4. Mural moth
Moths are famous for being able to imitate their environments to blend in, but the mural moth is really something special. It has coloration that mimics the appearance of other insects, but it goes one step further: viewed from above, the moth looks like a pair of bugs eating some bird droppings. But there’s more! These moths also produce a bird poop-like odor to add to the illusion. Above and beyond in the service of camouflage.
5. Leaf insects
Also known as walking leaves, these examples from the insect world are rather impressive.
They blend in impeccably with leafy trees and shrubs, which keeps them safe from predators looking for a tasty snack, and as you can see in this image, even when they’re away from their leafy homes, they still give a credible imitation. Evolution 1, Predators 0.
6. Malaysian orchid mantis
Mantises are found in lots of regions of the world, but Malaysia has something particularly special; a beautiful white variant that evolved to blend in with orchids. They’re difficult to spot in amongst the petals of the flowers they call home, which gives them a definite advantage when it comes to evading animals that might view them as food; they look so much like orchid flowers that the eye skates right over them!
Coral, or something else?
You can probably see the fish lurking in this picture, but check out that coloring and rough skin. Scorpionfish, including this one, have evolved to hide in corals by masquerading as the coral itself. This keeps them safe from predators, but it can also be menacing for visitors to coral, because they have sharp venomous spines, and if you don’t look where you’re doing, you just might run into one.
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