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Arts Education: Good News and Bad News

Arts Education: Good News and Bad News

A recently published federal report from the National Center on Education Statistics (NCES) on arts education has some good news: Even in a decade in which many school districts have faced significant budget cuts, the availability of music and visual arts education has remained little changed.

There is also some less than encouraging news revealing differences in arts education availability based on students’ economic levels. While music and visual arts instruction was more available in high-poverty elementary schools in 2009-2010 than in the previous decade, the reverse situation was the case at the secondary level. When comparing high-poverty secondary schools in 1999-2000 with those in 2008-09, music instruction decreased from 100 percent to 81 percent and visual arts instruction from 93 percent to 80 percent.

Availability of Arts Education Fairly Consistent

The NCES is a division of the Department of Education; Jared Coopersmith, a project officer, tells Education Week that “generally, what we really found is there is no consistent trend of decline in arts education in public schools.” The NCES report found discrepancies in the types of arts education offered. Music was available at 90 percent of the public schools surveyed and, for the most part, visual arts.

But instruction in dance at the elementary level fell from 20 percent of schools in 1999-2000 to 3 percent in 2009-10 while instruction in drama/theater declined from 20 to 4 percent. Jane Bonbright, the executive director of the National Dance Education Organization, questioned these figures, noting that dance at the elementary level is often integrated with other subject matters. At the secondary level, the availability of dance changed little, going from from 14 percent to 12 percent in a decade; drama/theater went from 48 percent 45 percent.

Differences in Arts Education at High-Poverty vs. Low-Poverty Schools

In 2011, the President’s Committee on the Arts and the Humanities released a report that called for “reinvesting” in arts education. The committee issued a statement about the NCES report that singled out a gap between arts instruction between high- and low-poverty schools that was  especially apparent at the secondary level:

For instance, 80 percent of high-poverty schools reported visual-arts instruction for 2008-09, compared with 95 percent of low-poverty schools. In addition, 81 percent of high-poverty schools reported music instruction, compared with 96 percent of low-poverty schools. (The report defines high-poverty schools as having three-fourths or more students eligible for a free or reduced-price lunch. Low-poverty schools have no more than a quarter of such students.)

While music instruction was generally available at high- and low-poverty schools, the committee noted disparities in the presence of faculty specializing in teaching the arts and in facilities, such as rooms with specialized equipment for arts instruction.

The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) also recently issued a report describing an association between at-risk students and access to arts instruction. At-risk students who had a “history of intensive arts experiences” had better outcomes in many academic areas, from test scores and school grades to honors-society memberships, high school graduation and college enrollment and attainment. They were also more likely to become involved in volunteer work and local politics.

The NEA report contains a compelling argument for maintaining arts instruction in public schools. Despite the focus on reading and math achievement under No Child Left Behind, the arts have managed to retain their place in school curriula. But findings such as the decreased availability of arts instruction at high-poverty secondary schools — coupled with the NEA report linking at-risk students’ academic achievements to arts instruction — should be a wake-up call to educators about the importance the arts can play in helping such students to succeed.

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17 comments

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1:54PM PDT on Apr 20, 2012

Bonjour,
Music is giving wings to the soul (Plato, I think)

4:54PM PDT on Apr 19, 2012

ty

9:21PM PDT on Apr 18, 2012

regardless of the stats, i think there can always be more arts in the schools...just sayin'...

10:33AM PDT on Apr 18, 2012

This is the Environmental artist Apollo. I am currently the Environmental Art Director for Artists of America. We are a non profit foundation that provides FREE art lessons for foster children And at risk youth. We are about to hold the 4th annual Student Cartoon awards party. Children are taught and mentored by professional artists. Our “Windows on the World” program takes at risk youth and teaches them how to create beautiful murals and window splash art for businesses. We show them how to take their skills to the next level. We are helping these students to think creatively and we are giving them the confidence to tackle any situation. If you would like to help in Artists of America goal to provide free arts educational programs visit http://www.artistsofamerica.info . A $10 donation will provide a free art class for a special child who otherwise might not have access to the arts. Your gifts help us grow our programs on a national basis.

10:28AM PDT on Apr 18, 2012

A life without culture, is a very dull and unimaginative one.

9:05AM PDT on Apr 18, 2012

Job training in Jr. High like cleaning the rooms, halls, and cafe. That would be a great start for a min. wage job.

11:36AM PDT on Apr 17, 2012

@Lydia, You're right there should be more job training in schools as well, but ideally I'd like to see both it and the arts get a fair shake.

9:23AM PDT on Apr 17, 2012

Kids learn so much from the arts, and really enjoy them.

9:06AM PDT on Apr 17, 2012

Coverage of the arts and music is deplorable all over the world. At least the Obama Administration is trying to do something about it.
By the way, some comments on this thread is spam.

7:35AM PDT on Apr 17, 2012

Providing students with well-rounded educations is our responsibility as a society, and one that previous generations took pride in affording us at great sacrifice to themselves. I find it disheartening to hear those that are not willing to invest in good K-12 public schools for all children ... but have no problem invest 40x that amount for prisons, prison guards, and increased police protection.

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