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Airlines Fight E.U. Carbon Charge

Airlines Fight E.U. Carbon Charge

In a move that could result in a trade war and/or some progress on slowing carbon emissions, as of January 1 a European directive requires all airlines operating within the European Union to  buy carbon allowances as part of the EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). The offsetting is the first mandatory program of its kind for aviation.

The U.S. airline industry has been fighting the rule for years, most recently losing an attempt to block the rule’s implementation in a challenge in the EU Court. They argue that the EU does not have the right to make this requirement and that only an international aviation body could impose such a fee.

According to the Guardian, this week four Chinese airlines openly refused to pay the charges; under the new law they and others who don’t comply risk being fined and even banned from European airports.

The Flying Public to Pay?

Airlines will either swallow the extra expense, or, more likely, pass it on to customers. The European Union has estimated the charge at between 2 and 12 Euros ($2.55 – 15.35) depending on flight distance and other factors. USA Today notes that this week United-Continental, US Airways and Delta began charging a $3.00 fee on one-way tickets to Europe, though the fees have not yet been directly tied to the EU regulation.

British Airways’ website, while basically supporting the inclusion of aviation in the ETS, states concerns over the implementation, including:

We have concerns about the imposition of this scheme on foreign airlines flying into the EU. We believe it will lead to a negative legal battle at a time when we need a constructive debate on a global solution.

If implemented as it now stands, without a global solution for aviation in place, the scheme will lead to a significant competitive disadvantage for EU airlines, resulting in job losses and a reduction in services as international passengers by-pass European hubs.

It would be far better to implement this scheme initially for intra-EU flights only, and to widen it to intercontinental flights when a global scheme that includes aviation is in place.

It is unknown what effect the mandatory, flight-based fees will have on voluntary individual offset plans,  in which individual passengers currently participate.  Adoption of these programs has been slow, but nonetheless thousands have paid to offset the carbon cost of their travel.  British Airways’ 2010/11 corporate responsibility report states that some 500,000 BA passengers have purchased offsets since 2008.

Many airlines are screaming foul, saying that the added cost will dampen the industry’s recovery. Of course, the increased cost of flying is exactly the point of the law: by trying to incorporate some of the “true cost” to the environment of every flight, the intent is that more of us will decide to stay home to help the planet.


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Image: US Government website Pacific Northwest National Lab.

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8:30PM PST on Jan 11, 2012

This is a small step, but a good one. A fair fee is reasonable but I worry the airlines will use it as an excuse to hike fares even farther. The plan may be to have people fly less but that could mean back to the days when only the well-off could fly.

10:33AM PST on Jan 11, 2012

We have got to make sacrifices somewhere.

9:23AM PST on Jan 11, 2012

Surprise. Surprise. Corporations do not want to pay for the pollution they produce. And, surprise, surprise, it is the consumer that pays, and the airlines continue to profit. One more reason to avoid air travel.

6:55AM PST on Jan 11, 2012

They will just jack up their fees more, and put a little more jingle in the pockets of the major stock holders in the Airline industry. At least Virgin Airways is developing new, clear aviation fuel.

5:01AM PST on Jan 11, 2012

thanks for sharing

4:08AM PST on Jan 11, 2012


5:15AM PST on Jan 10, 2012

Thanks for the article.

7:24PM PST on Jan 9, 2012

I think this is great. People think flying around all over the world is some sort of right. It is horrible for the environment and if it takes extra cost for people to think twice before they jump on board, that is great!

3:18PM PST on Jan 9, 2012

Thanks Nancy.

3:09PM PST on Jan 9, 2012

Between millions of gallons of crude oil pouring into the Gulf of Mexico, radiation still leaking from the Japanese nuclear plant, and a lot more corporations other than just the cruise lines polluting on a massive scale,will likely see our oceans dead in within the next few years. As long as the American people allow this to continue, the only people that will be eating are the corporate heads, wealthy, and those in the legislature, House, and executive branch. This next election needs to sound a loud message to those in Washington, you serve the will of the people, and not corporations or the wealthy. Oh, and now the republicans passed a bill which gives corporations the same rights as a human being.

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Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author and may not reflect those of
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