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This Polar Bear Starved to Death Because of Climate Change

This Polar Bear Starved to Death Because of Climate Change

All that remained of a 16-year-old polar bear found by scientists in northern Svalbard in Norway in July was “skin and bone.” The bear had starved to death because of climate change, says Dr. Ian Stirling of Polar Bears International. With the sea ice where the bears hunt for seals melting at a record-setting rate, the animals who are the iconic symbol of the Arctic are more and more not able to catch the main source of their diet.

While it is not entirely possible to pinpoint one cause of the polar bear’s death, Douglas Richardson, head of living collections at the Highland Wildlife Park, says that 16 is not “particularly old” for a male polar bear in the wild; most typically live into their early 20s.

Scientists who examined the bear’s body say that he was otherwise healthy. Some researchers from the Norwegian Polar Institute had actually seen the bear in the southern part of Svalbard, an Arctic island archipelago, back in April, and noted that he appeared healthy. In previous years, the bear had been captured in the same place, suggesting that he was used to return there to hunt. But his severely emaciated body was found instead in northern Svalbard, 250 kilometers away. Scientists speculate that the bear may have walked two or three times that distance as it followed the fjords inland and headed north in its hunt for food.

Warmer temperatures are certainly altering the bear’s habitat and creating poor conditions for ice. As Prond Robertson of the Norwegian Meteorological Institute, points out, “the sea ice break up around Svalbard in 2013 was both fast and very early.”

New NOAA Report Confirms Extremely Fast Rate of the Sea Ice Melting

A new report from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) makes it all too clear how very fast the sea ice is melting due to climate change.

A team of American and British scientists conducting annual tests found that, last year, greenhouse gas emissions reached record levels in the Arctic and Greenland while temperatures in the Arctic increased at about twice the rate as those at lower latitudes. As a result, by June of 2012, snow cover fell to its lowest levels since such records were kept.

By September of 2012, the sea ice cover had shrunk to the lowest levels since satellite records were recorded. The sea ice cover is now 18 percent lower than the previous low in 2007 and a shocking 54 percent lower than in 1980.

“Record-breaking events” including unusually warm temperatures are becoming the new normal, the NOAA report underscores. They are also occurring inland in the Arctic. On July 11, 2012, 97 percent of Greenland’s ice sheet experienced surface melting. This past year, Alaska’s permafrost temperatures and those in the Canadian Arctic were at record highs in 2012.

The polar bear’s existence is closely tied to the sea ice. With the ice melting at such an accelerated rate, between one-third and a half of polar bears will perish in the next three generations in about 45 years, says the IUCN. The U.S. and Russian governments are even more pessimistic, saying that the losses of polar bears could be even higher — two-thirds could soon be gone — as the ice melts.

Otherwise, Polar Bears are Almost “Indestructible,” But…

Richardson of Highland Wildlife Park emphasizes that the 16-year-old made found in Svalbard is not the only one suffering such a fate. Rather, he says that “there are an increasing number of bears in this condition: they are just not putting down enough fat to survive their summer fast.”

“Once polar bears reach adulthood they are normally nigh on indestructible, they are hard as nails,” Richardson also comments. Sadly, and tragically, they have more than met their match in the face of greenhouse gas emissions and rising global temperatures that are causing the sea ice to melt, depriving the bears of food and the earth of a priceless species.

 

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236 comments

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8:58AM PST on Dec 29, 2013

This is awful. And the most awful point is that authorities all over the world don't care a bit.

9:20PM PDT on Aug 31, 2013

OMG, when are we going to wake up and stop destroying this beautiful earth God gave us and all the wonderful animals, plants and yes, people on it. We are the most self centered, greedy species ever created and have done more damage I the last 50 years than in all the many, many years before. We do not own the planet, we are only renting it, and it is our responsibility to leave it better than we found it: we are failing miserably.

2:26AM PDT on Aug 19, 2013

We saw this a long time coming, didn't we?!

3:12PM PDT on Aug 18, 2013

Ruhee,
An exception was made to the international hunting ban for Inuits and others for sustenance hunting. I do no believe that yhd bears were ever on the endangered list, which is a testament to how well the ban has worked. Other species on the list have not fared HSS well as these bears, as there numbers have increased several fold.

10:43AM PDT on Aug 18, 2013

How awful - polar bears need to go back on the endangered species list NOW. Cannot believe they are still being hunted and killed. Unfortunately I think climate change is here to stay and is only going to get worse. Humans will NEVER give up their cars and "dirty fuels" - as individuals (even ones who try and do the best they can) I think we are pretty powerless. Every day, I pray that the fossil fuels run out tomorrow ............... eventually they will but by then it will be too, too late for us, for the poor earth and for all her inhibitants.

7:11PM PDT on Aug 17, 2013

we need to take action before its too late

6:25AM PDT on Aug 17, 2013

It is obvious Global Warming is here. No more naysaying or tests. Test upon test- climate change is here. We need to help the environment-not test it.

5:57AM PDT on Aug 17, 2013

What a shame, we won't happy until everything is gone.

1:21PM PDT on Aug 16, 2013

Sadly, and tragically, the polar bears have more than met their match in the face of greenhouse gas emissions and rising global temperatures that are causing the sea ice to melt, depriving the bears of food and the earth of a priceless species.

Absolutely sickening. It's long past time we stop using dirty fossil fuels that are heating up our planet, causing climate change, and killing our Polar Bears.

5:35AM PDT on Aug 16, 2013

I hope that wildlife specialists are in a position to do something even if it means providing a food source temporarily. They do this for the plains in North America. Why not the polar bear regions as well?

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