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For Nigerian Girls, Education is the Key That Opens Doors to Progress

For Nigerian Girls, Education is the Key That Opens Doors to Progress

This post was written by Nnenna Agba and originally appeared on UN Women.

I grew up in Nigeria, in a culture where bearing a son validates a woman and her family, and a male innately holds the superior position in society over a female. At 11 years of age, I escorted my mother to deliver her fifth baby girl, my youngest sister, and watched our mom die in the hands of an unfit doctor.

My mother had succumbed to the confines of her society; even though she already had four healthy daughters, having a son was a traditional standard she was determined to achieve, even at the expense of her life. Realizing the underlying factors that subjected her to such a predicament presented a vivid picture of my position as a girl in Nigerian society.

Almost immediately, the importance of education took on a different meaning in my life and in the lives of my four sisters. I went on to receive a Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry and a Master’s of Science in Urban Affairs. With my education, I have been able to sponsor my younger sisters’ education in Nigeria, thereby increasing our likelihood of having a progressive future that far surpasses the traditional limitations defined by our society.

For Nigerian girls like my sisters and I, education is the key that opens the door when an opportunity to succeed beyond customary expectations knocks. Education is a fundamental right, to which I firmly believe we should be naturally entitled. It is the only chance most Nigerian girls have to rise above the cultural and traditional system of stratification that continues to cast women as inferior to their male counterparts, economically, politically and socially. Women who have been able to escape such subjugation have done so mostly by being empowered through education. A good education offers Nigerian girls the opportunity of being valued members of their society and for this vital reason I am devoted and driven to ensure that my sisters continue with their studies.

For girls in Nigeria and around the world, education can enable economic independence, pave the way for political participation, and empower both men and women with the necessary knowledge to actively and effectively oppose oppressive norms that perpetuate different forms of violence against women. And in contrast to the culture of gender inequality that persists in Nigeria, education serves as an avenue of exposure to a cultural alternative. Nigerian girls stand to benefit from this exposure, and the possibility of such enlightenment poses a major threat to extremist groups such as Boko Haram.

Though we dream and yearn for the miracle of immediate solutions, I know that change does not occur by magic, nor does it take place overnight; rather it requires the dedication of time and relentless collective effort. My mother’s death is a product of unjust societal norms that facilitate perverse gender inequality. A society’s customs are engineered by its past generations, and in the same fashion its future citizens can redefine the culture that rules them by cultivating a new norm through education.

I am an optimist and I believe it is possible to change the world, to better the status of women globally and particularly in places like Nigeria. This is not because I am naive or unaware of the shortcomings of many efforts to effect change. My optimism stems from a desperate place—a core belief that the world as a whole, leaders and citizens, must awaken to the urgent need to end injustice against women. For me, necessity and possibility have become synonymous because living with the consequences of gender inequality makes it all the more obvious that change is imperative.

While my heart bled over the sorrow captured in the “Bring Back Our Girls” cry for help, my mind desperately indulged in a renewed hope that Nigeria might no longer ignore the agony of women and girls. Unfortunately, it often takes the presence of pain to garner the passion of a nation to vehemently advocate for change and demand action by its government. Although Boko Haram is perceived as an opponent to progress, the greater obstacle lies in a broader reluctance to take action in protecting girls in Nigeria who simply want an education.

Nigerian girls, like my sisters and I, desire and deserve for our aspirations of becoming valued members of society to be realized. Education is the vehicle towards living this dream.

Read more profiles from UN Women

Raised in Nigeria, Nnenna Agba gained popularity when she went on the widely watched television show Americas Next Top Model. With hard-won scholarships, she graduated from Texas A&M University with a Bachelors degree in Chemistry; she also holds a Masters of Science degree in Urban Affairs. Nnenna is supporting the education of her four sisters in Nigeria, and is the face of Kechies Project, an NGO that provides scholarships to girls from Nigerian schools.

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Photo provided by UN Women

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4:10PM PDT on Aug 3, 2015

Educate girls/women: change the world

10:48PM PST on Mar 5, 2015

I had lots of problem in finding great information for completing book so I saw this source and got so many special facts from here.

1:33PM PST on Mar 1, 2015

signed with hope

1:32PM PST on Mar 1, 2015

thank you

6:52AM PDT on Sep 4, 2014

This is an amazing campaign you are holding. I do agree that it’s unfair that there are girls who don’t even have a chance to succeed in life. It’s not even about being equal with men, it’s about being a human and have natural human rights. I did assist foreign students in my practice, and can recommend as it may be difficult to keep up with tasks and assignments you've never completed before. And of course, it’s important not to be afraid to ask for help, remember, that you are never alone in your troubles.

7:22AM PDT on Aug 15, 2014

For any "girls" opportunity for jobs is also necessary because education is no good without it.

2:42PM PDT on Aug 14, 2014

you go girls

11:27AM PDT on Aug 14, 2014


11:01AM PDT on Aug 14, 2014

Free education for the world!

10:36AM PDT on Aug 14, 2014

Provided the Nigerian girls in question are in the Christian south and are not subject to the horrors of the Islamist militia Boko Haram - founded to destroy western-style education and replace it with the insane brainwashing of the madrassa (for the boys only naturally).

We know that Christianity and Judaism spawns just as many mad cults as Islam but why do the Islamic cults find so many deluded followers and why are they so violent? I am pretty confident that the Bible is every bit as violent as the Q'ran (haven't bothered to read the latter, had enough of the former growing up and "The Lord of the Rings" is better written, more interesting and far more believable) but, as an adherent of the view that people are responsible for their own actions and cannot blame anything they have read, seen or heard for their ethics and morality: so, I repeat, why does Islam attract so many nutters?

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