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Did You Eat Today? Thank a Food Worker

Did You Eat Today? Thank a Food Worker

Written by Michele Simon

The most under-reported  and neglected aspect of the good food movement is the 20 million workers who toil every day—often under inhumane conditions—harvesting fields, killing and cutting up animals, packing boxes, driving trucks, cooking meals, ringing up orders, serving tables, and cleaning up the mess. Recognizing this reality is the idea behind International Food Workers Week hosted by the Food Chain Workers Alliance, during which numerous actions are being held, including solidarity with the striking Walmart workers planned for Black Friday.

While foodies debate the merits of buying heritage turkeys versus going meatless for Thanksgiving, millions of food workers are struggling to eat at all. The word ironic doesn’t even begin to describe the injustice. A shameful 40 percent (8 million) of all food workers currently earn the minimum wage. And partly because that wage is set so low, an incredible 10 million food workers (half of the total 20 million) earn below the poverty line for a family of three. Adding to the irony? The feds are picking up the slack with food assistance programs. Food workers participate in food stamps at 1.2 times the rate of others. Also, food workers are more likely receive Medicaid and those lacking health benefits often use emergency rooms for primary care.

So groups are organizing to support the federal Fair Minimum Wage Act, recently introduced by Representative George Miller of California in the House, and by Senator Tom Harkin in the Senate. The bill would raise the federal minimum wage from $7.25 to $9.80 per hour over the next three years, and the tipped minimum wage from the current $2.13 to 70 percent of the regular minimum wage.

Yes, you read that right. As low as the regular minimum wage is, I was shocked to learn about the tipped minimum wage. Obviously, the restaurant industry has extremely powerful lobbyists. In the past, tipped wages were indexed to 60 percent of the regular minimum wage so that when one rose, the other would too. Congress unlinked tipped wages from non-tipped wages in 1996, due to lobbying efforts of the National Restaurant Association. As a result, the federal tipped wage has stayed at $2.13 for the last 21 years. That’s worth repeating. The minimum wage for tipped workers has stagnated at just over two bucks for more than two decades, even while the regular minimum has gone up. (Some states have higher tipped minimum wages and others don’t distinguish between the two.) This affects a lot of workers, most of them women, which means families. Of the 10 million workers in the restaurant industry, 872,500 are tipped workers and 75 percent of those are women, according to researchers.

One of industry’s favorite talking points against raising the minimum wage is that food prices would necessary go up. (Such scare tactics are quite effective.) Instead of relying on self-serving and unsubstantiated claims, two labor experts at the University of California (Berkeley and Davis) decided to take a scientific approach. Their report, called A Dime a Day and released last month by the Food Chain Workers Alliance, came to an important if not surprising conclusion: industry is exaggerating.

The study estimated the impact the Miller-Harkin proposed minimum wage increase would have on food prices. Researchers found prices would increase by less than one percent cumulatively over three years at food retail outlets, and 2.25 percent cumulatively over three years at restaurants. (The study assumes employers would pass 100 percent of the wage increase onto consumers, a conservative approach.)

This translates to an average household paying less than 10 cents a day as a result of the minimum wage increase. Why so low? One reason is that only one percent of restaurant payrolls go to minimum wage workers. Also, food prices are kept artificially low due to government subsidies of commodity crops.

Despite the small impact on consumers, the positive effects on workers would be huge. Wages for non-tipped workers would increase by a third and for tipped workers by more than double. This wage increase would directly benefit 19.5 million minimum wage workers and directly and indirectly benefit more than 28 million workers.

However, farm labor is exempt from minimum wage requirements (thanks to more powerful lobbying) so this bill won’t help most farm workers. (The report predicts that some “crop production” workers will benefit both directly and indirectly.) Still, if the bill passes, it would mean an important step towards significant food system change for many workers. The minimum wage increase is one of eight policy initiatives recommended in the Food Chain Workers Alliance “The Hands That Feed Us” report.

If the food movement and public health advocates are serious about improving food quality, they have to stop leaving 20 million workers out of the picture. It’s time to broaden the agenda to include those on the front lines of the broken food system. This holiday season, please support the Food Chain Workers Alliance and other related groups, such as ROC-United, which focuses on restaurant workers. And next time you eat out, help counter the power of the National Restaurant Association by leaving a bigger tip.

This post was originally published by TreeHugger.

 

Related Stories:

Walmart Workers Plan Massive Black Friday Strike

Young McDonald Had a Farm

Poverty and the Gender Gap: Will the Candidates Address It?

 

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Photo: Lynn Friedman/flickr

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77 comments

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7:57PM PST on Jan 2, 2014

Thank you for sharing.

8:50AM PDT on Apr 24, 2013

Thanks you for posting.

5:52AM PST on Feb 20, 2013

Noted...

8:31PM PST on Feb 17, 2013

I know just what these people have to go thru, their hours are limited, even if they wish to work 40 hrs a week. So they don't qualify for benefits from teh company they work for and have to take AID. Some have more than one job just like this too! These managers receive big bonuses to limit the scheduling of the people. Bonuses!!! but can't give the workers a fair shake!! Busy times you don't get your lunch,no break, starving is what you are! Those managers have their lunch or supper!

12:52PM PST on Dec 12, 2012

A u nas jest jeszcze gorzej.

7:06AM PST on Dec 10, 2012

have any of you received a wage increase due to the minimum wage law? If so what kind of job were you working and what was your experience?
someone i know received 2 hourly wage increases due to that last increase in federal wage. They were working 36 to 38 hours weekly. After the initial raise, their hours were cut. When the 2nd raise went thru to bring them to minimum hourly wage, their hours were again decreased so that the worker was working 16 hours a week.

This is why mandates do not work in a free market place. Employers have X amount of overhead and expense..that is the amount of money they can spend on wages benefits etc without losing profit. A corporation's # 1 job is to make a profit, otherwise there's no reason to have a corporation. So if an employer cannot make the decision to raise the employee's wages and instead is ordered ( mandated ) by the government then the employer will comply with the law but then he will cut hours or cut employees so that his overhead and expenses do not increase beyond that amount that he as the employer determines.

4:19AM PST on Dec 10, 2012

For once, a really good cause to support.


2:12PM PST on Nov 30, 2012

About time they get $20 an hour so they can be more self-reliant. But the republicans won't even raise the minimum wage to $10 an hour cause it will take more money out of THEIR pockets for products and services. To avoid the guilt---these people will be mocked for being poor. When these same people need soc security and medicare when they get old then some will complain about that too and say they should have saved money for retirement out of their minimum wages. Some people in this country really need life to give them a kick the butt cause otherwise they'll never know humility.

3:03PM PST on Nov 28, 2012

I have a lot of thanking to do, sometimes in my ignorance I seem so indifferent but with this work you gave me unknown thinking. Thank you.

10:02AM PST on Nov 28, 2012

oh my god this is bad

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