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Farmers in a Drought Sell Their Water to the Fracking Industry

Farmers in a Drought Sell Their Water to the Fracking Industry

The ongoing drought in the Southwest is predicted to ease in New Mexico, yet persist in already-parched Texas, says the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Drought Outlook. But any relief for New Mexico (95 percent of which has been under severe drought conditions for most of this year) is dimmed by reports that some of the state’s farmers have been selling their water to the oil and gas industry to use for fracking.

Desperate to pay their bills, some farmers in New Mexico’s southeastern Eddy County have been selling the water from their supplementary wells to oil and gas companies, says the Albuquerque Journal. More public notices are being posted about water-rights holders seeking to have the purpose of a supplemental well changed from agricultural to commercial, or even to transfer the right to it.

“A lot of folks are doing that. I can’t blame them. The Carlsbad Irrigation District doesn’t have the water the farmers need, and our farmers have to have some income coming in,” Mexico Interstate Stream Commissioner Jim Wilcox comments.

Whatever farmers who drain their aquifers for fracking stand to gain can only be short-term. Hydraulic fracking requires vast amounts of water which, along with chemicals and fine sands, is blasted into the ground to break open shale formations. Afterwards, the chemical-glutted water is often unrecoverable and could even further contaminate the groundwater.

As Think Progress points out, the farmers’ supplemental wells actually get their water from the same source that provide potable water for residents. By selling water for fracking, the water supply of New Mexico could be permanently endangered, if not destroyed and poisoned.

Such a scenario is already going on in Texas. The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality reports that some 30 communities could run out of water by the end of the year as a result of three years of drought, overuse (by ranchers, farmers and fast-growing urban centers) and the fracking industry.

15 million residents in Texas already live with some form of water rationing. It’s not just that people cannot fill up swimming pools and have to let their lawns go brown. Beverly McGuire, a 35-year-resident of the tiny town (population 200) of Barnhart in west-central Texas, tells the Guardian that there’s no water when she turns on her faucet.

The combination of severe drought and fracking has more than wreaked havoc on the lives of Barnhart and others in Texas. Already unable to feed their herds because of the drought, ranchers have found their meager water supplies drying up as contractors drill hundreds of water wells (in some cases on land that the ranchers have leased to them). The result is that, in Texas, there’s plenty of oil but no water.

The megadrought in the Southwest is profoundly changing the climate and ecosystems in ways not yet fully grasped. Scientists say that the prolonged drought has already caused extensive damage to trees. Rising temperatures mean more drought stress, with trees growing and reproducing less and facing diminished odds of survival.

Fracking (which has been linked to earthquakes and to numerous health problems) itself wreaks tremendous damage on the environment by affecting air quality as gases and chemicals migrate to the surface. New Mexico residents selling the rights to their water away are likely to find themselves with plenty of oil but, aside from a host of new challenges, not much else.

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108 comments

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4:09AM PDT on Aug 29, 2013

thanks for sharing

8:37PM PDT on Aug 24, 2013

This sounds terrible. Water is very important.

4:49AM PDT on Aug 21, 2013

I know it's tough but some people do what they have to in order to survive.

4:12AM PDT on Aug 20, 2013

Well............, this is the wrong way to go..............

1:59PM PDT on Aug 19, 2013

HEY NEW MEXICO....I live down the road from you - El Paso, Tx, and I don't appreciate you selling your water for FRACKING - cuz that water will be here in time, contaminating MY WATER! THANK YOU BUT NO THANK YOU! Its a drought....and YOU all are making it even worse.

6:44AM PDT on Aug 19, 2013

Marie W is absolutely right............sorry to say

1:09PM PDT on Aug 18, 2013

Thanks for the post.

1:56AM PDT on Aug 18, 2013

If you really believe in climate change wouldn't you tell these farmers to move, it's just going to get worse?

11:25PM PDT on Aug 17, 2013

"...When Jacob had cooked stew, Esau came in from the field and he was famished; and Esau said to Jacob, 'Please let me have a swallow of that red stuff there, for I am famished.' Therefore his name was called Edom. But Jacob said, 'First sell me your birthright.' Esau said, 'Behold, I am about to die; so of what use then is the birthright to me?' And Jacob said, 'First swear to me"; so he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob. Then Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew; and he ate and drank, and rose and went on his way. Thus Esau despised his birthright." (Genesis 25:29-34).

In ancient times, the birthright was a very important and sacred thing. It belonged to the firstborn. But it was more than just a title to the physical assets of a family. It was also a spiritual position

There you have it. For money, the farmers sold their birthright.

12:49PM PDT on Aug 17, 2013

how sad when will people learn when they only have sand to drink?

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