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America’s Dangerous Diet

America’s Dangerous Diet

Americans Ignore Advice to Eat More Fruits and Vegetables, Less Meat

Despite doctors’ best efforts to educate the public on the value of a well-balanced, plant-based diet, Americans eat fewer servings of fruits and vegetables today than they did at the start of the decade, according to a report released this month by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  

The CDC estimates that in 2009, just 32.5% of American adults consumed fruit two or more times per day, and a paltry 26.3% consumed vegetables three or more times per day. Those numbers show a noticeable decline since 2000, when 34.4% of Americans reported eating fruit more than twice a day, and 26.7% ate the recommended three or more servings of vegetables. 

Meanwhile, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates, Americans consume more than 220 pounds of meat per year per person — that’s more than twice the global average. The amount of meat the average American eats each year has increased more than 50% since 1950, when yearly consumption was measured at just 144 pounds per person. 

Americans’ increasingly meat-heavy, plant-poor diet threatens not only public health, but the health of the planet.  

Vegetables, Fruit, and Health

A few years ago, athlete, writer and researcher Dan Buettner partnered with National Geographic and the National Institute on Aging to study the lifestyles of the world’s longest-lived people. In his subsequent book, The Blue Zones, Buettner revealed that, across the globe, cultures that promote longevity  share one very important thing in common — traditional diets that are high in fruits, vegetables and legumes, and low in meat.

Buettner was certainly not the first expert to notice that diets high in fruits and vegetables seem to promote long lives and good health. Several previous scientific studies have shown that the fiber, nutrients and antioxidants in fruits and vegetables prevent cancer and heart disease. And the same new CDC report that reveals Americans on average are eating fewer fruits and vegetables, also shows those Americans who eat the most fruits and vegetables daily have the lowest BMI.

Meat Consumption and Cancer

Fruits and vegetables not only provide essential nutrients that promote health — they can also displace other, less healthy foods. Americans currently consume more red meat than any other group, even though excessive red meat consumption has been linked in multiple scienfitic studies to increased rates of cancer. 

A recent long-range study of older Americans, conducted by the National Cancer Institute, found that over a decade, eating a quarter pound of red meat daily gave men a 22% higher risk of dying of cancer and a 27% higher risk of dying of heart disease compared to those who limited their red meat consumption to just 5 ounces per week.

Healthy Foods, Healthy Planet

U.S. residents’ addiction to meat and junk food affects far more than American lifespans and waistlines. Excessive consumption of meat and highly processed, prepackaged foods makes an impact on the environment, too.

According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, livestock production generates almost a fifth of greenhouse gas emissions. Factory farms consume large amounts of clean water and grain (taking those resources away from people who need them) and produce large amounts of waste.

And prepackaged processed foods like corn chips or potato chips (which, contrary to the claims of certain junk food lovers, according to the CDC, do not actually nutritionally count as a vegetable) generally require much more energy to produce than fresh fruits or vegetables, and create packaging waste that often cannot be recycled.

Which is why America’s continuing, worsening addiction to unhealthy food is so concerning, not just to those who suffer the immediate health consequences, but also to anyone who cares about protecting the environment and slowing climate change.

Our cultural aversion to fruits and vegetables isn’t just hazardous to our health — it harms the planet.

The CDC has issued a set of tips for incorporating more fruits and vegetables into the average diet. (And Care2 recently shared a CNN video on how to cut grocery costs by buying healthier foods.) The real challenge for the CDC and other experts working to save not only American lives, but also the planet, may not be giving good dietary advice, but convincing Americans to follow it.

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Detail of photo by Corpse Reviver from Wikimedia Commons. Used under Creative Commons license.

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135 comments

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7:38AM PST on Jan 18, 2013

Thank you for sharing.

12:37PM PDT on Jul 14, 2012

Ottimo articolo.

3:38PM PST on Nov 9, 2011

Fish, seafood and poultry are generally healthier than red meat, although grass-fed beef and wild game meats such as deer and elk are quite healthy, and most mutton is grass fed, that is my favorite red meat. A healthy diet consists of vegetables, nuts,some fruit, fish, eggs, poultry, smaller amounts of red meat and maybe dairy if your system can handle it. Most of the health problems in the United States are due to excess consumption of grains and refined carbohydrates such as sugar, and overeating in general.

4:37AM PST on Nov 8, 2011

as a vegan for 9 mos and vegetarian for 4yrs prior...i do consume more than five servings of fruits and veggies. but even prior to non eatmeating lifestyle, i always included many veggies in my diet. today, most people eat out and tho, i may upset some, just about everyone i know that dines out every meal have weight issues, blood pressure issues, etc. it is unfortunate that society is basically lazy and looks for something quick. it is also unfortunate that companies have made more economical to eat unhealthy. i remember a scene from Food, inc that depicted a family of 4 going thru fast food drive. with only $10 to feed a family four, he could ensure that his chidlren's tummies would be filled. unlike going to a grocery store and spending the same amount for 4 apples.

1:12AM PDT on Aug 24, 2011

Yes! Let's eat more vegetables and fruits ,less meat (or none at all).

7:10PM PDT on Aug 23, 2011

Great article. Thanks for sharing.

11:50AM PST on Jan 30, 2011

I read a comment from someone who said that she eats less red meat and more chicken, fish and eggs. This is very common and very sad! It is much better to reduce overall consumption of animal foods, not replace one kind of animal food with another. From a health point of view, all flesh has the same effect on the body. Contrary to the myth of chicken and fish being healthy, the differences between one kind of meat and another are tiny compared to the similarities. They are all full of fat, cholesterol, have no fiber, and are concentrated sources of toxins and animal protein. Yes, chicken has just about the same amount of cholesterol as beef. Food for thought: 92% of chicken carcasses are contaminated with fecal matter! And fish is incredibly full of toxins.
From a suffering point of view, nothing has caused more suffering than the switch to eating more chicken and fish. These are smaller animals so more aninmals suffer and die in order for people to eat them. Chickens are the most abused animals of all and the egg industry is unspeakably cruel. The one change we should all make is to eat LESS chicken and eggs. As for fish, I heard Jonathan Safran Foer say that it is predicted that in 40 years ( I think it is 40) we will wipe out all wild fish in the ocean! Mr. Foer is very careful; he doesn't make unsubstantiated assertions. Farmed fish is not the answer because eating farmed fish just encourages demand for more fish. It is the demand for chicken and fish that has

6:36AM PST on Jan 30, 2011

For more info, please check out (and share) my

Food for Thought---and Action

www.brook.com/food

2:54AM PST on Jan 30, 2011

The column graph is an real representation, as most of us who vote in on Care 2 will probably have pro-greenie leanings-the exceptional nerds like Rightwing PL will pop up like a supporating blister.
If you want to see canines, have a look at sabre-tooth tiger.PL must have watched too many vampire movies.But fact-we have 10m of gut - and real carnivores have far shorter guts.Therefore, meat rots in long guts and causes the many problems over a lifetime that abound in heavy meat eaters.It is also well know such a diet is a real arthritis aggravant-also keeps the body acidic. The only way to keep the body alkaline is 80% raw food intake,20%cooked(not over-cooked). Like one of the contributers, I too have trouble with taking in 5 of anything daily. But I instinctively use 5 or 6 veg in most of my meals,and eat fruit. Apple particularily,I have taken to liberally dousing with clove,and cinnamon which is a potent antioxidant, and both are anticeptic.
For 43 yrs I have served up tastey Christmas meals, have managed to vegetarianise some Hungarian meals, the cuisine of my childhood. I include Turkish, Egyptian,Greek mouth-watering creations;mastered the art of creating Lebanese Kibbeh using burghul, and was lucky to have lived in Sth India,and learnt good dosas/idlis + Gujerati veggie from neighbours- no animals killed.

Thinking what is good for the body, and how to make it pleasurable has been something that has gone in tandem over many years.I have been a veggie for 43 years

7:11AM PST on Jan 22, 2011

You are right!! You are what you eat!!

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