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Food Justice is Racial Justice

Food Justice is Racial Justice

 

Written by Marc Lamont Hill

I have spent a lot of time in urban America looking at different neighborhoods and different cultures. Iím an anthropologist and Iíve examined the culture around food and some of the reasons why my community has the relationship to food that we do. One of the reasons that black people have the unhealthy eating habits that we do is that many of us live in food deserts.

When you see the differences between affluent neighborhoods and poor black and brown neighborhoods, the contrasts are visually stunning. Take for example Columbia University where I live and work, there are high quality restaurants, healthy supermarket, and there are even gardens of fresh fruits and vegetables. However if you just head uptown on Broadway, you will know when youíve arrived in a poor community of color because suddenly there are 24 hour liquor stores, candy stores, bodegas, fast food joints, and Chinese take-out. There are fewer supermarkets and real restaurants. When you do see a supermarket, the meat isnít fresh and it has a bad smell to it. To make matters worse, liquor stores because of their convenience becomes a central place where people buy food. The visual of these contrasts are deeply depressing.

The physical and geographical barriers to accessing healthy food in food deserts are substantial. Decent supermarkets might be miles away, or there is no direct transportation. Or, there are a lot of highways and expressways that make it hard to navigate. But another equally powerful obstacle to accessing healthy food is the economic barrier. There might be a whole market or grocery store right around the corner, but fruits and vegetables are so over priced that the people who live there canít afford them. The reality is that cheaper food is typically unhealthy food.

Yes, there is a great deal of personal responsibility when it comes to choosing what we do and do not eat. And, we should make better choices. But, lets not pretend that anyone working 12hrs a day, who lives miles away from a decent grocery store, wouldnít on many nights just grab fried chicken wings from the nearest 24hr take-out.

These bad choices Ėhowever limited Ė indicate a culture of bad eating. Now, black and brown people not only need better access to healthy food, but we also need to be educated on how to make better food choices. However, it is the lack of physical and economic access to healthy meals that has fueled this culture of unhealthy eating, which has led to a public health crisis that disproportionately impacts our communities.

Food deserts arenít just a social issue; they are a political issue. Just like there has been healthcare reform, we need government intervention in order to stem the tide of increased disease and death linked to diet and nutrition. There are surgeon general warnings on cigarettes and alcohol. There are laws to protect young people from purchasing these harmful substances. And a recent Pew poll shows that most people want stronger regulations on the snack foods sold to children in schools. In addition to regulating junk food, subsidies need to be creating to develop more community gardens, assist small businesses in making healthier food available, and bringing down the cost of high-quality fruits and vegetables in low-income communities.

There is no better example of racism in the 21st Century than the relationship of black/brown people and the access to healthy foods.† People think about racism as an individual act of prejudice or discrimination from one person to another.† Thatís not what itís about.† Itís about systems, structures and institutions.

Food justice is racial justice.

This post was originally published by MomsRising.

 

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Photo from Paul Lowry via flickr

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61 comments

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3:38PM PST on Dec 29, 2012

Thanks

7:02PM PDT on Oct 13, 2012

Good parenting is also needed.

10:19AM PDT on Sep 16, 2012

ty

8:29PM PDT on Jul 27, 2012

Maybe they need to add a Trader Joe's- good food and a fun place to shop, too!

8:46PM PDT on May 4, 2012

Nothing ever seems to change...

5:48AM PDT on Apr 30, 2012

Grazie della condivisione.

6:15AM PDT on Apr 29, 2012

No one claimed that it was a white conspiracy,er, No Photo. Changes need to be made though.

6:05AM PDT on Apr 29, 2012

Thank you for sharing.

11:06PM PDT on Apr 28, 2012

A recent study shows that when fresh food is introduced into "food desert" areas, consumption of fresh food does not increase.

9:50PM PDT on Apr 25, 2012

well written the only thing I can get to from my apartment without a friends help is a liquor store and a gas station. I can also get a pizza delivery.

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