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Chelsea Manning Still Waiting on Gender Treatment

Chelsea Manning Still Waiting on Gender Treatment

Despite initial reports that Chelsea Manning would be provided with basic transition services while serving at Leavenworth Prison, she has revealed that the military has declined to meet her medical needs, leaving her struggling with gender dysphoria. This comes over requests from attorney and recommendations from her doctor that she receive transition treatments immediately, along with any other health care services she may need.

The situation highlights a plight experienced by many transgender prisoners, who often experience a denial of access to care while in the prison system, in addition to systemic discrimination like being housed with people of the wrong gender, referred to by the wrong name, and deliberately misgendered by prison guards and staff.

Caselaw and individual precedent on the provision of transgender services to individual prisoners varies. Some prisons will continue to provide hormone therapy at the dose used prior to incarceration, reflecting a policy that maintains a baseline for prisoners — but may not reflect the need to adjust or slowly ramp up hormones over the course of transition. Furthermore, prisons generally don’t offer gender confirmation surgery even when there is a clearly demonstrated medical, psychiatric and personal need. Prisons typically don’t offer ongoing psychotherapy, sessions with an endocrinologist to monitor hormone levels, and other procedures like laser hair removal as well as voice training and other therapeutic options used by some members of the trans community during transition.

This falls into a larger framework of denying health care to prisoners, a historically highly marginalized group when it comes to accessing both physical and mental health services. Despite the fact that prison can be a highly dangerous environment, prisoners have trouble getting care to help them manage chronic conditions like HIV/AIDS, diabetes and asthma that were preexisting before they arrived in prison. Prisoners who contract new chronic illnesses or develop health care problems are also typically underserved. Mental health services across the prison system are notoriously bad — even though prison can exacerbate mental health conditions or trigger episodes of depression, psychosis and other mental health emergencies.

At times, access to health care is used as a tool of control, with prisoners having care withheld if they fail to “behave.” This creates a dangerous precedent for prisoners who need stable and consistent access to care in order to control chronic conditions or address immediate medical crises, like Sarah Tibbets, a diabetic prisoner who died after officials refused to provide her with insulin.

When Manning requested hormone therapy and other transition services, they were initially denied. Trapped at Leavenworth, an all-male prison, she was in an uncomfortable and potentially dangerous position both physically and mentally, as she wasn’t able to get the care she needed and she was placed with prisoners of the wrong gender. Manning reports that during her time at Leavenworth, she has been treated disrespectfully and staff refuse to acknowledge her gender identity:

“In my daily life I am reminded of this when I look at the name on my badge, the first initial sewed onto my clothing, the hair and grooming standards that I adhere to and the titles and courtesies used by the staff,” Manning says, according to the BBC. Despite pressure from the ACLU as well as her own attorney, the military has remained vague on what kind of treatment it will provide, if any, and hasn’t committed to offering consistent treatment to Manning during her prison term. The ACLU argues that this is a case of cruel and unusual punishment, and Leavenworth could potentially be on the hook for violating Manning’s constitutional rights.

While public opinion may be split on Manning as hero or traitor, one thing is for certain: Prisoners deserve access to health care, no matter why they’re in prison. The continued denial of transition services to Manning is a blotch on America’s civil rights record — and a stark testimony to the abuse transgender prisoners endure.

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Photo credit: Timothy Krause.

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2:12AM PDT on Sep 8, 2014

"a prisoner who has betrayed my great country"

How have this person betrayed your country? By exposing the betrayal of your Government?

11:28AM PDT on Sep 4, 2014

He can wait until hell freezes over as far as I am concerned. Yes I typed HE.

11:27AM PDT on Sep 4, 2014

People are being be-headed, girls being raped, women getting stoned, the world is falling apart. seriously chelsea, get over yourself

11:26AM PDT on Sep 4, 2014

SERIOUSLY!? this is what I should be worried about? Pay for your own surgery. With all the needs of people in this country and the world this is important? NO.

ridiculous

4:46AM PDT on Sep 4, 2014

I do not want my tax dollars to pay for a sex change for a prisoner who has betrayed my great country! Things like this is why we are in such debt.

5:57PM PDT on Sep 2, 2014

she should AT LEAST get the hormones required

2:50AM PDT on Sep 2, 2014

"What is my business & do care about is my tax $$'s being used for a prisoner to have a gender transition."

If I were you, I'd be more worried with the $3.2 Billion that US taxpayers give to Israel every year, just so that a Hitler Wannabe can killing children in the name of Lucifer.

10:08PM PDT on Sep 1, 2014

It is none of my business what gender Manning is or wants to be, nor do I care. What is my business & do care about is my tax $$'s being used for a prisoner to have a gender transition. No wonder the U.S. has such a national debt & is a joke to other countries.

11:57AM PDT on Sep 1, 2014

I am pretty sure that there are some people who would give Chelsea Manning some Gender reassignment involving the technique used in the Ancient Korean kingdom of Goryeo. Much the problems have to do with the nature of the crimes she committed is that she was tried for a made up offense of wantonly caused to be published on the internet intelligence belonging to the US government, having knowledge that intelligence published on the internet is accessible to the enemy: which translates as she embarrassed the army. As Bin Laden was more interested in beating off to Internet porn the revelations merely showed how incompetently the Iraq war was fought which was hardly a revelation.

10:59AM PDT on Sep 1, 2014

Thank you for this very interesting article.

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