Bacteria-Powered Electric Bugs Could Monitor Water Quality in Developing Countries

Written by Megan Treacy.

Access to clean drinking water is a crucial issue for many people living in developing countries. Testing water for pollution usually involves collecting samples and taking them back to a lab. More high tech solutions include mass spectrometry — a very sensitive process that requires expensive specialist equipment — to detect toxins in water supplies, but that can’t be used for routine water monitoring and is too expensive and complex for using in developing areas.

Looking to find a better solution, researchers at the University of Bath along with the Bristol Robotics Laboratory at the University of the West of England have designed an inexpensive sensor using 3D printing that is powered by bacteria and can be placed directly in rivers and lakes to continually monitor water quality.

The University of Bath explains, “The sensor contains bacteria that produce a small measurable electric current as they feed and grow. The researchers found that when the bacteria are disturbed by coming into contact with toxins in the water, the electric current drops, alerting to the presence of pollutants in the water.”

“We found that when we injected a pollutant into the water there was an immediate drop in the electric current they produced. The drop was proportional to the amount of toxin present and the current is recovered once the toxin levels fell,” said Dr. Mirella Di Lorenzo, Professor of Chemical Engineering at Bath.

That means that pollution levels can be monitored in real time without any more special equipment or experts needed for analysis.

The device is able to detect even very small quantities of pollutants. In testing, the researchers detected tiny concentrations of cadmium at quantities far below accepted safe levels.

This post originally appeared on TreeHugger.

Photo Credit: Thinkstock


Patricia Guilhem
Patricia Guilhem2 years ago

Il serait plus simple de ne pas polluer l' eau. Au Pakistan, comme dans beaucoup de pays, les plus pauvres n' ont pas accès à l' eau potable et tombent malades ou meurent.

Danuta Watola
Danuta Watola2 years ago

Thanks for sharing.

Danuta Watola
Danuta Watola2 years ago

thank you for sharing

Jonathan Harper
Jonathan Harper2 years ago


sue higgins
sue higgins2 years ago

this was interesting to read and really exciting to come away from the box and look at things differently and it also made me think about bjork when she did biophilia which is about natural science and musicology absolutely brilliant !

Debra G.
Debra G2 years ago

This is quite useful for real-time monitoring. The linked Treehugger article on other sensors in development was fascinating. Nice research going on.

Marcia Vinson
Marcia Vinson2 years ago

Thanks always love reading tech pieces

Winn Adams
Winn Adams2 years ago


John chapman
John chapman2 years ago

This sounds like a cart before the horse deal.

I think in developing countries you can assume that water supplies are contaminated.

What's needed is a safe, easy, & inexpensive, filtration system to make it potable.

Janis K.
Janis K2 years ago

Thanks for sharing.