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A Cold War Muckraker Passes – Daniel Schorr Remembered

A Cold War Muckraker Passes – Daniel Schorr Remembered

Prior to his death on Friday, legendary multimedia journalist Daniel Schorr must have been one of the very few Twitter users over the age of 90.  He wasn’t a frequent user, but his July 22, 2009, tweet commenting on the passing of another news media icon still seems incredibly apt considering the recent failings of the medium:

With Cronkite’s death, this has been a week of memories. It took me back to a time when there was such a thing as a trusted journalist.

Indeed, with the passing of Dan Schorr, there is one less living reminder that the broadcast journalism industry of today — while more colorful, and much, much louder — is a mere shadow of a bygone era.

From the Washington Post obit:

Daniel Schorr, 93, a combative broadcast reporter who over six decades broke major national stories while also provoking presidents, foreign leaders, the KGB, the CIA and his bosses at CBS and CNN, died July 23 at Georgetown University Hospital. The cause of death was not reported.

Mr. Schorr, a senior news analyst with National Public Radio for the past 25 years, was one of a handful of reporters with firsthand knowledge of newsmakers from the 1950s through the 2000s.

Schorr began his career as a foreign correspondent, working in Europe following World War II.  Schorr’s radio coverage of the 1953 Holland floods caught the attention of CBS news icon Edward R. Murrow, who hired Schorr, and later tasked him with reopening the CBS News bureau in Moscow.

Schorr The Cold War Muckraker

It was in the Soviet Union that Schorr began to run up his tally of the perturbed and powerful.  The following list is far from complete:

  • Though Schorr’s relations with the Kremlin were warm enough to be granted an interview with Nikita Khrushchev in June 1957, his relationship with KGB censors was far less cordial.   Following a brief visit to the U.S., the Soviets prohibited Schorr’s reentry upon his return that December.

  • According to his Museum of Broadcast Communications’ Bio, “Schorr’s report of the impending resignation of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles so irked President Eisenhower that he denied the report, only to have it confirmed by his press secretary a week later.”

  • While relating the drama of Cold War Berlin back to the States, President Kennedy sought to have CBS remove Schorr from West Germany for sounding too critical of American policy in the region.

  • Schorr raised the ire of the Barry Goldwater presidential campaign in 1964 when he filed a report imparting the Senator’s ties to “certain right-wing German politicians.”

  • After returning to the U.S. in 1966, Schorr became an irritant for the Lyndon Baines Johnson administration, focusing on the inadequacies of “The Great Society” on the CBS Evening News.

  • Schorr’s most famous work was done covering the Richard M. Nixon administration during the Watergate scandal.  As the Nixon presidency deteriorated under the scrutiny, Schorr was honored for his work with three Emmy’s, 1972 – ’74, for “outstanding achievement within a regularly scheduled news program.”  Schorr’s coverage earned the broadcaster a place on Nixon’s “enemies list,” which he was surprised to discover durring an on-air reading of the list.  Alan Greenblatt noted in his NPR obit, “Schorr, along with some other members of the list, counted his inclusion on it as his greatest achievement. “

  • Greenblatt also recalls the disdain harbored for Schorr among CIA officials, particularly that of Richard Helms in 1975.  “Helms, then the CIA director, confronted Schorr in the presence of other reporters at the White House, calling him names such as ‘son of a bitch’ and ‘killer,’” over Schorr’s reporting regarding agency assassination attempts abroad.

The events of the following year were, Schorr recalled in his 2002 memoir, Stay Tuned, “…the most tumultuous experience of my career.”

Schorr’s Leak Becomes The Story

While covering the House Select Committee on Intelligence (commonly referred to as the Pike Committee) in 1976, Schorr was given a draft copy of the Committee’s final report on its investigation into illegal activities at the CIA and FBI.

The Pike report was initially scheduled to be released over the objections of intelligence officials and the Gerald Ford administration.  Schorr had already displayed the report on television, without specifics, two days before  the House Rules Committee, and later, the full House, voted to keep the Pike report secret.

Schorr initially sought help from CBS in getting the sensitive materials published.  After encountering resistance from his employer, Schorr surreptitiously leaked the draft Pike report to the Villiage Voice, which paid compensation for the document, not to Schorr, but to a legal defense fund dedicated to protecting freedom of the press.

Much to Schorr’s dismay, other media outlets took to publicly questioning his integrity.  The episode landed Schorr before the House Ethics Committee, before which, he successfully defended the anonymity of his source as well as himself.

Schorr, himself, never regretted leaking the Pike report; rather, as the controversy unfolded, he lamented his decision to go the furtive route:

I realized that my ill-advised effort to conceal myself as the source was diverting attention from the report and what it revealed about the CIA…

Regardless, Schorr’s long relationship with CBS was through.  He would go on, credibility intact, to help get CNN underway in 1979.  His differences with network owner Ted Turner resulted in Schorr’s 1985 departure; after which, Schorr joined NPR as a senior news analyst — a position he held until his death. RIP.

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Daniel Schorr (left) with Dr. Sergi Khrushchev in 2001 at the National Press Club ~ Photo by Jim Wallace (Smithsonian Inst.) via Flickr.com - public.resource.org

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32 comments

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10:07AM PDT on Aug 16, 2010

noted

5:27AM PDT on Aug 16, 2010

I had never heard of Daniel Schorr, but it sounds like he was quite an interesting figure and had tons of integrity.

4:20PM PDT on Aug 10, 2010

Thanks for sharing.

7:47AM PDT on Aug 10, 2010

thanks for sharing

11:29PM PDT on Aug 8, 2010

Thank you for sharing!

10:43AM PDT on Jul 29, 2010

Too bad journalism isn't what it used to be....

9:30AM PDT on Jul 28, 2010

Sorry to hear the news

10:04AM PDT on Jul 27, 2010

It is easy to praise when power isn't bearing down on you, he may well have suffered greatly for his efforts, as much or more than those who go to war... recently in a hometown paper Dalton Trumbo once had worked for some little columnist laid down another smirch on the blacklist playwrights name and only one persons letter to the editor even came to his aid...
We will never have a democratic country when the Kennedy assassination are not accounted for while police all over the land work on solving local cold cases all the time, when the watergate leaks were probably covering up something, when 10 years of preping lead to the Iraq invasion on nonsense presented to the UN in our names and then an entire country raped for it's oil. Ask Joe Wilson and he was a republican... ask Dan Rather about being set up with a false lead... maybe turn in a blank ballot next because the war party is still in power...

1:37AM PDT on Jul 27, 2010

Daniel Schorr was one of the real journalists from an era when giants walked the news beat. I can still hear their voices, see their mannerisms. Some never made it to TV; they were blackballed by the commercial interests for having too much integrity.

Edward R. Murrow, George Seldes, IF Stone, Walter Cronkite, Eric Sevareid, Daniel Schorr, Sander Van Ocher (in the day), and several others. They dug for the story. They put themselves on the line.

Today we find mostly gutless toadies who accept the roles of stenographer and kowtower to thugs and reap the rewards from leaving well enough alone. Compared to the giants of the profession the crop of posers we see today are rich beyond measure in terms of lucre, but they are impoverished in terms of integrity.

Well done, Daniel. We'll miss you.

12:07AM PDT on Jul 27, 2010

First Edward R. Murrow, now Daniel Schorr. Luckily Bill Press is still alive and writing, his latest work entitled "Toxic Talk", a book I will definitely read, concerning the twisted facts prsented to us through Fox news and others. Live long and prosper Bill!

Take Care,
JO

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