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Donít Remove Protection When Cod Need It Most

Donít Remove Protection When Cod Need It Most

New England is famous for cod fishing, but the industry is ailing ó and the cure being proposed might be worse than the disease. Three months ago, the U.S. Commerce Department declared a ďcommercial fisheries disasterĒ off the coast of New England because populations of groundfishó cod, haddock, and flounder, among others ó were still struggling to recover. Substantial cuts in the allowable catch for the upcoming season are needed to prevent overfishing. Unfortunately, a proposal by regional fisheries managers to reopen areas where groundfish are currently protected is a big step in the wrong direction.

After many fish populations collapsed in the early 1990s, large sections of New England waters were closed to bottom trawling. This wise move protected seafloor habitat and provided safe places for spawning and for young fish to survive to maturity. Now the New England Fishery Management Council wants to open more than half of these sheltered zones to commercial fishing. This is an area roughly the size of Connecticut. The proposal would allow bottom trawling and other destructive fishing methods that damage seafloor habitat. Opening these areas is a significant ecological risk ó with no guarantee of long-term economic benefit for our coastal communities.

Populations of cod and other important species are still recovering from the lingering effects of decades of overfishing, and they face additional challenges as warmer water disrupts distribution patterns that evolved over the ages. Allowing new habitat destruction could deplete New Englandís fish population to a level where it is no longer commercially viable. This is exactly what happened in Canadaís Atlantic waters in the 1990s.

Marine scientists are not alone in their opposition to the councilís proposal. Many small-boat fishermen and recreational anglers also oppose the change. They believe, with good reason, that the operators of larger boats with bottom dragging gear are most likely to benefit, while some smaller vessels may be displaced. The captains of smaller vessels are the ones bearing the brunt of the fishing industryís economic crisis. There is strong evidence that the protected areas support long-term recovery of New Englandís groundfish populations. Peer-reviewed science demonstrates that fish move from closed areas into surrounding waters. Many vessel operators take advantage of this pattern of movement by operating around the edges of the closed areas.

One study found that 25 percent of all New England fishing trips targeting groundfish occurred within three miles of a closed area. Average revenue for those trips was twice as high as elsewhere. Studies also show that some fish are larger and more abundant inside the closed areas. This gives cod and other species protected from trawling an advantage: larger and older fish can reproduce more easily and help rebuild depleted populations. That means closed areas are an investment that pays dividends. Exploiting these areas is akin to spending the principal rather than the interest. Before long your funds are gone.

The councilís proposal is shortsighted and skirts requirements for full public participation and study of the environmental impact. Major changes to the management of public resources Ė and that is exactly what the council is proposing ó demand transparency and accountability. I am confident that once people are aware of whatís at stake they will recognize what many scientists and fishermen already know: these protected areas work. Removing them now could undermine the long term recovery of cod and other species that so many depend on.

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Fish shelter among rich kelp habitat in the Cashes Ledge protected area. Large parts of Cashes Ledge are now at risk. Photo courtesy of Brian Skerry, New England Ocean Odyssey.

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83 comments

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11:22PM PST on Mar 2, 2013

THANKS

2:23PM PST on Feb 26, 2013

Thank you for sharing.

9:11AM PST on Jan 17, 2013

Thanks

9:34AM PST on Jan 15, 2013

Hope proposal by regional fisheries managers to reopen areas where groundfish are currently protected is not approved!

10:01AM PST on Jan 12, 2013

sad news but thanks for sharing

9:36AM PST on Jan 11, 2013

Fisher persons need to be educated better and need to be slowed down for a long while, thanks for most interesting article!

6:14AM PST on Jan 11, 2013

We have the same problem in Ireland, Europe,, with so maney different types of fish,
( most of us don't know ) because we're told Cod is popular .

5:06AM PST on Jan 11, 2013

They always need help and respect

9:56AM PST on Jan 2, 2013

To Linda M.....the reason why seal hunts are maligned is because they are WRONG......how can you support the senseless killing of seals????

9:28PM PST on Jan 1, 2013

Sadly noted. Is there a petition for this?

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