is thought to occur only ever 20 to 30 years. A white female cub was born to parents Moto and Kya on January 26 in the U.K.’s Paradise Wild Park. She is not actually an albino but leucitic, with reduced pigmentation in her skin and regular-colored eyes.

As the park website says of white lions, “Regarded as god like entities in African folklore, it is believed their majestic coats serve as a representation of the good found in all creatures.” “Health, happiness and luck” are said to be the lot of anyone fortunate enough to be able to get a glance of a white lion.

6) Quadruplet White Tiger Cubs

Four cubs, each weighing only one to two pounds, were born to a white tiger in Austria’s Weisser Zoo on December 27. They have been named Mumbai, Maja, Melody and Mona Lisa and have been rapidly gaining weight.

While it’s certainly fascinating to see the Weisser Zoo’s four tiger cubs, some have raised concerns about efforts to breed them. White tigers are born to Bengal tiger parents who (like the parents of white lions) both have copies of a very rare recessive gene. In the 20th century, only a very few have been seen in the Bengal tibers’ habitat in India and South Asia, writes Jackson Landers on Slate. White tigers’ lack of camouflage would certainly threaten their existence in such a tropical ecosystem. In addition, some born in captivity are cross-eyed, have visual impairments and other serious defects.

 

The Association of Zoos and Aquariums has banned member zoos (pdf) from breeding of white tigers, lions, and cheetahs, though zoos that already had such animals are still allowed to display them. Zoos should rather use their funds to develop “legitimate breeding program to protect the genetic diversity of endangered subspecies of tigers,” as Landers notes.

Certainly white tigers, white lions and other white animals are beautiful. While making sure that existing white animals are properly cared for, should we not direct our efforts to preserving species that truly preserve the genetic diversity of endangered animals?

 

Related Care2 Coverage

Orphaned Tiger Given Goat to Eat, Befriends it Instead

Rescued Alligator Fitted with First-of-its-kind Prosthetic Tail

5 Traditional Lucky Items Around the World

Photos from Thinkstock except white wombat via Care2.com

173 comments

Kathy Perez
Kathy Johnson3 years ago

love love LOVE

Richard Hancock
Richard Hancock3 years ago

lovely, thanks.

Carrie-Anne Brown

thanks for sharing :)

Elena B.
Elena Bonati3 years ago

Beautiful and lovely creatures. Thanks for sharing.

Sheri D.
Sheri D.3 years ago

Beautiful creatures!

Claud V.
Cla Vejga3 years ago

So adorable! Thanks for the positive article.

Gita Sasi Dharan
Gita Sasi Dharan3 years ago

Beautiful creations of God, so perfect ! Thanks for sharing.

Hardik Shah
Hardik Shah3 years ago

thank u for sharing

Diane L.
Diane L.3 years ago

Elizabeth M., these are NOT albinos! There is a definite difference between an albino animal and a "white" coated one. Look closely at the skin around the eyes............especially in the lion cub and the tiger cubs. The skin is NOT pink, nor are the eyes. The probable issues of these animals in adulthood, IF in the wild, would be in finding prey or avoiding BEING prey, as they don't have the natural camoflauge of their normally-colored brethren. There are risks involved when breeding for color in ANY species, and some dog species, such as Dalmations and Harlequin GD's are known to have problems. Overo Paint HORSES do as well, with sunburning being one of them. It used to be believed that breeding two "Overos" would or COULD result in what is called "lethal white" which results in early death 100% of the time, but now breeders know it's a recessive gene, but yes, found in Overo Paints only.

Lori Ann Hone
Lori Hone3 years ago

Took my son and his friend to "Bearizona" in Williams, AZ they had 3 adult White Buffalo and one baby, truly magnificent animals. My son's friend is Native American and was especially touched by these animals, his family has explained the importance of the White Buffalo in their culture.