7. Owen Thomas
Owen Thomas committed suicide at age 21, hanging himself after suffering from “emotional collapse.” The Penn University junior never complained of a concussion during his time playing football, though his family allowed that he may have chosen to ignore symptoms in order to stay on the field. Despite that, an autopsy showed clear signs of CTE — raising the concern that even hits that aren’t severe enough to cause concussions could still do long-term damage.
6. John Mackey
John Mackey was a Hall of Fame tight end for the Baltimore Colts and San Diego Chargers, and later served as the first head of the NFL Players Association, the league’s union. Mackey suffered from frontotemporal dementia, which made him confused, paranoid and angry. He ultimately entered an assisted-living facility at 65, and died at age 69. An autopsy of his brain showed clear evidence of CTE.
5. John Grimsley
When John Grimsley died of what was classified as an accidental gunshot wound in 2008, it wasn’t national news. The linebacker for the Houston Oilers and Miami Dolphins had a good career, making a Pro Bowl in 1988, and lasting in the league for ten seasons. He began exhibiting signs of dementia around the age of 40, including all the classic hallmarks of CTE. The diagnosis was confirmed post-mortem.
4. Lou Creekmur
Lou Creekmur lived to be 82, so one might think that his death, at least, can’t be attributed to brain trauma. Unfortunately, that death came after 30 years of cognitive decline, from memory loss to angry outbursts and aggression. The eight-time Pro Bowl offensive lineman for the Detroit Lions played from 1950 to 1959, famously breaking his nose 13 times in an era before facemasks were required. A post-mortem autopsy showed Creekmur had full-blown CTE.
3. Ray Easterling
Ray Easterling played safety for the Atlanta Falcons from 1972 to 1979, and after retiring, suffered from a series of impairments, from a depression to a loss of memory and organization to difficulty relating to other people. In 2011, he joined other players in suing the NFL over concussion-related damage; in 2012, he shot himself. A study of his brain showed clear evidence of CTE.
2. Dave Duerson
Dave Duerson’s suicide may well be the point at which CTE could no longer be ignored. The safety for the Chicago Bears, New York Giants, and Phoenix Cardinals was a four-time Pro Bowler and two-time Super Bowl champion, and at one time held the record for sacks in a season by a defensive back. In retirement, Duerson was at one point successful in business, but over time grew despairing of his declining cognitive abilities. In 2011, Duerson committed suicide, shooting himself in the chest. In a text message to his family, he said he did so in order that his brain could be studied for CTE. Duerson’s suspicions were confirmed post-mortem. His method of suicide finally and compellingly drew national attention to the plight of players like himself.
1. Junior Seau
Junior Seau was a wildly popular linebacker for the San Diego Chargers, Miami Dolphins and New England Patriots. A 12-time Pro Bowler and near-certain future member of the Hall of Fame, Seau killed himself in May of 2012. Like Duerson, Seau shot himself in the chest, and while he did not leave a suicide note, the similarity was clear. The story of Seau’s decline is by now horribly familiar — his once-photographic memory was shattered, his ability to handle numbers gone, his temper suddenly sharp and violent. Like the other eight men on this list — and countless others — Seau suffered from CTE, confirmed by autopsy.
Image Source: VTravelled.com
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